and i can't find any source


anonymous asked:

did t. rex's have feathers? i've been getting conflicting answers

I hate to have to tell you this, but the reason you are getting conflicting answers is because the answer itself is unresolved. But never fear, my friend, you came to the right place! I will gladly muddy the situation further by explaining why. No, no, don’t thank me. I am here to serve.

The main problem is that so far no large, fossilized skin impressions attributed to T. rex have been discovered, which is why we can’t say for certain if they were or were not covered in scales, feathers, or some ungodly mix of both.

Without direct evidence, reconstructions of T. rex are forced to rely on skin impressions and fossils from other dinosaurs, with the likelihood of similarities being based on how closely they’re related; whether or not the species is an ancestor or descendant of the tyrannosauroids; whether they are the same size, same environment, same niche… you get the idea. It’s complicated.

And we do have many skin impressions of dinosaurs that were definitively scaly. Stegosaurs, allosaurs, ankylosaurs and many other species have had soft tissue impressions found, all with scales. It is not completely unreasonable to say that T. rex could also have been entirely scaled.

Of course, this is all without taking into account Dilong and Yutyrannus. Dilong was a small, basal tyrannosaur - an ancestor to T. rex - and in 2004 a fossil was discovered with preserved filamentous protofeathers.

Then, in 2012, Yutyrannus huali was discovered, a tyrannosaur from the Early Cretaceous with definitive impressions of feathers. Also, much closer T. rex in both size and time.

At this point, even without significant soft tissue impressions from T. rex itself, it is becoming increasingly unlikely that T. rex was entirely scaled. It is surrounded on all sides, evolutionarily speaking, with feathery species of theropods. It is still possible, of course, since the feathers of its ancestors could have secondarily lost for any number of very valid reasons, but it is just as possible, if not more so, that it would have been covered in some kind of feathery integument.

Anyway, I hope this cleared absolutely nothing up for you, as it has for me. You’re welcome.


get to know me meme | [2/5] favourite movies → interstellar (2014)

Maybe it means something more - something we can’t yet understand. Maybe it’s some evidence, some artifact of a higher dimension that we can’t consciously perceive. I’m drawn across the universe to someone I haven’t seen in a decade who I know is probably dead. Love is the one thing that we’re capable of perceiving that transcends dimensions of time and space. Maybe we should trust that, even if we can’t understand it.

Hey guys, on my toga wallpaper post, the one on the left bottom I THINK is fan art and if someone could by any possible chance give me the source, I’d be so grateful. I tried looking for the source myself but didn’t find anything? And I still feel really feel kinda shitty for not crediting them and crap?? plz help if anyone can

it’s confirmed, i’m writing a critical media review paper about the parallels between the treatment of people with disabilities/neurodivergent people and mages in dragon age (aka i get to be graded on what i argue with people on the internet about, hurrah)

unfortunately, i don’t have access to any of the games right now, so i’m relying on the internet to find everything

if any of you lovely people who have opinions on the matter want to help me find sources? (i already have tons but i want to be as thorough as possible and not leave any important points out!)

i’m particularly looking for screenshots or playthrough video, and since i don’t have the books any relevant excerpts from them would be great

i’ve also played/seen very little inquisition, so i can include very little from it on my own

things i’m looking for:

  • negative language aimed at mages (esp. ableist language like “crazy”)
  • awful treatment by templars
  • how mages are brought to circles (by force, often kicked out by family, etc)
  • public view of mages and what shapes it
  • rationalizations of the institutionalization of mages
  • mages being coded as neurodivergent 
  • tranquility 
  • anders’ treatment by other characters/the narrative/the writers

thanks so much! 

@mutuals and followers 

please don’t reblog reposted art

if you see that:

  • there is no permission
  • there’s only a source link
  • there’s only a statement like “art not mine/couldn’t find source/art belongs to the respectful artist”
  • there’s no comment at all and by checking you have confirmed op is not the artist (artists often have tags like “my art” or links to their websites on their profiles

 then please don’t reblog it

I also suggest being wary even of posts that do state they have permission, because people have been known to fake those in the past

basically there’s more than enough art and graphics by tumblr artists here, there is no need for you to spread the reposts and encourage reposters to do what they do, so please, please try and avoid doing that

I understand that not everyone is all that well informed on this, and that sometimes even if you know you end up reblogging something in a hurry (it’s happened to me before), but do try and be more conscious about this whole thing from now on ok?

also, I’ll be putting this post on queue, so if you don’t want to see it multiple times I suggest you blacklist “ani on reposting”