ancient-art

Peleus wrestles the sea nymph Thetis, who shapeshifts into various animals (shown to the side) in an attempt to elude him.  Boeotian black-figure dish, artist unknown; ca. 500-475 BCE.  Now in the Louvre.

2

The Winged Victory of Samothrace, also called the Nike of Samothrace, is a 2nd-century BC marble sculpture of the Greek goddess Nike (Victory). Since 1884, it has been prominently displayed at the Louvre and is one of the most celebrated sculptures in the world. H.W. Janson described it as “the greatest masterpiece of Hellenistic sculpture.

The sculptor is thought to be Pythokritos of Rhodes.

3

~ Panel with striding lion.
Culture: Neo-Babylonian
Date: 604-562 B.C.
Medium: Brick, glazed.

From the source: The lion was sacred to Ishtar, the Babylonian goddess of love and war. This striding beast is one of more than a hundred that once lined the lower portion of the walls of a processional way that passed through the Ishtar Gate in ancient Babylon. During the New Year festival, images of the gods were carried down this street, named ‘the enemy shall never pass’ (aibur-shabu in Babylonian). The lions provided a dramatic, heraldic approach to the gate and served as symbolic protectors and guides for those participating in the ritual.