ancient macedon

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Ancient Greek gold stater of Philip III of Macedon, dated to 323 BCE. On the obverse is the god Apollo in profile, and on the reverse is Philip II, father of Alexander the Great, in a chariot. The Ancient Greek on the reverse of the coin, ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ (PHILIPPOU), translates to “of Philip.” Images from AncientArt.com.

[Philip II of Macedon, in a message to Sparta:] “You are advised to submit without further delay, for if I bring my army into your land, I will destroy your farms, slay your people, and raze your city.”
[Sparta’s answer:] “If.”
—  Source: Ashley, James R., The Macedonian Empire: The Era of Warfare Under Philip II and Alexander the Great, 359–323 BCE., McFarland, 2004
Honor for an Aging Beast of Burden

Anthologia Palatina 6.228 = Ad(d)aeus of Macedon (late 4th cent. BCE)

When the hard-working ox grew weary from the furrow
And from old age, Alcon did not lead it
To the slaughtering axe; for he revered its labors.
Instead, in tall grass somewhere it gives bellows,
Rejoicing in its freedom from the plow.

 Αὔλακι καὶ γήρᾳ τετρυμένον ἐργατίνην βοῦν
    Ἄλκων οὐ φονίην ἤγαγε πρὸς κοπίδα,
αἰδεσθεὶς ἔργων· ὁ δέ που βαθέῃ ἐνὶ ποίῃ
    μυκηθμοῖς ἀρότρου τέρπετ’ ἐλευθερίῃ.

The Lincolnshire Ox, George Stubbs, 1790

WE HAVE TALKED ABOUT ‘MACEDONIA’ TOO MUCH

IT HAS BROKEN TUMBLR. STRANGE SYMBOLS AND LETTERS HAVE BEEN ADDED TO ITS TITLE IN THE FEED. THIS IS A WARNING.

In response to this Sign From Higher Powers, all discussions on mythical Ancient Macedon must cease. We must truly accept that Ancient Macedonia is a lie and move on with our lives.

Do not think about it.
Do not write about it.
Do not even look at it.

Educate yourself on the true Mythological Nature of Ancient Macedon here before it is too late. 

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Hellenic Kingdom of Macedon

Mieza, Tomb of Anthems, MacedoniaGreece, 

place of teaching (Nymphaeus) of Aristotle to Alexander the Great and a number of selected young people.

“σχολὴν μὲν οὖν αὐτοῖς καὶ διατριβὴν τὸ περὶ Μίεζαν Νυμφαῖον ἀπέδειξεν [ο Φίλιππος], ὅπου μέχρι νῦν Ἀριστοτέλους ἕδρας τε λιθίνας καὶ ὑποσκίους περιπάτους δεικνύουσιν. ἔοικε δ’ Ἀλέξανδρος οὐ μόνον τὸν ἠθικὸν καὶ πολιτικὸν παραλαβεῖν λόγον”

Plutarch, Alexander

Ah, hi there! /u\ I’m the anon who sent the message earlier…I’m pretty shy and I don’t really know what to say but I wanted to draw some fanart of your oc’s…I hope that’s okay!

I really loved that doodle with macedon and greece and I wanted to pay homage to that haha 

AAHHH this is absolutely gorgeous :’DDD I remember that picture, so many years ago now ;u; Thank you so much, I just got out of bed to find this and my day is made :’DD I keep giggling. It’s ok I’m super shy myself but please feel free to drop by any time!!

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Extremely Rare Gold Coin Issued by Alexander The Great’s Illegitimate Son

Sold at auction for $99,450. One of three known examples.

This is an extremely rare gold stater from Pergamon, Mysia, issued sometime after 336 BC. This historically significant coin was presumably issued by Heracles of Macedon (c. 327–309 BC), the alleged illegitimate son of Alexander the Great, who grew up in Pergamon. It is very likely that he commissioned the coin before his assassination in 309.

Heracles of Macedon was reputed to be the son of Alexander III the Great by Barsine, daughter of Satrap Artabazus of Phrygia. Heracles was named after the Greek mythological hero of the same name, from whom the Argeads claimed descent. It cannot be established definitively whether he was Alexander’s son or not.

Heracles lived in obscurity until the murder of Alexander IV (Alexander the Great’s legitimate son) by Cassander in 310 BC or 309 BC. At that point Polyperchon, a regent of Macedon who had been replaced by Cassander and had all but disappeared for the previous six years, began championing Heracles as Alexander’s true heir, and Polyperchon began forming an army. Instead of fighting, Cassander negotiated with Polyperchon. By offering Polypercon various bribes such as a sinecure and a large number of talents, Cassander persuaded him to murder Heracles, and Polyperchon retired to obscurity once more.

The obverse of the coin shows Alexander the Great as Heracles, wearing the Neamean Lion’s skin. The reverse has a crested Corinthian helmet in the lower left beside an armed Palladion figure. A Palladion was a cult image of Pallas Athena. It was based on the legend of the wooden statue of Pallas Athena that Odysseus and Diomedes stole from the citadel of Troy. It was said that Troy could not be captured while it safeguarded this statue so Diomedes and Odysseus made their way to the citadel in Troy by a secret passage and carried it off. In this way the Greeks were then able to enter Troy and lay it waste using the deceit of the Trojan Horse.

An Unpublished and Possibly Unique Macedonian Coin

This silver tetradrachm was struck in Salamis circa 300-295 BC during the reign of Demetrios I Poliorketes of Macedon. The obverse shows Nike blowing a trumpet and holding a stylis, alighting to left on a left-facing galley prow. The reverse shows the inscription ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΜΗΤΡΙΟΥ and Poseidon, nude except for a wreath of reeds and a chlamys wrapped around his left arm. He is striding left while hurling a trident from his upraised right hand; monogram of AYN to left, Σ to right. Unpublished in the Standard References, including Newell, possibly unique. This coin is extremely fine, well struck and centered; engraved in very fine style and very well preserved for the type.

25 remarkable things you did not know about Macedonia

It was 25 years ago today that Macedonia celebrated independence from the failed state of Yugoslavia. To mark the occasion, here are 25 things you did not know about the Balkan country.

1. That’s the ‘Republic of Macedonia’ to you

The country has had some controversy around its name, with Greece also laying claim to the title of Macedonia for one of its northern regions, much of which fell within the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon. The dispute is still a hot potato, which is why Macedonia is officially known as the Republic of Macedonia and was entered into the EU and Nato as the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia – or FYROM for short.

2. It’s high

There are more than 50 lakes and 34 mountains higher than 2,000 metres. It has the fifth highest average elevation of any country in Europe (741m), behind Andorra (highest), Switzerland, Austria and Turkey.

Keep reading

“Rhodian Mercenaries” Coin

This silver drachm was struck circa 175-170 BC in Thessaly most likely by King Perseus of Macedon. The obverse shows the head of Helios facing three-quarters to the right and the reverse is a rose bud.

Although the attribution of this issue has been debated, it seems likely that it was struck by Perseus to pay Cretan mercenaries, who would have been familiar with Rhodian issues, in the Third Macedonian War against the Romans.

Macedonian Style Bronze Figurine from the Arabian Peninsula, c. 3rd-1st Century BC

This is believed to be a statue of a special representative welcoming a king. He wears a chitoniskos (tunic) with a Macedonian breastplate and a Macedonian style headband which is knotted in the back. A cloak is draped over his shoulders and wraps around the left forearm. He holds his right arm in a gesture of address with his left arm down, the palm facing upward, fingers bent. The stylized, large empty eyes were once once encrusted.

This large bronze statue, judging by the military uniform and headband, is an important sovereign. The stylization of the face dominated by big eyes is characteristic of Oriental productions in contrast with the regalia modeled directly from the Hellenistic style. The statue reveals the work of a local artist inspired by the armor and headdress of the invading Macedonians of Alexander the Great from the 4th century BC.