ancient-britain

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Pictish, Celtic and Norse Influenced prehistoric artefacts from the Scottish Isles, The National Museum of Scotland, 24.2.17.

Boudicca was such a hardass! I love her.

BASIC BIO: (c. 30 - 60 AD) Boudicca was queen of the Celtic Iceni when Britain was still a far-flung territory of the Roman empire. After her husband, the king, died, the Iceni found themselves battered by the Romans; Boudicca herself was beaten and her daughters raped. The Iceni and other groups planned an uprising, with Boudicca at the helm. The rebels managed to raze several major settlements to the ground, including London. Though the details of her defeat are spotty, it is a known fact that Boudicca and her army eventually fell to the Roman imperial forces. Her exact fate is unknown.

HER IMPACT: Boudicca was largely forgotten until the Renaissance came to Britain. From there, her popularity soared, and Queen Victoria, in an ironic misunderstanding of Boudicca’s fight against imperialism, took her on as a symbol for herself and the British empire. Boudicca remains a folk hero in Britain, and has inspired a number of films and books. She also lends her name one of the best Enya songs, which is exactly the legacy the rest of us daydream about.

Roman Silver Snake Ring and Bracelet Set, 1st-4th Century AD

Roman Imperial, probably from Roman Britain or another far province.

The snake was one of the most popular motifs in Roman jewelry, symbolizing fertility and used to ward off evil. The simple, flattened style, with round eyes, suggests a Celtic influence, as much Roman art in Britain had.

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Viking artefacts and design, ‘Vikings: Rediscover The Legend’ Exhibition, Yorkshire Museum, York, 20.5.17. 

anonymous asked:

I went through yer blog and the moment I saw the drawings with the parents ... I started crying. Don't do this to me... too much emotions. Your art is too good, holy shite...

Lmao, sorry about your feels. As an apology here’s a picture of them alive and well. Nations don’t have children in the universe of this blog or in the canon of Hetalia, but these two adopted new nations more readily than the rest of the personification of British kingdoms at the time.

Quick note on who they are:

You all probably know Britannia, but in the canon of this blog at least she would probably have been a coagulation of Brittonic tribes, who later took up the mantle of ‘Britannia’ as the smaller British factions began to break up. She was also a ho, so Allistor’s ‘father’ wasn’t necessarily the same as those who ‘fathered’ England, Wales etc.

The big guy is Pictland - he was the closest thing to a father Scotland had, and was perfectly happy to babysit and carve strange shapes into rocks. Allistor doesn’t remember all too much of him compared to his mother, but he does remember that he introduced him to the Fae and magic for the first time.

Edit: So, nation-wise there was probably a much higher death rate, with personifications being cut down and fading out of existence willy-nilly. Some of these survived, merging regions into one more all-encompassing personification. Before the Anglo-Saxon invasion and the occupation of Rome, Brittonic tribes were generally found throughout England and Wales, with Goidelic tribes in Ireland and part of the west of Scotland, and Pictish regions making up the majority of Scotland. ‘Britannia’ would most likely have started out as one of the Brittonic tribes before slowly becoming one of the main personifications of this culture in Britain (although not the only one). I was wrong with the Mercia/ Northumbria thing, need to re-evaluate that part.

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skara brae ▴ bay of skaill, orkney, scotland

consisting of eight clustered houses, this neolithic village – europe’s “most complete” – was occupied from roughly 3180 bc to about 2500 bc. it has been called the “scottish pompeii” because of its excellent preservation.

docs.google.com
The Wounded Pict
A short story about an unlikely romance between a Briton serving in the Roman auxiliaries and a Pictish prisoner of war

My first full-length short story. I’m hoping to place future chapters of this story on an alternate history timeline, but for now there are no big-picture deviations from the original timeline. Comments and constructive criticism welcome.

Length: 22 pages and 7,300 words (not counting the title page, footnotes, or author’s notes at the end)

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Celtic Coin of the Dobunni King Corio

This is a ‘Tree Type’ gold stater of the Dobunni tribe. It was struck circa 20 BC  to AD 5 during the rule of Corio. On the obverse is the image of a tree-like emblem known as a Dobunnic Tree, with a pellet below. The reverse bears the name Co[rio] above a triple-tailed, stylized Celtic horse, with a wheel below and other symbols in the field.  The Dobunnic Tree’s meaning is unclear although corn, ferns and a form of a wreath have all been suggested as explanations.

The Dobunni were one of the Iron Age tribes living in the British Isles prior to the Roman invasion of Britain (43-84 AD). They lived in the southwestern part of Britain that roughly coincides with the English counties of Bristol, Gloucestershire and the north of Somerset, although at times their territory may have extended into parts of what are now Herefordshire, Oxfordshire, Wiltshire, Worcestershire, and Warwickshire. Their capital acquired the Roman name of Corinium Dobunnorum, which is today known as Cirencester. Unlike the Silures, their neighbors in what later became southeast Wales, the Dobunni were not a warlike people and submitted to the Romans before they even reached their lands. Afterwards they readily adopted the Romano-British lifestyle.

Corio was a 'king’ of the southwestern Dobunni. No one knows if 'king’ is the correct term for their leaders however, it is likely that this is what the Romans called them. The Dobunni rulers are only known from names found on their coinage and the exact order of each of their reigns has yet to be determined. Some of the other Dobunni kings’ names are Anted, Eisu, Aatti, Comux, Inham and Bodvoc.

I really want to go back in time and see what life was like for Ancient British people before the Romans. I want to see how they lived. There was no Christianity, no big cities, England was mostly empty with 20 times less people living there, there were wild animals that are now extinct. It would be so interesting to see all of that. I also want to see what people looked like to see how much different they look today. Did they look much like modern British people just in different clothing? I wonder.

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Yellowmead Stone Circle, Devon, England

Yellowmead Stone Circle is a Bronze Age concentric stone circle consisting of four rings of stones set within one another. The largest is 98 feet (20 m) wide and the smallest, 19 feet (6 m). It is located on Yellowmead Down near Sheepstor. The circles once encircled a burial cairn, although this is now barely visible.

Hadrian’s Wall

Aerial view of the Wall at Cawfields, looking east, showing Cawfields milecastle. The line of the Vallum – the earthwork to the south of the Wall – can be seen in the background

Permanent conquest of Britain began in AD 43. By about AD 100 the northernmost army units in Britain lay along the Tyne–Solway isthmus. The forts here were linked by a road, now known as the Stanegate, between Corbridge and Carlisle.

Hadrian came to Britain in AD 122 and, according to a biography written 200 years later, ‘put many things to right and was the first to build a wall 80 miles long from sea to sea to separate the barbarians from the Romans’.

The building of Hadrian’s Wall probably began that year, and took at least six years to complete. The original plan was for a wall of stone or turf, with a guarded gate every mile and two observation towers in between, and fronted by a wide, deep ditch. Before work was completed, 14 forts were added, followed by an earthwork known as the Vallum to the south.

Its military effectiveness has been questioned by many scholars over the years owing to its length and the positioning of the fortifications along the route. Regarding this, Professors Scarre and Fagan write,

Archaeologists and historians have long debated whether Hadrian’s Wall was an effective military barrier…Whatever its military effectiveness, however, it was clearly a powerful symbol of Roman military might. The biographer of Hadrian remarks that the emperor built the wall to separate the Romans from the barbarians. In the same way, the Chinese emperors built the Great Wall to separate China from the barbarous steppe peoples to the north. In both cases, in addition to any military function, the physical barriers served in the eyes of their builders to reinforce the conceptual divide between civilized and noncivilized. They were part of the ideology of empire. (Ancient Civilizations, 313)