Hey, so I was wondering how to introduce the limitations/politics/society of a fantasy world in a casual interesting way that’s not like spitting info when only using characters who are from that world?
The best way is to prioritize the information about the world that you want to get across to the reader, and you can do this by thinking about what information is really important to the story or the reader’s understanding of that world. Once you know what’s most important, it can help you focus on how to weave those details into regular dialogue/banter, action, and character thought. If you have an opportunity for characters to interact with these elements in some way, that’s always a great way to get information to the reader. For example, if a character can walk through an area, they can talk about what that area looks like and how it functions. You can also tell the reader a lot about how a society functions by showing your characters experiences in that society. For example, you could have a character complain about how a new law impacted their family.
If the characters can’t interact directly with those elements, you can still do it in an indirect way (character gets a letter from their mother complaining about how a new law affects her already floundering farm), or you can do it through banter, like having a character tell another character about where they’re from, or about how they’re affected by aspects of the society. They key is to figure out the best places to put that information. When it’s stuff that’s not important to the plot, but is important for setting development, you obviously have more wiggle room. But, for stuff that may be time sensitive because it affects the plot or affects how the readers will view a plot element, you may want to do a timeline to figure out the latest point at which each detail can be given. If you do a combination timeline/scene list, it’s even easier to look at what scenes are available, then you can look at the list of details that need to be given and see where you can plug them in.
I hope that helps! :)