okay time to rant about stupid things, aka the cross fit “open diabetes” thing and everyones reaction to it
i keep reading things written by mostly type 1s (i am a fellow type 1) or other non diabetics about people needing to “know the difference” between type 1 and type 2 diabetes and how they’re getting offended by this ad, saying things like how you can’t get type 1 from sugar and all the usual daily arguments about t1d myths and a lot of what I’m seeing is defending type 1 which is great on trying to educate people, but in the process some of it is giving false information on type 2, which angers me more than the original ad did.
Basically in type 1 your body doesn’t make any insulin because your autoimmune system fucked itself up “Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children and young adults, and was previously known as juvenile diabetes. Only 5% of people with diabetes have this form of the disease.In type 1 diabetes, the body does not produce insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life. With the help of insulin therapy and other treatments, even young children can learn to manage their condition and live long, healthy lives.” source (from the American Diabetes Association website).
So basically with type 2 your body makes some insulin but over time you become resistant to it and does not make enough “Diabetes is a problem with your body that causes blood glucose (sugar) levels to rise higher than normal. This is also called hyperglycemia. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes.If you have type 2 diabetes your body does not use insulin properly. This is called insulin resistance. At first, your pancreas makes extra insulin to make up for it. But, over time it isn’t able to keep up and can’t make enough insulin to keep your blood glucose at normal levels.” source (also form the American Diabetes Association website). this is where the whole “type 2s take pills not shots, they have it easier” myth comes from because the pills help with their body being less resistant or to help the body release more of its own insulin that it is still producing so that they don’t need to rely on injections of insulin either as much or as soon as they would without the pills, even though eventually most type 2 diabetics do end up needing to take insulin injections once their body no longer accepts its own insulin. more information on non injectable diabetes medication can be found here and here. Also, this is why Type 1 is also referred to insulin-dependent diabetes, because while many type 2′s do use and rely on insulin, their bodies still can produce and use its own, while type 1 makes none at all and relies on injections.
From these definitions i think its clear to say that sugar or poor diet does not cause either types of diabetes, especially type 1. i believe the whole myth about sugar causing diabetes just roots from ignorance and false information passed down the grapevine, where obesity can lead to type 2 because it puts extra strain on the body to produce enough insulin to lower the blood sugar (which is pretty true for type 2, but being obese does not immediately mean you will get type 2) and the misinformation and assumption that all sugary things = you will get high blood sugar if you eat this thing, which, while yes certain foods, especially ones high in fats, can spike your blood sugar, does not mean diabetics cannot eat it if they dose themselves properly for the amount of carbohydrates (not sugar) in it. each diabetic is different in this aspect of what and how much will spike them.
if you would like more information on diabetes here are some helpful links:
type 1 (aka juvenile or insulin-dependent diabetes): 1 2 3 4
type 2: 1 2 3 4
insulin and other medications: 1 2 3 4 5
symptoms of diabetes: 1 2