TSOCG presents day two of Black History Month 2014: “The Divine Nine”
These are the nine historically Black Greek Letter Organizations (BGLOs) that together comprise the National Pan-Hellenic Council (NPHC). The NPHC was created in an era when racial segregation and disenfranchisement plagued African Americans. The establishment of each of these organizations bore witness to the fact that despite hardships African Americans refused to accept a status of inferiority.
The organization’s stated purpose and mission in 1930:
“Unanimity of thought and action as far as possible in the conduct of Greek letter collegiate fraternities and sororities, and to consider problems of mutual interest to its member organizations.”
Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc.: Founded December 4, 1906 at Cornell University in Ithaca, New York. Its founders are known as the “Seven Jewels” and its principles are “manly deeds, scholarship, and love for all mankind.” Its motto is First of All, Servants of All, We Shall Transcend All.
Alpha Phi Alpha evolved into a primarily service-oriented organization and provided leadership and service during the Great Depression, both World Wars, and during the Civil Rights Movement. The organization addressed (and still addresses) social issues such as apartheid, AIDS, urban housing, and other economic, cultural, and political issues of interest to people of color. The Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial and World Policy Council are programs of Alpha Phi Alpha. It also conducts philanthropic programming initiatives with March of Dimes, Head Start, Boy Scouts of America, and Big Brothers Big Sisters of America.
Notable members of Alpha Phi Alpha: Jamaican Prime Minister Norman Manley, Nobel Prize winner Dr.Martin Luther King, Jr., Olympian Jesse Owens, Justice Thurgood Marshall, United Nations Ambassador Andrew Young, singer Lionel Richie and Atlanta mayor Maynard Jackson.
Alpha Kappa Alpha Sorority, Inc.:Founded January 15, 1908 at Howard University in Washington, D.C. by a group of twenty students, led by Ethel Hedgeman Lyle. Alpha Kappa Alpha was incorporated on January 29, 1913.
After the organization’s establishment over a century ago, Alpha Kappa Alpha has helped to improve social and economic conditions through community service programs. Members have improved education through independent initiatives, contributed to community-building by creating programs and associations, such as the Mississippi Health Clinic, and influenced federal legislation by Congressional lobbying through the National Non-Partisan Lobby on Civil and Democratic Rights. The sorority works with communities through service initiatives and progressive programs relating to education, family, health, and business.
Notable members of Alpha Kappa Alpha: actress Loretta Devine, actress Phylicia Rashad, author Toni Morrison, and vocalist Cassandra Wilson.
Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity, Inc.: Founded as Kappa Alpha Nu on the night of January 5, 1911 by ten African-American college students at Indiana University Bloomington.
The motto of the fraternity is, “Achievement in every field of human endeavor”. During this time there were very few African-American students at the majority white campus at Bloomington, Indiana and they were a small minority due to the era of the Jim Crow laws. Many African-American students rarely saw each other on campus and were discouraged or prohibited from attending student functions and extracurricular activities by white college administrators and fellow students. African-American students were denied membership on athletic teams with the exception of track and field. The racial prejudice and discrimination encountered by the founders strengthened their bond of friendship and growing interest in starting a social group.
Some believe the Greek letters Kappa Alpha Nu were chosen as a tribute to Alpha Kappa Nu, but the name became an ethnic slur among racist factions. Founder Elder Watson Diggs, while observing a young initiate compete in a track meet, overheard fans referring to the member as a “kappa alpha nig”, and a campaign to rename the fraternity ensued. The resolution to rename the group was adopted in December 1914, and the fraternity states, “the name acquired a distinctive Greek letter symbol and KAPPA ALPHA PSI thereby became a Greek letter fraternity in every sense of the designation.” Kappa Alpha Psi has been the official name since April 15, 1915.
Notable Members of Kappa Alpha Psi: Gospel musician Byron Cage, comedian Cedric “The Entertainer” Kyles, and Civil Rights leader Ralph D. Abernathy.
Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Inc.: Founded on November 17, 1911 by three Howard University juniors, Edgar Amos Love, Oscar James Cooper and Frank Coleman, and their faculty adviser, Dr. Ernest Everett Just. Omega Psi Phi is the first predominantly African-American fraternity to be founded at a historically black university.
Since its founding, Omega Psi Phi’s stated purpose has been to attract and build a strong and effective force of men dedicated to its Cardinal Principles of manhood, scholarship, perseverance, and uplift.
In 1924, at the urging of fraternity member Carter G. Woodson, the fraternity launched Negro History and Literature Week in an effort to publicize the growing body of scholarship on African-American history.Encouraged by public interest, the event was renamed “Negro Achievement Week” in 1925 and given an expanded national presence in 1926 by Woodson’s Association for the Study of Negro Life as “Negro History Week.” Expanded to the full month of February from 1976, this event continues today as Black History Month.
Since 1945, the fraternity has undertaken a National Social Action Program to meet the needs of African Americans in the areas of health, housing, civil rights, and education. Omega Psi Phi has been a patron of the United Negro College Fund (UNCF) since 1955, providing an annual gift of $350,000 to the program.
Notable members of Omega Psi Phi: poet Langston Hughes, comedians Rickey Smiley, Steve Harvey, and Bill Cosby.
Delta Sigma Theta Sorority,Inc.:Founded on January 13, 1913, by 22 collegiate women at Howard University. These women wanted to use their collective strength to promote academic excellence and to provide assistance to persons in need. The first public act of Delta Sigma Theta was the Women’s Suffrage March in Washington D.C., March 3, 1913. Delta Sigma Theta was incorporated as a perpetual body in 1930. Today, Delta Sigma Theta Sorority is the largest African-American Greek-lettered organization.
Since its founding, Delta Sigma Theta has been at the forefront of creating programming to improve political, education, and social and economic conditions. Delta Sigma Theta has been pivotal in assisting the African American and International communities through education, lobbying, and economic initiatives, including Delta Days at the State and Nation’s Capitol, Delta Days at the United Nations, Summits and various conferences which focus on pertinent issues of the day. In addition to establishing independent programming, The Sorority consistently collaborates with community and corporate organizations Such as Chase (bank), Habitat for Humanity, Coca-Cola, Wal-Mart, Lawry’s, and General Electric to further its programming goals.
Notable members of Delta Sigma Theta: actress Keshia Knight Pulliam, singers Natalie Cole and Roberta Flack, and athlete Wilma Rudolph.
Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc.: Founded at Howard University in Washington, D.C. on January 9, 1914, by three young African-American male students with nine other Howard students as charter members. The fraternity’s founders (A. Langston Taylor, Leonard F. Morse, and Charles I. Brown) wanted to organize a Greek letter fraternity that would exemplify the ideals of Brotherhood, Scholarship and Service while taking an inclusive perspective to serving the community as opposed to having an exclusive purpose.
The fraternity exceeded the prevailing models of Black Greek-Letter fraternal organizations by being the first to establish alumni chapters, youth mentoring clubs, a federal credit union, chapters in Africa, and a collegiate chapter outside of the United States, and is the only fraternity to hold a constitutional bond with a predominantly African-American sorority, Zeta Phi Beta (ΖΦΒ), which was founded on January 16, 1920, at Howard University in Washington, D.C., through the efforts of members of Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity.
Notable members of Phi Beta Sigma: George Washington Carver, James Weldon Johnson, Kwame Nkrumah, and activist Hosea Williams.
Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc.: Founded on January 16, 1920 by five collegiate women (Arizona Cleaver Stemmons, Myrtle Tyler Faithful, Viola Tyler Goings, Fannie Pettie Watts, and Pearl Anna Neal) at Howard University. The organization was founded “on the simple belief that sorority elitism and socializing should not overshadow the real mission for progressive organizations – to address societal mores, ills, prejudices, poverty, and health concerns of the day.”
In 1948, Zeta Phi Beta became the first Greek-letter organization to charter a chapter in Africa (in Monrovia, Liberia).It was also the first organization to establish adult and youth auxiliary groups and centralize its operations in a national headquarters.Today, there are also chapters in U.S. Virgin Islands, Jamaica, Bahamas, Japan, Korea, Barbados, and Haiti.
Zeta Phi Beta is the only NPHC sorority that is constitutionally bound to a fraternity, Phi Beta Sigma. The sorority also maintains connections to several organizations including the NPHC, American Diabetes Association, March of Dimes, American Cancer Society, American Red Cross, National Council of Negro Women, and the United Negro College Fund.
The sorority also holdsZeta Day on the Hill, which provides an opportunity for Zetas to exercise another level of civic responsibility by learning the protocols for interacting with and the knowledge needed to maximize engagement with congressional representatives. As members of a “Community Conscious-Action Oriented” organization, Zetas schedule meetings with their representative or their representative’s designee to discuss, during brief sessions, issues of interest to the local, state and national Zeta membership.
On January 25, 2001, Zeta Phi Beta was granted Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) status with the United Nations.
Notable members of Zeta Phi Beta: author Zora Neale Hurston, singer Sarah Vaughan, comedienne Sheryl Underwood, singers Minnie Riperton and Towanda Braxton.
Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc.: Founded on November 12, 1922 at Butler University in Indianapolis, Indiana by seven young educators. It was incorporated within the state of Indiana in December 1922 and became a national collegiate sorority on December 30, 1929, when a charter was granted and the Alpha chapter was established.
The sorority is a non-profit whose aim is to enhance the quality of life within the community. Public service, leadership development and the education of youth are the hallmark of the organization’s programs and activities.
Founded in the midst of segregation, Sigma Gamma Rho Sorority, Inc. is the only sorority of the four historically African-American sororities in the NPHC that was established on a predominantly white campus.
Notable members of Sigma Gamma Rho: singer Kelly Price, rapper MC Lyte, and actress Victoria Rowell.
Iota Phi Theta Fraternity, Inc.: Founded on September 19, 1963 at Morgan State University (then Morgan State College) in Baltimore, Maryland.
The fraternity was founded in the midst of the Civil Rights Movement even though there were already four other prominent historically Black fraternities at the time. Influences included organizations such as the Black Panthers, SNCC, and figures such as Malcolm X and Stokely Carmichael. The Iota founders were distinguished from their peers as they were all non-traditional students. Being anywhere from three to five years older than their peers, many had served in the military, worked full-time while attending classes full-time, and had families with small children. These elements gave the Founders a different perspective than the typical fraternity member.
A key appeal of Iota Phi Theta is that, as an organization, it refuses to have its members bind themselves to a defined fraternal image but celebrates the individuality of its members.
Notable members of Iota Phi Theta: actor T.C. Carson and athlete Calvin Murphy.
The importance of the “Divine Nine”: During the time in which the first BGLO was established, African Americans across the country were faced with the harsh realities of race-related discrimination. As a result of the various situations that stemmed from these discriminatory practices, various organizations established by the African American community began to surface and some of them were Black Greek Letter Organizations. Since 1906—the founding year of Alpha Phi Alpha Fraternity, Inc.—nine fraternities and sororities (affectionately known as the Divine Nine) have had the privilege of developing and establishing chapters throughout the United States and the world. The establishment of these brotherhoods and sisterhoods brought together men and women who were passionate about the goals and ideals of their organization and made a commitment to work together to make a difference in the world in which they lived.
More than this, they gave networking opportunities and all of the other benefits of being a member of a Greek-Letter Organization to people who were barred entry from the historically White Greek-Letter Organizations. The NPHC organizations stand apart from all others in that at their core stand scholarship and service to the community.
I am a proud and active member of an NPHC sorority myself, the lovely, alluring, remarkable, and oh SOOOOOO SWEET Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc. I love my organization, and I love my fellow black greeks…the history of all of our organizations shine brightly in all of our missions.
you are confident and your own man. you do your own thing and have complete confidence in everything you do. you have your self-doubts, but you don’t let it cloud your judgment and logic. you are well liked by almost everyone, and you just have an easy charm and swagger about your presence. women are drawn to your charisma and presence. you enjoy being social and having lots of people around. you are a natural leader
BETA: Cancer, Taurus
you are kind of shy and introverted and not very confident in yourself. you are constantly plagued by insecurities and self-doubts and you can never commit to anything in the fear that you will fail in it. you are somewhat liked by people but they tend to look at you rather condescendingly and woman tend to friendzone you. you are nervous around other people and social situations because you’re always afraid that people are judging you. you are a born follower
OMEGA: Capricorn, Sagittarius
you are the polar opposite of the alpha male but in a good way. like the alpha male you are confident, intelligent and have a sense of charisma about you, but unlike the alpha male, you are completely your own person. you do not need anyone, and you can even be emotionally distant due to your complete self-possession. you trust few people and foster even fewer intimate relationships. omegas do not care for leadership by others as they are perfectly capable of leading themselves
GAMMA: Pisces, Libra, Virgo
you are sort of the “invisible” guy. there is nothing really spectacular about you. you are not a beta, but neither are you an alpha. your personality and presence usually blends in with the rest of the room and you’re just sort of…there. people like you just fine and you usually don’t have too much trouble with girls, but all the same, there is nothing particularly memorable or remarkable about you. you are not a born leader nor a inherent follower, although you can take on those tasks depending on the situation
SIGMA: Scorpio, Aquarius
you are a manipulative mastermind. you are a spider waiting to lay your trap. you possess a cunning, intuitive mind and can sway people to your will. you don’t have the casual swagger of the alpha or the omega but you do have a clever presence about you and people tend to be both wary and respect you for that. you can often be even more powerful than the alpha or the omega male in social situations due to your ability to persuade and manipulate them. you are neither a follower or a leader but rather a wild card
Please don’t pass judgement on something you don’t understand.
I just read an article about a sorority recruitment video that “is worse for women than Donald Trump”–I read the entire article and watched the video, expecting some horrendous taboo recruitment video. I didn’t get what I expected. It was a complete run of the mill plain Jane recruitment video. The article states"It’s all so racially and aesthetically homogeneous and forced, so hyper-feminine, so reductive and objectifying, so Stepford Wives: College Edition. It’s all so … unempowering,”. When in reality it shows a group of girls goofing around, having fun and bonding with each other to form a sisterhood. Sisterhood is ultimately the reason a girl joins a sorority in the first place, so showcasing that is an extremely important part of the recruitment process. Speaking from experience, the making these types of videos is sometimes choreographed and sometimes someone just pulls out a camera and starts filming friends joking around, sitting and talking.
Do the girls all have on nice outfits, their hair done and makeup on? Yes! Of course! Why would somebody post a video of their sorority looking like crap? That’s not going to attract PNMs. In many sororities, including my own, sisters pride themselves on appreciating beauty, both of themselves and their surroundings. This isn’t in vain or for shallow reasons, but simply because when we look our best, we feel our best. We are confident and ready to conquer anything. When we wear our letters or represent our houses, we are encouraged to spend a little extra time grooming in the morning to look put together. Similarly when I went on field trips in high school, we were instructed to wear nicer clothes and be nicely groomed because we were representing our school. There’s nothing wrong with taking pride in yourself.
Thirdly, the author tells us that the video is lacking : any mention of core ideals or service and philanthropy efforts”. Recruitment videos are meant to be supplemental. They are shown to PNMs DURING the recruitment process. These PNMs are also talking to the sisters about their values and philanthropies. In fact, when I went through recruitment, the video was shown during our philanthropy round. We met with the girl who was recruiting us, talked about the philanthropy that house was involved in, watched the video, and did a small craft for the philanthropy (i.e. making sugar free iced tea lemonade for the JDRF walk when the philanthropy is Diabetes Research and Education). We don’t see it in the 5 minute video, but we talk about the values of the houses for 4 days, each time we visit.
The author concludes saying “It’s the kind of thing I never want my young daughters to see or emulate.” That’s very sad, I want my daughter to emulate sorority women. Women who share a bond that lasts a lifetime. Women who seek wisdom, who aspire to keep their bodies and minds healthy, speak kindly with those who they meet and cherish the friendships they make along the way. I want her to be a woman who looks for ways to contribute to her community and show respect for herself, her home, and her beliefs. I want my daughter to be honest, kind and sincere. I want her to have high ambitions and find a way to reach them. That is the kind of woman I want to be, I want to raise and that is the kind of woman that is in a sorority.
RANT OVER. Please, just do research and find the appropriate information on a subject before you pass judgment. Not everything about a system can be shown in a 5 minute video that’s meant to be an advertisement.
Sigma: claims he likes all types of music, but starts twitching if you play top 40 and will physically fight you if you play country
Delta: likes slow ballads and York’s indie trash
Gamma: next level obscure electronic remixes that you’re pretty sure isn’t actually music but a cacophony of sounds. The only time you recognize any of the songs they’re the Kidz Bop versions. You have no idea if this is ironic or not
Omega: screamo but not hardcore metal, like the pop punk screamo garbage that 13 yr olds listen to. Cries when he sees Falling In Reverse live
Theta: any genre of pop. As long as there’s a consistent upbeat beat they can jam. Likes Melanie Martinez a lot
Epsilon: a horrible mixture of top 40, country and emo. Never give Lon the aux cord
Eta: listens to classical to try and calm eir anxiety. It does not calm eir anxiety
Iota: also listens to classical. I don’t know what genre Colbie Caillat is but that.
Alpha: the same as Lon but without the emo. At least, you THINK there’s no emo but then you go three folders deep and find nothing but Dashboard Confessional
Tex: has a rock playlist for when she’s working out. Loves pop country and is not at all ashamed of it.
So… It began with a yakuza tattoo study on Suga body (I really love yakuza tattoos designs).
Oh but Suga will be alone so let’s add a Kusokawa because he’s too fab with Mr.Refreshing (plus nipple piercing on the way).
…Ah the drawing is not in one page, so let me add Akaashi because it would be too empty and it’s my pretty setters trio (plus short sleeve yakuza tattoo study).
…OK LET ME DRAW USHIWAKA AND TSUKKI and let’s make a group of delinquents I had in a dream (okay it was a “wolf” pack like organisation, with alpha/omega/beta/gamma but still it makes a good group of bad boys ha.ha.ha).
[Bonus: Yachi is peeking through her fingers yeah I feel you girl. @haiykuties I fell into a deep hole (;;=v=)]
As everyone knows there are different “positions” in a dog pack: alpha, beta, gamma/delta, epsilon, zeta, iota, kappa, and omega. I’ve been asked on multiple occasions “How do I know where I fall on the chart?”. Well, here this is a post to help decipher the differences between the four main positions. If your pack is larger, you can incorporate the other positions into your hierarchy and assess the differences on your own.
ALPHA: no one is above them, takes charge, leader mentality, stern, demands respect once it’s earned, most dominant, protective, strong, refined, respects others but will not be swayed from their position, understanding, urges their pack members to explore and learn
BETA: will take charge when need be,
loyal, versatile, will allow someone above them (an Alpha) when respect is earned or when they are forced from their position, obedient, independent when alone, reserved, determined, will challenge their Alpha
GAMMA/DELTA: can take charge but normally doesn’t want to,
friendly, wise, doesn’t mind sharing their position with someone of equal status, problem-solver, good friends with their equal, fluctuates between dominant and submissive, quirky, unique, usually younger
OMEGA: (there can be more than one omega in a pack) does not like to take charge, shy, playful, energetic, enjoys someone being above them, treats everyone as their superior, can be annoying and knows it, comic-relief, skittish, easily scared, childish
[ * this is based off my own personal experiences and can differ from person to person ]
I woke up at about 2:30 to get ready to watch Sesnse8 and had some quality discussion with Mik ( @octanakin) about possibilities for 4x11 and I’ve come to share some Grade A spec with you all:
OK so, we know that Clarke has Nightblood, but as of yet, that Nightblood has gone untested. The show needs to introduce a way to show that the serum works. This made me wonder if the plot for next episode goes something like this:
1. Bellamy tries to get out of the bunker (this is the scene we get with all of the running, shoving and that culminates in the promo with Clarke holding a gun on Bellamy),
2. We, as the audience, know that Clarke would never shoot Bellamy, so that scene has left us all hanging, because most of us are only looking at it from one possible angle, I’m here to propose another:
3. In the promo we hear Jaha discussing the increasing radiation levels. (His exact words are: “The radiation levels have become critical” voice over-ed a screen showing the increased gamma, alpha, beta and infrared ray levels.
4. We have a shot of Echo saying to Octavia: “Your plan is to hope Bellamy come to your rescue?” to which Octavia responds “Yes.” I think this is a misdirect, and a good one. We all know how much Bellamy loves Octavia and what he would sacrifice to keep her safe. It makes absolutely perfect sense that he would risk it all to save her by stepping out of the bunker.
So if Bellamy isn’t coming to save Octavia, then who is?
5. Clarke and Bellamy have already had a (pretty intense) argument, about Clarke’s willingness to let Octavia die for the sake of Bellamy. I don’t think that Clarke has forgotten it. Clarke says to Bellamy in the promo: “What I have to. Like always.”
Now we come to the crux of my speculation. Clarke’s entire journey this Season has been about moving past advice she’s received from bad leaders. Clarke has very consistently relied on statements like “I bear it so thy don’t have to,” and “I had no choice” as excuse. Those statements are meant to imply that Clarke is making a sacrifice, but usually she’s actually trying to excuse the fact that she’s sacrificed others for the sake of her people. Every time Clarke (literally, I went back and checked) says “I had no choice” she is trying to excuse the fact that just like L/xa said way back in Season 2 all of her victories stand on the back of the sacrifices of others. Not truly on her. Even as Clarke tells herself “I bear it so they don’t have to,” others are bearing the true cost of her decisions for her.
The very first time that Clark says “I bear it so they don’t have to,” and actually physically takes on a possible sacrifice, is when she injects herself with the Nightblood.
6. So, with all that ^^^ being said: what if Clarke isn’t holding Bellamy at gun point just to keep him in? What if she’s holding him at gun point to keep him from stopping her from going outside?
7. We know, thanks to an interview with Bob, that Bellamy and Abby bond over their mutual concern for Clarke’s safety. And yet, Bellamy and Abby have spent almost no time together. Thanks to the stills, we know that they spend time together this week. Perhaps, Abby and Bellamy discover Clarke’s intent to go outside and team up to try and stop her?
8. Clarke knows that Bellamy isn’t a Nightblood, which means he is nowhere near as possibly resistant to radiation as she is. (I’m unsure if Clarke having Nightblood is one of those things that Bellamy and Clarke have discussed off screen or if they have a reveal at this moment.
9. Clarke will go outside (probably through a secret, second door, and find Kane, Octavia (probably Indra and Gaia as well) and bring them safely back into the bunker.
10. Because they need to test/show the effectiveness of the Nightblood, I think it’s possible that Clarke might begin to present with the symptoms of ARS (which we know is possible thanks to Luna showing up at Arkadia episodes earlier suffering from the disease).
11. Because they don’t know that the Nightblood serum was successful yet, it seems as if Clarke might die.
12. Now, my running theory since L/xa died has been that Clarke always waits too long to tell people what they mean to her. We’ve seen it with Wells, Finn and L/xa, every time waiting until right before the person died, the person is dying or the person is already dead.
13. In conjunction with Bellamy’s realization just last episode that even at the end of the world, he still couldn’t be open about his emotions with Octavia, it seems like we’re reaching a boiling point where both Bellamy and Clarke can no longer hold their feelings back.
14. What if this time, it’s Clarke who is dying/seems to be dying and we have a moment where she decides “I can’t keep waiting,” and she manages to eek out some sort of confession to/about Bellamy before she dramatically passes out.
15. This is all spec. Don’t hate me if none of this happens.