ancient ales

Women In Young Adult Literature

This Wednesday we’re celebrating the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women on International Women’s Day. I’d like to use that as an opportunity to talk about a few of my favorite female characters in Young Adult books. Careful if you haven’t read these books because of possible spoilers.

Cather Avery (Fangirl)

Cather Avery and her twin sister Wren are starting college and Wren has announced she wants to discover college on her own, leaving an introvert Cath hiding out in her dorm, writing fan fiction. I really liked that Fangirl was about Cath as a character at first and everything else second. Cath is shy and introvert but she’s also sure of who she is and isn’t ashamed of that.

Madeline Whittier (Everything Everything)

Madeline has a rare illness which prevents her from leaving her house, but Maddy is a happy teenage girl. She reads a lot, takes classes online, has a friend in the form of her nurse. Despite the fact that she was missing out on so much in her life, she keeps being optimistic. It is impossible not to like her. Of course, she was also moody and curious. This curiosity eventually leads her to uncover a secret that will change everything for her.

Glory O’Brien (Glory O’Brien’s History of the Future)

One evening Glory and her best friend mix up beer with the remains of a bat (that is as weird as it sounds). Next thing they know they can see people’s pasts and futures. Glory becomes obsessed with the second civil war and decided to write down every piece of information she gathers from seeing people’s futures. I loved how Glory handled seeing the future. She questioned everything in her past and present; her future, the strange hippie community across the street and especially her mother’s suicide and what I means for her.

Rose Hathaway (Vampire Academy-series)

Rose Hathaway is a Dhampir and thus fated to guard a Moroi. She’s determined to protect her best friend Lissa, a royal Moroi. Rose is sarcastic and insubordinate but she is fiercely loyal to Lissa. Over the course of the series Rose loves and loses Dimitri. The loss of him puts her friendship with Lissa and even her life at stake.

Mara Dyer (Mara Dyer trilogy and upcoming Shaw Confessions)

She has to power to kill people with a thought, but is she a villain? Throughout this trilogy, Mara tries to figure out what is happening with her. She means no harm, but around her people start dying under strange circumstances. She tries to understand her powers and is put in dangerous situations because of it. To get herself out of these situations she must use her power and questions who she is when she does.

Gwendolyn Shepard (Ruby Red)

Kerstin Gier gives us curious and funny heroines. These characteristics often put them in complicated situations. Take Gwendolyn, (Gwyneth in the US/UK editions) for example. She can travel through time but it isn’t nearly as fun as it sounds. She always taught her cousin would inherit the time travel gene, she isn’t ready to fulfill tasks that would take her across time. Yet, Gwendolyn uncovers the truth and stands her ground while taking on an ancient organization.

Shahrzad Al-Khayzuran (The Wrath and the Dawn)

She marries the Caliph, not to love him and be his bride, but to kill him. Khalid has had countless wives and has killed every one of them, including her best friend. But when Shahrzad finds out her husband is cursed she takes it upon herself to save him and their people. Shahrzad can come across as spoiled, but she also doesn’t take shit from anyone and doesn’t like to be told what to do.

Inej Ghafa & Nina Zenik (Six Of Crows)

Inej can climb the most impossible buildings. She grew up with loving parents but was separated from them and sold to a brothel. Her time there still causes her anxiety. Nina was a member of the second army in the Ravkan war. She’s a heartrender. Nina loves her power, she loves food and she loves Matthias, who is supposed to be her enemy, and she knows he loves her too. Nina is determined to show him Grisha aren’t evil like he has been told, to not only accept her but her kind as well. Inej and Nina are just as much a part of The Dregs as the boys and just as important for their mission.

Kestrel Trajan (The Winner’s trilogy)

As the general’s daughter Kestrel knows politics very well. She has always had a privileged life. When Valorians and Herrani’s go to war, Kestrel is put in a difficult position. Her people are in the wrong, but they are her people. Arin isn’t one of them. He’s her slave, the boy she’s in love with. She has to help his people. Kestrel is often put before terrible options but they are her only options and what do you choose when the outcome is bound to be horrible either way?

Verity (Code name Verity)

“Kiss me, Hardy. Kiss me, quick!” Well, if this book didn’t destroy me. Verity is captured by Nazi’s and tortured until she agrees to write down everything she knows - everything. The first half of the book is her confession, the second half is told from her best friend’s POV. Maddie and Verity are major friendship goals. Their story was so inspiring and completely heartbreaking at the same time.

Bianca (The DUFF)

The Designated Ugly Fat Friend is what Robbie calls Bianca, explaining that it isn’t a bad thing, but it’s a fact. Bianca tries to not let this bother her, but it does. She is the DUFF. Despite the fact that he hates Robbie the two of them start a friends-with-benefits relation, except for the “friends” part because they hate each other. The book discusses many others topics, such as friendship, neglect, alcoholism and divorce. Bianca uses the words ‘slut’ and ‘whore’ a lot throughout the book. In the end, she comes to a nice conclusion about these labels and ultimately it’s a good message. I would also recommend Kody’s other YA novels.

Linh Cinder (Cinder)

So far I’ve only read the first book in the Lunar Chronicles series, but it was enough to see that Cinder is bad-ass. She’s funny and sassy and the best mechanic in New Beijing. Instead of going to the Prince’ ball she’d rather use that opportunity to elope from her evil guardian. Things don’t go as planned when it’s discovered that Cinder is a Lunar, that she has powers, and that if the Lunar queen finds out, she will take Cinder to Luna and most likely kill her.

Cheers 🍻
Happy International Beer Day!

This ancient Egyptian model brewery was made for a tomb so that production of beer could continue in the afterlife.

It was believed that part of a person’s soul, the Ka, would remain in their tomb, while another part would travel to the ‘Field of Reeds’, an idealized version of Egypt ruled over by Osiris, god of the dead. Painted wooden models were placed in the tomb to provide for the Ka for eternity.

CAIRO

Egyptians often refer to Cairo as Maṣr (مَصر‎‎), the Egyptian Arabic name for Egypt itself, emphasizing the city’s importance. The official name al-Qāhirah (القاهرة‎‎) means “the Vanquisher/Conqueror”, supposedly due to the fact that the planet Mars, al-Najm al-Qahir (النجم القاهر‎‎, “the Counquering Star”), was rising at the time the city was founded. It may also be in reference to the much awaited arrival of Caliph al-Mu'izz li Din Allah who reached Cairo in 973 from Mahdia, the old Fatimid capital.

In Coptic, the city is known as Kahire (ⲕⲁϩⲓⲣⲏ) = “Place of the Sun”, possibly referring to the ancient city of Heliopolis, which was the main seat of worship of the solar deity Ra.

The location of the ancient city is the now-suburb of Ain Shams (عين شمس‎‎, “Eye of the Sun”). The Ancient Egyptian name for the area is thought to be Khere-Ohe = “The Place of Combat”, supposedly in reference to a mythical battle that took place between Seth and Horus.

youtube

Recreating Ancient Ales

For University of Colorado classics professor Travis Rupp, the best way to bring ancient civilizations back to life is in a pint glass. Rupp works on a special projects team at Avery Brewing Company to brew beers the way that ancient Egyptians, Peruvians and Vikings did. While these beers are certainly different from their modern-day descendants, at the end of the day, a cold one the ancestral way is always a good thing. Cheers.

Non-Fiction Resources for Chronicles of Darkness by Gameline

June 6th Update: It seems that Tumblr has a limit to how many links you can put in one post. As a result, I’ve moved the resources for Dark Eras, as well as the links organized by topic, to a separate post that you can find at this link. 

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Much like I did for Eberron, I’m putting together some links to non-fiction materials you could use for Chronicles of Darkness. Since CofD is set in a dark mirror of our world, there are a lot of materials that could go in this post, but I will try to be selective. While I am keeping Chronicles in mind while I do this, you could use these links for any other RPG that is set on historical Earth (I’m looking at you, Call of Cthulhu!) Some links may show up more than once if they fit in multiple categories.

This post is very much a work in progress and probably will never be complete because of the broad availability of applicable materials. If you know of a resource that you don’t see on my list, please feel free to reblog/reply/DM me to say what the resource is and why it should be included on the list. I’ll do my best to add it in.

General Websites

  • Crash Course: It’s free, it’s on Youtube, and it’s in a ten-minute episodic format. 
  • Coursera: Coursera is a website where university level classes are available for free. You can also get certifications from Coursera for a fee so you can build your resume while planning your next chronicle. 
  • Dan Carlin’s Hardcore History: Dan loves historical “What if?” moments, and with good reason. If you want to hear the most badass historical stories, examine how drugs, alcohol, and human stupidity impacted history, or get a sense of what it was like to live through the most brutal historical eras, this is the place for you.
  • edX: Another excellent site with free courses that you can upgrade for a certificate. A good place to look for courses in the humanities and religion. 
  • Great Course/Great Courses Plus: GC and GC+ are not free services, but they have such an extraordinarily high production value that you can understand why. History, science, culinary theory, economics, anything you can think of is covered in the Great Courses catalogue. Great Courses Plus is their streaming service, which at $15/month for an annual subscription is a killer deal.
  • Google Books/Google Scholar: My first goto for research of any kind, and the first place I advise my students to begin their research. Seriously, I’ve written papers, then had them published just using these two. Use them. 
  • JSTOR: If you have operated in any kind of academic circle for the last two and a half decades, you know JSTOR. Full access is tough to come by unless you are currently enrolled in a university, but you can still sign up for free to get access to journals on topics you just can’t find anywhere else (like the Mutapa Empire). Sign up with multiple users if you have to. It works. Trust me. 
  • Open Yale Courses: University classes, taped lectures, and course materials, all from one of the best educational institution in the world. Take advantage of them. 
  • The Vault: Declassified FBI documents. A lot more of them involve the paranormal than you may expect. An excellent source of inspiration both for things that actually happened or that people think happened. 
  • Writing with Colour: The best place to go to check yourself for unintentionally problematic depictions of POC in your games. Also a great read if you are looking for details and cultural beats for NPCs you don’t share a background with. They are awesome and you’d be surprised how many chronicle ideas you can get just by binging their archive. 

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Mortal Chronicles

  • Foundations of Eastern Civilization
  • History of the United States 2nd Edition
  • Maya to Aztec - Ancient Mesoamerica Revealed: Awesome resource if you are planning to run a Skinchangers game using the Aztec Dark Era. 
  • Medical School for Everyone - Pediatric Grand Rounds: A good place to look for ideas for Innocents 
  • Understanding Japan - A Cultural History

Beast the Primordial

  • General
    • Ancient Marine Reptiles: Yeah, I know, Beast is supposed to be about dragons and monsters, but I guarantee you that plenty of ancient reptiles are also stalking the Primordial Dream. Plus, aquatic reptiles are awesome and don’t get enough face time with the public, so you might want to think about your next Beast being one. 
    • Dino 101: The ultimate course about Dinosaurs. Very beastly. 
    • Early Vertebrate Evolution: What’s so scary about ancient fish, you ask? Only razor jaws and bone for skin. 
    • Secrets to Sleep Science
    • Theropod Dinosaurs and the Origins of Birds: At five lessons long, this course is pretty short, and the content matter is fascinating (says the biology teacher).
  • Dark Eras
    • African-American History: From Emancipation to the Present
    • The Civil War and Reconstruction Eras
    • History of the United States 2nd Edition
  • Signature Settings
    • Foundations of Eastern Civilization
    • History of the United States 2nd Edition
    • Mountains 101: If you are going to visit Kathmanud, you better be thinking about how mountains will impact your Chronicle!
    • Understanding Japan - A Cultural History

Changeling the Lost

  • General
    • Secrets to Sleep Science
    • Successful Negotiation - Essential Strategies and Skills: A very, very Changeling course. 
  • Dark Eras
    • Atlas Historique de Paris: I can’t read French, but I am assured by people who do that this is an excellent resource. 
    • Foundations of Eastern Civilization
    • Underground Atlas of Paris
  • Signature Settings
    • Foundations of Eastern Civilization
    • History of the United States 2nd Edition
    • Understanding Japan - A Cultural History

Demon the Descent 

  • General
    • Bitcoin and Cryptocurrency Technologies
    • Crash Course Computer Science 
    • Crash Course Games
    • Digital Signal Processing
    • Internet History, Technology, and Security
    • Inventions That Changed the World
    • Robotics - Ariel Robotics
    • Successful Negotiation - Essential Strategies and Skills: Also a very, very Demon course. 
  • Dark Eras
    • Living in the French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon
    • Maya to Aztec - Ancient Mesoamerica Revealed
    • Ottoman Empire
  • Signature Settings
    • Cultural Competence - Aboriginal Sydney
    • A History of Hitler’s Empire
    • History of the United States 2nd Edition
    • Hollywood: History, Industry, Art
    • Ottoman Empire
    • World War II - A Military and Social History

Deviant the Renegades

  • General
    • Addiction and the Brain
    • The Addictive Brain
    • Drugs and the Brain
    • Frontiers of Biomedical Engineering
  • Dark Eras
  • Signature Settings

Geist the Sin-Eater

  • General
    • Death: Seriously, that’s all the course is called. It’s Yale, its good, the name is just to the point. 
    • Soul Beliefs 1 - Historical Foundations
    • Soul Beliefs 2 - Belief Systems
    • Soul Beliefs 3 - How Does It All End?
  • Dark Eras
    • Foundations of Eastern Civilization
    • The Great War
    • History of the United States 2nd Edition
    • Indigenous Canada
  • Signature Settings
    • The Early Middle Ages (284-1000)
    • History of the United States 2nd Edition
    • World War II - A Military and Social History

Hunter the Vigil

  • General
    • Introduction to Forensics
  • Aegis Kai Doru
    • Archaeology - An Introduction to the World’s Greatest Sites
    • Introduction to Ancient Greek History
  • Ahl al-Jabal (Source)
    • Ismaili Gnosis: Okay, breaking alphabetical order here, but this one is special. If you have a passing familiarity with Islam, you may have had the initial thought that the write-up of Ahl al-Jabal doesn’t look like anything you’ve seen before. That’s because Ahl al-Jabal are Nizari Ismaili Shiites and trust me when I say it is extremely accurate (minus the vampire hunting). Ismaili Gnosis is an excellent source for current events, history, and particularly metaphysics as it applies to Ismailis. 
    • Assassin Legends: The Assassin State of the Crusades is legendary, but what most people know about them is just that: legend. If you are using the Ahl al-Jabal, either in historical or modern chronicles, let Farhad Daftary bust the myths about the Nizari State for you. This link only gives you a preview on Google Books, so some pages will be missing, but it is still worth a read. 
  • Ama-San (Source) 
    • Oceanography- Exploring Earth’s Final Wilderness
    • Understanding Japan - A Cultural History 
  • Ascending Ones
    • History of Ancient Egypt
  • Ashwood Abbey
    • Wine Tasting - Sensory Techniques for Wine Analysis: Are you really part of the Abbey if you aren’t a wine connoisseur? 
  • Ave Minerva (Source)
    • The History of Rome Podcast 
  • Azusa Miko (Source)
    • Understanding Japan - A Cultural History 
  • Barrett Commission (Source)
    • Crash Course US Government & Politics 
  • The Bear Lodge (Source) 
    • Mountains 101
  • Bijin (Source)
    • Understanding Japan - A Cultural History 
  • The Cainite Heresy (Source)
    • Gnosticism - From Nag Hammadi to the Gospel of Judas
    • Lost Christianities 
  • Cheiron Group
    • Critical Business Skills for Success
    • Economic History of the World Since 1400
  • Division Six (Source)
    • Crash Course US Government & Politics: Division Six may not actually be a part of the US Government, but they sure think they are, so understanding how they think they fit in isn’t a bad idea. 
  • The Faithful of Shulpae (Source)
    • The Ancient Near East - History, Society, and Economy
  • Habibti Ma  (Source)
    • The United States and the Middle East - 1914 to 9/11
  • Hototogisu (Source)
    • Understanding Japan - A Cultural History 
  • The Hunt Club (Source)
    • Forensic History
  • Illuminated Brotherhood (Source)
    • Addiction and the Brain
    • The Addictive Brain
    • Drugs and the Brain
  • Keepers of the Source (Source)
    • Understanding the Mysteries of Human Behaviour
  • Keepers of the Weave (Source)
    • Indigenous Canada 
  • Knights of Saint Adrian (Source)
    • Why Evil Exists
  • Knights of Saint George (Source)
    • The History of Christianity
  • Les Mysteres (Source)
    • Crash Course Mythology 
    • Cultural Literacy for Religion
    • Great Mythologies of the World
  • Les Voyageurs (Source)
    • Indigenous Canada 
  • The Long Night
    • The Apocolypse - Controversies and Meanings in Western History
    • The History of Christianity
    • Lost Christianities 
  • The Loyalists of Thule
    • A History of Hitler’s Empire
    • World War II - A Military and Social History
  • The Lucifuge
    • Why Evil Exists
  • Maiden’s Blood Sisterhood (Source)
    • How to Become a Superstar Student
    • The Modern Political Tradition
  • Malleus Maleficarum
    • The History of Christianity
    • Lost Christianities 
    • Why Evil Exists
  • The Merrick Institute (Source)
    • Medical School for Everyone - Pediatric Grand Rounds 
    • Secrets to Sleep Science
  • Network Zero
    • Internet History, Technology, and Security
  • Night Watch (Source)
    • Why Evil Exists
  • Null Mysteriis
    • Animal Behaviour
    • Introduction to Forensics
    • Mountains 101 
  • Otodo (Source)
    • Understanding Japan - A Cultural History 
    • Why Evil Exists
  • The Promethean Brotherhood  (Source)
    • Decoding the Secrets of Egyptian Hieroglyphs
    • Greek 101
    • Latin 101
    • Miracles of Human Language - An Introduction to Linguistics 
    • The Story of Human Language
  • Protectors of the Light (Source)
    • Indigenous Canada 
  • The Reckoning (Source)
    • Heroes and Legends - The Most Influential Characters in Literature
  • The Scarlet Watch (Source)
    • History of the United States 2nd Edition
  • Task Force VALKYRIE
    • Crash Course US Government & Politics 
    • History of the United States 2nd Edition
    • World War II - A Military and Social History
  • Talbot Group (Source)
    • Psychological First Aid
  • The Union
    • Cities Are Back in Town - Urban Sociology
  • Utopia Now (Source)
    • Great Works of Utopian and Dystopian Literature
  • Vanguard Serial Crimes Unit (Source) 
    • Introduction to Forensics
    • The Vault: The FBI’s online archive of popular declassified documents. Lots of weird stuff, and the perfect source of inspiration for VSCU.
  • Yuri’s Group (Source)
    • De-Mystifying Mindfullness
    • Healing with the Arts
    • How Music Can Change Your Life
  • Dark Eras
    • Foundations of Eastern Civilization
    • History of Ancient Egypt
    • History of the United States 2nd Edition
    • Indigenous Canada
    • Understanding Japan - A Cultural History
  • Signature Settings
    • History of the United States 2nd Edition

Mage the Awakening

  • General
    • Addiction and the Brain: Mage 2e’s theme is “Addicted to Mysteries.” Understanding that addiction is a good place to start. 
    • The Addictive Brain
    • Ancient Philosophy - Aristotle & His Successors
    • Ancient Philosophy - Plato & His Predecessors: If there is one course on philosophy you take for Mage, it should probably be this one. At four lessons, this is a pretty quick one to complete. 
    • Gnosticism - From Nag Hammadi to the Gospel of Judas
    • Magic in the Middle Ages
  • Dark Eras
    • Great Zimbabwe in Historical Archaeology
    • History of Ancient Egypt
    • Introduction to Ancient Greek History
    • Politics and Long-Distance Trade in the Mwene Mutapa Empire
    • World War II - A Military and Social History
  • Signature Settings
    • Foundations of Eastern Civilization
    • History of the United States 2nd Edition
    • Hollywood: History, Industry, Art
    • Understanding Japan - A Cultural History

Mummy the Curse

  • General
    • Archaeology - An Introduction to the World’s Greatest Sites: Let’s go find some Relics!
    • History of Ancient Egypt
    • Introduction Ancient Egypt and Its Civilisation
    • Soul Beliefs 1 - Historical Foundations
    • Soul Beliefs 2 - Belief Systems
    • Soul Beliefs 3 - How Does It All End?
  • Dark Eras
    • The Early Middle Ages (284-1000)
    • Foundations of Eastern Civilization
    • The Great War
    • Great Zimbabwe in Historical Archaeology
    • Ottoman Empire
    • Politics and Long-Distance Trade in the Mwene Mutapa Empire
  • Signature Settings
    • The American Revolution
    • History of the United States 2nd Edition

Promethean the Created

  • General
    • Introduction to the Biology of Cancer
    • Understanding Cancer Metastasis
  • Dark Eras
    • African-American History: From Emancipation to the Present
    • Epidemics in Western Society since 1600
  • Signature Settings
    • Antarctica: From Geology to Human History
    • Foundations of Eastern Civilization
    • History of the United States 2nd Edition
    • National Geographic Polar Explorations: Follow the steps of Doctor Frankenstein. 
    • World War II - A Military and Social History
    • Understanding Japan - A Cultural History

Werewolf the Forsaken

  • General
    • Animal Behaviour
  • Dark Eras
    • African-American History: From Emancipation to the Present
    • The Ancient Near East - History, Society, and Economy
    • Cybele: The Great Mother of the Augustan Order
    • The Great War
    • Hardcore History - Punic Nightmares
    • The Early Middle Ages (284-1000)
    • History of the United States 2nd Edition
  • Signature Settings
    • The Civil War and Reconstruction Eras
    • Foundations of Eastern Civilization
    • History of the United States 2nd Edition
    • Mountains 101: An awesome course in general, but especially useful for Werewolf’s signature setting, the Colorado Rockies. 
    • Understanding Japan - A Cultural History
    • War for the Greater Middle East

Vampire the Requiem

  • General
  • Clans
    • Animal Behaviour
    • History of Ancient Egypt
    • Introduction Ancient Egypt and Its Civilisation
  • Carthian Movement
  • Circle of the Crone
    • Magic in the Middle Ages
  • Invictus
  • Lancea et Sanctum
    • Magic in the Middle Ages
  • Ordo Dracul
    • Ottoman Empire
  • Dark Eras
    • African-American History: From Emancipation to the Present
    • The Civil War and Reconstruction Eras
    • The Early Middle Ages (284-1000)
    • Epidemics in Western Society since 1600
    • The Great War
    • Living in the French Revolution and the Age of Napoleon
    • Ottoman Empire
    • Digital Tour of Tutor London
  • Signature Settings
    • Foundations of Eastern Civilization
    • History of the United States 2nd Edition
    • Introduction to Ancient Greek History
    • Understanding Japan - A Cultural History
ืขึทืœ ืฉึฐืืœืฉึธืื” ื“ึฐื‘ึธืจึดื™ื ื”ึธืขื•ึนืœึธื ืขื•ึนืžึตื“, ืขึทืœ ื”ึทืชึผื•ึนืจึธื” ื•ึฐืขึทืœ ื”ึธืขึฒื‘ื•ึนื“ึธื” ื•ึฐืขึทืœ ื’ึฐึผืžึดื™ืœื•ึผืช ื—ึฒืกึธื“ึดื™ื
— 

Shimon the Righteous, Pirkei Avot 1:2

Translation:  “Upon three things the world stands, upon Torah and upon worship and upon deeds of loving kindness”