Historic Oakwood was a home to the prominent members of Raleigh’s
society during the 19th century.
It is a neighbourhood in downtown Raleigh, North Carolina and it is
popular for its Historic Oakwood Cemetery, its many Victorian houses and its
location close to the Mordecai Plantation Manor. Its Victorian-era architectural styles
include Second Empire, Queen Anne, Italianate, and later infill brought the
bungalow, the American Foursquare, American Craftsman style, and the Minimal
Traditional house to the area.
It is also known for its Christmas Candlelight Tour, which
opens private historic residences to the public, and the Garden Tour, which
allows the public to see the vast gardens worked on by the Oakwood Gardening
The Arts and Crafts movement began in post-Victorian era England.
This was during a time at which concerns about the industrialization of life
moved some to re-evaluate the importance of handcraftsmanship, and see it in a positive light. In
England, this began with the work of William Morris, an architect-designer who
saw the separation between the designer and the manufacturer as a dehumanization
of production. In his work he tried to create a united design in all areas of décor,
and emphasized nature and simple form.
The American Arts and Crafts movement (1880-1910) was closely
aligned with these teachings, but also emerged from a contemporary movement of
social reform in America called the Progressivism movement. This movement helped
shaped the mood of these emerging styles. This was in fact not the style of the
mainstream that still appreciated the aesthetic of academic eclecticism, which
included many of the rational geometric styles including Neoclassicism, Italianate,
Queen Anne, Gothic Revival, and other Victorian styles.
The proponents of this movement imagined idyllic images of medieval
life, when life was more moral, and architecture where building forms were naturally
derived from function. They saw the use of hand craft more virtuous than that
of machine crafted products. Artisan creation included stained glass,
wallpaper, tile, textiles, carpets, metal goods that look as medieval as
possible. These were of course modified medieval forms that were picturesque forms of
the vernacular. The period brought a few distinctive style of houses that
included a fully designed environment matching the style on the interior as
well. This included the Craftsman/Bungalow style, Mission style, Prairie style,
and English Cottage/Tudor revival style.
In the home, this movement was seen as one for the American
middle class who were willing to forgo niceties if traditional architectural
decoration to maximize the floor area for minimum financial outlay. This
included built in furnishings that included cabinet and shelving spaces. This gave
homeowners the opportunity to incorporate wood and glass craftsmanship into the
public areas of the home. Craftsman style build-ins are typically characterized
by simple straight-line construction, medium to dark stained wood, heavy and
substantial mass, but are well proportioned. They have a distinct lack of
unnecessary ornament, with extreme simplicity and fine craftsmanship. Oak is a
commonly used wood in Craftsman style houses.
In the same strain of affordable and beautiful design for
homeowners, art glass windows also creates a unique look of a handcrafted home.
Beveled glass had been historically expensive, but the sudden availability of
inexpensive plate glass allowed for a mosaic looking windows made out of
beveled pieces. The beveled edges of the glass that make up the whole window
come from the process of grinding down and shaping the edge of each piece. The
individual pieces are joined together between metal came strips. Shapes tended
to be formed of shallow curves. This curved glass can provide intriguing visual
effects to the light passing through the windows.
Art glass was a staple of this time period. Not only used in
windows, but in door insets, hanging light fixtures, and lamps. In fact, the
colored stain glass of the windows, and the dark colors of the wood in the room
created a greater need for direct lighting, which encouraged the use of table
lamps. A well-known manufacturer of art glass was Louis Tiffany of who you may
have heard from the name “Tiffany lamp.” Designs of objects found in nature
were likely selections for stained glass windows. Many high style American
windows depict fruit. Natural scenes reflected the interest in floral realism. The
realistic scale of the designs in the glass was intended to cause viewers to
feel like they were standing in a garden, or sitting on the limb of a tree.
John Bradstreet was a predominant craftsman in Minneapolis. Working
out of the Minneapolis Crafthouse, he was an influential “taste-maker” in his
pursuit of more avant-garde ideas. On multiple occasions, Bradstreet visited
Japan, which influenced his designs, and led to the development of his unique
style of woodworking. Japanese influenced design began to emerge from the Arts
and Crafts movement as a whole. Bradstreet found it very important to preserve
the integrity of the handcrafted tradition.
The Art Nouveau movement that emerged from France also ran
in concurrence during this time period. Highly styled organic forms expanded
the use of nature including flowers and the distinctive whiplash curve, and
even included seaweed, grasses, and insects. Rather than look like natural
ornamentation had been placed on the object, it looked like natural objects have
been growing out of the piece. It was the culminating expression of nature
toward which all the Victorian arts had been directed. Architectural designs
made use of exposed iron, and large pieces of glass. The hammered texture
finish is typical of the hand crafted Art Nouveau style. The look of the
melting iron takes on the characteristics of the curling organic forms. Many
architectural designs of the Art Nouveau were made of exposed iron.
Thank you @valpre for the tag! This challenge basically solidified my love for cc and catalogue / slot mods! This took me the better part of the afternoon, trying to trade a window for a lamp, or plant for a couch. I started this with a plan for a much larger, 2 bedroom / 2 bathroom home and ended up with exactly half of the original space I intended to use. About half-way through building, I started to model it after an old apartment I used to live in a few years ago that I absolutely loved. So! Here is my 20K version of an American Craftsman style home. I hope you guys like it!
Bargain Bend Starter Home - Available in Gallery
Origin User - waBAMBAM
20x15 lot (Bargain Bend in Newcrest)
Furnished - §19,951 Unfurnished -
1 Bedroom / 1 Bath
Uses content from Get Together(windows) and City Living (walls, kitchen counters, and bed)
(The gallery also says it uses Romantic Garden but I don’t have that pack so I’m not sure what’s up with that)
This week we present yet another set of illustrations and a poem from the Jerry Buff donation of Birds and Beasts, published in Boston by David R. Godine in 1990, with poems by William Jay Smith and woodcut illustrations by the noted Czech-American master craftsman Jacques Hnizdovsky.
Playthings - Young and Bubbly Toy Maker, Lena Kanzashi uses magic to help make plushies for fun, for her online shop, and to fight the evil ancient ones who despise modern magic and want to use all magic to restart the world.
Lena Kanzashi is a sweet outgoing ray of sunshine who wants to make everyone smile. Her mother is a traditional Japanese craftswoman (origami, chopsticks, plates, kanzashi flowers, etc.) and her father is an American sunglasses craftsman. She uses her telekinetic powers (passed down from her mother’s side of the family) to help with sewing. But when a villain appears, she uses her magic to build a Plushie Pal and commands them to help defeat the evil of the day. She can only use magic to build a Plushie Pal if she can imagine the entire process it’d take to make the plushie by hand. If she’s panicking, she won’t be able to concentrate.
This is my idea for a show about a girl who likes sewing and uses magic to do so. I started developing this show a couple weeks ago and I’m pretty happy with it so far. If I could ever pitch this one day, I’d be soooo happy. It has all the fixings of a modern day cartoon~ I’d love to have the ending of every show (or even just online shorts) teach people of all ages how to make some of Lena’s plushies because sewing is a handy and fun skill that everyone can enjoy. That or I think the plushies can also be sold professionally as merchandise items.
In case you’re wondering what a Kanzashi Flower is, it’s this pretty little thing that I own a couple of. They come as hairclips, or hair stick accessories.
Ellie Goulding also issued a public apology and made several donations to Native American causes, which is the standard mea culpa. She also hasn't repeated the mistake. Her costume was also, at least, absolutely gorgeous and had been sourced by Native American craftsman by her stylist (the stylist is the real culprit here, I think, because she conceived and executed the costume), unlike Renee's tragic and synthetic costume, which I thought was offensive in and of itself because it was so bad.
So about 5 or 6 years ago Hildie and I tried to do do a straight forward “How-To” show. It was called Metal Church. Networks didn’t get it. They did focus groups and they claimed they didn’t understand why people would want to make a gas tank. So it was turned down.
This year we tried again with different concept American Craftsman. So far there are no takers. Networks think that viewers like you don’t want to see educational stuff. They think you are not interested in seeing Master Craftsmen like Jerry Fisk & Louis Fry doing what they do.
I think Different. I refuse to buckle and do fake, staged TV. I started this whole “Reality” TV craze in 1999, and a lot of people were not ready for it. Most of the management at Discovery Network was pissed and hated it. Motorcycle Mania’s and Monster Garage’s success speaks for itself.
Now its time cut a New groove and go back to inspiring and teaching people again.
Here is the first full episode of American Craftsman, I make a JJFU Damascus Cisco 1911.
If you like it and want to see it on Discovery Channel email here and let them know —-> firstname.lastname@example.org
Illustration from another little treasure in the Jerry Buff donation: Birds and Beasts, published in Boston by David R. Godine in 1990, with poems by William Jay Smith and woodcut illustrations by the noted Czech-American master craftsman Jacques Hnizdovsky. We will be featuring more of these illustrations along with Smith’s poems on #Feathursday and #Caturday. Stay tuned!
American Guide Assignment #6 Architecture in Midtown Kansas City, Missouri
Almost every prominent American architectural style can be found in this diverse, mixed-income area that stretches roughly from 31st Street on the north to 46th Street on the south, and runs from State Line Road on the west to The Paseo on the east. When I first moved into the area, I was immediately struck by the beauty and the variety of the homes and buildings here, and the block-to-block transitions from grandeur to grit and back.
Photos clockwise from top:
1. Colonnade apartment buildings generally have six units and are fairly unique to Kansas City. Before air conditioning, people often slept on the huge, open front porches. These apartment buildings are ubiquitous in the urban core.
2. Late 19th century Queen Anne Victorian in the Squier Park neighborhood that likely existed as a farmhouse before the city expanded southward.
3. American Craftsman home in Squier Park.
4. Kansas City Shirtwaist homes in Westport. This architectural style is also unique to Kansas City.
5. Arts-and-Crafts bungalow in South Hyde Park.
6. American Craftsman home in South Hyde Park.
7. Victorian-era home in Southmoreland.
8. Strange blue facade and Art Deco details at Harling’s near Westport Road and Main Street.
9. Troost Avenue is unfortunately seen as a demographic dividing line by many, though we all live in the same city. This interesting building recently started undergoing renovations, and I can’t wait to see what becomes of it.
10. The Katz Building on Main Street, once a pharmacy and now abandoned, is an instance of Mid-Century Modern architecture in Midtown.