angel tar


Bubbles of tar coming up at the La Brea tar pits, Los Angeles. Los Angeles basin is built on sediments that actually held large amounts of oil - the area was heavily drilled for oil in the first part of the 20th century before the population boomed. This tar bubble is from that same buried organic ooze.

Hildegarde Howard: Paleornithologist

Hildegarde Howard (4/3/1901 – 2/28/1998) pioneered the field of avian paleontology, and made no apologies.

This daughter of a screenwriter and musician grew up in the Los Angeles area in the early part of the 20th century. Despite a strong facility for writing, Howard focused her attention on biology rather than journalism. Taking an opportunity to work with paleontologist Chester Stock in the La Brea Tar Pits, Howard took the first of many steps in her 69-year long career.

She earned her BS in Paleontology from the University of California, Berkeley, and by 1923 she conducted research on saber-toothed cats for the Los Angeles County Museum of Natural History. She made her greatest achievements in the field of avian evolution, identifying 3 families, 13 genera, 57 species, and 2 subspecies.  

Howard was the first woman to be awarded the Brewster Medal in 1953, and the first woman elected president of the Southern California Academy of Sciences (who would dedicate Hildegarde Howard Cenozoic Hall in 1977). In back to back years, Howard served as a Guggenheim Fellow in Earth Science, then as an Honorary Member of Cooper Ornithological Society, in 1962 and ‘63 respectively.

What did you do with your summer?

Hey Brother | Open

Angels. His brothers and sisters…they’re…murdering each other…Why the hell were they murdering each other? Why was it every damn time his siblings had a  chance at freedom and free will…they instead flocked to the nearest authority figure and started a power struggle?

Gabriel silently fumed even as Dean fought to keep an angel from beating the tar out of him, Gabriel refusing to kill his sibling despite the whole situation…speaking of the situation…he thought there’d only been one angel causing trouble around here…why were there suddenly two people here?