american legislation


Time Unveiled 12 Stunning Covers Celebrating Game-Changing Women

Above photos:

  • Ava DuVernay, the first black woman to direct a film nominated for an Academy Award for Best Picture
  • Mo’ne Davis, the first girl to pitch a shutout and win a game in a Little League World Series
  • Sylvia Earle, the first female chief scientist of the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
  • Ellen DeGeneres, the first person to star as an openly gay character on primetime TV
  • Hillary Rodham Clinton, the first woman to receive a major party’s nomination for President
  • Ilhan Omar,  the first Somali-Muslim American to become a legislator

See more: Time - Firsts: Women Who Are Changing the World

anonymous asked:

i'm sorry if this is a dumb question but i'm having a hard time finding solid information through google, is there anything we can do now that this bill has been passed? i'm disabled and chronically ill, as are many of my friends, and i don't really know what to do about this but i want to help.

Okay here’s some info. The bill has been passed through the House, but it will still have to go through the Senate. This is where it will face some problems. Several Senate Republicans have expressed non-support of this bill, they don’t like the changes it will make to Medicaid, they don’t like that people with pre-existing conditions will be vulnerable, and some don’t think it repeals the ACA (Obamacare) enough. 

To add to that, this bill is EXTREMELY unpopular, polls find that somewhere between 17 percent and 37 percent of Americans approve of this legislation. This puts vulnerable republicans in a bad spot, many of their voters want to see Obamacare repealed as promised but many of them also don’t want to lose their Medicaid and lose other benefits that came with the ACA. 

The best advice I can give you, and anyone else wondering, what you can do now is to call your senators and tell them to vote “no” on the AHCA. If you don’t know who your state senators are then you can check here. Once you find out their names you can contact them and express your concerns about this vote. You can explain to them exactly how you feel and how you will personally be affected by the repeal. Here is the list of senators with their phone numbers and how to contact them online. I’d suggest calling but do whatever is best for you. 

Ilhan Omar

Ilhan Omar is a Somali-American politician and organizer known for being the first Somali-American lawmaker in the history of the United States. Ilhan is a strong advocate for women’s rights, criminal justice reform, affordable healthcare, economic equality and clean energy.

Ilhan Omar is the youngest of seven children. Her family fled from Somalia during the civil war and spent four years in a refugee camp in Kenya. At the age of 12, she and her family came to the United States first moving to Arlington, VA and then relocating to Minneapolis, MN in 1995. After high school, she attended North Dakota State University (NDSU) where she graduated with a bachelor’s degree in Political Science and International Studies.

Ilhan Omar began her career as Community Nutrition Educator with the University of Minnesota after graduating from NDSU. In 2012, Omar served as a Campaign Manager for Kari Dzeidzik’s bid for a legislative seat in the Minnesota State Senate. Between 2012 and 2013, she was a Child Nutrition Outreach Coordinator with the Minnesota Department of Education. In 2013, Ilhan worked as a Campaign Manager for Andrew Johnson, as he ran for a municipal seat in Minneapolis’ Ward 12. Following Andrew Johnson’s successful campaign and election to the Minneapolis City Council, Ilhan Omar served as the Senior Policy Aide in his office until 2015. As of September 2015, Omar is the Director of Policy & Initiatives of the Women Organizing Women Network. The association advocates for women from East Africa to take on civic and political leadership roles.

In November of 2016, Ilhan Omar won the general election, becoming the first Somali-American legislator in the history of the United States. She won House District 60B in southeast Minneapolis with 80 percent of the vote. Ilhan officially began her term in the Minnesota House of Representatives on January 3, 2017.
Obama: 'This Bill Will Do You Harm'
In the aftermath of the release of that bill, which Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell hopes will pass the Senate in the next two weeks, former President Barack Obama issued a rare full-throated post-presidential statement criticizing the AHCA and the political process by which it came to be. The statement, posted to Facebook, comes on the heels of another statement in March defending Obamacare, and is also one of the most thorough defenses of his signature policy, even dating back to his time in office.
By Vann R. Newkirk II

Here’s a link to President Obama’s statement about republican-sponsored healthcare legislation, including the abomination “unveiled” today to the American public.

Some excerpts:

The Senate bill, unveiled today, is not a health care bill. It’s a massive transfer of wealth from middle-class and poor families to the richest people in America. It hands enormous tax cuts to the rich and to the drug and insurance industries, paid for by cutting health care for everybody else. Those with private insurance will experience higher premiums and higher deductibles, with lower tax credits to help working families cover the costs, even as their plans might no longer cover pregnancy, mental health care, or expensive prescriptions. Discrimination based on pre-existing conditions could become the norm again. Millions of families will lose coverage entirely.

Simply put, if there’s a chance you might get sick, get old, or start a family—this bill will do you harm. And small tweaks over the course of the next couple weeks, under the guise of making these bills easier to stomach, cannot change the fundamental meanness at the core of this legislation.

Friends I need some help!!!

Castle Rock (my city) is considering lifting the BSL and are basically gathering people’s opinions this week, and so I’m going to write a letter to the city council about why they should lift it. Soooo… if you have any sources on why BSL is unnecessary/ineffective then pleeease send me some! I would love to help with lifting it in at least my little town. And please share/reblog to get this around to as many people as possible. Thanks everyone!

Tagging some popular blogs: @apbt @pulldogs @pawsitivelypowerful @pantsthepuppy @bigpointyears @salty-sighthound @dogsbecausedogs @noodle-dragon @quichehound @why-animals-do-the-thing @spartathesheltie @spanishmal @6woofs

Thank you SO much for anyone that has any advice/info or shares this, I appreciate it so much!

anonymous asked:

What would Soldier think about Trump?

Hate him. He goes against all of the American values that Soldier holds dear.
He doesn’t want everyone to be able to work hard and get somewhere; he just wants to support his own kind.
He believes in hurting fellow Americans through his legislation and sexual assault.
He puts money above decency and greed above kindness.
He doesn’t believe in fighting for what he supports, he believes in only fighting when he has the advantage.
He is a coward, a liar, and a fake, and most of all,
He is a danger to the American people.
Soldier would never and could never stand for such heresy and idiocy in his beloved country.

anonymous asked:

Can you make an essay post about Richard Henry Lee?

Richard Henry Lee was one of the most important and influential, if not one of the most well known founding fathers. Born on January 20th, 1732, he was the 7th child of Thomas Lee III, and part of the fourth generation of the Lee family, one of the most wealthy and influential families of that time. He was born and raised in his family estate of Stratford, in Westmoreland County, Virginia, and received a course of homeschooling before being sent to study at Wakefield, in Yorkshire, England at a young age. He was incredibly talented in the literary arts and his education proved to come easily and rapidly and left him with a lifelong enjoyment of studying the Classics, as well as modern history. He returned home to Virginia at age 19, after a brief tour of Europe, and lived in Stratford with the company of his eldest brother, Phillip Lee. He studied industriously for the next few years.

His father had left him an estate in Prince William County, but he decided to stay in Westmoreland, due to his close relationship with his elder brother, Phillip Lee. Phillip loved his younger brother so much, that he leased him an estate three miles South of Stratford which would allow Richard to remain close to the family estate. Richard Henry renamed the estate “Chantilly”, formerly known as Hollis’ Marsh, a comfortable location on the Potomac.

At the age of twenty-three, he raised a small company of militiamen to provide assistance to General Braddock in the Seven Years War, but his aid was immediately refused by the British, who thought themselves above him and his men. By the time he was twenty-five, he was appointed Justice of the Peace for Westmoreland County and quickly proved to be well-suited for the job. His colleagues were impressed with his aptitude, and his pertinacity and diligence in his work. They petitioned the governor to make Mr. Lee their presiding officer.

He entered the political sphere in 1757 when he was elected to the Virginia House of Burgesses. He went unnoticed for several years and was considered an indifferent figure until his tenacity and oratory skills caused him to become realized as a political figure and he became highly distinguished for “ a natural, easy, and at the same time impressive eloquence.” He made his first contribution to the House of Burgesses when he gave a speech against the importation of slaves into the colony. His proposition was “To lay so heavy a tax on the importation of slaves, as to effectually put an end to that iniquitous and disgraceful traffic within the colony.” His speech displayed his immense oratory prowess to the House, and he soon became considered second only to Patrick Henry.

He was tall, slim and his face was distinctly Roman. John Adams described him as a “Tall, spare and masterly man,” and “A gentleman of fine talents, amiable manners, and great worth.” His voice was deep and melodious, “The canorous voice of Cicero,”  and his speeches “gave an uncommon sway over the minds of men.” In his manner, he was graceful and elegant, and he had a captivating grace, a quick sensibility, and a fervent imagination. Mr. Lee was highly intelligent and held a vast amount of political, legal and historical knowledge. He wore a black silk scarf tied around his left hand, which gave a dramatic flair in his speeches. The scarf was worn to hide the fact he’d lost four of his fingers in a hunting accident when his gun exploded in his hands. His posture and gesturing were graceful and practiced, due to hours of practicing his speeches in front of a mirror.

In 1774 he was elected as a delegate to the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia, receiving more votes than George Washington, second to only Peyton Randolph. It was here that his speaking skills were put on full display, and he was nicknamed “The Cicero of Virginia” for his oratorical prowess. He was a hugely active, energetic member of congress, leading multiple committees and wrote many papers including “The Memorial of the Congress to the People of British America,” which is considered a masterful piece. In 1775 he was elected to the Virginia Committee of Correspondence, along with Patrick Henry. He quickly impressed the other members with his wisdom and sagacity. He, along with Patrick Henry, formed the core of the Virginia Sons of Liberty; together they drew up nonimportation agreements and organized boycotts.

On June 7th, 1776, he brought what he is most well known for, Virginia’s Resolution on independency to Congress.

[Resolved, That these United Colonies are, and of right ought to be, free and independent States, that they are absolved from all allegiance to the British Crown, and that all political connection between them and the State of Great Britain is, and ought to be, totally dissolved.]

After reading his resolution he gave a long and elegant speech, concluding with;

“Why then, sir, why do we longer delay? Why still deliberate? Let this happy day give birth to an American Republic. Let her arise, not to devastate and to conquer, but to re-establish the reign of peace and of law. The eyes of Europe are fixed upon us ; she demands of us a living example of freedom, that may exhibit a contrast in the felicity of the citizen to the ever increasing tyranny which desolates her polluted shores. She invites us to prepare an asylum, where the unhappy may find solace, and the persecuted repose. She entreats us to cultivate a propitious soil, where that generous plant which first sprung and grew in England, but is now withered by the poisonous blasts of Scottish tyranny, may revive and flourish, sheltering under its salubrious and interminable shade, all the unfortunate of the human race. If we are not this day wanting in our duty, the names of the American legislators of 1776 will be placed by posterity at the side of Theseus, Lycurgus, and Romulus, of the three Williams of Nassau, and of all those whose memory has been, and ever will be, dear to virtuous men and good citizens.”

The motion was immediately seconded by John Adams of Massachusetts, setting off a chain of events that would soon lead to the ratification of the Declaration of independence. Lee did not join the Declaration Committee for a multitude of reasons. The first being it would not be right for the one who’d brought the resolution to write any supporting documents, the other being he needed to return to his home in Virginia as a sudden illness had struck most of his family. He couldn’t return in time to vote on his own resolution but was able to sign the Declaration. During the war he fought in the Virginia Militia, his only injury a result of having his horse shot out from under him.

He lost much of his popularity when he sided with his brother Arthur Lee when he attacked Silas Deane for improper conduct in securing munitions in France. This kept him from gaining enough votes to return to Congress in 1777. Though Mr. Lee would continue to serve in Congress for many years, including the meetings of 1778, ‘80, ‘84 and ‘87. He worked immeasurably hard and sat on nearly 100 committees between 1776 and 1777 alone. He was a signer of the Articles of Confederation in 1778 and was elected the sixth president of Congress under them in 1784. He was elected unanimously, a display of his immense, regained popularity among his peers.

In 1789, he was elected to join the Constitutional Convention, but declined, soon becoming one of the Constitution’s staunchest opponents along with Patrick Henry, Benjamin Harrison, and most of Virginia’s well-known politicians. He’d just fought to free his country from an oppressive government and had no desire to see it under one again. He was largely Anti-Federalist, but after the ratification of the constitution he worked as a senator from Virginia and worked to get many amendments that he believed were needed, added to the Bill of Rights. He retired from public life in 1792, at age sixty, due to poor health, after working for many years as an active member of congress, and at the same time a member of the Virginia Assembly. The ardent Patriot received many thanks for his work from both branches of the Virginia assembly.

“ Resolved, unanimously, that the speaker be desired to convey to Richard Henry Lee, the respects of the senate ; that they sincerely sympathise with him in those infirmities, which have deprived their country of his valuable services ; and that they ardently wish he may, in his retirement, with uninterrupted happiness, close the evening of a life, in which he hath so conspicuously shone forth as a statesman and a patriot ; that while mindful of his many exertions to promote the public interests, they are particularly thankful for his conduct as a member of the legislature of the United States.”

He spent the next two years of his life in happy retirement, though his poor health brought him great suffering, until his death in 1794, at age sixty-two.

Richard Henry, as well as his brothers, were close friends of General George Washington, and Lee supported him wholeheartedly as President. Their correspondence bordered between affectionate and cordial. John Adams had a huge admiration for Richard Henry, which unfortunately he did not share with his brother Arthur.

In his private life, he was loved by all who knew him and had a large collection of friends and family. After two marriages, first to Anne Aylett who had six children, only four surviving past infancy. Anne died in 1768, and Richard remarried the following year, to Anne Pinckard. The couple had seven children, five survived past infancy.


The Lives of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence, by Rev. Charles A. Goodrich

Stratford Hall and the Lees Connected with its History, by Frederick Warren Alexander

John Adams, by David McCullough

No offense (JK, full offense) but I’m officially done with people arguing that we don’t need gun laws. We need fucking gun laws. How many mass shootings have to happen before people stop and think “huh, what if we didn’t make assault weapons available to the public?” 

There have already been 6 mass shootings in America in 2017. 6. It’s January 6th. That’s appalling and unacceptable. We need gun legislation.

And I don’t want to hear any second amendment bullshit either. The second amendment was developed when people were using fucking muskets. Can you imagine a mass shooting with a musket? Me neither. The founding fathers couldn’t even imagine machine guns and assault weapons in their craziest fever dreams, they didn’t have them in mind when they wrote the amendment. 

I’m just tired of people saying gun legislation in unconstitutional or unnecessary

From Mein Kampf onward, Nazi jurists and policy makers took a sustained interest in American race law. Especially during the early 1930s, the era of the making of the Nuremberg Laws, Nazis engaged in detailed study of American immigration law, American second-class citizenship law, and American anti-miscegenation and mongrelization law. Some of them saw attractions in the system of Jim Crow segregation. In particular, the Prussian Memorandum, the 1933 text that laid out the basic statement of the radical Nazi legal program, specifically invoked Jim Crow—though it proposed a more “limited” version for Nazi Germany. Certain aspects of American race law struck Nazi observers as appealing: in particular, the exceptional American practice of harshly criminalizing interracial marriage lay in the background of the Blood Law. Other aspects, like the one-drop rule, struck them as excessively severe. Some of the more vicious Nazis, notably Roland Freisler, championed the lessons to be learned from American legislation and jurisprudence, while moderates like Justice Minister Gürtner worked to downplay the usefulness of American precedents. Nobody argued in favor of a wholesale importation of American practices; everybody was aware that America had liberal traditions that were at war with its racism, but many expressed their approval of what the National Socialist Handbook of Law and Legislation called America’s “fundamental recognition” of the imperative of creating a legally enforced race order—though Nazi authors always added that the task of building a fully realized race state remained for National Socialist Germany to complete.
—  [The united states of america is worse than fascism.‬]

Is Scott Pruitt’s EPA Violating Federal Ethics Laws?

A closer look at Scott Pruitt’s ties to a shady/corrupt front group known as ALEC who is now being sued by the California attorney general for his conflict of interests….

Republican Greg Gianforte says Noah built a boat at 600 years old so why should anyone retire?

“There’s nothing in the Bible that talks about retirement. And yet it’s been an accepted concept in our culture today,” he said. “Nowhere does it say, ‘Well, he was a good and faithful servant, so he went to the beach.’ It doesn’t say that anywhere.  The example I think of is Noah.  How old was Noah when he built the ark? 600. He wasn’t like, cashing Social Security checks, he wasn’t hanging out, he was working. So, I think we have an obligation to work. The role we have in work may change over time, but the concept of retirement is not biblical.”

Greg Gianforte

How do you even say with a straight face that a 600-year-old man actually built a boat, let alone use that as reasoning to do away with retirement?

Keep reading

“In 2006, Congress passed the Animal Enterprise Terrorism Act, a bill conceived of and advanced by the American Legislative Exchange Council, a corporate-sponsored conservative think tank and lobbying group that champions pro-"free market” legislation. The new law criminalizes actions aimed at “damaging or interfering with the operations of an animal enterprise,” including First Amendment activity such as pickets and boycotts. The legislation was crafted explicitly to empower law enforcement to squelch hitherto legal, above-ground animal rights advocacy, after a group of activists called Stop Huntingdon Animal Cruelty nearly shut down an infamous multinational animal testing corporation through purely legal means. Activists charge SHAC’s target, Huntingdon Life Sciences, with killing hundreds of animals a day through their toxicity testing business, which involves practices such as injecting puppies with pesticides. Undercover footage has shown Huntingdon technicians punching beagle puppies in the face and dissecting a live, conscious monkey. Under the AETA’s predecessor, the Animal Enterprise Protection Act, six SHAC activists were convicted as terrorists for posting publicly available information on a website. They were sentenced to a combined 23 years in prison. The new law was created because the animal enterprise lobbies felt that those penalties did not go far enough.

This year, laws were passed in Iowa and Utah that make it a crime to take a job at a factory farm for the purpose of shooting clandestine video footage of animal abuse. As with the AETA, these laws were a direct response to the success of an animal advocacy group using legal means to expose industrial cruelty – in this case an undercover video by Mercy For Animals. The FBI has already recommended prosecuting undercover investigators under the AETA as terrorists.“

Just in case you still believe these people have nothing to hide. 



July 2nd 1964: Civil Rights Act signed

On this day in 1964, US President Lyndon B. Johnson signed into law the Civil Rights Act. The 1954 Supreme Court ruling Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, which outlawed school segregation, had sparked a new and more direct phase of the struggle for racial equality in the United States. The Civil Rights Movement that followed involved defiance of discrimination in the United States, especially Jim Crow segregation in the South and restriction of black voting rights. The movement initially had little support from the federal government, who instead focused mainly on foreign Cold War policy. It was in 1963 that the violent resistance encountered by peaceful black protestors, including children, by whites in Birmingham, Alabama, led President John F. Kennedy to call for a civil rights bill. After his assassination Kennedy’s successor Johnson, who was a vocal supporter of civil rights, took charge of the fight for the bill. Facing opposition from conservative Democrats and Republicans, Johnson utilised his personal forceful nature (known as ‘The Johnson Treatment’), the power of the executive to provide incentives for congressional support, and the legacy of Kennedy to push the bill through Congress. The Civil Rights Act passed the House in February 1964 and the Senate in June, before it was signed into law in July by Johnson. Those present at the signing ceremony on July 2nd included prominent African-American leaders of the Civil Rights Movement such as Martin Luther King Jr. The Act focused on racial discrimination, banning segregation and unequal voter requirements. However it also included a prohibition on sex-based discrimination which fuelled the burgeoning feminist movement; though some claim it was added by a Virginia Democrat in an attempt to derail the passage of the act. The Civil Rights Act, along with the Voting Rights Act a year later, were the primary legislative achievements of the Civil Rights Movement, and remain the cornerstone of American civil rights legislation. 50 years on, it is a time for reflection on how far America has come since the days of Jim Crow segregation and black disenfranchisement, but also how much further is still left to go in the struggle for racial equality.

50 years ago today

anonymous asked:

Why is his dad not listed in his birth certificate?

I would assume that it’s because he didn’t come forward to say that he is the father, at least it’s how it works in my country, you have 3 days to declare yourself as the father, if you don’t you won’t be listed on the birth certificate. Now I don’t know American legislation about this, but it would make sense. 

Political Science and Darcy Lewis

Ok, so as a Political Scientist, I’ve got a few qualms about how my field is represented in the fandoms. A lot of people aren’t quite sure what we do, and that’s understandable because we do a lot!

Before we start, I’ll go over my qualifications to discuss this. I graduated from Florida State University with duel degrees in International Affairs (comparative politics concentration) and Political Science (public administration concentration). My Master’s degree is in International Affairs (public admin/terrorism concentration), conferred by FSU. Right now I’m working on a PhD in Conflict Analysis and Resolution. So, as you can see, I’ve got a ton of experience with Political Science.

So what is Poli Sci? Basically, it’s the study of the state, nation, government, and politics/policies of government. Vague? That’s because it’s broken down into 5 categories: political theory, comparative politics, public administration, international relations, and public law (you can argue for political methodology to be included). There are a ton of different methodological approaches (realism, liberalism, positivism/post-positivism, etc.) that I won’t bore you by going into.

Universities differ in the requirements for their students to be awarded the degree. In general, however, you can almost guarantee that a political scientist has had exposure to the great political writers (Hobbes, Locke, Rousseau, Voltaire, etc.) that the Founding Fathers drew heavily from. We take a lot of specialized classes depending on what subsection you want to go into. For instance, I took American Legislative Systems, the American Presidency, and Race/Ethnicity and Politics because I wanted to look at US politics (my IA classes were much more interesting). Given that Darcy understands Farsi (see: Thor 2 junior novel), I would think that she’s leaned more towards the International Relations side of poli sci, which means she’s taken a language to the intermediate level.

A lot of other disciplines mock poli sci because we “aren’t an actual science.” This may be seen as a personal rant, but there’s a good reason we don’t want to be. The decline of positivism is proof of this. We recognize that there isn’t one universal truth to be found, like the scientific method attempts to do. As J.W. Willis said, “each study is part of a broader effort to get closer and closer to the truth through a series of research studies.” So I can guarantee you, Jane’s probably made some off hand comment about how poli sci isn’t a real science that just made Darcy’s blood boil. Especially given that she went to a school in Virginia. Let me tell you, Virginia schools usually get a leg up on studying politics because its proximity to DC. If you want to have a basic idea of what Darcy may have taken, look at U Virginia, George Mason, Virginia Tech, or another other school in the state to see what’s required of their students.

What are the job prospects for a political scientist? Well, as my personal qualifications show, graduate school is a big one. But as an undergrad, a majority of my classmates said they were going to use their degree to get into law school. Others decided that they were going to go into government work (be it local, state, federal, or those lucky few doing work at the United Nations). A sad joke is that retail is the #1 field political scientists go into.

With regards to Darcy, I’m just hoping that this post gives you a bit more information when writing about her. She’s very analytical and has a sharp mind, and shouldn’t be written as absent-minded or a slacker because of what she studies. Political Scientists are some of the smartest people I know and we have some kick ass conversations while drinking (in all seriousness, my friends and I discuss the Palestinian/Israeli conflict, race relations, and the militarization of American politics while drunk).

Stepping off my soap box now.

The TPP and the American Legislative Exchange Council are perfect example why we should demand transparency in government from politicians and our political leaders (regardless if it’s a Democrat or a Republican). How can we trust that the decisions being made behing closed doors is the correct decision for the rest of us? Who really benefits from those decisions being made being closed doors?

It just looks shady when there’s no transparency becuase decisions are being made behind closed doors.