american-revolutionary-war

  • Anti-Beyonce People:She dressed her dangers like the Black Panthers!! Outrage! They were violent! Just because you're oppressed doesn't mean you get violent!
  • Anti-Beyonce People:Reenacts the American Revolutionary War every other weekend so they can remember that time those brave heroes beat back the oppressive British with their mean taxes.
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history meme / one war / american revolutionary war

The American Revolution (1775-83) is also known as the American Revolutionary War and the U.S. War of Independence. The conflict arose from growing tensions between residents of Great Britain’s 13 North American colonies and the colonial government, which represented the British crown. Skirmishes between British troops and colonial militiamen in Lexington and Concord in April 1775 kicked off the armed conflict, and by the following summer, the rebels were waging a full-scale war for their independence. France entered the American Revolution on the side of the colonists in 1778, turning what had essentially been a civil war into an international conflict. After French assistance helped the Continental Army force the British surrender at Yorktown, Virginia, in 1779, the Americans had effectively won their independence, though fighting would not formally end until 1783. [+more]

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Do you want to watch an excellent and entertaining 25 part lecture on the history of the American Revolution taught by Professor Joanne Freeman of Yale, author of Affairs of Honor, expert on Hamilton and the Revolution, and historical consultant to Lin-Manuel Miranda? Of course you do! So here you go. I’ve linked to the individual lectures below:

1. Introduction: Freeman’s Top Five Tips for Studying the Revolution

2. Being a British Colonist

3. Being a British American

4. “Ever at Variance and Foolishly Jealous”: Intercolonial Relations

5. Outraged Colonials: The Stamp Act Crisis

6. Resistance or Rebellion? (Or, What the Heck is Happening in Boston?)

7. Being a Revolutionary

8. The Logic of Resistance

9. Who Were the Loyalists?

10. Common Sense

11. Independence

12. Civil War

13. Organizing a War

14. Heroes and Villains: Case Study of Benedict Arnold

15. Citizens and Choices: Experiencing the Revolution in New Haven

16. The Importance of George Washington

17. The Logic of a Campaign (or, How in the World Did We Win?)

18. Fighting the Revolution: The Big Picture

19. War and Society

20. Confederation

21. A Union Without Power

22. The Road to a Constitutional Convention

23. Creating a Constitution

24. Creating a Nation

25. Being an American: The Legacy of the Revolution

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October 19th 1781: Cornwallis surrenders

On this day in 1781 in Yorktown, Virginia, during the American Revolutionary War, British commander Cornwallis formally surrendered to George Washington. The American War of Independence began in 1775 with American victory at the battles of Lexington and Concord. The war was the culmination of mounting tensions between American colonists and Great Britian, fuelled by incidents such as the Boston Masacre in 1770 and the Boston Tea Party in 1773. In 1776, America issued its Declaration of Independence, listing grievances against the British crown, and American colonists fought for several more years to secure this freedom. Cornwallis’s surrender ended the Siege of Yorktown, marking a decisive victory for the American forces and their French allies. Yorktown was the last major battle of the war, as Cornwallis’s surrender led to the opening of peace negotiations. The Treaty of Paris was reached in 1783, which ended the war between Britain and the United States and recognised American independence.

“We were younger and free… It’s no secret that the both of us are running out of time.”

HELLO (Part 3)

England’s knees buckled and the last thing he saw before he fainted were the eyes of the nation who he had to let go of.

‘Always so blue… Like when I first saw you…’

“Don’t cry… America…” England breathed out before his body fell.

An arm shot out to wrap around the waist of the fainted nation. America held onto his former caretaker. His fingers tightened against the red fabric as he struggled to let go. He leant closer… water dripped from his cheeks onto the equally wet face of England.

“England…”

March 23, 1775: Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death!

On this day in 1775, American revolutionary Patrick Henry stood in front of the Virginia convention to give a speech where he said his famous quote “give me liberty, or give me death!” In his speech, Henry urged others to start fighting for their freedom from the British rather than later.

Henry proposed to form a volunteer infantry within counties in Virginia as a form of defense. Within a month, it was the start of the American Revolutionary War.

What happened next? Find out with Liberty! The American Revolution’s timeline.

Image: Patrick Henry by George Bagby Matthews, Oil on canvas (U.S. Senate)

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April 18th 1775: Paul Revere’s ride

On this day in 1775, Boston patriot Paul Revere made his famous ‘Midnight Ride’ to warn of the arrival of British troops. On the night of April 18th, he was sent by Dr. Joseph Warren and instructed to ride from Boston to Lexington to warn revolutionaries Samuel Adams and John Hancock that British troops were coming to arrest them. He also arranged two lantern signals in Boston’s Christ Church to indicate that the British arrived ‘by sea’ rather than land, now immortalised in the famous phrase ‘one if by land, two if by sea.’ Revere rowed to Charlestown, and from there borrowed a horse and rode towards Lexington, stopping at houses along the way to spread the warning. However, he did not actually shout the famous phrase ‘the British are coming!’, as he needed to be discreet to avoid detection by British forces and their supporters. Upon being joined by two more riders once he reached Lexington and delivered his message, Revere and his peers headed for Concord, but were apprehended by the British. Revere was released, but had his horse confiscated and had to return to Lexington by foot. He was in Lexington when the famous battle of the Revolution broke out, which marked the first shots fired of the Revolution that would lead to an independent United States. Revere was not the only rider sent by the Sons of Liberty to warn of the imminent British arrival, but he has become the most well known. His fame mostly owes to an 1860 poem by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow which romanticised Paul Revere’s ride. The ride has become a famous story of American history, and Revere is exalted as an American hero.

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The best rendition of the British Grenadiers I’ve heard yet. 

One of the world’s most famous military marches, the British Grenadiers. It’s 17th century origins are unclear, however the lyrics we know today first appeared around the 1750s, with the song being adopted as the regimental march of the Royal Artillery in 1762. A year later it gained wider use when it was adopted by almost all units in the British Army. 

The first definite recording of it being played in combat was during the American Revolution when, in 1777, at the battle of Brandywine, Lieutenant Martin Hunter stated “We marched to the attack in two columns, the grenadiers at the head of one playing the Grenadier’s March… Nothing could be more dreadfully pleasing than the line moving on to the attack… believe me I would not exchange those three minutes of rapture to avoid ten thousand times the danger.”

Lyrics:  

Some talk of Alexander, and some of Hercules

Of Hector and Lysander, and such great names as these.

But of all the world’s great heroes, there’s none that can compare.

With a tow, row, row, row, row, row, to the British Grenadiers.

Those heroes of antiquity ne'er saw a cannon ball,

Or knew the force of powder to slay their foes withal.

But our brave boys do know it, and banish all their fears,

Sing tow, row, row, row, row, row, for the British Grenadiers.

Whene'er we are commanded to storm the palisades,

Our leaders march with fusees, and we with hand grenades.

We throw them from the glacis*, about the enemies’ ears.

Sing tow, row, row, row, row, row, the British Grenadiers.

And when the siege is over, we to the town repair.The townsmen cry,

“Hurrah, boys, here comes a Grenadier!

Here come the Grenadiers, my boys, who know no doubts or fears!

Then sing tow, row, row, row, row, row, the British Grenadiers.

Then let us fill a bumper, and drink a health to those

Who carry caps and pouches, and wear the loupèd clothes.

May they and their commanders live happy all their years.

With a tow, row, row, row, row, row, for the British Grenadiers.”

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October 30th 1735: John Adams born

On this day in 1735, the American Founding Father John Adams was born in Quincy, Massachusetts. A direct descendant of Puritan settlers from the Massachusetts Bay Colony, Adams was educated at Harvard University and became a lawyer. Adams long held reservations about British colonial rule, but raised eyebrows when he defended British soldiers accused of killing civilians in the 1770 Boston Massacre. He played an active role in the American Revolution as a representative at the First Continental Congress in 1774 and helped draft the Declaration of Independence in 1776. Adams was also one of the delegates sent to Paris to negotiate the end of the war with Britain. In 1789 Adams was nominated for the American presidency but came second to George Washington and, per Constitutional provisions at the time, became Vice-President. He served as Washington’s Vice-President for the duration of his two terms and after Washington left office Adams ran for President of his own accord. Adams won the election in 1796 and became the second President of the United States. As President, Adams successfully kept the United States out of the ongoing European war with France. However the public supported the war and Adams lost his 1800 re-election campaign to Thomas Jefferson. Adams then retired from public life and died on July 4th 1826, the 50th anniversary of American independence, the same day as his friend Jefferson. Adams’s son John Quincy became the sixth President in 1825.