alexander was greek

a classics ask meme
  • 1. ancient Greece or ancient Rome?
  • 2. who is your favourite Roman emperor?
  • 3. which is your favourite Greek city-state?
  • 4. tell me about the classical ladies you love the most
  • 5. what is your favourite story from Herodotus's Histories?
  • 6. who is your favourite character from the Iliad or Odyssey?
  • 7. who is your favourite ancient historian?
  • 8. what are your five favourite myths?
  • 9. what are your top five otps?
  • 10. recommend a piece of fiction about the classical world
  • 11. recommend a piece of non-fiction about the classical world
  • 12. who is your favourite poet? why?
  • 13. if you could time-travel to the classical world for a day, where would you go and why?
  • 14. which Greek tragedy is your favourite?
  • 15. Alexander the Great or Julius Caesar?
  • 16. Cicero - love him or loathe him?
  • 17. if you could recover one lost work, which one would it be?
  • 18. what is your favourite movie or TV show set in ancient Greece or Rome?
  • 19. tell me about an obscure classical figure who needs more love
  • 20. what do you love most about studying classics?
2

Beautiful Ancient Coin with the Image of Alexander the Great

This is a silver tetradrachm from the Thracian Kingdom under the rule of Lysimachus. It was struck sometime after the death of Lysimachus in 281 BC at an undetermined mint. The obverse shows the head of Alexander the Great wearing a diadem and the horns of Ammon. The reverse shows Athena Nikephoros seated. There are two monograms, one of which is in a wreath and the inscription BAΣIΛEΩΣ ΛYΣIMAXOY.

Lysimachus (r. 323-281 BC) was a Macedonian officer and diadochus (i.e. “successor”) of Alexander the Great, who became a basileus (“King”) in 306 BC, ruling Thrace, Asia Minor and Macedon. Read more about Lysimachus here.

i love how in stories about ancient times and ancient heros there’s always someone who says “you will be remembered for centuries, the glory of your name will never fade” because it’s true, we’re hearing about them right this moment, they lived thousands of years before us, yet we still idolise them and love their stories. it overwhelms me and fills with awe

I’ll just never get this “Achilles is straight“ thing like ??? the heck man, Homer himself wrote it both in The Iliad and Odyssey that Patroclus and Achilles were lovers BUT modern critics say “they were like brothers Achilles loved Briseis“ first of all you dumbos, Briseis (I love her, nothing againist Bri) was Achilles’s war prize and Patroclus - his companion, not vice versa. Second, when Briseis is taken from Achilles, he’s just angry at Agadamnon and cries, refusing to rejoin the war, but then he loses Patrolus, joins the war again for Patroclus and he becomes a fcking terminator.

So Patrochilles is /was/ canon and Alexander the Great was Patrochilles trash *squeals*
doN’T JUDGE ME I’M STILL NOT OVER THIS

Alexander The Great in front of the tomb of Achilles.

This painting in the Louvre Museum is a work of Hubert Robert (1733 -1808) done around 1754.

The subject taken from the Greek rhetorician Claudius Aelianius or Aelian (Varia Historia, XII, 7), writing in the second century CE, and shows the Macedonian king having the tomb of Achilles opened in order to pay a homage to the Greek hero of the Trojan War.

Achilles’ relationship with Patroclus is a key aspect of his myth. Its exact nature has been a subject of dispute in both the classical period and modern times. Thus in 5th-century BCE Athens, the relationship was commonly interpreted as pederastic. Nowadays some see it as a love relationship of an egalitarian homosexual couple. It is the same case as the relationship between Alexander the Great and Hephaestion. The relationship between the Macedonian king and his dearest and closest friend and confidant, lasted their whole lives, and was compared, by others as well as themselves, to that of Achilles and Patroclus. Hephaestion and Alexander grew up in a time and place where homosexual affairs were seen as perfectly normal. Roman and later writers, taking the Athenian pattern as their example, have tended to assume either, that their sexual relationship belonged to their adolescence, after which they left it behind, or that one of them was older, the lover (erastes) and the other was the beloved (eromenos). Claudius Aelianus takes the latter view when he uses just such an expression when describing the visit to Troy: “Alexander laid a garland on Achilles’ tomb and Hephaestion on Patroclus’, indicating that he was Alexander’s eromenos, as Patroclus was of Achilles.” No other circumstance shows better the nature and length of their relationship than Alexander’s overwhelming grief at Hephaestion’s death. The many and varied ways, both spontaneous and planned, by which Alexander poured out his grief are overwhelming. In the context of the nature of their relationship however, one stands out as remarkable. Lucius Flavius Arrianus “Xenophon” (Arrian of Nicomedia, ca. 86 – 160), in his work Ἀλεξάνδρου ἀνάβασις says that Alexander “… flung himself on the body of his friend and lay there nearly all day long in tears, and refused to be parted from him until he was dragged away by force by his Companions.

This painting by Robert (known as Robert des Ruines) is close to Panini, who was his teacher during his long stay of 11 years in Rome, and it is considered to be one of the first productions of the French artist in that city. In the painting by the French vedutista, an architectural fantasy, we see a pyramid similar to that of Caius Cestius in Rome, the ruins of a temple with Ionic columns inspired by the temple of Saturn in the Roman Forum and a round temple, after the Roman temple of Vesta, or the temple of the Sybile in Tivoli. The statue standing at the left-hand side of the canvas is the so-called Antinous of the Belvedere, or Antinous Admirandus, the famous statue in the Pio-Clementino Museum of the Vatican. This statue, correctly identified as a Hermes in the 19th century, was long taken to be a depiction of the beautiful Bythinian lover of Emperor Hadrian, one of the great “eromenos-erastes” relationship of the antiquity.

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Eurydice’s tomb

Vergina, Greece

~369 BCE


The unusual Tomb of Eurydike lies slightly east of the Rhomaios Tomb. This double-chambered, barrel-vaulted structure, whose facade has yet to be revealed, is plastered with off-white mortar.

One of the short sides of the burial chamber is presented in trompe-l'oeil as a facade with a door and two windows framed by four Ionic half-columns, which support an Ionic three-tiered entablature and a frieze decorated with white palmettes.

A unique find is the marble throne with its richly carved and painted ornamentation; in particular, the back of the throne, which depicts Pluto and Persephone riding on a quadriga, is truly outstanding.

The wealth of this tomb, which had been plundered in antiquity, indicates a royal burial; on the basis of chronological data, it is attributed to Philip’s mother Eurydike, inscribed dedications of whom have been found in the temple of Eukleia at Aigai.

THE POWER COUPLE || MALEC WEEK || Day 4: Greek Mythology


A lot of fandom contributed on Malec week and I am so happy to the contributions.I am motivated to finally write and contribute to malec week too. So here it is.I hope you guys like it.Forgive me if there are any mistakes.Here we go.

Note: Zeus(God of the Sky)

Poseidon (God of the Sea)

Athena(Goddess of Wisdom, War, and Useful Arts)

Minerva(Goddes of Wisdom)

The Power Couple

Alec was nervous but he had no reason to. He is a demigod with tall, dark and handsome features as expected from his father, Zeus. His battle strategy, quick thinking skill, strength and skill are none to others and he personally got told by Zeus that he is proud of him but he has to train and improve more. Some of the demigods seemed attractive to him but as awkward and shy as he is, he treated them as trouble. He let out a rumour of almighty proud son of Zeus where he doesn’t like to talk with anyone. He is just shy. Alec has stood one of the strongest men of the Demigod half-blood camp where half human children of gods are trained and camped until they graduate with skills and knowledge enough to blend in and survive while protect theirselves from mythical evil creatures.

Alec wore his quiver and grabbed his bow. This is the flag game training where the demigods are paired in two to fight for the flag at the top. His best friend and cousin, Jace, reached out to him. Jace is the son of Poseidon so literally they are cousins. Jace looked casually great in his flowing blonde hair with his mismatched blue and brown eyes. Jace is also popular in the camp with the girls because of his good looks, witty, flirty over-confident and cockiness pairing up with Izzy nicknamed of Isabelle, Alec’s younger sibling. The sibling trio is very popular in the camp as power trio.

“Hey” Alec greeted his cousin. “Hey back, Alec.” Jace said while preparing his long sword and armor. Their combination is great. Alec made strategy and backed up protection with his bow and arrows while Jace barged in bravely with his sword trusting his back to his cousin. “Ready for today?” Jace continued.  “Let’s get this over with.” Alec grinned. “Where is Izzy?” Jace rolled his eyes to Izzy’s. She was in the centre of demigod boys. Alec rolled his eyes too.

“Attention. Welcome from the 159th Flag game. I am sure all of you are very excited.” The Centaur Instructor, Hodge , spoke grandly in pride.

“The rules are usual. But as we counted in the feedbacks, we’ve come to agree with a new rule. That is only fair and I bid you all will act according to it.”

They all frowned. What is the Instructor trying to do?

“No advance pairing. The pairing will be made by lottery method. Well, we can’t have choosing as we like in life, can we? Especially for the strong ones in battle.” Alec got uncomfortable. He and Jace won for 3 times in a row. I used my brain and skills too. Not to mention that no power rule. Alec screamed internally. Jace sighed.

Hodge kept up with his words, putting every demigods’ names to the bucket. He took out two each and paired them up.

“Isabelle, Daughter of Zeus pairing up with Simon, Son of Minerva.”

Izzy got up smiling and the boys were angry as Simon awaited her in a daze like she was his goddess.

“Jonathan Christopher, Son of Poseidon pairing up with Clarissa, Daughter of Athena.”

“Perhaps this isn’t so bad.” Jace grinned and patted Alec’s shoulder. “Damn, she is cute. Good luck, brother.”  Jace walked over to the thin red hair girl with frackles. She stood out in her red hair.

Alec was nervous with no one left beside him. A couple of people were paired and he fidgeted so hard, thinking how troublesome it would be with someone he didn’t know.

“Alexander, Son of Zeus to be paired with Magnus, Son of Aphrodite.”

The audience gaspsed.  Izzy couldn’t believe her brother’s luck and Jace’s mouth was dropped open. Alec shrinked into his seat wondering where is that guy or should he come find him. He blushed and his head hanged down, staring immersely into the ground. That is, until, somebody sat beside him.

“I am Magnus, Son of Aphrodite.” He heard as the person greeted him. The voice was kind, gentle and sweet. Alec looked up to the man and his jaw literally dropped. The man with caramel-skinned and dark spiked up hair who was looking at him was the most beautiful man he had ever seen. His silk sky blue shirt accompanied with beautiful accessories. He knew how to dress up with glitter for a man. Magnus chuckled as Alec couldn’t stop staring at him.

“I may be flashy as I seem but I promise you won’t regret.” Magnus added.

“No. No problem at all. I am Alec, Son of Zeus.” Alec handed out his hand.

“Alexander. I know.” Magnus took his hand, brought it to his lip and softly kissed the back of his palm. The whole audience who were eyeing on them the entire time gasped and it was loud enough for Alec to hear, unfortunately. Alec’s face burned with dark red tint blush across his cheek while Magnus savored his innocent blushing. Magnus stared straight into Alec’s beautiful hazel eyes without letting go of his hand. Boy, his hand was warm and Alec’s heart skipped a beat.

6

02/04/2017: Queen Maxima and King Willem Alexander of the Netherlands, Princess Catharina Amalia of the Netherlands, Princess Beatrice of York, Queen Anne-Marie and King Constantine of Greece, Crown Prince Pavlos and Crown Princess Marie Chantal of Greece, Princess Maria Olympia, Prince Nikolaos of Greece, and former Queen Sofia of Spain attended the wedding of Filippos Lemos and Marianna Goulandris in London, England. Marie Chantal and Pavlos’ son, Prince Odysseus-Kimon, also served as a ring bearer in the wedding. Princesses Alexia and Ariane of the Netherlands also served as flower girls. .

John William Waterhouse (1849-1917)
“Diogenes” (1882)
Oil on canvas
Pre-Raphaelite
Located in the Art Gallery of New South Wales, The Domain, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia

Diogenes was a Greek philosopher and one of the founders of Cynic philosophy, he was known as Diogenes the Cynic.

Diogenes is also known for an interaction he had with Alexander the Great. Alexander, upon meeting Diogenes while he was relaxing in the morning sun, asked if there was any favour he might do for him. Diogenes replied, “Yes, stand out of my sunlight.” Alexander then declared, “If I were not Alexander, then I should wish to be Diogenes.”

3

Monument of Craterus

Delphi

4th century BCE

15.27 x 35 m, 4 m in height

The building was probably a portico with Ionic or Doric columns on the facade. On its rear wall was discovered a dedicatory inscription in ten verses, according to which the building was identified with a panhellenic sanctuary, known from the ancient sources as the ex voto of Craterus, the Macedonian general and close friend of Alexander the Great. Plutarch mentions that Craterus dedicated in Delphi a bronze sculpted complex, made by the famous 4th century B.C. sculptors Leochares and Lysippos. Pliny, however, attributes the work solely to Lysippos. The sculpture depicted the scene of a lion hunt, i.e. a well-known incident of Alexander’s life, when he was saved by Craterus during a lion hunt in the East. According to the inscription, the ex voto was dedicated not by Craterus himself, but by his son, after his father’s death, probably around 320 B.C., or at the end of the 4th century B.C.

The sculpture, lost today, would have been placed on a pedestal against the back wall of the building, whereas the figures would have been arrayed one next to the other. The attempts at a reconstruction are based on ancient sources as well as on some preserved works of art that seem to be inspired by the specific ex voto. For example, a base decorated in relief with the depiction of a lion hunt found in Messina and displayed now in the Louvre, is possibly copying the Delphi sculpture. It has also been suggested that the lion hunt scene from the mosaic pavement of the “House of Dionysus” in Pella repeats the same pattern. In the ex-voto of Delphi Alexander and Craterus either on horseback or on foot- probably stood to the right and left of the lion, engaged in a heroic battle against it. Another suggestion is that Craterus was on horseback and Alexander on foot. The work was a closed composition with the hunting scene developed in the centre.

I’ve been scrolling around on the Alexander the great tag on Tumblr and there are all these posts where people are writing about how they just want to KNOW him, to meet him, to really know what he was like. And it’s not just idle curiosity, there’s a feeling of connection, of longing, that I can relate to and really GET. Alex does something to you.
So sooner or later in these posts someone brings up reincarnation. Maybe we did know him. Maybe we met him. Maybe we fought beside him in another life.

So let’s, for the sake of argument, assume that reincarnation is literally real.

Think about the size of Alexander’s army. At gaugemela the army was about 47,000 in number. And that’s not the highest it ever was. Think about all the men who died, and were replaced, who came later in the campaign, who were dropped off to colonize a new city. Then add to that the number of camp followers: wives , children, slaves, cooks, merchants, carpenters, tailors, metal workers, that needed to follow and interact with this army to make it run.

Now imagine the size of Darius’s army. High estimates say there were 100,000 troops at gaugemela alone. Add to that the size of the opposing army of every battle this man fought. Then add THEIR camp followers, and remember that Persians travelled with even larger and more elaborate entourages.

Now think of the size of the Persian court. Darius’s family, advisors, generals, servants, and courtiers. And then add every small city, state and citadel Alex conquered and passed through. Their nobility, peasants, servants and slaves.

Now add the population of every Greek city state he passed through as well.

And finally, add the population of Pella, a small town on a hill side, nowhere in particular, finally finding its place on the world stage. It was not as big as it would be under Cassander’s reign, it was likely most of the citizens would have interacted with Alex personally at some point. These would have been the people he knew best, cared about, loved.

Alexander interacted with so many people during his short life. We know he was a very hands on king and general who knew the names of many of his men. It is likely he exchanged words at least once with a sizable percentage of this number but even if he did not, think of how many people knew of him, who were affected by him and all he did. Who fought him, who feared him, who finally saw him coming and ,in many cases, realized he wasn’t the monster they had been warned about

Think of how many people would have wanted to know him, to understand him, to meet him, and how many did. And realize that in this number there is room for you. In fact, it is statistically likely.

How big is an army? How big is an empire?

Alexander the great ruled through love. He thrived on it. He needed it, the love of his men, his people, his country. I think, if he too is out there somewhere, he’d be amused, flattered, and somewhat humbled by all the love he still gets. He’d probably want to know us all too. That’s just the kind of man he was.

  • Guess who created a Hamilton AU w/ thesmallestalligator with greek heroes for characters.
  • Gwash as Odysseus: Both were great leaders who just wanted to fucking go home.
  • Alexander Hamilton as Icarus: Escaped his island, however, he was too cocky and died.
  • Jefferson, Madison, and Burr as Minos, Rhadamanthys, and Aeacus: The three judges of the dead.
  • Hercules Mulligan as Heracles: Name is similar (and the same in the Roman adaptation) and he played an important role in taking down King George III who is Busiris.
  • King George III as Busiris: Busiris was a king of Egypt who was just not a good dude and killed foreigners he was blinded by his beliefs and self-absorbed.
  • Charles Lee as Narcissus: Their downfall, much like Busiris, also came because they were too self-absorbed and blinded by their own beliefs.
  • Samuel Seabury as Echo: Talked too much and echoed King George III
  • John Laurens as Achilles: Died in battle (I cri)
  • Lafayette as Jason: Both travelled long distances to accomplish their goal.
  • Angelica Schyuler as Atlanta: Atlanta was a brave and strong hero, much like Angelica.
  • Eliza Schyuler as Orpheus: They were widoes who longed to be back with their lovers and family (Eliza outlived not only Hamilton, but also all of her children)
  • Peggy Schyuler as Procris: They're super badass but nobody knows them.
  • Maria Reynolds as Pandora: Everything was find until SHE SHOWED UP AND FUCKED IT.
  • Phillip Hamilton as Pelops: He was murdered by Eacker, who is portrayed by Tantalus.
  • George Eacker: Tantalus literally only because he murderer Phillip who is Pelops.
5

Tomb of Thessalonike of Macedon

Vergina, Greece

300 BCE


Thessalonike (352 or 345 – 295 BC) was a Macedonian princess, the daughter of king Philip II of Macedon by his Thessalian wife or concubine, Nicesipolis, from Pherae. History links her to three of the most powerful men in Macedon—daughter of King Philip II, half sister of Alexander the Great and wife of Cassander.

The Dutch royal family  including King Willem Alexander, Queen Maxima and their daughter Princess Catharina-Amalia Princess of Orange, Princess Alexia and Princess Ariane celebrate Greek Easter sacred light ceremony with former Greek King Constantine and Queen Anne Marie. The Dutch royals were vacationing in Spetses, Greece. April 15, 2017


Hola.com

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Royals arriving for a gala banquet during King Harald & Queen Sonja 80th birthday celebration | May 10, 2017