Please read the singles jump guide before reading this one. Jumps in pairs skating are the same as jumps in singles.
Throw jumps are jumps where the male skater of the pair throws the female skater into a jump. They are abbreviated on protocols with a “Th” after the name of the jump and have lower base values than normal jumps of the same name. Each short program has one throw jump and each free program has two. There are six types of throw jumps, the same as in singles skating: toeloop (T), salchow (S), loop (Lo), flip (F), lutz (Lz), axel (A). Throw flips and lutzes are considered as essentially the same jump with the same base value. Pairs are not allowed to do both a throw flip and lutz of the same number of revolutions in the same program. In elite senior level skating, triple throw jumps are the norm. Some teams have landed quad throws in competition.
As in singles skating, all throw jumps land on a backwards outside edge (usually on the right foot) and the only difference between the jumps is the entry. The axel is the only jump with a forward entry.
This post covers two entirely different elements, pair spins and twist lifts (aka. twists).
Pair spins (PSp or PCoSp for combinations) are spins where the two partners are in physical contact and spin together. Pair spins are almost always combination spins and must include at least two different basic spin positions (camel, sit, upright). Partners can do different positions at the same time. Depending on the season, one pair combination spin may be required in the short program. One pair combination spin is always required in the free skate. Pair spins are leveled from B to 4 just like regular spins, and level features include variations in position, change of direction, difficult entries, etc.
〈〈Swallow〉〉: After Sochi 2014 many athlets announced the end of their professional career. This video is about my favourite skaters of recent years. And no matter what place they finished in a competition. I know I will always rewatch their programms over and over again. I will always remember the characters they performed, some funny moments or tears. I just love them and I will miss them so much. Thanks for given emotions!
Yuna Kim, Mao Asada, Carolina Kostner; Tessa Virtue / Scott Moir, Meryl Davis / Charlie White, Nathalie Pechalat / Fabian Bourzat; Daisuke Takahashi, Brian Joubert; Aliona Savchenko / Robin Szolkowy, Qing Pang / Jian Tong.