Ambiguous Bodies and Deviant Sexualities: Hermaphrodites, Homosexuality, and Surgery in the United States, 1850-1904
[...] The first report of corrective surgery published in the United States appeared in the American Journal of the Medical Sciences in 1852, but surgery did not immediately replace more traditional social prescriptions designed to fit hermaphrodites into a dimorphic model of human sex. Only after homosexuality became a matter of discussion in American medical journals did the frequency of normalizing surgeries increase.This paper explores the connection between physicians’ increased interest in preventing “abnormal” sexual behavior and their insistence that interventionist surgeries were the most appropriate means of treating cases of hermaphroditism.
This article is the only one I’ve read so far out of the ones my partner got from the U of T medical library. It was completely eye-opening and explores the correlation between the medicalization/pathologization of homosexuality, bisexuality and gender variance and the rise of normalizing surgeries in intersex infants.
A very important and relatively short read that I heavily encourage intersex people as well as dyadic LGBT allies to read.
Content is potentially triggering. CW: intersexism, homophobia, transphobia, biphobia, conversion therapy, surgery, forced sex assignment, medical/body talk, H slur