Its subject, size, materials, and naturalistic style suggest that this small sculpture was made by one of the nomadic peoples of Western and Central Asia—perhaps the Scythians, who, with the Medes, conquered the Assyrians.
Roman copy of the mid-2nd cent. CE after a bronze original of the Asia Minor of the mid-2nd cent. BCE.
Rome, Roman National Museum, Palazzo Massimo alle Terme.
Fayum mummy portraits is the name given to a large number of paintings from the first to third century. These are tempera or encaustic paintings, made with hot, pigmented wax on wooden panels, which were inserted into the mummies of the deceased. The surviving paintings are predominantly from the Fayum region in Roman Egypt, where the practice was common and the dry heat preserved many of the paintings until today.