anglo norman


Foulksrath Castle, Ireland

Foulksrath Castle is a 14th-century Anglo-Norman tower house located in Jenkinstown in County Kilkenny, Ireland.

The castle is closely associated with both the De Frene and Purcell families. The estate and original fortified and moated dwelling were first built in 1349 and occupied by the De Frene family and it is thought that the castle derives its name from Fulco De Frene (d. 1349) who was in the military service of Edward III and fought at the Battle of Crecy and the Siege of Calais. In the early 15th century the current castle was built by the Purcell family, relatives to the De Frene’s, after the estate came into their possession.

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Why You Swear in Anglo-Saxon and Order Fancy Food in French - Tom Scott


A follow up to this post - Priory Graveyard, Holywood, Northern Ireland.

Holywood’s rich ecclesiastical heritage is represented today by its most distinctive building, the Old Priory. The site is a monastery founded by St. Laiseran in the early 7th Century. The present ruins are 12th century Anglo-Norman Augustinian Abbey built by Thomas Whyte and much of these ruins remain. After the Black death (1348-1350) Niall O’Neill refurbished the church for the Franciscan Order. The Priory was dissolved on New Years Day, 1541, by Henry VIII with its lands passing into the hands of the O’Neill family and then to Sir James Hamilton, First Viscount Clandeboye. Hamilton laid out the town, with a maypole at the crossroads and most of the early buildings are clustered round the Priory. The tower dates from the 1800’s when this was the site of the town’s Parish Church. The graveyard has some interesting “residents” including members of the Praeger family, the Dunvilles of whiskey fame and Sir Joseph Larmor the world famous mathematician.

Cattle did not originate as the term for bovine animals. It was borrowed from Anglo-Norman catel, itself from medieval Latin capitale ‘principal sum of money, capital’, itself derived in turn from Latin caput 'head’. Cattle originally meant movable personal property, especially livestock of any kind, as opposed to real property (the land, which also included wild or small free-roaming animals such as chickens — they were sold as part of the land).[10] The word is a variant of chattel (a unit of personal property) and closely related to capital in the economic sense.[11] The term replaced earlier Old English feoh 'cattle, property’, which survives today as fee (cf. German: Vieh, Dutch: vee, Gothic: faihu).

Manuscript Monday

For this week’s Manuscript Monday we have an example of Anglo-Norman devotional literature. Robert de Gretham’s Miroir, also known as the Évangiles des domnées, is a devotional poem of some 19,000 lines. The work is structured as a series of verse sermons, each commenting on and explaining the gospel for a particular Sunday in the Christian calendar.

Of Robert de Gretham himself almost nothing is known beyond his name, which he gives at two points in the poem.

On the verso of our leaf can be seen the red text, or rubric, that marks the beginning of one of the Sunday sermons. The rubric is followed by the text of the gospel in Latin and the sermon itself in Anglo-Norman French.

- Tim

fromkirkwallwithlove  asked:

not to come off as a barbarian or anything, but i saw your post three days ago about the lais of marie of france and you mentioned werewolves? can you elaborate? i havent read it but i thought it was just a collection of medieval poetry (not that those are mutually exclusive concepts but, y'know.)

Well, they’re a collection of Breton lais written in Anglo-Norman (medieval french). A lay isn’t a poem, per se, it’s a “short rhyming Romance narrative”, so that’s what they are. Marie de France’s collection are very interesting and worth a read! “Lanval” is her most famous, as it’s Arthurian, but I wrote about “Bisclavret” which is about a knight who is secretly a werewolf. When his wife finds out, she leaves him for another knight, and Bisclavret leaves to become basically the lap dog of the King. When the King finds out that his dog/wolf (who is v fond of) is actually a man/his favorite knight, he doesn’t turn away from him in disgust or fear (which is what Bisclavret’s wife does) but runs toward him and kisses him on the mouth. 

so, yeah! my paper was titled “Searching for the Queer in the Lais of Marie de France”. The other argument I made was that the lais created a “queer reading experience” for the women who read them, because they were courtly romances written by a woman that subverted courtly expectations of masculinity and femininity. 


Clonmacnoise Castle, County Offaly, Ireland

During the period of 1170-1220 the Anglo-Normans began the colonization of Ireland, building Motte and Bailey Castles throughout the island. The wooden castle that stood on the top of the motte at Clonmacnoise was destroyed by fire and later in 1214 the Justiciar of Ireland, Henry of London, built a stone castle on the motte. This was to guard the bridge across the River Shannon.

The castle was destroyed during the Gaelic Resurgence in the late 13th to early 14th century. Originally it had three stories but very little remains of the castle today. The ruins are very dangerous, delicately balanced in a bizarre but fascinating position on the edge of the mound.

Chirk Castle (Castell y Waun)
Wrexham, Wales by Upsadaisy2

Built in 1295 CE, Chirk Castle was one of many such fortifications built during the reign of Edward I (1272-1307). Originally home to an Anglo-Norman family – the Mortimer de Chirk – the castle was sold to Thomas Myddelton in 1593. The Myddeltons first sided with the Parliament during the English Civil War (1642-1651), but in 1659 fought alongside George Booth, 1st Baron Delamer, for the restoration of Charles II. 

the Varangian Guard is like some fake fantasy trope except it was actually real.

Composed primarily of Norsemen and Rus for the first 100 years, the Guard began to see increased numbers of Anglo-Saxons after the Norman conquest of England. By the time of the Emperor Alexios Komnenos in the late 11th century, the Varangian Guard was largely recruited from Anglo-Saxons and “others who had suffered at the hands of the Vikings and their cousins the Normans”. The Anglo-Saxons and other Germanic peoples shared with the Vikings a tradition of faithful (to death if necessary) oath-bound service, and the Norman invasion of England resulted in many fighting men who had lost their lands and former masters and were looking for positions elsewhere.



100 HORSE BREEDS ↬ 25. Campolina

The Campolina breed dates back to 1870, when it was formed in Entre Rios de Minas, Minas Gerais in Brazil. It was developed by a farmer named Cassiano Campolina, on his farm Fazenda Tanque, beginning when he received a black mare named “Medéia” from his friend, Antonio Cruz. The mare was Brazilian, of Barb ancestry, and Campolina bred her to a pure Andalusian stallion. The stallion belonged to Mariano Procópio, to whom it had been presented as a gift by Dom Pedro II.

The resulting foal from the breeding was a gray colt named “Monarca”, who lived until 1898 and served for 25 years in Campolina’s herd; he is considered the foundation stallion of the Campolina breed. Other breeds that Campolina used in his herd were Anglo-Norman, Clydesdale, Holsteiner, and American Saddle Horse. Bloodlines from the Mangalarga Marchador, were also added to refine the Campolina. The herdbook was closed in 1934 and the breed standard first defined. In 1938, the Professional Consortium of Campolina Horse Breeders was formed to formally organize the breed, and in 1951 the organization was renamed to the Campolina Breeders Association, the breed standards were formally adopted, with the organization based in Belo Horizonte. There were further updates to the breed standard in 1975 and 1993. There are currently around 85,000 registered Campolina horses, with slightly over 7,300 registered breeders. Around 4,300 mares were bred in 2003.

The height of the Campolina varies. Older works state the average height is from 14.1 to 15 hands. However, more recent sources state the height is 15-16.2 hands high. The head of the Campolina is described as trapezoidal in shape, but the silhouette of this horse is smoothly rounded. Between the ears, the poll is be visible and raised by a few centimeters above the temples. The forehead is to be flat, and the nasal bones apparent near the midpoint of the face in the rostro caudal plane. The head in profile is convex. Campolinas are not, however, described to have a true Roman nose, as the convex profile begins approximately two finger widths below the base of the orbit. The muzzle should be soft and rounded, usually dark in color, as are the hairs of the inner ear, mane and tail relative to the coat over the body. The nostrils are equal in size and should have a fine layer of flesh around the dorsal surface allowing for approximately one centimeter of separation between the thumb and pointer of the evaluator when the thumb in inserted into the nostril at a depth of around one inch. The outer edge of the nostril should be slightly thicker. The lips should be full and taut about the teeth. The ears are evenly placed when viewed from the front of the horse and not extend vertically more than three times the width of the eye when measured across the inner pinnae. The pinnae should close to a clean tip at the top of each ear.

A common view is that the most beautiful Campolinas are silver-grey, a position that may reflect a sentimental tradition for the first Campolina. Other popular colors for this breed include dun, bay, buckskin, and “Pampa” or pinto. The appearance of markings such as white socks or a star on the forehead neither adds nor detracts to the horse in terms of official judging. Dun-colored Campolinas generally display pronounced primitive markings including dorsal stripe, pale guard hairs on either side of the mane, transverse shoulder strip, and leg striping, called “zippers” by Campolina breeders.

the-golden-ghost  asked:

William of Suffolk!

You’re lucky I still have a little steam left…

Full Name: William of Suffolk. I haven’t come up with a surname yet.

Gender and Sexuality: Cis male. Probably what we would consider gay now.

Pronouns: He/him

Ethnicity/Species: Anglo-Saxon/Norman

Birthplace and Birthdate: Suffolk, England; 1316

Guilty Pleasures: …Jack.

Phobias: Claustrophobia

What They Would Be Famous For: Fighting well in important battles.

What They Would Get Arrested For: It’d be hard to arrest him for something, he’s very law-abiding and calm. Unless someone is in danger or being treated unfairly, then law be damned.

OC You Ship Them With: Sir Jack Willier (see “guilty pleasure” lol)

OC Most Likely To Murder Them: Not sure there is one.

Favorite Movie/Book Genre: Adventure

Least Favorite Movie/Book Cliche: When one main character still likes another character who’s mean to them, he doesn’t get it.

Talents and/or Powers: Excellent rider and swordsman.

Why Someone Might Love Them: While he’s a force to reckon with in battle, he’s very much the gentle giant type (he’s like 6’ 3" and solid muscle but the sweetest knight you’ll ever meet).

Why Someone Might Hate Them: I’m not sure, although his dedication to justice might not endear him to those who cause injustice, like a corrupt noble or someone.

How they change: I’m not totally sure yet since I’m still figuring his backstory out but I think he probably has to be a little less rigid in his duty since to do what is right, sometimes you might have to bend the rules… which is something he learns from Jack.

Why You Love Them: I’m just forming him but I really like him as a big, calm, tough knight (think Leofric in the Last Kingdom, but less rough). He’ll be fun to work with.



1.a person, especially a child, who has no home or friends. 

2. something found, especially a stray animal, whose owner is not known. 

3. a very thin, often small person, usually a young woman. 

4. a stray item or article: to gather waifs of gossip.

5. Nautical: waft - a signal given by waving a flag.

Etymology:  from Anglo-Norman, possibly from Old French waif, variant of gayf, “stray; wandering; vagabond”, probably from a North Germanic source such as Old Norse veif, “flag, waving thing”, from Proto-Germanic *waif, from Proto-Indo-European *weib-, *weip-, “to oscillate, swing”.

[Caitlin Hackett - The Birth of Medusa]


Evolution of single handed swords from antiquity to the dark ages:

  1. The Bronze Age Swords
  2. The Greek Falcata
  3. The Roman Gladius
  4. The Celtic Spathae
  5. The Viking Spathae
  6. The Anglo-saxon Sweord
  7. The Norman Arming Sword
  8. The Amazingly Bullshit Wallhanger

Extinct Horse Breeds (1/?) - Anglo-Norman horse

The Anglo-Norman horse was a warmblood horse breed developed in Lower Normandy in northern France. A major center of horse breeding, the area had numerous regional types that were bred to one another and then crossed with Thoroughbreds to form the Anglo-Norman. Various body types developed within the Anglo-Norman breed, two of which were split off to form the Norman Cob and French Trotter. The remaining types were eventually standardized, although there remained some criticism of the “hybrid” nature of the breed’s conformation. However, it was successful as an international sport horse, especially in the sport of show jumping. The Anglo-Norman also contributed to the development of several other breeds in Europe and Asia.

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