The Pied Piper (Hartley Rathaway) wasn’t the first Rogue to reform, but his was possibly the only one to remain permanent.**  Other Rogues have flip-flopped between reform and crime repeatedly for various reasons, but he stubbornly managed to stay on the side of good.  This is probably in part due to the social support he received from others; he became a close friend of the Flash (Wally West) and some of Wally’s associates, which may have helped him to stay out of crime.  But he also had a strong moral centre and noble ideals the other Rogues lacked, so most of the credit belongs to him.  After reforming he became an avowed socialist and helped the homeless, and then worked as part of Wally’s support team and as a superhero in his own right. 

It’d be incorrect to say Hartley was never really a Rogue, because he was just as much of a thief (and occasionally worse) as any of them.  But he doesn’t seem to have fit in very well with most of the others, which may have influenced his original decision to reform – it’s easier to leave family behind when they haven’t been very warm to you.  In fact, they tried to draw him back in or harm him on several occasions, and he stood firm in his desire to remain reformed.  So the ending of their criminal careers was only a temporary measure for most of the Rogues, but for Hartley it was permanent.

**The first Trickster, James Jesse, is an arguable case.


Because we were talking a bit about this last night, here are some scans relating to the Speed Force’s effect on aging.  In fairness to Johns, this at least this does explain some of the truly wonky aging issues we’ve seen in the Flashverse; not only do speedsters like Bart and Iris/Irey have wildly swinging ages, but associates like Iris and Dexter Myles have been significantly de-aged.  It’s more than a little hand-wavey for my tastes, but I guess it gets the job done.  As I said last night though, it’s debatable whether this has affected the Rogues’ ages at all, with the possible exception of Piper.  Could their aging be affected by fighting the Flashes occasionally?  Does there need to be prolonged exposure?  Or might everyone in the Twin Cities have their aging affected by the presence of the Flash Family?

Nattering on the scans themselves:

So in addition to explaining the effects of the Speed Force on the Flash Family and their loved ones, Eobard demonstrates his mastery of this ability by stealing time from people and rapidly changing his own age.  I don’t think he needed yet another power, but it does demonstrate how damned good he is at using time and the Speed Force, and just how terrifying he is.  Flashpoint happened right after this, so ultimately the development was for naught, but it shows what kinds of tricks the speedsters can do if they really work at it.  It’s possible his Negative Speed Force is involved and the other speedsters might not have full access to these abilities, but his comments seem to indicate he’s talking about the Speed Force as a whole.

(Sorry for the rambling.  I like to work these things out and figured other people might be interested too.)

EP 008 - Concussion Prevention with Dr. Ralph Cornwell Jr. and Mark Asanovich

Why Helmets Will Always fail to prevent concussion - The nasty effects of cumulative head injury - Strength Training the Neck

Concussions are a major problem in professional and amateur sports. This week, I brought some experts on strength training of the head and neck to talk about how their work might play a role in concussion prevention.

Mark Asanovich and Dr. Ralph Cornwell Jr. have been involved in football programs in both the pro and amateur level. They’ve developed an evidence-based protocol to strengthen the head and neck muscles to protect the brains of athletes in all sports.

This information is important for athletes, coaches, and parents to help protect your athletes no matter what sports they play. Whether your kids are playing sports with obvious impact injuries like football, or if you have a female athlete playing soccer or lacrosse, this material may help reduce their risk of head injury.

Show Notes

“John lived the dream but I live the nightmare” - The real life impact of head injuries - 4:30

The evolution of the football helmet from leather to high tech - 5:30

How new helmets can make head injuries worse - 6:45

How head injuries may lead to the decline in the best talent playing football; the boxing example -  9:00

How Does Muscular Hypertrophy Stop Concussion? - 12:45

Obstacles for coaches to implement neck training - 14:15

Why female athletes need strength training more than anyone else. Age matched females can have 6x more risk for concussion than male counterparts - 17:15

Subconcussive forces to the head may be a larger culprit for brain injury than large concussive hits - 18:30

Strength training may reduce concussive forces, but they may increase sub concussive forces by preventing athletes from leaving. It is still up to coaches, trainers, and parents to manage how many hits an athlete takes - 20:00

Reference - for every pound increase in neck strength,  odds of concussion decreased by 5% -


Collins CL et al. Neck strength: a protective factor reducing risk for concussion in high school sports. Journal of Primary Prevention. 2014.

Neck strength: Beyond concussive injury. Dr. Cornwell’s story about neck fracture - 23:30

Chronic whiplash patients have greater fat infiltration in the cervical spine muscles. Possible strength deficiency in whiplash? - 25:50

Ref: Elliott JM. The Rapid and Progressive Degeneration of the Cervical Multifidus in Whiplash: A MRI study of Fatty Infiltration. Spine. 2015.

Addressing safety of head and neck training; don’t be a Youtube star - 28:48

How much training does the neck need to be effective? 35:00

Learn more about Dr. Cornwell and Mark Asanovich:

Dr. Jonathan Chung is a chiropractor with a focus on Structural Correction. He is the owner and clinical director of Keystone Chiropractic in in Wellington, Florida. His practice focuses on structural problems in the top of the neck known as the craniocervical junction and it’s impact on migraine headache, neurodegenerative disease and traumatic brain injury. Read more from Dr. Chung at his blog at