ammunition belt

“The Battalion of Death (Battalion Malatesta) was an Italian anarchist unit during the Spanish Civil War. The battalion was formed by a few hundred Italian anarchist exiles in France.  It was organized and funded by Diego Abad de Santillan and commanded by the Italian Camillo Berneri.

Late March 1937, the battalion made ​​its debut parading through the Paseo de Gracia and the Plaza Catalunya in Barcelona wearing their smart uniforms and brandishing the slogan “without God nor master”. It made quite an impression on the audience.

They wore black turtleneck jerseys, olive-green uniforms with ammunition belts and a black beret with a skull and a dagger badge. The battalion consisted of both men and women.” 

3

The German Reichsrevolver,

After the unification of Germany in 1871 the newly formed German Army sought to standardize all weapons and equipment. Before unification Germany consisted of a collection of independent states and kingdoms, each with their own small arms, artillery, and close quarter weapons. The German Army began by standardizing their rifles, then their artillery, then their cavalry equipment. At the bottom of their list, and certainly their lowest priority was the creation of a standard side arm.

The Model 1879 Reichsrevolver is not a complex revolver, a surprise considering that Germany has always had a reputation for producing revolutionary weapons designs. It was a simple and robust revolver, but unfortunately the M1879 was far outdated before it even hit the drawing board.  It was a six shot single action revolver, meaning that the hammer had to be cocked before each shot. Loading was done through a loading gate on the right hand side of the pistol, basically the user would half cock the hammer, which would allow the cylinder to spin freely. The user would hand rotate the cylinder and insert cartridges one at a time.  Incredibly, the M1879 lacked an ejector rod, typically a spring loaded rod that was integrated with the pistol which was used to eject empty cartridge casings from the chambers. Instead the user carried a separate rod in an ammunition belt and used it to punch out empty casings by hand.  Another interesting feature of the Reichsrevolver was a safety, located on the left hand side of the pistol. When activated the hammer could not be cocked. Such a feature is rare on single action revolvers because it is very difficult to accident cock such a pistol. The Reichsrevolver’s safety mechanism makes it an oddity among other single action revolvers. Another problem with the M1879 was that it’s ergonomics were terrible. It’s a big honkin’ pistol that really wasn’t designed to fit the hand very well. Even a German with larger than average hands may have a hard time aiming, cocking, and firing the revolver comfortably. 

The Model 1879 Reichsrevolver was a very quaint and dated design for it’s time. By the late 1870′s Belgian, French, English, Austrian, and American gun designers were making revolvers, both single action and double action, that were far better than the M1879 and had many unique and revolutionary design elements..  A good example was the Colt M1873 Single Action Army, the classic cowboy gun which shares the same features of the Reichsrevolver.  Despite being introduced years earlier, it was a far better pistol with better ergonomics, better weight and balance, and of course it had an ejector rod. The Colt 1873 is the simplest example, by the late 1870′s European pistol designers had created double action models, swing out cylinder models, top break systems, and even auto ejectors. 

While the Reichsrevolver was lacking in most areas, there are some advantageous features. First and foremost the Reichsrevolver was a simple and robust pistol. When you cocked the hammer and pulled the trigger it went bang, and it could take a beating and still keep going bang.  It was also very easy to mass produce. Finally it was chambered for a 10x25mmR cartridge which was essentially a clone of the Smith & Wesson Russian,which was a very hard hitting cartridge.

Despite these advantages the Reichsrevolver is kind of disappointing because Germany could have done better, but pretty much made an active decision not to. Germany had a long history of firearms design before then, going back to early wheel-lock rifles, to flintlock jaeger rifles, the revolutionary Dreyse Needle rifle and Krupp artillery. Germany certainly had the know-how, technical ability, industry,and resources to create something much better, but they didn’t. The German Army got what it wanted, a simple, functional, and rugged revolver that was cheap and easy to produce with no frills, bells, and whistles.   It’s interesting to note that a generation later, Germany would suddenly spead ahead at warp speed with semi automatic designs such as the Borchardt, Luger pistol and Mauser Broomhandle 

In 1883 Germany would introduce a new model of the Reichsrevolver called the Model 1883, which featured a smaller barrel, smaller frame and a smaller better shaped grip to fit the hand. 

Collectors typically refer to the M1879 as the “Cavalry Model” and the M1883 the “Officers Model”. However those are just collectors designations and neither was exclusively issued to cavalry or officers. Interestingly, a number of smaller firms would take up the design and produce their own versions for the commercial market. These designs upgraded the Reichsrevolver with double action variants, pocket revolvers, and of course the addition of a proper ejector rod.  One of the most interesting designs was a pocket revolver called the “Baby Reichsrevolver” which featured two triggers, the first which rotated the cylinder, the second which fired the revolver. It also featured a proper ejector rod.

The Reichsrevolver would serve the German Army throughout the 1880′s and 1890′s, being officially retired in 1908 with the adoption of the Luger semi automatic pistol. However, the outbreak of World War I brought the Reichsrevolver back into regular use as the war created a shortage of pistols. They were quickly taken out of storage, dusted off, and typically issued to secondary troops such as supply, artillery, and reserve units. Supposedly they were even issued to Volkssturm units during World War II, although I’ve never found any hard evidence supporting this.

Women in the Ordnance Corps, 1945

The number of women in the American workforce increased exponentially after the United States entered World War II on December 8, 1941. Women filled critical wartime industry positions left vacant by men fighting in Europe and the Pacific. Pictured here are civilian and military employees working in the small arms plant of the Curtis Bay Ordnance Depot, Curtis Bay, Maryland. The women in this photograph operated machinery that affixed .50 caliber bullets to easily transportable ammunition “belts,” which were used during World War II to feed heavy automatic weapons. Women who took up these types of manufacturing jobs – think “Rosie the Riveter” - were essential to the war effort, as they produced critical ammunition and supplies that helped ensure an Allied victory.

Interested to learn more about Curtis Bay Ordnance Depot, and the activities of the Ordnance Corps during World War II? Check out our online catalog at: archives.gov/research/catalog and make an appointment to view our holdings at the National Archives at Philadelphia by calling (215) 305-2044 or emailing us at Philadelphia.archives.gov.

Today’s post was written by Samuel Limneos, Archives Technician at the National Archives at Philadelphia.

Citation

3SC 18-024-576-4 Curtis Bay Ordnance Depot. Small Arms Plant. 13 Dec. 1945; Photographs; Box 1; Management Improvement Files 1952-1953, Curtis Bay Storage Facility; Record Group 156: Records of the Office of the Chief of Ordnance; National Archives at Philadelphia. (Record Entry ID: PH-6022) (Series NAID: 638784).

anonymous asked:

35 with Leon Draisaitl, please please please

35: “About the baby… It’s yours.”

you and leon had been arguing about couples costumes for days. you had both vetoed classics like salt/pepper and copper/robber so you when you finally decided on being zombie killer/zombie you both really comitted. you had just gotten back from the store with a slightly unreasonable amount of fake blood and wounds. you couldn’t wait to surprise leon with the costume.
putting the finishing touches and adjusting the baby that was hidden in your shirt to look like it was bursting out of your stomach you were ready. you met leon in the hallway you both laughed at how ridiculously over the top you had gone. 
“wow you really do look dead,” leon said, reaching out to poke at the scabs you had glued onto your cheek as you adjusting the belt of ammunition slung over his shoulder.
“look at you, my big bad zombie killer,” you said, grabbing him by the leather vest he wore and pulling him in for a kiss. the baby’s arms pushed into his stomach and leon looked down before flicking the legs. you swiped the fake blood off leon’s lips and chuckled with him.
about the baby… it’s yours,” you said in all seriousness. leon gasped and put a hand to his chest.
“are you saying i have to kill my love and my kid?” he replied before you both burst into giggles. “this is the perfect way to tell the team” he replied rubbing his hand over your stomach beneath your shirt.
“time to expand the roster.” you joked as leon pulled you in for another kiss

requests for drabbles are closed and i’m just finishing them up!

3

The North Korean Type 73 light machine gun,

Produced in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, the North Korean Type 73 is one of the most unknown and mysterious modern firearm used by any nations military.  Most of what is known about the weapon comes from a handful of models captured by the South Korean military, or found in the hands of militants in the Middle East and Afghanistan.  Produced by the North Korean First Design and Industry Bureau, the Type 73 is a blend of elements from the Russian PK general purpose machine gun, and the Czech vz. 52 light machine gun. Chambered for 7.62x54R, the Type 73 uses a gas operated action which gives it a firing rate of 600-700 rounds per minute.  It’s a bit heavy for a light machine gun, weighing in at over 22 pounds.  With it’s heavy weight and high power cartridge, the Type 73 is closer in description to a general purpose or medium machine gun than a light machine gun.

The most interesting feature of the Type 73 is its dual feed system, meaning that it can use both side feeding ammunition belts, or a top feeding box magazine.  The purpose of a dual feed machine gun is so that a gunner could use the magazines of his fellow infantrymen if he ran out of ammunition belts.  However, the Type 73 used 7.63x54R ammunition while common North Korean small arms use 7.63X39 ammunition.  Thus a Type 73 gunner must use a special box magazine that can only be used by the Type 73, and cannot use the magazines of his comrades.  In other words, the dual feed system of the Type 73 is pointless and self defeating.  Typically, most North Korean soldiers spotted fielding the Type 73 uses the top mounted magazines.  Reasons for this vary, with experts theorizing that the North Koreans prefer magazines because they are reusable, or that they prefer to use the Type 73 as a single man operated light machine gun.

It is unknown when North Korea adopted the Type 73, but they began appearing during the 1970’s.  By the 1980’s use of the Type 73 began to decline as they were phased out and replaced with the Type 83, a belt feeding only copy of the Russian PKM.  Today most Type 73’s have been relegated to use by secondary militia units and for soldiers/actors in propaganda films or parades.

External image

Steampunk costumes as a trend fad look like just what they represent - a futuristic yet underdeveloped style reminiscent of something out of a Jules Verne or HG Wells science fiction novel. Imagine a mixture of present day Goth and futuristic Goth rolled into one! The look is not objectionable, and in fact is kind of cool looking and brings on an edge! Picture Edward Scissorhands meets Elvira Mistress of the dark and Xena the Warrior Princess meets Sherlock Holmes meet. Sort of.

A number of the more widespread apparatus involved in Steampunk clothes is as follows:

Spats; old fashioned albeit with a Steampunk fashion that is awesome
Fingerless gloves, leather of course
Machinist goggles, I don’t know what they are riding but apparently they want eye protection
Long old English coat with tails, top hat or bowler (cane discretionary)

A completely different appearance for Steampunk clothing to get a man is of a Victorian driver:

Herringbone cap
Pouch belt; this resembles something one might carry ammunition in, which gives an entirely new meaning to the expression ‘road rage’
White ruffled shirt (with ammo…)
Brown suede jacket with fur collar and 'badge’ of types

Another look for men, the 'Studly Gentleman’:

Grey jacket with braided decorations, golden buttons at each braid-end (reminiscent of civil war coat cosmetic design)

Now for the women:

Skirts that are frilly however somehow find a way to share a tough and rough exterior
Small tops with plenty of ruffles and sequined studs emitting exactly the same atmosphere
And, machinist, you guessed it goggles

Or perhaps:

Miniature small bowler hat hair pinned to the very top of her head, Janis Joplin -esque round glasses that are tinted
Leather choker with attached gold brooch, leather belts worn diagonally from shoulder right down to waist (ammunition belt style)
Only a little brownish short vest over kick butt, and a tight short black dress, high heeled boots to die for!
Various bobbles, trinkets, badges, pocket watches, brooches, chains studded leather arm and wrist bands and as such serve as Steampunk jewelry and accessories.

Cyberpunk and Steampunk are often incorrectly associated with each other.Interesting Steampunk Costume Ideas

Day 335: Write for Me

I’ve been hitting some writer’s block as of late. This fic… This fic just jumped out onto the page. 

It was a nice feeling.


“Doktor, you will read this, yes?”

Medic looked up from his desk to see Heavy standing before him with a pad of paper in his hand and an expectant look on his face. He spared a quick look for the invoicing form that lay in front of him and held back a sigh. Yes, the work needed to be done, but at the same time he found himself increasingly unable to say no in any of the languages he knew to Heavy.

Everything had started so normally. Open heart surgery to replace a healthy human heart with an ÜberCharge-compliant mega-baboon’s. After himself, Heavy had been the logical next recipient. He was large, easy to follow around in battle, provided ample cover, and was willing to charge headlong into practically any situation so long as he had a full belt of ammunition for his mini-gun. He’d kept Heavy around more after that surgery, ostensibly for additional testing since the giant seemed to be the only one willing to let him root around in his chest cavity more than once. But then, to Medic’s surprise as much as anyone’s, he’d found himself growing fond of the man.

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Cool Steampunk Costumes Ideas

Imagine a combination of present day Goth and futuristic Goth rolled into one! In fact is kind of trendy looking, and the appearance isn’t objectionable and brings on an edge! Picture Edward Scissorhands meets Elvira Mistress of the dark and Xena the Warrior Princess meets Sherlock Holmes meet. Sort of.

A few of the more common equipment involved in Steampunk attire is as follows:

Spats; old fashioned albeit with a funky Steampunk fashion
Fingerless gloves, leather of course
Buckles, buckles, and much more buckles… everywhere!
Machinist goggles, I actually don’t know what they’re riding but seemingly they need eye protection
Long old English jacket with tails, top hat or bowler (cane elective)

An entirely distinct look for Steampunk clothing to get a man is of a Victorian driver:

Pouch belt; this resembles something one might carry ammunition in, which gives a whole new meaning to the expression ‘road rage’
White ruffled top (with ammo…)
Brown suede coat with fur collar and 'badge’ of sorts

Another look for men, the 'Studly Gentleman’:

Bowler hat, monocle, handlebar moustache
Grey jacket with braided decorations, gold buttons at each braid-end (reminiscent of civil war jacket cosmetic design)

Now for the women:

Short skirts that are frilly yet somehow find a way to share a tough and rough outside
Small tops with lots of ruffles and sequined studs emitting the exact same atmosphere
And, you machinist goggles

Or possibly:

Tiny small bowler hat hair pinned to the top of her head, Janis Joplin -esque round glasses that are tinted
Leather choker with attached gold brooch, leather belts worn diagonally from shoulder all the way down to midsection (ammunition belt style)
Only a little brownish short vest on a tight short black dress, and kick butt, high heeled boots to die for!
Various bobbles, pocket watches, badges, trinkets, brooches, chains studded leather arm and wrist bands and as such function as Steampunk jewelry and accessories.

Steampunk and cyberpunk are often incorrectly connected with each other.

Tracers streak from one of an AC-47′s three miniguns during a rare daylight fire mission. Typically every fifth round in the ammunition belts was a tracer. At night the streams of tracers resembled tongues of fire licking at the earth, leading to the AC-47′s nickname “dragon” or “dragon ship”. Undated photograph 

A SEAL with a Stoner 63A in the Rung Sat Special Zone (RSSZ) below Saigon.
This gun has the 150-round snail drum magazine. Left hand feed guns ejected spent brass to the left and links to the right. Sometimes the spent brass would bounce off the feed chute of the snail drum and lodge in the ejection port to jam the gun. The right hand feed cover was developed to fix this problem. After the 150-rounds in the drum were expended, the gunner detached the drum and used the belted ammunition draped across his shoulders.

Studio portrait of  Ba-keitz-ogie (Yellow Coyote), U.S. Army Scout 

a Native American (Chiricahua Apache) man. He holds a rifle and wears moccasin boots, a breechcloth, ammunition belt, and a kerchief on his head. Title and “one of the most notorious of the Chiricahuas; accused of numerous murders of white people. Negative made 1884-1885” hand-written on back of print.

The Primer Part 4

[x]

Organic interactions are strange. Such high tensions and stakes for no logical reason. Keynote to Crew Directory: Watch Unity crew for potential schisms and emotional erratic behaviors. Potentially avoid high stress missions in future. 


The Collective ship control units began sending docking permissions and organizing transport to the rendezvous upon arrival. The small asteroid base came into view, bristling with turrets and defense grids. Bare-bones ships and ragtag skiffs meandered about the perimeter on constant watch, if one thing could be said about syndicate controlled space, it was that it had a huge sense of uneasy security. 

The Unity leveled out in front of a cyan hued shield that created an airlock that could be passed through by ships. The Collective noticed a scanning frequency intertwined with the shield itself as they proceeded through it, most likely checking for crew number and potential trade goods. The dock itself was hewn from the asteroid, jagged dark stone walls with smoothed out polished floors lined haphazardly with glow-tubes. 

As the crew began to disembark from the ship, a hovering speeder pulled up near the front of their boarding ramp. The driver allowed several of them to board, along with one of the Collective drones. The party whisked off, passing through tunnels that opened into caverns filled with grungy buildings ablaze with neon lighting and advertisements. He wound through the streets eventually coming to another dock entrance, this one much smaller and secure. 5 armed figures stood in front of a sleek black sloop, the drone indicated a terran with a darker complexion was Saheeli. She was adorned with her usual garb, faux leather duster, ammunition belt, satchel, and an AR rig on her left eye. 

Saheeli nodded to the figure to her left, allowing them to step forward to greet the Unity crew.

Cultural Allusions

Words: 1,552
Notes: I claim no credit for this joke. I got it from this post, although it’s appeared in several other places since; the next logical step was to just run with it, since that’s in all probability what Natasha would do. 

Also, the concept was irresistible and I am weak. 

My most sincere apologies, and I hope I’m not overstepping when I assume you’re all familiar with “Shrek.” 

In May of 2001, Robert Bruce Banner (no aliases yet, although he prefers to go by his middle name) is thirty-one years old. He will turn thirty-two in December. His life centers around the study of anti-electron collision and its production of gamma ray photons, protein-lesion yields and viability in irradiated cells, an 8-bit TTL computer he’s been putting together from scrap, and a woman named Elizabeth Ross whom he has earnest hopes of marrying.

In May of 2001, Natalia Alianovna Romanova (alias “Natasha Romanoff,” alias “Black Widow,” alias “Whatever the Plot Requires”) is sixteen years old. She might turn seventeen in November. Her life centers around the sound of her own heartbeat inside her ears, the feeling of her own hands and arms as she washes off other people’s blood, the sight of a newly-made scar that runs horizontal across her lower abdomen, and the general idea of not getting herself killed. This shapes up to be a rather all-consuming avocation.

So neither party, understandably enough, is paying much attention to the activity of DreamWorks Studios, or a certain movie it promotes and releases that particular month.

(Bruce may vaguely note a period of several weeks during which he cannot turn around in the supermarket without seeing a green-faced creature – what was on its head, suction cups? – decorating the front of every cereal box and cookie package, but the image leaves no lasting impression. 

Natalia-Natasha-Black Widow, meanwhile, does not go to the cinemas. She already spends enough time sitting by herself in the dark, waiting for things to happen. Why give away her money for more of the same?)

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3

The MG 30 Machine Gun,

Developed in 1930 by Louis Stange, the MG 30 was a German light machine gun that served as a predecessor to the famouse MG 34 and later MG 42.  An air cooled recoil operated design, it was fed from a 30 round magazine which was inserted into the left hand side of the weapon.  It was chambered in 7.92x57mm and had a firing rate of 600 - 800 rounds per minute.  It could fire both in semi auto and fully automatic with a two stage trigger.  A bipod was also added for better accuracy and stability. 

Originally the MG 30 was intended for adoption by the German Reichswehr, the German Army of the Weimar Republic before the takeover by the Nazi’s.  However, the Treaty of Versailles forbid the production of machine guns in Germany, and thus they had to be manufactured in Austria and Switzerland.  Because of this, the Reichswehr rejected the design. Austria and Switzerland continued limited production in the 1930’s for their own use (chambered in 8x56R), and a limited number were produced for export to El Salvador (chambered for 7x97mm). 

When Hitler came to power in Germany in 1933, he renounced the terms of the Versailles Treaty. However the newly reformed Wehrmacht again rejected the MG 30 in favor of the newer MG 34. Instead of the army, the Luftwaffe (air force) expressed interest in the design, adopting it as an aircraft machine gun in the form of the MG 15 and the MG 17.  The MG 15 featured a double drum 75 round magazine, while the MG 17 was a modification created to accept ammunition belts.  Around 1940 it was decided that the 7.92x57mm cartridge was not powerful enough for air combat, therefore the Luftwaffe began phasing out the MG 15 and MG 17 in favor of the 13mm  MG 131.  Most leftover MG 15 and MG 17 machine guns were refitted into infantry weapons, replacing the stock and bipod that was a part of the original MG 30.