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The numbat is the most evolutionarily distinct marsupial in the world, having no real living relatives.  In fact, its closest relation is the now-extinct Thylacine, or Tasmanian tiger.  It is one of only two marsupials that is diurnal, has no pouch, and is the only marsupial and feeds exclusively on social insects.  Once widespread throughout Australia, it is now extinct in 99% of its former range.

This new heterodontosaurid shows possibly remarkable grasping abilities on its toes. I interpret this as an adaptation to climb low-lying trunks and branches, maybe to get a better view of their surroundings to guard their burrows and as means of escape from imminent danger. The meerkat inspiration is visible.

See more at Earth Archives

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There were once two subspecies of numbat, the common numbat and the rusty numbat.  The rusty numbat was known for its darker, ruddy-coloured coat, and inhabited southern Australia.  Sadly, however, the rusty numbat went extinct in the 1960s, and only the common numbat remains.