american-revolutionary-war

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January 11th 1755/57: Alexander Hamilton born

On this day in 1755 or 1757, future Founding Father Alexander Hamilton was born in the British West Indies. Hamilton’s early life was troubled, and he was left parentless at a young age after his father left and his mother died. He found work as an accounting clerk, and his employer, impressed by Alexander’s abilities, paid for him to move to America for an education. However, as the American colonies teetered on the brink of revolution, Hamilton found himself drawn to the Patriot cause. Soon into the Revolutionary War, in which he served in the army, Hamilton became the assistant and adviser to General George Washington. It was during this time that he met and married Elizabeth Schuyler, who came from a prominent New York family. After the Revolution, Hamilton was a fierce advocate of a strong central government, penning the majority of the Federalist Papers which supported the ratification of the Constitution, and served as the nation’s first Secretary of the Treasury from 1789 to 1795. In 1801, Hamilton and Elizabeth’s nineteen-year-old son Philip was killed in a duel defending his father’s honour. Just three years later, Alexander himself was killed in a duel by his long-time rival Vice President Aaron Burr.

Lynching didn’t start in the old West or during Reconstruction, but during the American Revolution. A justice of the peace and farmer in Virginia before the war, one Colonel Charles Lynch, led a band of vigilantes to “bring to justice” British supporters and outlaws. Hanging someone without a trial became known as “lynching” after this particularly enthusiastic patriot.

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Connor didn’t know what was on the other side, he’s lucky that it was water and nothing worse like hard pavement.

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June 13th 1777: Marquis de Lafayette arrives in America

On this day in 1777, the nineteen-year-old French aristocrat, Marie-Joseph Paul Roch Yves Gilbert du Motier (Marquis de Lafayette), arrived in South Carolina to aid the American Revolution. Lafayette, from a prominent military family, had been recruited by a representative of Congress the previous year. However, King Louis XVI feared French intervention would provoke British anger, and sought to prevent Lafayette from departing. Determined to reach America, Lafayette set sail, managing to evade capture by British ships. He arrived in South Carolina in June 1777, and travelled to Philadelphia, the seat of Congress. The young Frenchman impressed the initially sceptical Congress with his devotion to the cause of independence, and in July he was commissioned as a major-general. Lafayette served in a number of battles, including the Battle of Monmouth, and became a close friend of General George Washington and Alexander Hamilton. After France formally allied itself with the United States, Lafayette was recalled to Paris to consult the king. He returned to America later that year, and fought at the decisive Battle of Yorktown in 1781, before once again returning to France. Lafayette joined the French army, and advocated political reform, co-authoring the Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen. However, his military duties meant he had to protect the royal family upon the outbreak of revolution in 1789, and he fled the country in 1792 after radical revolutionaries called for his arrest. Lafayette maintained a low profile during the rule of Napoleon Bonaparte, and later supported a constitutional monarchy. Marquis de Lafayette, the ‘hero of two worlds’, died in May 1834, aged 76, and was buried in Paris under soil from Bunker Hill.

THE BILL OF RIGHTS, EFFECTIVE DECEMBER 15, 1791

Amendment I

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.

Amendment II

A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.

Amendment III

No soldier shall, in time of peace be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner to be prescribed by law.

Amendment IV

The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.

Amendment V

No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offense to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself, nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for public use, without just compensation.

Amendment VI

In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and public trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against him; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defense.

Amendment VII

In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury, shall be otherwise reexamined in any court of the United States, than according to the rules of the common law.

Amendment VIII

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.

Amendment IX

The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.

Amendment X

The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people.

Hancock: Richard Henry Lee, will you serve on the declaration committee?

Lee: Sorry Johnny👎🙅gotta respectfulLEE decline😜😂👌About to go home to refresh the missus👀😉😏💍💦Virginia born Virginia bound💪🌞🌾 certified FFV💯✊ HERE👀A👀LEE👀THERE👀A👀LEE👀 Too hot here in Philly for me🔥😓😫

Adams: Someone stop him

Franklin: No keep going 👏👀💯

“The Patriot Victory at Kings Mountain” painting by Richard Luce, 2012

“The patriot militiamen remounted their attack, each man advancing under his own command, each fighting with courage and skill and commitment, and in time taking the crest of Little Kings Mountain.” - from the audio file: “The Story - The Battle of Kings Mountain”

GUYS GUYS

Does anyone remember the PBS show Liberty’s Kids?

Right, so, it’s the show aimed at kids to teach them about the American Revolution.  And some very important people get talked about, right? 

   Like our very own ALEXANDER HAMILTON.

BUT….

  Guess who voiced him?

I CAN’T.

George Washington’s secret spy network, “The Culper Ring”, was a vital element to America’s victory over England. Although the Culper Ring was heavily male-dominated, women were essential spies and were far less likely to get caught than their male counterparts. Anna Strong was among the Culper Ring’s original members and one of America’s first female spies. The other original members of the network were friends and neighbors of Strong’s. Her role was to signal her fellow Culper Ring members by hanging black petticoats and handkerchiefs on her clothesline when she had information to convey. She is currently portrayed by Heather Lind in AMC’s tv series, Turn: Washington’s Spies.

(Illustration by Ronald Himler)