Hello mama Bree! I'm sorry that my question is more fantasy storytelling than anything, I don't know how to figure it out on my own - what do you think is the distinction between witches, wizards, mages, sorcerers etc, if any?
This is actually an excellent question and one that gets debated here in the tumblr pagan community from time to time. As far as fantasy literature goes, my personal connotations of the words are thus (barring commonly-used gender and alignment stereotypes):
Witch - Heavy use of spells and potions and plants, often capable of seeing things clearly where others can’t or won’t, usually live alone or with other witches or many many cats, not big on combat magics but the first person you want handy if healing or defense or good advice is needed, usually stationary (in storytelling, the witch doesn’t generally come to you, you go to seek out the witch). Do not ever EVER cross one.
Wizard - More partial to spells and cantrips which require deep knowledge of other languages (often old dead ones that few other people know or speak anymore), associated with magic that requires institutional learning, often has an array of specialized magical tools and arcane texts to work with, prone to meddling (for good or for ill), may be versed in combat (or at least offensive) magics.
Mage - User of more elemental magics, either of one particular element or a combination or two or more, also partial to books but more intuitive than wizards, excellent to have in the party as their magical skills tend to be of the practical kind that are useful on long and perilous quests and they don’t need a lot of extra equipment since they can throw together a spell with whatever’s around them.
Sorcerer(ess) - Heavily ritualized magic which requires a great deal of preparation and learning and often requires highly obscure items or substances, often maintains a lair or stronghold because of the amount of devices and research materials required for their craft, generally either the first person you want on your side or the last person you’d want to be fighting.