✒ Easy Dhikr For Relief

قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : من أصابه هم أو غم أو سقم أو شدة فقال : الله ربي لا شريك له كشف ذلك عنه

The Messenger of Allāh Ṣallallāhu-‘Alaihi Wa Sallam said: “Whoever is afflicted with anxiety or depression or an illness or a hardship and then says:

‘Allaahu Rabbee Laa Shareeka Lahoo’

(Allāh is my Lord, He has no partners)

Then that (affliction) will be removed from him.”

● [صحيح الجامع ٦٠٤٠ ، حسنه الألباني]

Dua ‘ for Increase in Knowledge

Compiled & translated By Abbas Abu Yahya

1 – Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajr al-Assqalani (d.852 A.H.) -Rahimullaah- said:

‘Regarding the statement: ‘The saying of Allaah Azza wa Jal:

وَقُل رَّبِّ زِدۡنِي عِلۡمٗا

‘Rabbi Zidni Ilma’

<<O my Lord increase me in knowledge>>

This is a clear proof of the Excellence of knowledge. This is because Allaah Ta’ala did not order the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- with request for increase in anything except for an increase in knowledge.’

[From: ‘Fath al-Bari’ 1/141]

2 – Umm Salma Radhi Allaahu anha said, the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- used to say in the supplication in the morning prayer:

اللهم إني أسألك علماً نافعاً، ورزقاً طيباً، وعملاً متقبلاً

‘Allaahumma innee assaluka ilman nafia, wa rizzqan tayyeebun, wa amalan mutaqabilan,.’

‘O Allaah indeed I ask You for beneficial knowledge, and a good Halal provision, and actions which are accepted.’

[Collected by Tayalisee, Tabraani & regarded Hasan by Hafidh Ibn Hajr]

3 – From Anas bin Malik – Radi Allaahu anhu – that he heard the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- supplicating:

اللهم انفعني بما علمتني وعلمني ما ينفعني وارزقني علما تنفعني به

Allahumman fa’nee bi-maa ‘allam-ta-nee wa ‘allim-nee maa yanfa’u-nee war zuq-nee ‘ilman yanfa’u-nee

‘O Allaah benefit me with what You have taught me, and teach me that which will benefit me, and grant me knowledge which will benefit me.’

[Collected by al-Hakim, Bayhaqi, Tabraani & authenticated by Albaani in Silsilah No. 3151]

4 – Allaah Ta’ala said:

رَبَّنَآ ءَاتِنَا فِي ٱلدُّنۡيَا حَسَنَةٗ وَفِي ٱلۡأٓخِرَةِ حَسَنَةٗ وَقِنَا عَذَابَ ٱلنَّارِ

<< O our Lord give us good in this Dunyaa, and good in the Hereafter and save us from the punishment of the fire  >> [2:201]

Al-Hasan said: ‘al-Hasana (good) in the Dunyaa is knowledge and worship, and in the Hereafter it is Paradise.’

Sufyan said: ‘al-Hasana (good) in the Dunyaa is knowledge and good provision, and in the Hereafter Paradise.’

[From: ‘Lattaif al-Ma’arif p.302]

5 – Abu Bakr Muhammad bin Jafar said: ‘I heard Ibn Khuzaimah while he was asked: ‘Where did you get this knowledge from?’

He answered: ‘The Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

ماء زمزم لما شرب له

Zam Zam water is what it is drank for.’

So, when I would drink Zam Zam water I would ask Allaah for beneficial knowledge.’

[From: ‘Tadhkiratul Huffadh’ 2/721]

Al-Hakim said: ‘I drank Zam Zam water and I asked Allaah that he grant me the ability to compile works of books in a good way.’

[From: ‘Tadhkiratul Huffadh’ 3/1044]

Al-Hafidh Ibn Hajr said: ‘Once I drank Zam Zam, and I supplicated to Allaah, at that time I was at the beginning of studying Hadeeth, I asked Allaah to grant me the status of Dhahabi in memorising Hadeeth.  Twenty years later I went to perform Hajj, and I found in myself the ability to surpass that rank, so I asked Allaah for a higher rank than before, and I hope that Allaah grants me that rank.’

[From: ‘Juz hadeeth (Mau Zam Zam lema shuriba lahu)’ p.191 – 192]

6 – Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah (d.728 A.H.) -Rahimullaah- said:

‘The reality of the issue is that a slave of Allaah is in dire need of asking someone for knowledge and guidance, seeking and asking, then he remembers Allaah and of his dire need of Allaah, then Allaah guides and shows him.  Just as Allaah said:

يا عبادي كلكم ضال إلا من هديته فاستهدوني أهدكم

‘O My worshippers! All of you are astray except the one whom I have guided, so seek guidance from Me and I will guide you.’
[Collected by Muslim]

And just as the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- used to say:

اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ جَبْرَائِيلَ وَمِيكَائِيلَ وَإِسْرَافِيلَ. فَاطِرَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ. عَالِمَ الْغَيْبِ وَالشَّهَادَةِ. أَنْتَ تَحْكُمُ بَيْنَ عِبَادِكَ فِيمَا كَانُوا فِيهِ يَخْتَلِفُونَ. اهْدِنِي لِمَا اخْتُلِفَ فِيهِ مِنَ الْحَقِّ بِإِذْنِكَ إِنَّكَ تَهْدِي مَنْ تَشَاءُ إِلَى صِرَاطٍ مُسْتَقِيمٍ

Allaahumma Rabba Jibreela wa Mikaa’eela wa Israafeel, faatir al-samawaati wa’l-ard, ‘aalim al-ghaybi wa’l-shahaadah, anta tahkumu bayna ‘ibaadika fima kaanu fihi yukhtalifoon, ihdini lima’khtulifa fihi min al-haqq bi idhnika, innaka tahdi man tasha’ ila siraatin mustaqeem

‘O Allaah, Lord of Jibraeel, Mikael and Israfeel, You are the Originator of the heavens and the earth, the One who has all knowledge of the unseen and what is visible. You judge between Your worshippers in what they differ, guide me to the truth by Your permission in what they differ, indeed You are the One who guides whom You want to the straight path.’ [Collected by Muslim]

[Majmoo’ Fatawa 4/39]

[Taken from: ‘an-Nubdha fee Adab Talab al-Ilm’ by Muhammad Uthman p.179-181]

Above Post slightly updated by AbdurRahman. Org – added transliteration of the dua’a

To be steadfast means that you make your actions purely and sincerely for Allah.’
—  Uthmaan bin ‘Affan –Radi Allaahu anhu | ‘Madarij as-Salikeen’ vol 2 p.103]

Weekly Planner PDF (Download Here)


  • Track daily/weekly salah. Prayers completed and missed. 
  • Acts as a substitute for university/school timetables.
  • Encourages using salah times to organise your day. 

This printable is a trial, please do let me know where improvements can be made. Baarak’Allaahu feekum. More printables available here.

“Be mindful of Allaah, and Allaah will protect you. Be mindful of Allaah, and you will find Him in front of you. If you ask, ask of Allaah; and if you seek help, seek help from Allaah. Know that even if the Ummah (or the whole community) were to gather together to benefit you with something, they would not benefit you with anything except that which Allaah has already recorded for you, and that if they gather together to harm you with something, they would not be able to harm you with anything except that which Allaah has already recorded against you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.”

- Hadith of the prophet Muhammad salla Allaahu alayhi wassalam in Tirmidhi

Allaah Accepts Repentance

From Abu Sa’eed [رضي الله عنه] that the Messenger of Allaah [sall Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam] who said:

“Indeed the Shaytaan said: 'By Your Honour my Lord I will continue to mislead Your worshippers as long as their souls are in their bodies.’

So the Lord Tabaraka Wa Ta’ala said: 'By My Honour and Magnificence I will still forgive them as long as they seek forgiveness from Me.’”

[Collected By Al-Hakim In al-Mustadrak, Declared Hasan By Ibn Hajr, Ahmad Shakir and Imaam al-Albaanee In Saheehah, (1/212) | Saheeh Targheeb, (No. 1617) | Translated By Abbas Abu Yahya, Miraath al-Anbiyya]

‘Aeysha –Radi Allaahu anha– where the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said,

‘If one of you eats food, then he should say ‘Bismillaah’.  If you forget to say it when beginning then you should say:

‫بسم الله في أوله وفي آخره

‘Bismillaah fee awwalihi wa fee aakhirihi’.’

[Collected by Tirmidhi, who authenticated it.  It also has a supporting narration in the hadeeth of Ibn Mas’ood.]

Not Moving Before The Imaam In Prayer

hadeeth of al-Bara’ ibn ‘Aazib (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said:

When the Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam said “Sami’a Allaahu liman hamidah,” no one of us would bend his back until the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu alayhe wa sallam ) had gone down in prostration, then we would go down in prostration after him. Narrated by al-Bukhaari (811)and Muslim (474).

Al-Nawawi said in Sharh Muslim: This hadeeth shows that this is one of the etiquettes of prayer and it is Sunnah for the one who is praying behind the imam not to start going down (for prostration) until the imam has placed his forehead on the ground.

May Allaah bless you -  بارك الله فيك (Baarak Allaahu Feek)

  • To Group: Baarak’Allaahu feekum (reply to group: wa feekum Baarak’Allaah)
  • To Female: Baarak’Allaahu feeki (replying to female: wa feeki Baarak’Allaah)
  • To Male: Baarak’Allaahu feek (replying to male: wa feek Baarak’Allaah)
Karena KOMUNIKASI Adalah Inti Dari Sebuah Hubungan.

Sebenarnya jika kita tanya hati kita paling dalam. Apakah kita mengerti dengan semua bacaan Sholat yang kita baca? Memang jika kita ingin mengetahui dan mengerti apa yg kita lafadzkan saat kita Sholat, maka hal itu akan sangat jauh lebih baik, malah mungkin jika kita resapi kita akan mendapatkan apa itu ke Khusyuk an dlm melaksanakan Sholat Fardhu kita. Rasulullah SAW bersabda “sholatlah seakan-akan engkau sedang melihat Tuhan atau Tuhan sedang melihatmu” ( Rukun Ihsan ).
Mari kita mulai belajar meresapi arti dari bacaan Sholat kita. Karena Sholat merupakan Dzikir yang sempurna.

Takbiratul Ihram —> ALLAAHU AKBAR
(Allah Maha Besar)

Allaahu akbar kabiira, walhamdulillaahi katsiira, wa subhanallaahi bukrataw, waashiila.
(Allah Maha Besar, dan Segala Puji yang sangat banyak bagi Allah, dan Maha Suci Allah sepanjang pagi, dan petang).

Innii wajjahtu wajhiya, lillazii fatharassamaawaati walardha, haniifam, muslimaa, wamaa ana minal musrykiin.
(Sungguh aku hadapkan wajahku kepada wajahMu, yang telah menciptakan langit dan bumi, dengan penuh kelurusan, dan penyerahan diri, dan aku tidak termasuk orang-orang yang mempersekutuan Engkau/Musryik)

Innasshalaatii, wa nusukii, wa mahyaaya, wa mamaati, lillaahi rabbil ‘aalamiin.
(Sesungguhnya shalatku, dan ibadah qurbanku, dan hidupku, dan matiku, hanya untuk Allaah Rabb Semesta Alam).

Laa syariikalahu, wabidzaalika umirtu, wa ana minal muslimiin.
(Tidak akan aku menduakan Engkau, dan memang aku diperintahkan seperti itu, dan aku termasuk golongan hamba yang berserah diri kepadaMu)

Al Fatihah

Adapun Rasulullah SAW pada waktu membaca surah Al-Faatihah senantiasa satu napas per satu ayatnya, tidak terburu-buru, dan benar-benar memaknainya. Surah ini memiliki khasiat yang sangat tinggi sekali.
Mari kita hafal terlebih dahulu arti per ayatnya sebelum kita memaknainya.

Bismillaah, arrahmaan, arrahiim (Bismillaahirrahmaanirrahiim)
(Dengan nama Allaah, Maha Pengasih, Maha Penyayang)

Alhamdulillaah, Rabbil ‘aalamiin
(Segala puji hanya milik Allaah, Rabb semesta ‘alam)

Arrahmaan, Arrahiim
(Maha Pengasih, Maha Penyayang)

Maaliki, yaumiddiin
(Penguasa, Hari Pembalasan/Hari Tempat Kembali)

Iyyaaka, na'budu, wa iyyaaka, nasta'iin
(Hanya KepadaMulah, kami menyembah, dan hanya kepadaMulah, kami mohon pertolongan)

Ihdina, asshiraathal, mustaqiim
(Tunjuki kami, jalan, golongan orang-orang yang lurus)

Shiraath, alladziina, an'am, ta ‘alayhim
(Jalan, yang, telah Engkau beri ni'mat, kepada mereka)

Ghayril maghduubi ‘alaihim, wa laddhaaaalliiin.
(Bukan/Selain, (jalan) orang-orang yang telah Engkau murkai, dan bukan (jalan) orang-orang yang sesat)

Melanjutkan tulisan yang ketiga, maka setelah membaca Surah Al-Faatihah, maka hendaknya kita membaca ayat-ayat Al-Qur'an.
Rasulullah bersabda “Apabila engkau berdiri utk shalat bertakbirlah lalu bacalah yg mudah dari al-Qur’an “.

Lalu ruku’, dimana ketika ruku’ ini beliau mengucapkan :

Subhaana, rabbiyal, ‘adzhiimi, Wabihamdihi
(Maha Suci, Tuhanku, Yang Maha Agung)

—> dzikir ini diucapkan beliau sebanyak tiga kali.
(Hadits Ahmad, Abu Daud, Ibn Majah, Ad-Daaruquthni, Al-Bazaar, dan Ath-Thabarani)

Rasulullah sering sekali memperpanjang Ruku’, Diriwayatkan bahwa :

“Rasulullaah SAW, menjadikan ruku'nya, dan bangkitnya dari ruku’, sujudnya, dan duduknya di antara dua sujud hampir sama lamanya.”
(Hadits Riwayat Imam Bukhari dan Muslim)

Pada saat ketika kita i'tidal atau bangkit dari ruku, dengan mengangkat kedua tangan sejajar bahu ataupun sejajar telinga, seiring Rasululullah SAW menegakkan punggungnya dari ruku’ beliau mengucapkan:
Sami'allaahu, li, man, hamida, hu
“Mudah-mudahan Allah mendengarkan (memperhatikan) orang yang memujiNya”.
(Hadits diriwayatkan oleh Imam Al-Bukhari dan Muslim)

“Apabila imam mengucapkan “sami'allaahu liman hamidah”, maka ucapkanlah “rabbanaa lakal hamdu”, niscaya Allah memperhatikan kamu. Karena Allah yang bertambah-tambahlah berkahNya, dan bertambah-tambahlah keluhuranNya telah berfirman melalui lisan NabiNya SAW (Hadits diriwayatkan oleh Imam Muslim, Imam Ahmad, dan Abu Daud)

Hal ini diperkuat pula dengan : Disaat Rasulullah sedang Sholat berjamaah, lalu ketika I’tidal beliau mengucapkan “Sami'allaahu, li, man, hamidah” lalu ada diantara makmun mengucapkan “Rabbanaa lakal hamdu”, Lalu pada selesai Sholat, Rasul bertanya “Siapakah gerangan yang mengucap “Rabbanaa lakal hamdu”, ketika aku ber I’tidal? Aku melihat para malaikat berlomba lomba untuk menulis kebaikan akan dirimu dari jawaban itu”.

Maka sudah cukup jelas bahwa mari kita mulai melafalkan :
Rabbanaa, lakal, hamdu
(Ya Tuhan kami, bagiMulah, segala puji)

Kesmpurnaan lafadzh diatas :

mil ussamaawaati, wa mil ul ardhi, wa mil u maa shyi’ta, min shai in, ba'du
(Sepenuh langit, dan sepenuh bumi, dan sepenuh apa yang Engkau kehendaki, dari sesuatu, sesudahnya)
(Kalimat diatas didasarkan pada hadits yang diriwayatkan oleh Imam Muslim dan Abu ‘Uwanah)

Ketika kita sujud, maka dengan tenang hendaknya kita mengucapkan do'a sujud seperti yang telah dicontohkan Rasulullaah SAW.
Dzikir ini beliau ucapkan sebanyak tiga kali, dan kadangkala beliau mengulang-ulanginya lebih daripada itu.

Subhaana, rabbiyal, a'laa, wa, bihamdi, hi
(Maha Suci, Tuhanku, Yang Maha Luhur, dan, aku memuji, Nya)

Duduk antara dua Sujud

Ketika kita bangun dari sujud, maka hendaklah kita melafadzkan seperti yang dilakukan Rasulullaah, dan bacalah do'a tersebuh dengan sungguh-sungguh, perlahan-lahan, dan penuh pengharapan kepada Allah SWT. Di dalam duduk ini, Rasulullah SAW mengucapkan :

Robbighfirlii, warhamnii, wajburnii, warfa'nii, warzuqnii
wahdinii, wa ‘aafinii, Wa’Fuanni
(Ya Allah ampunilah aku, kasihanilah aku, cukupilah kekuranganku, sehatkanlah aku, dan berilah rizqi kepadaku)

Dari Hadits yang diriwayatkan Muslim, bahwa Rasulullaah saw, kadangkala duduk tegak di atas kedua tumit dan dada kedua kakinya. Beliau juga memanjangkan posisi ini sehingga hampir mendekati lama sujudnya (Al-Bukhari dan Muslim).

Duduk At-Tasyaahud Awal

Sebuah hadits yang diriwayatkan Imam Muslim, Abu ‘Uwanah, Asy-Syafi'i, dan An-Nasa'i.
Dari Ibnu ‘Abbas berkata, Rasulullaah telah mengajarkan At-Tasyahhud kepada kami sebagaimana mengajarkan surat dari Al-Qur'an kepada kami. Beliau mengucapkan :

Attahiyyaatul mubaarakaatusshalawaatutthayyibaatulillaah.
Assalaamu ‘alayka ayyuhannabiyyu warahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh.
Assalaamu ‘alayna wa ‘alaa ‘ibaadillaahisshaalihiin.
Asyhadu allaa ilaaha illallaah.
Wa asyhadu annaa muhammadarrasuulullaah.
(dalam riwayat lain : Wa asyhadu annaa, muhammadan, ‘abduhu, warasuuluh)

2. Menurut hadist yang diriwayatkan Imam Al-Bukhari, Muslim, dan Ibnu Abi Syaibah.
Dari Ibn Mas'ud berkata, Rasulullaah saw telah mengajarkan at-tasyaahud kepadaku, dan kedua telapak tanganku (berada) di antara kedua telapak tangan beliau - sebagaimana beliau mengajarkan surat dari Al-Qur'an kepadaku : —> (Mari diresapi setiap katanya sehingga shalat kita lebih mudah untuk khusyuk)

Attahiyyaatulillaah, wasshalawatu, watthayyibaat.
(Segala ucapan selamat adalah bagi Allaah, dan kebahagiaan, dan kebaikan).

Assalaamu ‘alayka *, ayyuhannabiyyu, warahmatullaah, wa barakaatuh.
(Semoga kesejahteraan dilimpahkan kepadamu , wahai Nabi, dan beserta rahmat Allah, dan berkatNya).

Assalaamu ‘alaynaa, wa ‘alaa, ‘ibaadillaahisshaalihiiin.
(Semoga kesejahteraan dilimpahkan kepada kami pula, dan kepada sekalian hamba-hambanya yang shaleh).

Asyhadu, allaa, ilaaha, illallaah.
(Aku bersaksi, bahwa tiada, Tuhan, kecuali Allah).

Wa asyhadu, anna muhammadan, ‘abduhu, wa rasuluhu.
(Dan aku bersaksi, bahwa muhammad, hambaNya, dan RasulNya).

Notes : * Hal ini ketika beliah masih hidup, kemudian tatkala beliau wafat, maka para shahabat mengucapkan :
Assalaamu ‘alannabiy
(Semoga kesejahteraan dilimpahkan kepada Nabi).

Bacaan shalawat Nabi SAW di akhir sholat

Rasulullah SAW. mengucapkan shalawat atas dirinya sendiri di dalam tasyahhud pertama dan lainnya. Yang demikian itu beliau syari'atkan kepada umatnya, yakni beliau memerintahkan kepada mereka untuk mengucapkan shalawat atasnya setelah mengucapkan salam kepadanya dan beliau mengajar mereka macam-macam bacaan salawat kepadanya.

Berikut kita ambil sebuah hadits yang sudah umum/biasa kita lafadzkan, diriwayatkan oleh Imam Bukhari, Muslim, dan Al-Humaidi, dan Ibnu Mandah.
Allaahumma, shalli 'alaa muhammad, wa 'alaa, aali muhammad.
(Ya Allah, berikanlah kebahagiaan kepada Muhammad dan kepada, keluarga Muhammad)

Kamaa, shallayta, 'alaa ibrahiim, wa 'alaa, aali ibraahiim.
(Sebagaimana, Engkau telah memberikan kebahagiaan, kepada Ibrahim, dan kepada, keluarga Ibrahim).

Wa 'barikh alaa muhammad, wa 'alaa aali muhammad.
(Ya Allah, berikanlah berkah, kepada Muhammad, dan kepada, keluarga Muhammad)

Kamaa, baarakta, 'ala ibraahiim, wa 'alaa, aali ibraahiiim.
(Sebagaimana, Engkau telah memberikan berkah, kepada ibrahim, dan kepada, keluarga Ibrahim).

Fil Allamina Innaka, hamiidummajiid.
(Sesungguhnya Engkau, Maha Terpuji lagi Maha Mulia).


“Rasulullah SAW. mengucapkan salam ke sebelah kanannya :

Assalaamu 'alaikum warahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh
(Mudah-mudahan kesejahteraan dilimpahkan kepada kamu sekalian serta rahmat Allah, serta berkatNya),
sehingga tampaklah putih pipinya sebelah kanan. Dan ke sebelah kiri beliau mengucapkan : Assalaamu 'alaikum warahmatullaah
(Mudah-mudahan kesejahteraan dilimpahkan kepada kamu sekalian serta rahmat Allah), sehingga tampaklah putih pipinya yang sebelah kiri.”
( Hadist Riwayat : Abu Daud, An-Nasa'i, dan Tirmidzi )
Mari di perhatikan, bahwa ternyata ucapan kita ketika menoleh ke kanan (salam yang pertama) lebih lengkap daripada ucapan kita ketika menoleh ke kiri (salam yang kedua )
Subhanallah dan Alhamdulillah, Maha Benar Allah atas segala FirmanNya. Luar biasa sekali ya arti dari bacaan Sholat ini. Makin merunduk kita, makin terlihat kecil kita, makin menangis kita.
Saya berharap agar ini menjadi bagian dari jalan kemudahan untuk kita di dalam menggapai khusyuk dan memahami setiap gerakan yang kita lakukan. Maka jika kita tahu dan mengerti akan nikmatnya shalat itu, mari kita share ke keluarga kita.
Selamat meresapi dan jangan lupa untuk share ke orang orang yang kita cintai.

Yuk memaknai setiap pertemuan dengan-Nya :)

Source: islamdiaries


Faatimah (upon whom be peace) came to the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and asked him for a servant.

He said, “Shall I not tell you of something that is better for you than that? When you go to sleep, say ‘Subhaan Allaah’ thirty-three times, ‘Al-hamdu Lillah’ thirty-three times, and ‘Allaahu akbar’ thirty four times.”

(Reported by al-Bukhaari, 4943).

Narrated Abū Hurairah [رضي الله عنه]: The Prophet [sall Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam] said:

“In very hot weather delay the Zuhr prayer till it becomes [a bit] cooler because the severity of the heat is from the raging of the Hell-fire.”

[Sahīh Al-Bukhārī, (1/326, No. 536) | Translated By Dr. Muhammad Muhsin Khan]

The Prophet (sal Allaahu alayhi wa sallam) said:

There was no prophet amongst the prophets except that he was given miracles because of which people had belief, but what I have been given is the Divine Revelation which Allaah has revealed to me. So I hope that my followers will be more than those of any other prophet on the Day of Resurrection

Sahih Al-Bukhari – Hadeeth no.379

What is backbiting?

The definition of backbiting has been clearly explained in the hadeeth reported by Muslim (4/2001) upon the authority of Aboo Hurairah that the Messenger of Allaah (Salla Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam) said:
“Do you know what backbiting is?”

They said: “Allaah and His Messenger know best.”

He said: “Mentioning your brother with that which he dislikes.”

It was said to the Prophet (Salla Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam): “Even if what I mention about my brother is true?”

He (Salla Allaahu ‘Alayhi wa sallam) said: “If what you have said concerning him is true, then surely you have backbitten him; and if what you said isn’t true, then surely you have slandered him.”

As for his statement: “You have slandered him.”

An-Nawawi (commenting upon this in) (Sharh Muslim 16/142), said: “The Haa is to be pronounced lightly, and it takes a fathah. It means: that which you have said about him was slander, and this is because it was false.”

Shaikh Ibn al-`Uthaymeen: A person should also glorify Allaah while Takeoffs and landings.

The wisdom behind glorifying Allaah تعالى while ascending and descending

بسم الله والحمد لله والصلاة والسلام على رسول الله ، وبعد

Chapter: Glorification of Allaah by a traveler while ascending and descending:

975. Narrated Jaabir bin `Abdullaah رضي الله عنهما: Whenever we went up a place (like climbing a hill) we would say: “Allaahu-Akbar (i.e. Allaah is Greatest)”, and whenever we went down a place (down the valley) we would say: “Subhaan-Allaah”. [Saheeh al-Bukhaaree (2993, 2994)]

976. Ibn `Umar رضي الله عنهما reported: Whenever the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and his army ascended a height, they would proclaim: “Allaahu-Akbar (Allaah is the Greatest),” and when they climbed down, they would proclaim: “Subhaan-Allaah (Allaah is free from imperfection).” [Sunan Abu Dawood (2599) and graded as “Saheeh” by Shaikh al-Albaanee].

Shaikh Ibn al-`Uthaymeen رحمه الله said:

From the etiquette of traveling is that a person while ascending, like going up a hill or upon taking off in an airplane, should say the “Takbeer”; he should say “Allaahu-Akbar” once or twice or thrice. And upon descending he should Glorify Allaah by saying “Subhaan-Allaah”, once or twice or thrice. The reason being, when a person climbs a higher place, he imagines himself to be on top (of everything), so he becomes pompous (the feelings of excessive pride). [Translator’s note: like how some of the mountain climbers say: “we are on top of the world”]

So when a person says: “Allaahu-Akbar”, doing so, he disdains himself and is exalting the Greatness of Allaah تعالى. Meaning: when a person is on a higher place, he should know that above him is the One who is higher than him, i.e. Allaah عز وجل. [Translator’s note: As Allaah تعالى says in the Qur’aan:

﴿نَرْفَعُ دَرَجَاتٍ مَّن نَّشَاءُ ۗ وَفَوْقَ كُلِّ ذِي عِلْمٍ عَلِيمٌ﴾

{We raise in degrees whom We will, but above all those endowed with knowledge is the All-Knowing.} [Surah Yusuf (12): 76]]

Similarly, when a person is descending, he is going down, getting lower and getting humbled; so he should say: “Subhaan-Allaah”; doing so: he is purifying Allaah عز وجل and declaring Him free from all types of imperfections - like being lowered or getting humbled - because Allaah سبحانه وتعالى is above everything. Even though the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم affirmed that (every night) Allaah تعالى descends to the lowest heaven, this descending is in a way that befits His Majesty, (we affirm that He تعالى descends, but we have not been informed the how of it and His descending is not like the way a human being descends) because {There is nothing like unto Him}.

Anyhow, this is from the recommended etiquette which is from the guidance of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم and his companions, that if you are ascending, you say: “Allaahu-Akbar”; if you are descending a valley, you say: “Subhaan-Allaah”. Similarly, when you are in the airplane while taking off or ascending, you say the “Takbeer”; and while landing or descending you say: “Subhaan-Allaah” because there is no difference between climbing and descending in the air or on the land. And Allaah is the One who grants success.

[Sharh Riyaadh al-Saaliheen of Shaikh Ibn al-`Uthaymeen (4/608-609)]

It has been narrated by Imam Malik bin Anas [رضي الله عنه]:

«محال أن نظن بالنبي صلى الله علیھ و سلم أنھ علّم أمتھ الاستنجاء و لم یعلمھم التوحید.»

“It is impossible to think that the Prophet [sall Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam] taught his Ummah how to wash themselves after defecating and that he did not teach them Tawheed.”

[Seera Alaam, (10/27) | Translated By Abbas Abu Yahya, Miraath al-Anbiyya]