ancient gun

Ancients Sleeping Headcanons:

*Submission by the enchanting @kittyreaper

I really, really like the idea that all the ancients are super light sleepers, experts in the art of feigning sleep, and also keep some sort of weapon under their mattresses. A lot of them can also recognize people by their footsteps.

I think this headcanon works, as the ancients probably lived very dangerous lives. War are violence are still things in modern times, but back then… it was different. Instead of GPS, all you had were your instincts, prior knowledge of the area, and maybe a compass if you were far enough on the timeline. I believe it stands to reason that the ancients would each pick up at least one of these things.

I also believe it stands to reason that these things could lead to some pretty funny scenarios.

For example, some ideas for ancients visiting their kids/grandkids. It’s modern times and has been so long since they last visited that they can no longer recognize their kids’/grandkids’ footsteps.

Germania accidentally pulling a sword on Germany:

Germania: Um… I can explain this.

Germany: ?!

Germania: Okay, I actually can’t. I just said that to calm you down. Clearly, I failed.

Rome accidentally pulling a sword on Romano and Veneziano:



Romano: YOU DID WHAT?!

Rome: … //distressed grandpa

Germania intentionally pulling a sword on Rome:

Germania: Oh, sorry, didn’t know it was you.

Rome: … We live with each other, the fuq you didn’t-

More humans are weird: fireworks

This may be out there already with the US celebrating the 4th.

I mean, it would be confusing and scary enough to witness fireworks.

Is it some sort of attack? Perhaps it is the remains of some primitive ritual to keep angry gods away. We’ve heard of that in the Cathrdtic, but they are a very different life form than the humans.
Then, we are told by humanfred that this is simply a celebration. Ah, we see. It is a reenactment of the battle humans fought for freedom
No, humanfrank tells us, it’s just for fun. For fun? It sounds quiet dangerous. Yes, he says, people get seriously injured every year. It’s gunpowder afterall, the stuff ancient humans first made guns with.
Surely we heard humanfrank wrong. This explosive was designed for a weapon, and it is used to make lights in the sky because humans think the colors are pretty and don’t mind the danger or the outrageous noise?
The noise us part of the fun, he says.

We have decided we will be ending our visit to earth early, humanfrank.

kirbuu  asked:

You know if bolero Ladybug had a sleeveless bodysuit under she could in particularly strenuous battles demonstrate the ancient adage "suns out guns out" and I doubt anyone, least of all Chat, would disapprove.

The first time she takes it off goes something like:

“Alright Chat, I’m gunna do something but you have to promise not to scream.”

“Why would I- AAAAA OH MY GOD!!!!”

Then he spends the rest of the battle hyperventilating over Ladybug’s exposed biceps. 

                   ₪₪ M O D E R N   O L Y M P I A N S ₪₪

                                                    h a d e s

The Four Great Inventions Of Ancient China

Papermaking, gunpowder, printing and the compass are four ancient inventions by Chinese people that have had a huge impact on the entire world.

Paper Making 造纸术

The invention of paper greatly contributed to the spread and development of civilization. Before its invention, bones, tortoise shells, and bamboo slips were all used as writing surfaces.

In 105 A.D. Cai Lun, a eunuch during the Eastern Han Dynasty, invented paper from worn fishnet, bark and cloth. These raw materials could be easily found at a much lower cost so large quantities of paper could be produced.

The making technique was exported to Korea in 384 A.D. A Korean Monk then took this skill with him to Japan in 610 A.D.

During a war between the Tang Dynasty and the Arab Empire, the Arabs captured some Tang soldiers and paper making workers. Thus, a paper factory was set up by the Arabs.

In the 11th Century the skill was carried to India when Chinese monks journeyed there in search of Buddhist sutras.

Through the Arabs, Africans and Europeans then mastered the skill. The first paper factory in Europe was set up in Spain. In the latter half of the 16th century, this skill was brought to America. By the 19th century, when paper factories were set up in Australia, paper making had spread to the whole world.

Gun Powder 火药

In Chinese, gunpowder is called huo yao (火药), meaning flaming medicine. Unlike paper and printing, the birth of gunpowder was quite accidental. It was first invented inadvertently by alchemists while attempting to make an elixir of immortality. It was a mixture of sulphur, saltpeter, and charcoal. At the end of the Tang Dynasty, gunpowder was being used in military affairs. During the Song and Yuan Dynasties, frequent wars spurred the development of cannons, and fire-arrows shot from bamboo tubes.

In the 12th and 13th centuries, gunpowder spread to the Arab countries, then Greece, other European countries, and finally all over the world.

Printing 印刷术

Inspired by engraved name seals, Chinese people invented fixed-type engraved printing around 600 A.D. The skill played an important role in the Song Dynasty but its shortcomings were apparent. It was time-consuming to engrave a model, not easy to store, and not easy to revise errors.

During the reign of Emperor Ren Zong of the Northern Song Dynasty, Bi Sheng invented movable, reusable clay type after numerous tests. Single types were made and picked out for printing certain books. These types could be used again and again for different books. Because of the large number of different characters in the Chinese written language, this technique did not have a dramatic impact at the time. However, today, this  typesetting technique is regarded as a revolution in the industry. About 200 years later, this moveable-type technique spread to other countries and advanced the development of world civilization.

Compass 指南针

During the Warring States period, a device called a Si Nan became the forerunner of the compass. A Si Nan was a ladle-like magnet on a plate with the handle of the ladle pointing to the south. In the 11th century, tiny needles made of magnetized steel were invented. One end of the needle points north while the other points south. The compass was thus created. The compass greatly improved a ship’s ability to navigate over long distances. It was not until the beginning of the 14th century that compass was introduced to Europe from China.


                       ₪₪ M O D E R N   O L Y M P I A N S ₪₪

                                                      c h a r o n

                       ₪₪ M O D E R N   O L Y M P I A N S ₪₪

                                                        a t h e n a

The Philippine-American War in the 1900

“The Philippines, with more than seven thousand islands and ten million brown-skinned inhabitants, had been ceded to the United States by Spain (in 1898) for twenty million dollars. I was an infant when this happened, but I was to be nourished to manhood on the indignation and despair of my elders who had fought in the revolution against Spain and known the sweetness of victory only to find that victory tossed aside as a sop to appeasement.

This was the way the Filipinos felt when their country was taken over by America. We would suffer from this resentment many years. 

To be frank, the Philippines were acquired by America in her only outburst of imperialism. The outburst did not come from a desire for power. It was salve applied to the wounded pride of a great country. It was a response to a slogan: "Remember the Maine!” 

The American military authorities explained why they were in our country. “To develop the country. To open up the Philippines to commerce.”

Such phrases were fine-sounding, like Dewey’s statement that he came to protect the Philippines. The usually good-natured, easy- going Filipino had discovered much in his brief war against Spanish tyranny. He had learned he was a fighter. He had won his revolt against Spain. Had he turned against one foreign rule only to submit to another? No matter how beneficent that rule might be, in the minds of men who had fought for independence it was still tyranny. 

The insurgents rallied in swelling forces around Aguinaldo. On February 4, 1899, hostilities broke out in a Manila suburb between American and Filipino forces. 

Our revolution against America which the Americans would term “insurrection” began. 

As A NATION we were thoroughly aroused by 1899. 
“The Filipinos are not a warlike people,” General Arthur Mac-Arthur said of us at this time.But we had waged and won our revolution against Spain and had no intention of submitting to America’s claims on our country. The Americans were in the Philippines without our consent. 

It was the determination of every Filipino man, woman, and child to drive them out. 

We fought American occupation for three years. From the beginning it was a hopeless contest. The United States was rich in resources and man power; it could pour whole armies of soldiers, well trained and well equipped, into our country. Within four years American transports had landed 125,000 khaki-clad Yankees on Luzon. 

Without proper training or organization, with primitive weapons and ancient guns, the Filipinos fought to hold the Philippines. Tribes from remote -provinces swung bolos beside their college-educated countrymen. Natives of types we of the cities had never seen came down from the hills to fight with bows and arrows. Even the children formed brigades and threw rocks at the American soldiers, who stood helpless before such ludicrous but telling onslaught. 

Both armies fought mud, pestilence, and the dangers of the jungle. Aguinaldo’s men had the additional handicaps of lack of food, equipment, and transportation. It was the same sort of hopeless war that would be waged forty-two years later on Bataan, when Filipinos and Americans yielded to the superior forces of the Japanese 

Major General Henry W. Lawton of the American forces said of the Filipinos during this time: 

‘Taking into account the disadvantages they have had to fight against…they are the bravest men I have ever seen.“ 

American occupation was achieved by 1900. 

After hundreds of small battles the revolution ended from the American point of view when Aguinaldo went into retreat in the mountains and organized warfare stopped. But the Filipinos did not know they were beaten. Aguinaldo was still their King Bernardo, held captive in the mountains and waiting his chance to free the Philippines. The Filipinos went on fighting as guerrilleros. 

Guerrilla warfare began in 1900 with the new century. This mode of fighting, as old as war itself, is particularly adaptable to the Philippine terrain. There are forests in Luzon so impenetrable that they are capable of sheltering entire armies. Thick foliage forms a waterproof roof against the torrential rains. There are trees with hollow trunks that can provide shelter for half-a-dozen men, and caves behind shores and rivers impossible for any but a native to locate. In such places the scattered forces of Aguinaldo went into hiding, to sally out in surprise raids that harried and baffled the 
American forces. They were aided and abetted by the townspeople. Again, it was everybody’s war everybody was in the fight. 

There was no "walkie-talkie” then, no telephone to carry communication between the secret lines. Orders in code were drummed through the forests on bamboo. This was the bamboo telegraph that would sound again in the Philippines when the Japanese invaded. Guerrilla warfare was revived after the Philippines fell to the Japanese. Modern devices aid its efficiency, but as a mode of fighting it remains savage and elemental. 

Guerrilla warfare comes from the inside of a people it is waged, encouraged, and aided by the people. It cannot exist without the loyalty of the general population. The guerrilla army must be fed, armed, sheltered, protected, and kept informed by the civilians. 

As the son of a guerrillero father I learned much of the methods of these fighters. 

Townsmen, countrymen, or guerrilla at large worked under the very noses of the occupying forces. The most peaceful citizen by day might be a prowling tiger by night. Your next-door neighbor, a man of sedentary occupation and mild manners, might be the leader of a guerrilla band. Such men were inured to dangerous living and hardship. The guerrilla fighter trained by night. He became a master marksman who used his gun only when necessary not only to save ammunition but to keep from exposing himself to the enemy. He carried food on his person and went hungry, to accustom himself to semi-starvation. He learned to suffer pain without whimpering, because a sound might betray him to the enemy. He learned to endure rain and heat and jungle discomfort and knew which herbs of the forest were useful in warding off jungle diseases. Wounded, he nursed his wounds in silence until he could reach a physician that could be trusted. Captured, he died without speaking. 

The guerrillero of the town was in constant touch with the guerrillero in the hills. He sent messages of advice or warning to those in hiding by the bamboo telegraph, church bells, or messenger. Arms, ammunition, and provisions were received and dispatched in strange ways, under mounds of dried cogon grass or in carts heaped with buffalo dung. 

Women played an active part in the campaign. They maintained much of the communication between the guerrilla forces. Housewives haggling with vendors in the market place might be discussing in code the movement and troop numbers of the Americans. Mango and guava prices they argued were translatable into terms of arms and men to the farmer-vendor, who served as courier to the forces hiding in the surrounding hills. At nightfall, driving his empty cart homeward, he would pause to relay his information to other couriers waiting along the roads. 

Women patched the clothing of the fighters, prepared bandages, medical kits, and food, and left these on kitchen tables in the evening. In the morning all would be gone. 

The youngest child knew he must observe much and tell nothing. He might be playing ball outside his home when an American sentry appeared at the corner. The ball would fly in an open window the guerrillero father within would be warned in time. 

War such as this is impossible to stamp out. The Americans realized it would continue indefinitely in the Philippines unless some means could be found to convince the Filipinos that American intentions were friendly. 

Certain officers decided upon more violent steps to quell what the Americans called the “insurrection,” but which we of the Philippines termed our second revolution. The American forces continued to spread through the occupied towns and fought back as best they could the surprise sallies of the Filipinos. But to bring the guerrilla forces to terms they would have to learn two things: where were the guerrilla leaders hiding, and where were the ammunition and guns hidden? 

American soldiers asked these questions of captive Filipinos. The ugly chapter began. 

Filipinos were encouraged to talk by means of the rope and water cures. The rope method was a slow strangling and a painful release to life. This was repeated. 

The water cure was revived from the Inquisition. A man’s stomach was pumped full of water and then jumped upon until it emptied. This was repeated until the victim was unconscious. Then he was revived, and the process repeated. 

But the tortured Filipinos did not talk. The hidden guerrilla army remained hidden. Even Filipinos who by this time had become sympathetic to the Americans and were willing to accept the occupation refused to talk under torture. 

All through the year 1900 the guerrilla fighting continued. By this time a great deal about the Filipinos and the Philippines was finding its way into the American newspapers. Americans talked of Luzon, Zamboanga, Iloilo strange names for American-held places. 

There was much sympathy for the Filipinos in the United States. A definite wave of “anti-imperialism” swept the country. Added indignation followed reports of the “cures.” Aguinaldo of the Philippines became surrounded by a symbolic aura, not only to his own people, but to many sympathizers in theUnited States. 

No less an authority than Washington investigated the reports of the rope and water cures. Officers who had been in charge of such cases were found guilty, reprimanded, fined, and dismissed from the Army. Several received prison terms. 

Impossible to translate the effect of such reprisal on the military mind! Consider, then, its effect on the simpler reasoning of the Filipino. He was impressed and awed that the United States he had been fighting as a tyrant should take such pains to uncover and punish tyranny. 

It was our first experience with American justice. Its effect was recognizable. As American officers were punished, more and more Filipinos brought in their guns and ammunition and yielded to the American military heads. Among these one of the most respected by the Filipinos was the father of Douglas MacArthur. General Arthur MacArthur was one of the first of the Americans to win our wholehearted trust. 

As Military Governor he held the Philippines under martial law, policed the country, imprisoned and tried captured insurgents, and deported those found guilty. He was stern, courteous, and fair. He issued the proclamation of amnesty that promised a reward and no punishment to anyone turning over a rifle to the American authorities. 

Thousands of Filipinos took advantage of the amnesty by turning in their arms and taking the oath of allegiance to die United States. 

General MacArthur established in the Philippines the writ of habeas corpus which is the foundation stone of the American Bill of Rights. This was a daring act in a country still at war. And in this turbulent year 1900 he organized the Filipino Scouts, the military organization composed of Filipino soldiers under American officers which later became the nucleus of the American armed forces in the Philippines. 

Many of these were Filipinos who had fought in the revolution against Spain and the revolution against America. Proud of their new organization and their new uniforms, they told their friends: “This General MacArthur is a great man!” 

Stories spread of this American leader. His friendly, democratic attitude toward the Filipino soldiers was often cited. He was one with his men, they said. He was also a hero he had been awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for valor in the Civil War. His son would wear that medal later in recognition of Bataan and Corregidor. 

Officers like General MacArthur helped quell the revolution by the weight of their personal integrity. But the guerrilla fighting continued. Without sufficient arms, food, medicines, or hope the guerrilleros carried on the three-year-old fight against America. 

It was General MacArthur who reasoned that the resistance would never end while Aguinaldo remained free. The Philippine leader, who was encamped in the mountains with his movements handicapped by the sick wife who had to be transported by litter, had become a legend and the symbol of freedom to his people. 

“Capture Aguinaldo,” MacArthur ordered finally, “but capture him alive.” 

In March 1901 Aguinaldo was taken prisoner by General Frederick Funston, by a ruse.Pro-American Filipinos went to the leader’s camp pretending to be Aguinaldo sympathizers. With them were American officers disguised as prisoners. General MacArthur received the captive Aguinaldo with the respect one military leader tenders another. The result of their meeting was agreement and complete understanding, and out of that understanding came the full capitulation of Emilio Aguinaldo with his historic proclamation that brought peace to the Philippines: 

“The country has declared unmistakably for peace… By acknowledging and accepting the sovereignty of the United States throughout the entire Archipelago, as I do now without any reservations whatsoever, I believe that I am serving thee, my beloved country.” 

The words ended protest against America. 

Following Aguinaldo, leader after leader, fighter after fighter, made his way into Manila and took the pledge of allegiance to the United States of America. 

Aguinaldo retired under pension to serve as head of the Philippine Veterans* Association. 

So the last of the fighters for freedom laid down his arms. 

- Excerpts from the book of General Carlos Peña Romulo, Mother America

“To know nothing of what happened before you were born is to remain forever a child.” - Cicero







Credits as well to YouTube User:

(( The Amigo Movie gave us both chills and feels. ;;A;; ))
(( So you guys see, the illustration I did was very much based on the movie AMIGO by John Sayles which is by the way, one of the most well-written movies I’ve ever seen. ;v;b ))

(( The actors were very well-chosen and ugghhh, look at the art therreeeee!! ;A; ))

(( So yeah, it could be an AU something-something…. *coughsIt'sPartOfTheColonial!PhilippinesAUThoughcoughs* ))

kiwitage  asked:

Oh, oh! I want a ship! I'm 169cm tall, curvacious (ha ha ha), with shoulderlong blondish hair with highlights, blue-grey eyes. Apparently, I look Scandinavian. I like dogs, and ancient weapons, but not guns. I can knit, and crochet, but I'm also good with wood and metal. I enjoy cooking and baking and a good book on a rainy day. I'd love to travel, but money's a bit short at the moment. I speak 4 languages and can curse in several more. Most of the time I'm a nice and caring person

I ship you with Hvitserk!!!

You would be like a magnet to this puppy. First of all, that you’re curvy. We all know Hvitserk loves women (sometimes a little too much) so you would reel him in with your curvy self. He would love that you’re caring, making him even more attracted to you. He loves to travel as well, taking up every opportunity to raid with his brothers in order to travel. So naturally, he is going to bring you along. Since your talents vary, I feel that he would be walking through Kattegat and see you looking at different yarns or threads and of course, he would be interested. I feel that once you move on to watch the blacksmith, commenting on the style of the sword being made, Hvitserk would honestly be a little confused. You’re a girl and unless you’re a shieldmaiden, he couldn’t see your interest in metals. That would only draw him in closer. When he found you could cook, the boy who always has a spoon of some type of food in his mouth, would die and go to Valhalla. So naturally, like the puppy he is, he would follow you around waiting to get your attention. But once he has you, he will never let you go.

Alternative firepower: a look at different methods of discharge

All successful guns throughout history have utilized gunpowder in some way, as to create an explosion that propels a projectile towards its target. This is the way it has been for centuries and there are no signs that this system will be replaced in the near future. But it has its drawbacks - it’s loud, emits a visible flash and generates recoil. Thus, inventors past and present have sought ways to propel projectiles through other means. These are but a few.

Air guns

When somebody says “air gun”, the first thing that springs to most people’s minds is an airsoft or BB gun; essentially a non-lethal recreational weapon. But when the air gun was devised, it was originally intended to be very lethal indeed. The principle is simple: the sudden release of compressed air will launch a projectile at speed.

Perhaps the simplest and oldest form of an air “gun” were blow-pipes used by South American tribes to fire sharpened darts. These were encountered by the Spanish and Portuguese in the 16th century, and although they were surprisingly long-ranged, they were not particularly accurate or effective compared to the Conquistador‘s rifles.

Fast forward to 1430, when Guter of Nuremberg is said to have developed an air gun, although no records of it remain; only references to the fact that he invented such a device, without any description of the device itself. Samuel von Schmettau, a Prussian Field Marshall, is said to have owned an air gun that was dated to 1474, which may well have been one of Guter’s works. This gun was allegedly found in his armory after his death, and had parts missing.

By the Renaissance, air guns were fairly commonplace, at least in Italy. Leonardo da Vinci devised such a device and recorded how he made it. His air gun was about 55 inches long and fired steel darts. Some authors made casual references to air guns, suggesting they were quite well-known. In 1615, an Englishman visiting Rome claimed to have seen three air guns, all made of brass, being sold at 40 crowns a piece. These guns were designed to store air in the stocks, which pressurized over time. Reporting with some enthusiasm, he described one of the guns punching a hole through wood.

Marin le Bourgeoys’ air gun, c.1607.

In 1607, Marin le Bourgeoys invented an air gun that fired a steel dart from a 36-inch barrel. David Rivault de Flurance wrote that Marin’s gun was effective at over 300 meters. In 1655, a man purchased an air gun in Utrecht that he planned to use against Oliver Cromwell. Although he never attempted this, he did do history the courtesy of describing the weapon, claiming it had a range of just over 100 meters and had a magazine of 7 shots.

The Royal Society of London developed an air gun in 1664 that was reportedly “sufficient to kill a man”. Their invention never came to anything, but it does indicate that an interest in militarized air guns was developing by this time, whereas previously they had been reserved for hunting purposes.

Interestingly, the Royal Society were also the bearers of “the most ancient air gun ever known”, as reported by Michael Bernhard Valentini in 1688, but it was donated to the British Museum in 1781, who lost it. Clever.

Other powerful air guns were developed by the scientist Robert Boyle and the gunmaker Johann Georg Günter, who made repeating air guns that cost a small fortune.

Engraving of a hunter pumping an air gun, c.1654.

Steam guns

There have been few attempts to harness steam power to launch projectiles, but Leonardo da Vinci developed a steam-powered gun, the idea of which he attributes to Archimedes. Da Vinci said this of the weapon:

“It is used in this manner: the third part of the instrument stands within a great quantity of burning coals, and when it has been thoroughly heated by these, it tightens the screw which is above the cistern of water and as the screw becomes tightened, it will cause that below to become loosened. And when consequently the water has fallen out it will descend into the heated part of the machine, and then it will instantly become charged with so much steam that it will seem marvelous, and especially when one sees its fury and hears its roar. This machine has driven a ball, weighing one talent, six stadia.” 

Da Vinci’s steam-powered gun, which he attributes to Archimedes.

So a noisy weapon, then, and one that seems to offer no direct advantage over a conventional cannon, but an innovation nonetheless. It was developed no further than this, and the concept of steam-powered weapons was not re-explored until the 18th century, when on the 18th of April 1797, three men in Philadelphia demonstrated a steam-powered musket. These men were G. Turner, R. Wells and R. Storkton. How this musket operated is not known.

In 1814, General Girad, a French officer, demonstrated a wheeled boiler that powered a volley gun of 6 barrels. The weapon was magazine-fed, with a rate of fire of 180 rounds per minute. Like Turner, Wells and Storkton’s musket, the details as to how this weapon operated have been lost.

Jacob Perkins of Newport worked in Water Lane in London in the 1820s, and developed a steam-powered machine gun. Capable of firing up to 240 rounds per minute, the weapon was promising. The projectiles were cylindrical bullets filled with water, with a small metal plug in the rear end. When these bullets got extremely hot, the water within them would reach boiling point and melt the metal plugs in the rear. The pressurized steam generated by the boiling water would propel the bullets with force once the plug melted and the steam was released.

Perkins was optimistic about his invention and patented it 1824. He bought a factory near Regent’s Park and demonstrated his weapon there on the 6th of December 1825. The Office of Ordnance, joined by the Duke of Wellington, Arthur Wellesley, attended the demonstration. The demonstration went well, but it was not investigated for military application, due to the fact that it required a furnace, a generator, pipes, valves, and 100 gallons of water for every hour of use.

Perkins’ gun ended up being exhibited as a curio at the Adelaide Gallery of Practical Science. Although Perkins’ son Angier, and his son, Loftus, kept developing the weapon, the only use it saw was demonstrations. It made an appearance at the Great Exhibition of 1851, but saw its final use in 1861.

Electric guns

The first gun to be powered by electricity was invented by Thomas Beningfield in 1854. Beningfield marketed the weapon heavily, calling it the “destroying power” and making the outlandish claim that it could fire 1200 rounds per minute. Like Perkins’ weapon, the Office of Ordnance was interested and arranged a demonstration of the weapon, with the Duke of Wellington once again attending. Surprisingly, many of Beningfield’s claims held true. Those who saw it were impressed; it fired lead balls rapidly down a 35-yard range.

An engraving of Thomas Beningfield’s electric gun, c.1854.

Beningfield himself proved uncooperative with the Office of Ordnance, however. He refused to let them inspect the weapon and refused to tell anyone how it worked. He never patented the weapon, thus there is no description of its workings. William Greener theorized that it generated power from galvanic batteries and was wholly dismissive the of weapon, suggesting that it probably required a lot of maintenance like Perkins’ gun did.

In France, Mr. Le Baron and Mr. Delmas of Paris patented a rifle in 1866 that used electricity as a means of ignition. The rifle was chambered for special cartridges that had negative and positive connections and were ignited by an electrical spark, generated by a coiled potash battery stored in the butt. It was reportedly prone to violent vibrations. Mr. H. Pieper of London developed a similar but lighter rifle in 1883, but nothing came of it.

The Le Baron & Delmas gun, c.1866.

A more recent development into the electric gun came in 1933, courtesy of Mr. Virgil Rigsby of Texas. Rigbsy’s gun was a coilgun, meaning that the barrel was wrapped with circular electromagnets that projected a magnetic bullet through the barrel at a high velocity. This way, there is no recoil, no muzzle flash and no gunshot; thus, Rigsby’s weapon was hyped as a “silent machine-gun”. Rigbsy patented his design, but ultimately the amount of power needed to generate the electromagnets was too much to justify it replacing conventional machine guns.

Virgil Rigsby demonstrating his coil-powered machine gun, c.1934.

There you have it. There are other methods I could mention that have been experimented with (elastic, gas, bellows, spring guns), but I think this will suffice for now. Will gunpowder ever be toppled? The newest developments suggest that railguns might be deployed by the Navy in the near future, but are there other designs that future soldiers could be using?