I’ve been meaning to make this post for a while, and I got an anon the other day asking about particles and a request from someone to make this post, so here it is! A list of basic particles and their usage! I hope this can help anyone struggling with particles and how to use them, but if I have made any mistakes please let me know ^^ (also please don’t remove my caption!)
summary: “People here, they’re dangerous you do best not to mix.” he explains, watching in interest at your reaction to his words. “Are you one of those people?” you ask. Bingo. He almost smirks he’d seen this scenario countless times, small naïve girls wanting nothing more than to play with fire, to get burnt. He leans forward within his chair, the proximity closing between the two of you as he pulls his lighter from his pocket. “I’m the worst kind.”
suggestive language. word count: 1,839
His lips caress the mic almost like a lover, whispered words of lust and promise as his melody sweeps through the dimly lit bar. With closed eyes his fingers strum over the guitar strings almost effortlessly, his eyes roam the crowd leaving him smug as he takes in their reactions. A quirk of his lips and suddenly he’s slamming down on the strings, the noise explosive as his body pushes up against the cold wood of his guitar. His voice is like velvet, sliding it’s way upon your skin and pulling you to the edge of your seat.
A list of useful verbs because my knowledge of verbs in German is very limited
sein - to be haben - to have gehen - to go laufen - to walk rennen - to run fahren - to drive reisen - to travel schwimmen - to swim stehen - to stand sitzen - to sit machen - to make/do erschaffen- to create kochen - to cook essen - to eat trinken - to drink sprechen - to speak sagen - to say fragen - to ask hören - to hear zuhören - to listen mögen - to like wissen - to know (a concept) kennen - to know (a person) denken - to think glauben - to believe wollen - to want können - to be able to brauchen - to need lernen - to learn schreiben - to write lesen - to read lernen - to study verstehen - to understand vergessen - to forget erinnern - to remember üben - to practice sehen - to see beobachten - to watch tragen - to wear aufwachen - to wake up schlafen - to sleep arbeiten - to work kaufen - to buy spielen - to play benutzen - to use bringen - to bring kommen - to come zurückkommen - to return (come back) geben - to give bekommen - to receive nehmen - to take schauen - to look finden - to find treffen - to meet anfangen - to start beenden - to finish versuchen - to try entscheiden - to decide geboren werden - to be born sterben - to die leben - to live (a life) wohnen - to live (in an area) helfen - to help schicken - to send verändern - to change (alter)
het uur - die Stunde - hour de minuut - die Minute - minute de seconde - die Sekunde - second
de klok - die Uhr - clock
uur - Uhr - o’clock het kwart - das Viertel - quarter half - halb - half over - nach - past voor - vor - to
Hoe laat is het? - Wie spät ist es? - What’s the time?
Het is… - Es ist … - It’s …
… tien uur - zehn Uhr - ten o’clock(10:00) … vijf (minuten) over tien - fünf (Minuten) nach zehn - 10:05 … kwart over tien - Viertel nach zehn - 10:15 … tien (minuten) voor half elf - zehn (Minuten) vor halb elf - 10:20 … half elf - halb elf - 10:30 … vijf (minuten) over half elf - fünf (Minuten) nach halb elf - 10:35 … kwart voor elf - Viertel vor elf - 10:45 … vijf (minuten) voor elf - fünf (Minuten) vor elf - 10:55 … precies elf uur - genau elf Uhr - eleven o’clock sharp (11:00)
a.m. / p.m.
In both Dutch and German the 24-hour clock (i.e. 4pm
→ 16:00) is used, (veertien uur achtendertig - vierzehn Uhr achtunddreißig - 14:38)
but especially in spoken language the 12-hour clock is more common. If context alone is not enough, the following words are used to distinguish between a.m. and p.m.:
You run your fingertips along the tender parts of your neck. A knot had formed under your skin weeks ago. You really needed to get that checked out, but you also really needed to meet your deadline. At this point your work was more important than your health. There was a lot riding on this project, a possible entire rebranding of one of the most powerful companies in the world. And you were the one responsible.
There were times when you were in the middle of a long stretch of work when the night on his desk would flash through your mind. You would think about the wood pressed against your back in the middle of analyzing sales figures for the past 10 years. You could feel his breath on your throat in the middle of sending one of board members a strongly worded e-mail.
You hated how every touch was imprinted in the back of your brain. The asshole in Armani was in your head every time you closed your eyes. Your body started to tingle every time you passed by his office, knowing that maple desk was on the other side of it’s walls.
You hated it.
You hadn’t seen him since that night. He was conveniently shipped out overseas to check on some of the international branches of the corporation he inherited. You were glad, for the most part. It gave you time to detach yourself from that night and bury yourself in your work. Hoping that by the time he came back to the office you wouldn’t want to shove him against a wall and repeat the night on the desk.
To have a such a weakness for animals and children. Even though I call myself a demon. My nose is getting clogged
These definitely aren’t tears ok? Don’t misunderstand!
This is just…just water coming out of my eyes. It’s definitely just the rain, the rain!
This big rain…
Inside this big rain…. This kitty was thrown away, all by itself.
It’s too sad!
No matter how much of a little demon I am, I can’t leave it alone!
This kitty is definitely my companion, a cat from hell to be my familiar….
If I say that, it’s ok to take it home, right?
Hey, you…want to come home with me?
My luck is pretty bad, so it might not be such a good idea. But, if it’s fine with you…
I think I have some dried fish around. But, if you ate it, would you be able to move?
Anyway, I’m not taking you with me because you I feel bad for you, just as a demon, I’m going to raise you up as my familiar, ok?
Back with another grammar post! 만큼 and -느니만큼 look similar, but there’s a small (and important!) difference in their meaning.
The 만큼 grammar can be used with descriptive verbs; action verbs in the past, present, and future; and nouns. It indicates that what follows 만큼 is similar or equal to what comes before it, or that the two things are of a similar degree. Let’s look at some examples:
DESCRIPTIVE VERB: -(으)ㄴ 만큼 — 학생이 똑똑한 만큼 성적이 잘 나와요. (Students get better grades depending on how smart they are [Students get grades equivalent to how smart they are].)
PAST: -(으)ㄴ 만큼
경훈 씨는 제가 공부한 만큼 공부를 열심히 했어요. (Kyeonghoon studied just as hard as I studied.
PRESENT: -는 만큼
뷔페에 갈 때 돈을 내는 만큼 많이 먹어야 돼요. (When you go to a buffet, you should eat as much as you pay for [to the extent that you paid for it, you should eat that much].)
FUTURE: -(으)ㄹ 만큼 — 아이들이 다 충분히 먹을 수 있을 만큼 음식을 많이 준비해 주세요. (Please prepare a lot of food so that the children will be able to eat enough.)
NOUN: 만큼 — 동생의 키는 오빠의 키만큼 커요. (My younger brother is as tall as my older brother [My younger brother’s height is as big as my older brother’s height].)
Please note that with nouns, 만큼 attaches to the noun! When used with descriptive and action verbs, there is an obligatory space.
만큼’s meaning is similar to that of 정도, which expresses the degree of something!
-느니만큼 is similar to 만큼 in that it expresses the degree of something, but it also expresses a reason for something, similar to -니까. It can be used with action verbs, descriptive verbs, and nouns, in the past and present tenses. It can sometimes be switched with 만큼 as described above, but you lose a bit of that “because” meaning.
AV PAST: -았/었으니만큼 — 공부를 열심히
성적이 잘 나오겠어요. (Because you studied hard [and to the extent that you studied hard], you should get good grades.)
DV PAST: -았/었으니만큼 — 배가 고팠으니만큼 많이 먹었어요. (Because I was hungry [and to the extent that I was hungry] I ate a lot.)
AV PRESENT- -느니만큼 — 열심히 일하느니만큼 피곤해요. (Because I am working hard [and to the extent that I am working hard] I am tired.)
DV PRESENT- -(으)니만큼 — 공기가 좋지 않으니만큼 마스크를 꼭 챙기세요. (Because the air is not good [and to the extent that it is not good], please wear a mask.)
NOUN PAST: -였/이었으니만큼 — 가장 간절히 원하던 꿈이었으니만큼 그 꿈을 이루기 위해서 다했어요. (Because it was my most fervently desired dream [and to the extent that it was my most fervently desired dream] I did my best to achieve it.)
NOUN PRESENT: -(이)니만큼 — 중요한 발표니만큼 준비를 철저하게 해야 돼요. (Because it is an important presentation [and to the extent that it is an important presentation] I must prepare thoroughly].)
Feel free to ask if you have any questions or, if you see any mistakes, please let me know so I can fix them!
们 men a plural marker for pronouns, and some nouns
我们 wǒmen we, us
咱们 zánmen we, us (includes both the speaker and the people spoken to)
你们 nǐmen you (plural_
他们 tāmen they
她们 tāmen they (for females)
人 rén person, people
人们 rénmen people
妈妈 māma mother, mom
爸爸 bàba father, dad
今天 jīntiān today
昨天 zuótiān yesterday
明天 míngtiān tomorrow
没 méi not, have not; negative prefix for verbs
有 yǒu to have
吃 chī to eat
喝 hē to drink
看 kàn to see, to read, to watch
听 tīng to listen, to hear
写 xiě to write
说话 shuōhuà to speak, to say, to talk
再见 zàijiàn goodbye
谢谢 xièxie thank you
要 yào will, going to (future auxiliary); to want
喜欢 xǐhuān to like
的 de possessive particle
和 hé and (only used with nouns)
了 le completed action marker
个 gè measure word for people or general objects
岁 suì classifier for years (of age)
本 běn measure word for books
杯 bēi measure word for glasses, cups
只 zhī measure word for birds and certain animals
狗 gǒu dog
猫 māo cat
电影 diànyǐng movie
电视 diànshì TV
水 shuǐ water
茶 chá tea
咖啡 kāfēi coffee
水果 shuǐguǒ fruit
苹果 píngguǒ apple
米饭 mǐfàn cooked rice
包子 bāozi steamed bun
饺子 jiǎozi dumpling
杯子 bēizi cup, glass
书 shū book
课本 kèběn textbook
零 líng zero
一 yī one
二 èr two
两 liǎng two***
三 sān three
四 sì four
五 wǔ five
六 liù six
七 qī seven
八 bā eight
九 jiǔ nine
十 shí ten
to get 10-19, you just take 十 and add 1-9 after it to make it. so 11 is 十一, 12 is 十二, 13 is 十三, etc.
二十 èrshí twenty
Unlike in English, Mandarin requires the use of measure words to count or identify nouns. There are a bunch of different measure words that help categorize the kind of object that is being spoken about. In this lesson, however, we will only cover five of them: 个，岁，本，杯，and 只. Measure words are used with numbers, but they can also be used with 这 zhè this and 那 nà that
个：this measure word is usually used to refer to people, but it can also be used to classify general objects.
一个人 a person，那个杯子 that cup
岁：this classifies years of age. you do not use 是 with this at all
他十岁 he is ten (years old)，我十九岁 I am nineteen
本：this serves as a classifier of books, among a couple other things, but we’ll just focus on books for now
一本书 one book，两本课本 two textbooks***
***so above in the vocab section you might have noticed there’s two words for the number two. here’s the difference:
二：used generally with numbers, such as when counting to ten, giving a phone number, or when using ordinal numbers (e.g., first, second, third)
两：used with measure words
杯：classifier for glasses and cups (i.e., containers of liquids as my dictionary calls them)
三杯茶 three cups of tea，六杯水 six glasses of water
只：classifier for most small animals
三只猫 three cats，一只狗 one dog
的: The Possessive Marker
Creating possessives is simple. All you need to do is add 的 after the noun
This is your book
Who is she?
She is my mother
We know that Mandarin uses a subject-verb-object sentence structure, but all you can do right now is make sentences in the present tense***.
I drink tea.
She watches the movie.
***Mandarin actually does not have tenses at all. What it has instead is called aspect. Rather than focusing on when an action was done, aspect focuses on whether the action was completed or not. Aspect can appear in the past, present, or future.
One of the ways to express that an action is complete is by using 了. 了 has many many many other uses but you don’t need to worry about those yet. Here is the structure:
I ate dumplings
I read a book
I drank a glass of water
To express future actions, you can use 要.
I will eat dumplings today
She will watch a movie tomorrow
okay, that’s it for this post! if there’s any mistakes i missed, please let me know! i plan to get into more detail about time words in the next lesson, so there’s that to look forward to. thanks so much!!!
Bilbo squinted and hissed when Ori gave
another little tap to the chisel he hovered in front of the hobbit’s
chest. Bilbo couldn’t believed it. Only a handful of months before he
wouldn’t have even thought about being shirtless amongst other
people. But there he was, sitting on the hay of Beorn’s house,
waiting for their ponies, shirtless in front of Ori and his inked
chisel, receiving the first tattoo of his life.
“Don’t worry master Boggins, you’ll
like it.” said Kili nodding to his brother. Of course the two
rascals were present and part of the whole incident, they were the
ones that convinced Bilbo to do that unbelievably inconsiderate
madness and the ones that, with Ori’s help, decided what to tattoo on
his skin. What would have everyone said once back at home with
longer hair, skinnier belly and a tattoo on his chest? Lobelia would
have probably chased him away with a broom.
(The rest of the story is under the “keep reading”. WARNINGS: angst…a lot.