altruistic behavior

Stirner’s egoism is not an appeal for individuals to be less altruistic, but only to become aware of the fact that seemingly altruistic behavior can be separated into that which is motivated by a personal interest in, or love for, the other, or by a sense of duty, of holy obligation. Stirner agitates only against the latter motivation for behavior, showing that duty relates to an abstract concept of universal good, or universal interest, which exists only as a spook. Far from denying cooperation, Stirner animates the individual to associate freely in whatever constellation is capable of advancing his or her own interest.
—  Elmo Feiten, “Will the Real Max Stirner Please Stand Up?”

The more I read and research on my OCPD, the more I am frustrated at trying to understand how my disorder can be debilitating. The characteristics and symptoms all seem to be positive, productive things:
-altruistic behavior to counterbalance overly critical thoughts towards others,
-obsessions without unrestricted compulsions on things like money management, time commitments, and interpersonal social ideas/intersections,
-constant obsessive thoughts on large concepts such as the infinity of the universe, black holes, linear and nonlinear time, the possibilities of parallel and alternate universes, etc…,
-perfectionism in morality,
-attempts to flesh out defragmenter thoughts to alleviate distance between self and others,
-a tendency to attempt “fixing” the self by recognizing maladaptive traits and sublimating them to adaptive traits

So I’m a worrier who tries really hard to fix the things I know I do wrong and be a good, right, and efficiently/productive person. I think things through thoroughly before acting. I do not understand what’s harmful about any of that.

And then the books hit me with things like:
- “OCPD people often see what are in fact symptoms as valid and valuable aspects of their personality.”
- “…consists of more thought than action; magical thinking where hope is confounded with achievement; contemplation without implementation; making practice runs in preparation for making a move without ever actually making a move…”
- “…flattening of effect that is due to the conviction that a great leader should never become emotional = impulsive = careless.”
- “…the irrational conviction that the more things change (the more change are made) the more things stay the same.”
- “…an inbuilt reluctance to become openly angry believed to = being unacceptably bellicose;…” [bellicose: demonstrating aggression and willingness to fight]
- “…and indecisiveness fueled by the belief that given time crisis’ take care of themselves, and active intervention at times of crisis can only complicate things.”

Oh and let’s also not forget:
- “…some have insight to the point that they struggle with themselves about their attitudes… They mostly feel compelled to respect these attitudes, though they recognize and understand that they are acting foolishly neurotic to the point that they are unnecessarily isolating themselves from loved ones.”

Or my personal favorite:
- “That said, many of the compulsions and obsessions in OCPD do tend to be ego-syntonic… along the lines not of ‘I am compulsive’ but of ‘I am a good parent, even a hero’;…”


(Edit: This post is okay to reblog if you have OCPD or another personality disorder with identifying symptoms as mentioned above. Self diagnosed perfectly okay, but please have done genuine research. Personality disorders have symptoms that can seem like every day issues, but to be pd are experienced at an extreme level. *****It’s pretty annoying to be struggling and get a reblog with a tag or comment along the lines of “omg this is so me” “I totally have this”. This is not a cutesy personality test. This is real life. Don’t reblog unless you need this.)

anonymous asked:

Do raptors give out hugs? What those hugs feel like?

One of the oldest questions in my inbox. Sorry for the delay and I hope this answers your question.

Raptors Don’t typically give out hugs. In fact, the concept of a hug is incredibly impractical for raptors because it risks damage to their feathers and wings.

The few rare cases depicting raptors giving people a “hug” are largely incidental and blown out of proportion by the public’s general desire to anthropomorphize behavior. A good example would be the troubling post I addressed here alongside other raptor handlers when I first joined this site. The few times I’ve received one of these “hugs” it has been under the pretense of the bird not being healthy or lacking balance in some way and to be honest, the only feeling I could recall in those situations is concern for the bird’s health. 

It sounds like you’re curious about how raptors show affection. Because birds and mammals are significantly different from each other, it is not realistic to assume they would show similar signs of affection, especially to members of other species. 

While it is still debated whether other animals are fully capable of love and altruistic behavior, displays of affection are actually quite common especially among imprinted raptors. The trick is, most of these displays are not based on physical contact. Much of the behavior displayed by affectionate raptors will be shown in their behavior and posture, sometimes their vocalizations as well. 

For example, Pandora, our Swainson’s Hawk is likely a social imprint of some kind. Over the past 8 months, she’s begun displaying affectionate behavior towards me. She chirps and begs anytime I’m nearby. When she’s comfortable, she will often turn her head upside down and stare at me. This is largely affectionate behavior most associated with baby or imprinted birds looking at their perceived parents. Despite this, she still dislikes being touched and would never willingly display physical contact with me. 

Freyja, our Red-Tailed Hawk on the other hand displays her affection for us by her behaviors when we are nearby or directly working with us. With her, it’s a lack of behavior that indicates her affection towards me or my team. If she decides you are trustworthy, she will no longer show signs of stress or wariness when you enter her enclosure or work with her on the glove. Ultimately, her behavior shifts to inaction, at most she’ll wag her tail as she settles and pulls her foot up into her feathers. If she ignores you all together, you are in her good graces. This is the typical affectionate behavior most non-imprinted raptors display when dealing with other species. 

In truth, the behavior is a scale of affection rather than distinct actions. Different individual birds will mix and match their behaviors based on their upbringing and personality. Still, healthy, physical contact in raptors is largely reserved for perceived mates, and even then, its largely limited.

the batfamily’s patronuses

Bruce – a goat

Casually lets you assume he’s Satan. Related to sheep, but definitely not a sheep. Headbutts for dominance. Stubborn as heck. Have you ever tried to change a goat’s mind? Curious, intelligent, and capable of balancing in places you really never thought anything would be able to balance. Acceptable with a beard. Doesn’t usually stab people with its horns, but that doesn’t mean it hasn’t thought about it. Good luck keeping them in a pen–unless the enclosure is flawless, it will escape the pen. Can and will become feral. The only other animal that can revert to being feral as quickly as a goat is a cat. Gotham means “a place for goats,” but in this case, it’s just one extremely pissed off herdbound goat really determined to protect his paddock.

Dick – a chimpanzee

Chimps are more than a pretty face! They’re very intelligent animals who use tools and build nests, have a complex social structure that is family oriented, and may even engage in altruistic behavior within their groups! they love their babies, enjoy being clean, enjoy propelling themselves through the air using only their ridiculously long limbs, and can absolutely rip your face off if provoked. For some reason, people forget about the “can and will rip your face off bit,” possibly because chimps are so cute? They definitely could never hurt a thing, look at how cute they are :) they definitely don’t have a temper.

Jason – a rottweiler

Known for their powerful bite, great intelligence and protective instincts, well cared for rottweilers are placid, devoted, and eager dogs who react to their surroundings with fearlessness and alertness. Extremely hardy and adaptable, they are good all-arounders. Traditionally bred for herding, they can also be found working as guides, search-and-rescue dogs, and as guard dogs or in K9 units. They are powerfully built and undeniably physically strong, and their territorial watchdog instincts make them dangerous to strangers if not properly trained and well socialized. However, the stereotypical overtly dangerous behavior in rottweilers tends to be a sign of abuse, neglect, poor socialization, or other maltreatment.

Tim – an octopus

Many limbed, frighteningly intelligent despite a lack of socialization, and possessing ridiculous camouflage capabilities, octopuses are very hard to contain even with proper facilities, and also very squishy. These two facts are not unrelated. Octopi could probably easily take over the world if they got into a good social structure with other octopi, but instead, they grow up largely in isolation. They have very little contact with their parents, meaning they learn almost everything independently, including the use of tools, navigation, and problem-solving abilities. All octopi are venomous, not that most humans have to notice. Not naturally a fighter, but goddamn I wouldn’t want to say that to their face and later meet one in a dark alley at night.

Alternatively, a Chihuahua. Small, often underestimated, portrayed as an unassuming or even pompous pet. Constantly compared to “real dogs.” Doesn’t look like much. Don’t believe that. Don’t fight him. He will win.

Stephanie – a horse

Not a predator. In fact, horses have no interest in being a predator, but ha you’re not messing with it! The mere presence of a horse is sometimes enough to keep predators away from other prey. They very much prefer to be in a group with friends rather than on their own, and may become herdbound. Every step with a horse has to be a partnership. If a horse doesn’t want you on their back, all they have to do is roll over and crush you. They give plenty of warning before, though—they’ll even warn you before biting or kicking, both of which are also extremely dangerous. You were warned. She doesn’t really wanna hurt you, but she can, and you were definitely warned, so get ready for it, buster. For much of history, horses were indicative of power, self-determination, and freedom.

Cassandra – a stingray

The infinitely more dangerous bat of the sea. Related to sharks, stingrays use their dangerous stingers exclusively for self-defense. They camouflage themselves into the seafloor and move silently when they swim. Ones used the the presence of humans might be able to be hand fed, as they are usually docile and curious, they prefer to flee rather than fight–but when they do fight, they are capable of leaving serious or fatal injuries.

Damian – a caterpillar.

Not just any caterpillar. One of those white, spiny ones that everyone starts whispering that it stings if you touch it, that it’s poisonous, so no one even wants to get close enough to step on it. They just edge away and clear a wide path so the caterpillar can get on its way. But it’s still just a little bug? Or, more than that—it’s a caterpillar. If it can survive long enough to become a chrysalis, if it’s well defended while in the chrysalis, if it survives and can emerge after a long period of internal rearrangement… caterpillars can grow up to be something very different from what they started as.

Also, can you imagine the first time he cast a successful corporeal patronus but no one could find where it was, and then suddenly: “wait is that caterpillar glowing?”


Nursing is a profession focused on assisting individuals, families and communities to meet again, achieve and maintain optimal health and functioning. Modern definitions of nursing define it as a science and an art that focuses on promoting quality of life as defined by individuals and families, throughout their life experiences from birth to care at the end of life.

In pre-modern times, nuns and the military often nursing services. The religious and military roots of modern nursing remain in evidence today. For example, in Britain, senior nurses are known as “Sisters”. In recent times in the U.S. Canada and many nurses are flowing back to work in a “religious” on the ground across the “Parish Nursing.” These nurses work within a church community to carry out health education, counseling, referrals to provide community support agencies, and connect volunteers from the Christian community with those in need of assistance.

Nurses recognize that the nursing profession is an essential part of society which has grown. The authority to practice nursing in basa is a social contract that defines the rights and professional responsibilities, as well as mechanisms for public accountability. The practice of nursing comprises an altruistic behavior, is guided by research and nursing is governed by a code of ethics.

Nursing continues to develop a broad range of knowledge and skills associated. There are a number of educational paths to become a professional nurse, but all involve extensive study of nursing theory and practice and training in clinical skills.

In almost all countries, nursing practice is defined and regulated by law and entry into the profession is regulated by national, state or territorial boards of nursing.

The American Nurses’ Association (1980) has identified nursing as “the diagnosis and treatment of human responses to actual or potential health problems.” Just as medical diagnoses help in the planning, implementation and evaluation of health care, nursing diagnoses help in the planning, implementation and evaluation of nursing care.

Like other disciplines maturation, nursing has developed various theories that fit the differences and philosophical beliefs or paradigms of the world. Nursing theories nurses to help direct its activities to achieve specific goals with people. Nursing is a knowledge-based discipline committed to the betterment of mankind. Nursing has not only become a profession, but also an art.

Nursing is the most diverse of all health professions. It is a universal role that appears in some form in all cultures.

Nursing can be divided into different specialties or ratings. In the U.S., there are a large number of nursing specialties. Professional organizations or certification boards issue of voluntary certification in many of these areas.

These specialties include attention throughout human life based on the patient’s needs. Many nurses who choose a specialty become certified in that area, which means they possess expert knowledge of specialty. There are over 200 nursing specialties and sub-specialties. Certified nurses often earn a salary differential over their non-certified colleagues, and studies of the Institute of Medicine have shown that specialty certified nurses have higher rates of patient satisfaction and lower rates of work-related errors in patient care.

Nurses in practice a wide range of environments from hospitals to people who visit in their homes and take care of them in schools for research in pharmaceutical companies. Nurses working in shaping health (also called industrial health), free standing clinics and medical offices, nurse management clinics, long-term care, and camps. Nurses working on cruise ships and in military service. They act as advisers and consultants to health care and insurance industries. Some nurses are working with lawyers and other lawyers as legal nurse consultants, reviewing patient records to ensure that adequate attention and gave testimony in court. In many cities, nurses can even enter their names on a “record” and work a variety of temporary jobs.

In the modern world, there are a large number of nursing specialties:
Ambulatory Care Nursing
Advanced nursing practice
Behavioral health nursing
Camp nurses
Cardiac nursing
Cardiac catheter laboratory nursing
The case management
Clinical nurse specialist
Clinical research nurse
Nursing in community health
Correctional nursing
Nursing critical care
Developmental disabilities nursing
District nursing
Emergency nursing
Environmental Health Nursing
Flight nursing
Forensic nursing
Gastroenterology Nursing
Genetics nursing
Geriatric Nursing
Health visit
Hematology oncology nursing
HIV / AIDS nursing
Home health nursing
Hospice nurses
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy Nursing
Intavenous therapy nursing
Infectious diseases nursing
Legal nursing
Legal nurse researcher
Maternal-Child Nursing
Medical-Surgical Nursing
Military and uniformed nursing services, including Public Health Service
Neonatal Nursing
Neuro-surgical nursing
Nurse anesthetist
Nurse professional
Nursing educator
Nursing Informatics
Nursing Management
Obstetrics, Gynecology nursing
From health nursing
Nursing oncological
Operating Theatre nursing
Orthopaedic nursing
Ostomy nursing
The pain management and palliative care nursing
Pediatric Nursing
Perianesthesia Nursing
Perioperative Nursing
Plastic and reconstructive surgical nursing
Private Nursing
Psychiatric nursing or mental health
Public health
Pulmonary nursing
Improving the quality
Radiology nursing
Rehabilitation nursing
Nursing kidney dialysis
Renal nursing
School of Nursing
Sub-acute nursing
Substance abuse nursing
Tele-medicine nursing
Telemetry Nursing
Telephone triage nurses
Transplant nursing
Travel Nursing
Urology nursing
Utilization Management
The wound care
Professional organizations or certification boards issue of voluntary certification in many of these specialties.

Assistant Nursing skills are all learned tasks used to help residents or patients with activities of daily living (ADLs) and providing bedside care, including basic nursing procedures under the supervision of a registered nurse ( RN) or licensed practical nurse (LPN).

At present, hospitals and extended care facillities an assistant nurse is an important part of a medical team that includes staff outside many of the nurses. In the quest to earn a profit of care many hospitals in the United States have reduced their nurse to patient ratios, which requires a nurse to care for as many as twelve or fourteen patients at once. To that good attention being given to patients that a nurse assistant is needed to provide routine care so that nurses can focus on tasks that only he / she can do, such as care plans, evaluations of nursing, administration of medications, and help surgery preparation room. The auxiliary nurse should not only be highly skilled in the current procedures being carried out, but must also be able to make quick observations of the patient’s condition and information to report to the nurse. Since the nurse can not spend large amounts of time in a room with the patient, the nurse assistant is known as the nurse “eyes and ears”.

A nurse assistant must have a solid understanding of emergency procedures and be able to stay calm in stressful situations. They should be able to introduce a Code Blue and be well drilled in cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
The Brains of the Buddhists
What happens when you put a monk in an MRI machine.

In 1992, the neuroscientist Richard Davidson got a challenge from the Dalai Lama. By that point, he’d spent his career asking why people respond to, in his words, “life’s slings and arrows” in different ways. Why are some people more resilient than others in the face of tragedy? And is resilience something you can gain through practice?

The Dalai Lama had a different question for Davidson when he visited the Tibetan Buddhist spiritual leader at his residence in Dharamsala, India. “He said: ‘You’ve been using the tools of modern neuroscience to study depression, and anxiety, and fear. Why can’t you use those same tools to study kindness and compassion?’ … I did not have a very good answer. I said it was hard.”

The Dalai Lama was interested in what the tools of modern neuroscience could reveal about the brains of people who spent years, in Davidson’s words, “cultivating well-being … cultivating qualities of the mind which promote a positive outlook.” The result was that, not long afterward, Davidson brought a series of Buddhist monks into his lab and strapped electrodes to their heads or treated them to a few hours in an MRI machine.

“The best way to activate positive-emotion circuits in the brain is through generosity,” Davidson, who founded the Center for Investigating Healthy Minds at University of Wisconsin, Madison, said in a talk at the Aspen Ideas Festival. “This is really a kind of exciting neuroscientific finding because there are pearls of wisdom in the contemplative tradition—the Dalai Lama frequently talks about this—that the best way for us to be happy is to be generous to others. And in fact the scientific evidence is in many ways bearing this out, and showing that there are systematic changes in the brain that are associated with acts of generosity.”

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atalantapendrag  asked:

It's not media, but last night I gave my cats their fave wet food and my rambunctious younger cat waited for my elderly frail cat to eat her fill before eagerly tucking in.

This is such a feel-good thing. Even if it’s not actually altruistic behavior (which we don’t have enough data to make a call on) it damn well brings out the warm fuzzies. 

6789iuhghjkkgjh-deactivated2016  asked:

dude some spiders are fuckign assholes they'll just bite u for no got damn reason other than the fact ur a human u obviously don't know shit about spiders

You obviously know nothing about biology.
We are so huge we can kill spiders just by stepping on them accidentally. No spider species can eat us. Their venom is meant for something much smaller. It won’t kill us quickly.

If a spider was aggressive and attacked humans and bite humans, it would be wiped out. Spiders that attack humans would have no advantage, they would have biological disadvantage because they would immediately be smashed or brought in a container to the Doctors for identification and treatment and it would be killed. Larger animals will eat the spiders. A spider that runs at something huge like us will die quickly. Same goes for snakes.

Venom is biologically expensive to create and inject and incredibly risky to use one something big like us. It has no payoff.

Do you know what the majority of medically significant spider bites are caused by? People that don’t know what they are doing messing with the spider. Second highest reason is someone not looking where they put their hands or not being able to see where they put their hands and nearly squishing the spider, a lot of times the spider dies in these bite scenarios because they were actually crushed and that’s why they bit. People don’t shake out their clothes after putting them on the group, and end up having the clothes press a spider into your skin, and then you go and scratch it, crush or injure it, and get bitten.

If a spider behaved like that and actually attacked everyone near it, it would never live long enough to reproduce and pass one the genes responsible for that aggressive disposition. Spiders aren’t like wasps or bees, they don’t have altruistic behavior where they will sacrifice their life to protect non-offspring spiders. This is because bee workers and wasp workers are all sterile females, they cannot mate, the queen produced them, and produces all the eggs, and thus by the worker giving its life to protect the hive, it is helping it’s genetic information be passed on. Those altruistic traits are beneficial because the worker couldn’t mate anyway. Spiders don’t work like that, they will only sacrifice themselves to enhance the chance of their offspring succeeding. Even social spiders (Which you don’t have to worry about, none in USA are medically significant) don’t behave that altruistically.

A spider will not attack you unprovoked. In all my years working outside, I have never once been bitten while following the “rules” and not doing anything stupid.

damned-to-be  asked:

Could that humpback whale story be considered proof of sapient behavior. Like perhaps the reason their performing such altruistic behavior even if it costs them their own life is because it's the right thing to do. Sounds very like humans

It’s definitely not anything near being considered proof of sapience. We don’t even know enough to say that it’s a cultural choice or a personal one as opposed to instinctive behavior at this point due to the observational nature of the research. If we could show the whales were making an active choice to engage rather than acting on impulse, we could show it ‘proves’ sentient behavior. 

Honestly, I’d rather it not show proof of sapient behavior because I highly doubt that whales think like people do. I can’t imagine an animal with a world that’s so different from anything human having an internal experience at all analogous to us, and I think it’s kind of cheapening what amazing things their consciousness might be to try to say they’re ‘human-like’. 

apologu-e  asked:

I feel very offended by your reply to the last anon in the form of the "good white person certificate" or whatever it was. I'm a white person and I don't have anything against black or any other race/colour/ethnicity ect for that matter so I don't think there is any need to stereotype all white people as 'racist' just because we don't all go and fight anti racism campaigns and human rights. Quite frankly neither do all black people so really you are being very hypocritical in my opinion.

if you had actually LOOKED at my blog , you would notice that i never replied but rather RE-blogged. Furthermore, I’m I supposed to feel sorry that that you feel ostracized because of the comment that was posted? OH I’M SORRY for not noticing your altruistic behavior when it comes to the black community or any other race. The type of behavior you have proceeded to show me on here, is the type of behavior a typical white person would have made when we (i.e the black community) or any other race proceed to make a COMMENT about how white people ALWAYS have to turn everything about them because their feelings are been ostracized about a matter that they CREATED within our black community. now sit, eject and log the fuck out because this conversation has official been over. Goodbye.

wardenshawke  asked:

hi, i'd like to clarify something you said on a recent ask re: homosexual behaviour. the phrase in question specifically: "Evolution does not work for the group. It works for the individual." i'm not an anthro major (i'm a psychy major), but from what i understand re: evolution so far, it works for the specie, ergo, the "group," & selection of traits works either on the individ. or grp level depending on the trait needed for max. adaptation. just hoping for a clarification, thanks. :-)

Thank you for asking because now I have the opportunity to explain, in detail, about why group selection is never the answer. SO. I want you to be prepared for a long ass post about group selection, brief mentions of kin selection, and the TL:DR which is essentially, group selection is not how evolution works and is never the answer. 

Buckle your seatbelts because ya’ll gon learn.

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