also 14000th post

sisterofiris  asked:

Hi! How are you? :) I was wondering if you could help me out with something? I'm researching religious vocabulary in Indo-European languages for a uni project and I was wondering if you knew of any Slavic/Slovenian religious terms (god, sacred, altar, offering...) that come from PIE? I've mainly got Greek, Latin, Sanskrit and Germanic words at the moment and it would be awesome if I could bring in another perspective. I hope you don't mind me asking, I thought it might be your kind of thing :)

Hi! I’m doing great, especially now that I got this very stimulating question :D I hope you don’t mind if I answer this publicly, since I figure this might be interesting to others as well (and to spite that anon from ages ago who complained about the lack of Proto-Indo-European content on this blog lol).

First of all, I don’t know if you’ve already been using it, but it’s worth mentioning anyway: the general and most comprehensive work (that I know of) that tries to reconstruct as much as possible about Proto-Indo-European culture (material and otherwise), society, environment etc. based on reconstructible vocabulary is The Oxford Introduction to Proto-Indo-European and the Proto-Indo-European World by Mallory and Adams (which I’m sure you could find somewhere here, if your nearest library doesn’t have it :P). Admittedly it only has a small section devoted to exclusively religious vocabulary (6 pages or so), but it’s quite dense and you can find religious aspects in other sections as well (which does (unfortunately) mean you’ve got to look through basically all of it, but there is stuff like that there too).

Now to turn to Slavic, there’s Proto-Slavic *bȍgъ ”god”, with descendants in Belarusian, Russian, Rusyn, Ukrainian, Bulgarian, Macedonian бог, BCSM (Bosnian-Croatian-Serbian-Montenegrin) бо̑г/bȏg, Slovene bọ̑g, Lower Sorbian bog, Upper Sorbian bóh, Slovak boh, Czech bůh, Silesian bůg, Polabian büg, Kashubian, Polish bóg.†

If the reconstruction from the PIE root *bheh2g- “to apportion, to give a part, to distribute a share” (also reconstructed as *bhag-, though that might be controversial, as many believe that *a did not exist as a phoneme in PIE) is correct (the form we’re discussing is then ultimately a formation like *bhh2g-o-s), then it has cognates in Avestan and Old Persian baγa “god, (the) lord” (some also propose it was actually borrowed from the latter into Slavic), from the same root also Sanskrit bhāgá- “a part, a share, an inheritance, Vedic also lot → fortunate lot, good fortune, luck, destiny” along with the verbal root bhaj- with the same meanings as the PIE root, Ancient Greek ἔφαγον “I ate” < *“I received a share”. So “god” in this view is something like “the one who bestows things upon you” (be it material goods or good fortune/luck).

The word has a wide family, to give examples from Slovene: bogínja “a goddess”, bóžji “related to god”, božȃnstvo “a divinity”, božȃnski “divine, god-like”, pobọ́žen [ə] “devout, pious, godly”, pobọ́žnost “devotion, piety, godliness”, brezbọ́žen [ɛ-ə] “godless” etc.; capitalized Bog means the Christian “God”.
—{LIV, NIL, Fran, Wikt}


Because this is long, the rest will be under the cut. Words featured below are: *svę̑tъ “holy, saint”, *žь̋rtva “an offering (to the gods), praising of gods”, *žьrьcь̍ “a (pagan) priest”, *dȗxъ “a breath, a spirit, a ghost, secondarily a demon, as well as mind (=mental ability, mentality)”, *duša̍ “a soul”, *bě̑sъ “a demon, an evil spirit”, *čűdo “a miracle, a wonder”, *vȏrgъ “an enemy, a foe, a murderer”, *vorža̍ “divination”, *vě̋ra “faith”.

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My love for p.o.v. mixes is only surpassed by my love for Beyond Belief. These jazz mixes will work for for just about any of your other adorable otps though, I’m sure. And just in time for Valentine’s Day! [you can listen on 8tracks by clicking the titles]

You Couldn’t Be Cuter (Frank’s Mix):  Let’s Fall In LoveHarold Arlen ❤ My Kind of GirlDean Martin ❤ I Only Have Eyes For YouBen Selvin ❤ You Were Meant For Me | The Piccadilly Players ❤ Night And DayFrank Sinatra ❤ S` WonderfulDonald O'Connor ❤ Would You Like to Be the Love of My LifeFred Astaire ❤ You Couldn’t Be CuterAl Bowlly with Lew Stone and the Monseigneur Band ❤I Didn’t Know What Time It WasBobby Darin ❤ How Deep is the Ocean Artie Shaw with Hal Stevens ❤ (I Love You) For Sentimental ReasonsNat King Cole ❤ Only ForeverTommy Dorsey with Allan Storr ❤ Our Love Is Here To StayAbe Lyman 

You Hit the Spot (Sadie’s Mix): ❤ Isn’t it a PitySarah Vaughan ❤ Just You, Just MeRosemary Clooney ❤ Them There EyesPeggy Lee ❤ Mr. WonderfulKeely Smith ❤ You’d Be So Nice to Come Home ToElla Fitzgerald ❤ ‘Deed I Do | Lena Horne ❤ We’re TogetherBlossom Dearie ❤ You Hit The SpotKay Thompson ❤ I’m Glad There Is YouJulie London ❤ Ev'rything I LoveClaude Thornhill & Lillian Lane ❤ SugarBillie Holiday ❤ Till the End of TimeLes Brown & Doris Day ❤ What is There to Say | Beverly Kenney