outline, whatever way works best.
Get yourself out of the word soup and know where the story is headed.
and obstacles. Hurt the protagonist, put things in their way, this keeps
the story interesting. An easy journey makes the story boring and boring is
hard to write.
the POV. Sometimes all it takes to untangle a knotted story is to look at
it through different eyes, be it through the sidekick, the antagonist, a minor
characters. You can’t write a story if the characters are strangers to you.
Know their likes, dislikes, fears, and most importantly, their motivation. This makes the path clearer.
holes. Writing doesn’t have to be linear; you can always go back and fill in plotholes,
and add content and context.
flashbacks, hallucinations, dream sequences or foreshadowing events. These
stir the story up, deviations from the expected course add a feeling of urgency
and uncertainty to the narrative.
a new mystery. If there’s something that just doesn’t add up, a big question mark, the story becomes more
compelling. Beware: this can also cause you to sink further into the mire.
something from your protagonist. A weapon, asset, ally or loved one. Force
him to operate without it, it can reinvigorate a stale story.
and betrayal. Maybe someone isn’t who they say they are or the protagonist
is betrayed by someone he thought he could trust. This can shake the story up
and get it rolling again.
someone has a deep, dark secret that they’re forced to lie about, it’s a good
way to stir up some fresh conflict. New lies to cover up the old ones, the
secret being revealed, and all the resulting chaos.
someone. Make a character death that is productive to the plot, but not “just because”. If done well, it affects
all the characters, stirs up the story and gets it moving.
character actions. Tension is created when a character we love does
something we hate. Identify the thing the readers don’t want to happen, then
engineer it so it happens worse than they imagined.
Keep the readers’ attention by putting the characters into new problems and
make them wait for you to write your way out of it. This challenge can really
bring out your creativity.
stakes. Make the consequences of failure worse, make the journey harder.
Suddenly the protagonist’s goal is more than he expected, or he has to make an
hero active. You can’t always wait for external influences on the
characters, sometimes you have to make the hero take actions himself. Not
necessarily to be successful, but active
and complicit in the narrative.
threat levels. Make the conflicts on a physical level (“I’m about to be
killed by a demon”), an emotional level (“But that demon was my true love”) and
a philosophical level (“If I’m forced to kill my true love before they kill me,
how can love ever succeed in the face of evil?”).
out an ending. If you know where the story is going to end, it helps get
the ball rolling towards that end, even if it’s not the same ending that you
actually end up writing.
What if the hero kills the antagonist now, gets captured, or goes insane? When
you write down different questions like these, the answer to how to continue the
story will present itself.
fresh or skip ahead. Delete the last five thousand words and try again. It’s
terrifying at first, but frees you up for a fresh start to find a proper path. Or
you can skip the part that’s putting you on edge – forget about that fidgety
crap, you can do it later – and write the next scene. Whatever was in-between
will come with time.
1794: The Kingdom of Prussia abolishes the death penalty for sodomy
August 29, 1867: Karl
Heinrich Ulrichs becomes the first self-proclaimed homosexual to speak
out for the repeal of anti-gay laws at the Congress of German Jurists
1869: The term
“homosexuality” appears for the first time in a German-Hungarian
pamphlet written by human rights campaigner Karl-Maria Kertbeny
1871: Homosexuality is criminalized by Paragraph 175 of the Reich Criminal Code.
Adolf Brand, member of a gay rights organization, publishes a piece
“outing” the imperial cancellor of Germany, Prince Bernhard von Bülow.
He is sued for libel and is sentenced to 18 months in prison.
1907-1909: The Harden-Eulenburg affair. Even more people are called gay and sue for libel.
Magnus Hirschfeld co-founds the Institut für Sexualwissenschaft
(Institute for Sex Research), a pioneer calling for the civil and social
acceptance of gay and trans people.
1919:Anders als die Anderen (Different from
the Others), one of the first explicitly gay films, premiers. Magnus Hirschfeld was a co-writer and funded its production.
October 16, 1929: A Reichstag Committee votes to repeal Paragraph 175. The Nazis’ rise to power prevents the implementation.
1931: Mädchen in Uniform, one of the first pro-lesbian films, is released.
1933: The Nazi party bans homosexual groups. Gay people are sent to concentration camps. Nazis burn the Institut für Sexualwissenschaften to the ground.
1937: First use of the pink triangle for gay men in concentration camps.
1945: After the liberation of concentration camps by the allied forces, gay people have to serve out the full term of there sentences under Paragraph 175.
1950: East Germany
partially abolishes the Nazis’ emendations to Paragraph 175.
1968: East Germany decriminalizes homosexual acts for people over the age of 18.
1969: West Germany decriminalizes homosexual acts.
1974: General Gay Association,
the second openly-LGBT rights organization in German history, is established.
1985: Herbert Rusche becomes the first openly-gay member of the Bundestag.
1987: Jutta Oesterle-Schwamm becomes the first lesbian member of the Bundestag.
1994: The Supreme Court rules that the age of consent for sex must be equalized.
2000: The Bundestag apologizes to gays and lesbians
persecuted under the Nazi regime, and for “harm done to homosexual citizens up to 1969”.
2001: Same-Sex couples get the right to enter a civil partnership. Klaus Wowereit becomes the first openly-gay major of Berlin, making Berlin the largest city of the world with a gay major. Ole von Beust becomes the first openly-gay major of Hamburg.
2002: Same-sex stepchild adoption is legalized. Guido Westerwelle, leader of the FDP, becomes the first leader of a major party to come out as gay.
2009: Westerwelle becomes the first openly-gay member of the Federal Cabinet
2013: Barbara Hendricks
becomes the first openly-lesbian member of the Federal Cabinet
March 22, 2017: The Bundestag votes in favor of rehabilitation for those presecuted under Paragraph 175.
June 30, 2017: Same-Sex marriage and adoption is legalized.
This is such a small thing in the sea of things I loved about Wonder Woman, but I would just like to point out that they fucking referenced the genocide of native Americans by white people as an example of all humans beings doing terrible things, even the “good guys” and I was honestly just blown away by that. Too often in World War I or II movies there’s a line in the sand drawn with the good and the evil and war is just never that simple. Americans came into World War I as “heroes” but they had literally just finished destroying an entire race. Too often War films forget that, especially superhero ones. I love Captain America to bits, but the cartoonish oversimplification of all Germans as evil and the Allied forces as all good is a dangerous one. It makes people forget that all humans have a capacity for evil. So it kind of blew my mind to see Wonder Woman touching on that in such a simple, elegant way.
My ally is the Force, and a powerful ally it is. Life creates it, makes it grow. Its energy surrounds us, binds us. Luminous beings are we, not this crude matter.
You must feel the Force flow around you.
ABOUT ME-18/? fave films:
Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back (1980)
Size matters not. Look at me. Judge me by my size do you? And, well, you should not… for my ally is the Force. And a powerful ally it is. Life creates it, makes it grow. Its energy surrounds us and binds us. Luminous beings are we, not this crude matter. You must feel the Force around you, here between you, me, the trees, the rocks… everywhere.
For my ally is the Force, and a powerful ally it is. Life creates it, makes it grow. Its energy surrounds us and binds us. Luminous beings are we, not this crude matter. You must feel the Force around you; here, between you, me, the tree, the rock, everywhere. - Star Wars: The Empire Strikes Back (1980)
Size matters not. Look at me. Judge me by my size, do you? Hmm? Hmm. And well you should not. For my ally is the Force, and a powerful ally it is. Life creates it, makes it grow. Its energy surrounds us and binds us. Luminous beings are we, not this crude matter. You must feel the Force around you; here, between you, me, the tree, the rock, everywhere, yes. Even between the land and the ship.
Star Wars: Episode V - The Empire Strikes Back | 1980 | dir. Irvin Kershner
“Size matters not. Look at me. Judge me by my size, do you? Hmm? Hmm. And well you should not. For my ally is the Force, and a powerful ally it is. Life creates it, makes it grow. Its energy surrounds us and binds us. Luminous beings are we, not this crude matter. You must feel the Force around you; here, between you, me, the tree, the rock, everywhere, yes. Even between the land and the ship.”