alexander's empire

a classics ask meme
  • 1. ancient Greece or ancient Rome?
  • 2. who is your favourite Roman emperor?
  • 3. which is your favourite Greek city-state?
  • 4. tell me about the classical ladies you love the most
  • 5. what is your favourite story from Herodotus's Histories?
  • 6. who is your favourite character from the Iliad or Odyssey?
  • 7. who is your favourite ancient historian?
  • 8. what are your five favourite myths?
  • 9. what are your top five otps?
  • 10. recommend a piece of fiction about the classical world
  • 11. recommend a piece of non-fiction about the classical world
  • 12. who is your favourite poet? why?
  • 13. if you could time-travel to the classical world for a day, where would you go and why?
  • 14. which Greek tragedy is your favourite?
  • 15. Alexander the Great or Julius Caesar?
  • 16. Cicero - love him or loathe him?
  • 17. if you could recover one lost work, which one would it be?
  • 18. what is your favourite movie or TV show set in ancient Greece or Rome?
  • 19. tell me about an obscure classical figure who needs more love
  • 20. what do you love most about studying classics?

Golden pendant with repoussé decoration, bearing a portrait of Alexander the Great.  Artist unknown; 4th cent. CE.  Found at Aboukir, Egypt; now in the Walters Art Museum, Baltimore.  Photo credit: Walters Art Museum.


What Happens When You Imprison an Old Timey Strongman,

Born in 1888 in Lithuania, then part of the Russian Empire, Alexander Zass was an old time strongman circus performer who is now known as the “Father of Modern Isometrics”. Zass taught that the key to superhuman strength was not just weightlifting, but by strengthening the hands, wrists, and arms through isometric exercise. Zass was very strong. VERY STRONG. Just how strong was he? Working as a circus performer as “The Great Samson”, he would bend iron bars around his legs, neck, and teeth, break chains with his chest, tie bars into knots, he would appear on stage carrying two lions, or suspend a piano from his teeth. One time he even carried on his shoulder a piano compete with pianist and a dancer.

When World War I broke out in 1914, Zass was conscripted into the Russian Army in order to fight the Germans and Austro-Hungarians.  In the midst of battle he was captured by the Austrian Army.  While a prisoner of war, he quickly gained a reputation as an escape artist, making three escape attempts.  On his fourth and successful attempt, the guards locked him in a cell, then shackled him to the floor by his arms and legs for good measure.  One day, when the guards checked his cell, they were astounded to discover that he had broken his shackles, bent the iron bars of his cell window, and climbed to his escape.

Star Wars Characters w/ Hamilton Quotes
  • Han Solo: I am not throwing away my shot!
  • Luke Skywalker: The world's gonna know your name
  • Princess/General Leia: I am the one thing in life I can control. I am inimitable. I am an original.
  • Obi Wan Kenobi: I wanna talk about what I have learned. The hard-won wisdom I have earned…
  • Kylo Ren/Ben Solo: History has its eyes on me...
  • Rey: Got a lot farther by working a lot harder, By being a lot smarter, By being a self-starter
  • Finn: That poor man, they’re gonna eat him alive!
  • Poe Dameron: Raise a glass to freedom!
  • Darth Vader/Anakin Skywalker: Who lives, who dies, who tells your story?
  • Yoda: Dying is easy, young man. Living is harder.
  • Padame: You want a revolution? I want a revelation! So listen to my declaration...
  • C3P0: But Jesus, between all the bleedin’ ‘n fightin’ I’ve been readin’ ‘n writin’
  • General Hux: Heed not the rabble who scream "revolution"!
  • The Emperor: I know that greatness lies within you...
  • Jar Jar Binks: I'm a general, wheeeeee!

Medallion with Olympias. Roman, c. A.D. 215-243. Gold. Walters Art Museum. 

This medallion was part of a series made to honor the Roman emperor Caracalla by representing him as a descendant of Alexander the Great. The observe (top) depicts Olympias, daughter of Neoptolemus I of Epirus, wife of Philip II of Macedon, and mother of Alexander the Great. The reverse (bottom) shows a nereid (perhaps meant to be Thetis, mother of the hero Achilles) riding on a hippocampus. 


Variant Cover by ADI GRANOV
Young Variant Cover by SKOTTIE YOUNG
Action Figure Variant Cover by JOHN TYLER CHRISTOPHER
Villain Variant Cover by DAN MORA
It’s been building for months, across a bevy of titles! But now, the moment has arrived for Steve Rogers to step into the light and declare his allegiance to Hydra! How can the heroes of the Marvel Universe cope with this shattering betrayal by the most trusted figure among them? And what will this mean for the world? The map of the Marvel Universe changes in ways nobody will expect — TRUST THE SECRET EMPIRE!
48 PGS./Rated T+ …$4.99

The first cover would make a cool poster. I see Sam, Riri, Gwen, Miles, Loki, Kamala, Laura, Viv and Amadeus.

The second cover, the one with Amadeus… I have no words. Okay, I have words, many words. But they’re not okay to print.

How To Get Ready For The Last Jedi (Movie / TV Show Wise)
  1. The Phantom Menace 
  2. Attack of the Clones 
  3. The Clone Wars (TV series) 
  4. Revenge of the Sith 
  5. Rebels (TV series) 
  6. Rogue One: A Star Wars Story 
  7. A New Hope 
  8. The Empire Strikes Back 
  9. Return of the Jedi 
  10. The Force Awakens 

You have until December to get all of this watched and be completely ready for the Star Wars universe. You have to start now if you’re also planning on reading the books that’re also included within this timeline of events. THIS is the full timeline of events according to Del Rey: 

  1. The Phantom Menace 
  2. Attack of the Clones 
  3. The Clone Wars (TV series) 
  4. Dark Disciple by Christie Golden
  5. Revenge of the Sith 
  6. Catalyst: A Rogue One Novel by James Luceno 
  7. Lords of the Sith by Paul S. Kemp 
  8. Tarkin by James Luceno 
  9. Thrawn by Timothy Zahn  
  10. A New Dawn by John Jackson Miller  
  11. Rebels (TV series) 
  12. Rogue One 
  13. A New Hope 
  14. Heir to the Jedi by Kevin Hearne 
  15. Battlefront: Twilight Company by Alexander Freed 
  16. The Empire Strikes Back 
  17. Return of the Jedi 
  18. Aftermath by Chuck Wendig  
  19. Aftermath: Life Debt by Chuck Wendig 
  20. Aftermath: Empire’s End by Chuck Wendig 
  21. Bloodline by Claudia Gray 
  22. The Force Awakens 

So you have to watch all the movies, all the TV shows, and read all these books before December of this year. If you’re dedicated to getting the full story then you can do it. I’m gonna attempt it honestly…might take me a while to read but I’ll at least try. 

(Additional Note: There are A LOT of Star Wars novels coming out this year that will become canon to the Star Wars Universe by Del Rey & Disney. Please consider this when new books come out that will fit within the new timeline of events. Thanks


Grand Duke Alexander Alexandrovich of Russia (7 June 1869 - 2 May 1870) was the infant son of Emperor Alexander III – the heir apparent, styled Tsesarevich, to the Russian throne as the eldest living son of Emperor Alexander II – and his consort, Marie Feodorovna of Russia. He was Alexander and Marie’s second child, second son, and the younger brother of the future Emperor Nicholas II.

Alexander tragically died of meningitis in 1870, one month before his first birthday. “The doctors maintain he did not suffer, but we suffered terribly to see and hear him,” the baby’s grieving mother wrote to her own mother, Queen Louise of Denmark.

His parents had him posthumously photographed and sketched to remember him, therefore it is likely that the photograph above, of Grand Duke Alexander in his coffin surrounded by flowers, is the only existing photograph. It appears that little Alexander had a great facial resemblance to his youngest brother, Michael, as a toddler.

military mondays: Why did Alexander the great never lose a battle? 

as suggested by: @knightopolis

Alexander the III of Macedon, Hegemon of the Hellenic league, Pharaoh of Egypt, Lord of Asia, Khaleesi of the great grass sea, mother of dragons, breaker of chains, considered among the greatest commanders of all time, tutored by aristotle, given command of an army at 16, proclaimed king by 20, conquered the Perisan empire by the age of 26, and dead by 32. In terms of personality alexander was calculating, clever and charismatic, however he was prone to violent bursts of anger, impulsiveness and arrogance. Despite this Alexander never lost a battle. But how did he do this?

Citizens army - Alexander became king after his father was assisinated in 336 BC, he inherited a large army. This army was a professional army made up of macedonian citizens. This army was paid a good wage and was able to be drilled everyday. This was not a mob of peasants and conscripts, this was their job. Each company of troops came from the same area of macedon, ensuring close bonds of friendship and shared culture which lead to greater cohesion on the battlefield. 

Combined arms - Alexander made sure every possible man was part of the action. He used variety, his army could be made up of Phalanxes, archers, javelin throwers, siege towers and companion cavalry. Each unit would be assigned a job that played to their strengths and complimented the other units weaknesses. 

The Phalanx - The phalanx was often the most used unit in alexanders army. 256 men arranged 16 across and 16 deep. Each armed with a small shield and a Sarissa, this 18ft macedonian pike gave the phalanx greater reach than the spearman. This formation was a bristling hedgehog of spearpoints. Although inflexible. The phalanx was Skilled at both defense and offense. The phalanx dominated the ancient battfields of persia and asia minor. 

Hammer and the anvil - Alexanders preffered tactic and highly effective, the phalanx would pin the enemy in place either by a frontal assualt or a defense. Remember horses would not charge a row of spears. While the enemies main force was engaged. Alexander would send his companion cavalry on the flanks. This cavalry was heavily armoured and the finest in the ancient world, this is called “Shock cavalry” their frightening charge and long lances would force the enemy to retreat inward. The enemy now completley surrounded would be sandwhiched between the infrantry and the cavalry. 

Flexibility - Alexander was a clever man. Tutored by aristotle himself. This is shown most prominently at he battle of Gaugamela. Alexander faced a persian force commanded by darius III, estimates vary but the persian army was around 250,000 strong compared to the macedonian force of 40,000 men Alexander took his cavalry and rode parralel to the persian heavy cavarly. He had hidden spear throwers and skirmishers called peltasts behind the cavalry, they ran beside him, keeping up with the pace of the horses. Alexander was taunting darius and he took the bait. The persian heavy cavalry gave chase and left a hole in the battle lines, alexander did a 160 turn and poured his cavalry into the gap, his skirmishers let loose at the persuing persians, which unbalanced the perisan cavalry preventing them from turning and chasing alexnader. Alexander then cut a bloody path to darius, who fled into the mountains. The battle was won. 

Leading by example - Alexander realised morale was key. He led his personal unit of companion cavalry, 300 strong into battle. Fighting alongside the men in his army, giving them hope and courage. He suffered wounds himself in battle, and bled beside his veterans. At Gaugamela, alexander cut off his pursuit of darius and turned to rescue his friend and general Parmenion. Showing his troops he really did care about their wellbeing. 

Campaigning through egypt, babylon, and asia minor. At its height his empire stretched from greece to northwest India. 

If you have any ideas for what I should post for next military monday, it can be anything, a battle, a leader, an idea, a concept or tactic, a military unit or formation. Do not hesitate to send in your suggestions, either by message or comment.

“There is nothing impossible to him who will try” - Alexander the great 

Babylon 323 BC
  • General: My king you do not much time left in this world, to whom shall you leave the empire?
  • Alexander the Great: the wokest....

I’ve been scrolling around on the Alexander the great tag on Tumblr and there are all these posts where people are writing about how they just want to KNOW him, to meet him, to really know what he was like. And it’s not just idle curiosity, there’s a feeling of connection, of longing, that I can relate to and really GET. Alex does something to you.
So sooner or later in these posts someone brings up reincarnation. Maybe we did know him. Maybe we met him. Maybe we fought beside him in another life.

So let’s, for the sake of argument, assume that reincarnation is literally real.

Think about the size of Alexander’s army. At gaugemela the army was about 47,000 in number. And that’s not the highest it ever was. Think about all the men who died, and were replaced, who came later in the campaign, who were dropped off to colonize a new city. Then add to that the number of camp followers: wives , children, slaves, cooks, merchants, carpenters, tailors, metal workers, that needed to follow and interact with this army to make it run.

Now imagine the size of Darius’s army. High estimates say there were 100,000 troops at gaugemela alone. Add to that the size of the opposing army of every battle this man fought. Then add THEIR camp followers, and remember that Persians travelled with even larger and more elaborate entourages.

Now think of the size of the Persian court. Darius’s family, advisors, generals, servants, and courtiers. And then add every small city, state and citadel Alex conquered and passed through. Their nobility, peasants, servants and slaves.

Now add the population of every Greek city state he passed through as well.

And finally, add the population of Pella, a small town on a hill side, nowhere in particular, finally finding its place on the world stage. It was not as big as it would be under Cassander’s reign, it was likely most of the citizens would have interacted with Alex personally at some point. These would have been the people he knew best, cared about, loved.

Alexander interacted with so many people during his short life. We know he was a very hands on king and general who knew the names of many of his men. It is likely he exchanged words at least once with a sizable percentage of this number but even if he did not, think of how many people knew of him, who were affected by him and all he did. Who fought him, who feared him, who finally saw him coming and ,in many cases, realized he wasn’t the monster they had been warned about

Think of how many people would have wanted to know him, to understand him, to meet him, and how many did. And realize that in this number there is room for you. In fact, it is statistically likely.

How big is an army? How big is an empire?

Alexander the great ruled through love. He thrived on it. He needed it, the love of his men, his people, his country. I think, if he too is out there somewhere, he’d be amused, flattered, and somewhat humbled by all the love he still gets. He’d probably want to know us all too. That’s just the kind of man he was.