alcohol-consumption

On Skin

Summary: Phil is a writer. Dan, his muse. AU slightly inspired by The Picture of Dorian Grey but not really. Told over the course of a year, through simple, at some times awful, prose.

A/N: I was given this wonderful prompt by krazy4fandoms to write a oneshot about Dan painting on his arms to cover old self harm scars, and I tried writing it as a high school au, but I hated how it was going so I deleted everything and wrote something at 4 am and woke up and read over what I had written and actually liked it. 

Genre: This is honestly so cheesy and fluffy with like very light angst.

Warnings: Alcohol consumption, brief implications of sex/friends with benefits situation, self harm mentions, very pretentious flowery writing

Word Count: 5k

September

Inspiration, inspiration, no inspiration. No muse, no lyric, no scene to spark a movement in Phil’s mind. The air has been dead, too warm, electrically warm. Phil has always preferred the cold, the destitution of a silent snowstorm. It’s those nights that he writes words like sweet poetry, when he’s acutely aware of his impending death and very afraid by the blunt quiet of the snow outside. When he sits down with a cup of steaming tea and glances out into the afflicted night, the starkness of the dark producing a certain lachesism, a want for the snow to pile up and suffocate the living world, just to feel so numb, so painstakingly numb that blades could pierce the skin and no tears would be shed. Those are the nights that produce Phil’s resplendent words, the flowery and the pretentious that the public swallows like sugary narcotics.

But it’s been summer for far too long, and the heat melts away his thoughts. He sees the emails from the agents, asking where his next piece is, pushing him to work faster, but they spur him to no productivity.

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anonymous asked:

yoooo ask box is open! maybe a rather inebriated kisumi planting a kiss on his crush at a party ('what? you SAID 'kiss-me!'') and him dealing with the aftermath after sobering up?

i’m bad at house parties, but the bit with the pool has actually happened before. huh. also this is kinda long because apparently whenever i summon the motivation to write i invest too much into it ?? also pls do say if there’s spelling mistakes, i wrote fast because I HAD AN IDEA + MOTIVATION which is v rare


Kisumi was missing in the crowd, as per usual. Every time you went to a house party, you pretty much always ended up left, on your own, usually sober, waiting for your pink-haired friend to either pass out from over-consumption of alcohol, or for the host to kick you out. Of course, tonight was no different, but much to your dismay, the host on this particular occasion seemed to have no intent of ending the party any time soon. Which meant you could be here for a while. Which would be fine, honestly… If Kisumi hadn’t actually gone missing.

Normally, not seeing him for an hour or so was ok, but he’d been gone ever since you crossed the threshold, and, given that some of the people at the party weren’t known for having a stellar reputation, you couldn’t help but worry. If he was intoxicated, then who knows what he could be getting up to?!

“Excuse me, have you seen… Er… My friend? About this tall, pink hair?” Alas, not a single person you asked had actually seen him. It wasn’t as though he was hard to spot; he was pretty tall, after all, and his hair made him stand out from the crowd, but amongst the throng of drunk teenagers packed into one vastly overheated living room, it was almost impossible to see over the heads of people. You could only muster the willpower to ask a few more people before giving up, and perching on the back door leading to the garden.

At least it’s cooler out here…

You were barely sat there for a matter of moments before a familiar voice came from the other end of the garden. Or was that…?

“Oh my gosh.“

Kisumi jumped over the fence of the garden next door to the house, absolutely drenched and looking rather pleased with himself. Several others accompanied him, arms slung around their shoulders as they chanted and yelled in a way that only the drunk could. Although his eyes were hazy and his steps were precarious, Kisumi seemed to be doing alright… Well, apart from his obviously drenched clothing.

“Kisumi!!” His eyes lit up when he saw you, goofy grin spreading across his face as he bounded towards you, almost as though he were a dog, separated from their owner for too long.

“____!!” Rushing towards him with similar urgency - you told yourself it was to make sure he didn’t trip; no way in hell were you giving him the satisfaction of knowing how glad you were to see him again - you grasped his shoulders, forcing his much-too-happy face closer to yours so he’d fully understand how worried you were.

“Kisumi,” when you said his name again, his smile fell, but you thought nothing of it and continued talking. “I cannot believe you would just run off like that! Where the hell have you been, even?!” He was smirking, now, face and body uncomfortably close to yours. You figured it was just part of his drunken nature, and so ignored it. “Your clothes are soaking… Don’t tell me that you went in the neighbour’s pool…”

Sighing, you trailed off, removing your eyes from his dripping clothes and returning your gaze to his. His eyes were dark, a sultry smile on his face as he edged even closer to you.

“Hey… ____… Say my name again…” His words weren’t even all that slurred, but you weren’t paying much attention to his speech when his wandering hands trailed down your back, pulling you in closer.

“K-Kisumi, what-“

He didn’t even allow time for you to finish your sentence, clumsy lips crashing into yours, the taste of alcohol strong as he pressed against you, ensuring that your bodies touched in every possible way. His soaked clothes were dampening your own, long fingers caressing your face in a rather crass manner indicative of his intoxicated state. You were shocked - was this just his inebriation? The confusion in your heart welled over when his tongue pried open your lips, and the moral ambiguity of kissing someone who was so drunk they barely knew what they were doing got the better of you. That, and the alcohol on his tongue really didn’t taste great.

Pushing him away, perhaps a little too forcefully, he fell backwards onto the patio, amethyst eyes blurry as he rubbed at them, exaggerated confusion expressed on his face. He looked like he was about to cry even as you offered him your hand to help him up. As he fell into your arms once more, he was mumbling something about his name under his breath, but you couldn’t really hear exactly what he was saying through his slurred speech. You knew that you had to speak to him about this, just… Later.

“Come on… Let’s get you home.”


Waking up the next morning on your sofa with still-damp clothes was a harsh reminder of the boy sleeping in your bed upstairs, and, more importantly, the events of last night… He was going to have one hell of a hangover. Leaving a glass of water and some effective hangover medicine on the bedside table, you figured that making a good breakfast would be the best way to wake up what was probably going to be an extremely hungover Kisumi. After all, this wasn’t the first time that something like this had happened, and you just thanked your lucky stars that, this time, your parents weren’t home to witness the spectacle that was a hungover, usually half-naked, Kisumi. Taking one last look at his sleeping figure, serene in blissful ignorance of the pain he’d be in when he awoke, a small smile crept across your face. You didn’t know if he would remember the kiss, but hell… If it had meant something, then you certainly wouldn’t object to it.

It didn’t take long for the smell of breakfast to drift upstairs and awaken Kisumi, and by the time you were plating up, the dull thud of his footsteps coming down the stairs could be heard. Grimacing and bracing yourself for the worst, you directed your gaze towards the kitchen doorway, where, soon enough, there stood a half-naked, still damp, frowning Kisumi. 

“I made-“

“Sh…” He had one hand covering his eyes, massaging at his temples, the other waving in your direction to indicate his desire for your silence. Even Kisumi wasn’t his normal self when he had a hangover, and really, it was quite a spectacle.

“Oh, so you don’t want breakfast, then?” You could swear he practically growled, reluctantly plodding over to the kitchen counter and taking a seat. “Thought so.”

“Just… Please… Don’t talk so loud… And tell the lights to go away.” He sniffed, bleary eyes narrowed in an attempt to block out the offending light. Despite his slow movements and complaints, as soon as you placed the chopsticks in front of him, Kisumi was hoovering up the noodles and miso soup in no time, obviously ravenous despite his ailment.

“Hm. I wonder if that hangover is as bad as you’re pretending…” Starting at your own meal, you eyed him from across the table, watching some of the colour return to his face as he ate.

“’s not the worst…” He smiled, a little sheepishly, up at you, before continuing. “Why am I wet, by the way?“

Your heart fell a little when he said that. Looks like he couldn’t remember anything after all.

“Oh, y’know, something, something, alcohol, something, neighbour’s pool.” You smirked at him over the bowl when his jaw dropped, burying his face in his hands moments later.

“Ah… I’m so sorry, ____… I really do need you to babysit me when I’m drunk after all, huh?” he paused for a moment, considering you carefully. “Anything else happen I should know about?”

His expression wasn’t giving anything away, and, honestly, you wondered if you should actually tell him. If it had just been a drunk thing, then telling him now could make it awkward between the two of you. There had been flirtatious behaviour here and there before the incident, yes, but that was just Kisumi’s nature… He flirted with practically everyone, and you just figured that your close friendship didn’t spare you from that. But either way… It was going to eat away at you unless you told him, and if it did become awkward, then you could just play it down and pretend you didn’t care, right? Of course.

“____?” Kisumi looked a little concerned as he repeated your name - he was more awake now; not so hunched over the counter, sleep rubbed from his eyes leaving them clear, if hooded a little. You glanced down and found yourself wishing he was actually wearing a shirt.

“You kissed me.” Perhaps that was too blunt. Judging by the look on Kisumi’s face… Yes. Yes that was definitely too blunt. Coughing quietly to try and cover up the awkward silence between the two of you, your mind raced to try and find something, anything, to say that would relieve the tension that filled the room.

“Oops.” Kisumi’s reaction took you by surprise - over the initial shock, he now seemed to be smiling bashfully, teeth worrying the corner of his lip. Eyes downcast, they flickered back up to meet yours, before dashing back down to the bowl of miso soup in front of him. “Did I really?“

You didn’t have the courage to vocally affirm, so simply nodded slowly, watching his every move warily.

“Ah, damn…” Kisumi sighed, shoulders slumping as raised his gaze to your own. “I bet I said something weird about my name, too…?”

Again, you nodded, holding in your giggles. So that was what he was muttering about.

“I was waiting to use that line on you, y’know.”

“Huh?” Had he just said that?

“Sober, of course. Getting drunk and then… Doing… That… Wasn’t my intention, ____…” The awkward grin only grew greater in size, and he sighed softly. “Guess last night blew my cover, huh?“

By this point, you could feel your cheeks heating up, already anticipating what he was implying.

“Would you let me try again?”

You couldn’t even move any more - you didn’t even have the faintest idea that Kisumi was actually interested in you in any way, and now… This? He was moving, leaning over the counter, face slowly approaching your own; he was definitely saying something, too…

“____? Are you listening?” He was unreasonably close now, and you blinked a few times - maybe you were still dreaming?

“… Say my name.”

“Kisumi…”

so i was rereading the first document u get while playing the assignment and juli’s criminal record looks just like this:

juvenile offense, criminal trespass, destruction of property, receipt of stolen goods, grand theft, vagrancy, underage consumption of alcohol, shoplifting, resisting arrest, burglary, possession of controlled substance with intent to sell, robbery with use of fire gun, assault, grand theft, criminal evasion, resisting arrest, assault on an officer

{ harrysfictions }

He didn’t know how long it had been since he had started this conversation, but Harry was still attempting to carry on a yell over the pumping music to some blond who was obviously way past her alcohol consumption limit and probably couldn’t hear him anyways. This party was lame – just another low key rave with cheap laser lights and girls that he had already gamed on too many times before to count. There was no challenge here, no element of surprise. He rolled his eyes as the girl fell back on the couch asleep – deciding this was the perfect time for a smoke break. His eyes immediately fell to a girl crouched on the steps, his brows knitting together to make sure he wasn’t imaging her there since his vision was still adjusting to normal non-strobe views. “Alright?” He asked in a raspy voice – the yelling suddenly seeming like a bad choice.

A gene mutation for excessive alcohol drinking found

Researchers have discovered a gene that regulates alcohol consumption and when faulty can cause excessive drinking. They have also identified the mechanism underlying this phenomenon.

The study showed that normal mice show no interest in alcohol and drink little or no alcohol when offered a free choice between a bottle of water and a bottle of diluted alcohol.

However, mice with a genetic mutation to the gene Gabrb1 overwhelmingly preferred drinking alcohol over water, choosing to consume almost 85% of their daily fluid as drinks containing alcohol - about the strength of wine.

The consortium of researchers from five UK universities – Newcastle University, Imperial College London,  Sussex University, University College London and University of Dundee – and the MRC Mammalian Genetics Unit at Harwell, funded by the Medical Research Council (MRC), Wellcome Trust and ERAB, publish their findings today in Nature Communications.

Dr Quentin Anstee, Consultant Hepatologist at Newcastle University, joint lead author said: “It’s amazing to think that a small change in the code for just one gene can have such profound effects on complex behaviours like alcohol consumption.

“We are continuing our work to establish whether the gene has a similar influence in humans, though we know that in people alcoholism is much more complicated as environmental factors come into play. But there is the real potential for this to guide development of better treatments for alcoholism in the future.”

Identifying the gene for alcohol preference

Working at the MRC Mammalian Genetics Unit, a team led by Professor Howard Thomas from Imperial College London introduced subtle mutations into the genetic code at random throughout the genome and tested mice for alcohol preference. This led the researchers to identify the gene Gabrb1 which changes alcohol preference so strongly that mice carrying either of two single base-pair point mutations in this gene preferred drinking alcohol (10% ethanol v/v - about the strength of wine), over water.

The group showed that mice carrying this mutation were willing to work to obtain the alcohol-containing drink by pushing a lever and, unlike normal mice, continued to do so even over long periods. They would voluntarily consume sufficient alcohol in an hour to become intoxicated and even have difficulty in coordinating their movements.

The cause of the excessive drinking was tracked down to single base-pair point mutations in the gene Gabrb1, which codes for the beta 1 subunit, an important component of the GABAA receptor in the brain. This receptor responds to the brain’s most important inhibitory chemical messenger (GABA) to regulate brain activity. The researchers found that the gene mutation caused the receptor to activate spontaneously even when the usual GABA trigger was not present.

These changes were particularly strong in the region of the brain that controls pleasurable emotions and reward, the nucleus accumbens, as Dr Anstee explains: “The mutation of the beta1 containing receptor is altering its structure and creating spontaneous electrical activity in the brain in this pleasure zone, the nucleus accumbens. As the electrical signal from these receptors increases, so does the desire to drink to such an extent that mice will actually work to get the alcohol, for much longer than we would have expected.”

Professor Howard Thomas said: “We know from previous human studies that the GABA system is involved in controlling alcohol intake. Our studies in mice show that a particular subunit of GABAA receptor has a significant effect and most importantly the existence of these mice has allowed our collaborative group to investigate the mechanism involved. This is important when we come to try to modify this process first in mice and then in man.”

Leading to a treatment for alcohol addiction

Initially funded by the MRC, the 10-year project aimed to find genes affecting alcohol consumption. Professor Hugh Perry, Chair of the MRC’s Neurosciences and Mental Health Board, said: “Alcohol addiction places a huge burden on the individual, their family and wider society. There’s still a great deal we don’t understand about how and why consumption progresses into addiction, but the results of this long-running project suggest that, in some individuals, there may be a genetic component. If further research confirms that a similar mechanism is present in humans, it could help us to identify those most at risk of developing an addiction and ensure they receive the most effective treatment.”

Most colleges require students to go through some sort of alcohol education program. When I was a freshman in college, I was required to play a video game that involved helping Franklin the frog navigate through various college parties without succumbing to alcohol poisoning. (Easy, Frank — remember to hydrate).

Other universities require students to watch educational videos or take online quizzes about appropriate alcohol use.These one-time interventions do work, but their effect tends to wear off as the school year progresses, according to a recent study.

Programs Help Students Cut Back On Booze, But Not For Long

Photo Credit: iStockphoto

Just Stay

Note: I started this fic back in september but have since had time to reflect on the story I’d like to tell. I have made the decision to rewrite/rework what I already have and then write to it’s completion. If it sounds familiar, that’s why. (Warnings for this chapter are in the tags) 

On Ao3

Being without Ian was hell.  Mickey was moving through it in search of some kind of reprieve but he’d been living in the Milkovich household long enough to know not to hope for everything.  His ability to do such a thing had been beaten out of him years ago.  Ian had begun to change that, taught him how to hope again, and look where that fucking got him. So he didn’t hope.

Mickey was back to merely surviving and he’d be lying if he didn’t admit that it was a hell of a lot harder to do so after he had lost Ian than it was before Ian was ever part of his life. Whoever said it was better to have loved and lost than never loved at all was full of shit and obviously not the gay son of the likes of Terry Milkovich.

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Researchers Identify Key Factor in Transition from Moderate to Problem Drinking

A team of UC San Francisco researchers has found that a tiny segment of genetic material known as a microRNA plays a central role in the transition from moderate drinking to binge drinking and other alcohol use disorders.

Previous research in the UCSF laboratory of Dorit Ron, PhD, Endowed Chair of Cell Biology of Addiction in Neurology, has demonstrated that the level of a protein known as brain-derived neurotrophic factor, or BDNF, is increased in the brain when alcohol consumed in moderation. In turn, experiments in Ron’s lab have shown, BDNF prevents the development of alcohol use disorders.

In the new study, Ron and first author Emmanuel Darcq, PhD, a former postdoctoral fellow now at McGill University in Canada, found that when mice consumed excessive amounts of alcohol for a prolonged period, there was a marked decrease in the amount of BDNF in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), a brain region important for decision making. As reported in the October 21, 2014 online edition of Molecular Psychiatry, this decline was associated with a corresponding increase in the level of a microRNA called miR-30a-5p.

MicroRNAs lower the levels of proteins such as BDNF by binding to messenger RNA, the molecular middleman that carries instructions from genes to the protein-making machinery of the cell, and tagging it for destruction.

Ron and colleagues then showed that if they increased the levels of miR-30a-5p in the mPFC, BDNF was reduced, and the mice consumed large amounts of alcohol. When mice were treated with an inhibitor of miR-30a-5p, however, the level of BDNF in the mPFC was restored to normal and alcohol consumption was restored to normal, moderate levels.

“Our results suggest BDNF protects against the transition from moderate to uncontrolled drinking and alcohol use disorders,” said Ron, senior author of the study and a professor in UCSF’s Department of Neurology. “When there is a breakdown in this protective pathway, however, uncontrolled excessive drinking develops, and microRNAs are a possible mechanism in this breakdown. This mechanism may be one possible explanation as to why 10 percent of the population develop alcohol use disorders and this study may be helpful for the development of future medications to treat this devastating disease.”

One reason many potential therapies for alcohol abuse have been unsuccessful is because they inhibit the brain’s reward pathways, causing an overall decline in the experience of pleasure. But in the new study, these pathways continued to function in mice in which the actions of miR-30a-5p had been tamped down—the mice retained the preference for a sweetened solution over plain water that is seen in normal mice.

This result has significant implications for future treatments, Ron said. “In searching for potential therapies for alcohol abuse, it is important that we look for future medications that target drinking without affecting the reward system in general. One problem with current alcohol abuse medications is that patients tend to stop taking them because they interfere with the sense of pleasure.”

Researchers find that alcohol consumption damages brain’s support cells

Alcohol consumption affects the brain in multiple ways, ranging from acute changes in behavior to permanent molecular and functional alterations. The general consensus is that in the brain, alcohol targets mainly neurons. However, recent research suggests that other cells of the brain known as astrocytic glial cells or astrocytes are necessary for the rewarding effects of alcohol and the development of alcohol tolerance. The study, first-authored by Dr. Leonardo Pignataro, was published in the February 6th issue of the scientific journal Brain and Behavior.

“This is a fascinating result that we could have never anticipated. We know that astrocytes are the most abundant cell type in the central nervous system and that they are crucial for neuronal growth and survival, but so far, these cells had been thought to be involved only in brain’s support functions. Our results, however, show that astrocytes have an active role in alcohol tolerance and dependence,” explains Dr. Pignataro.

The team of researchers from Columbia and Yale Universities analyzed how alcohol exposure changes gene expression in astrocyte cells and identified gene sets associated with stress, immune response, cell death, and lipid metabolism, which may have profound implications for normal neuronal activity in the brain. “Our findings may explain many of the long-term inflammatory and degenerative effects observed in the brain of alcoholics,” says Dr. Pignataro. “The change in gene expression observed in alcohol-exposed astrocytes supports the idea that some of the alcohol consumed reaches the brain and that ethanol (the active component of alcoholic beverages) is locally metabolized, increasing the production free radicals that react with cell components to affect the normal function of cells. This activates a cellular stress response in the cells in an attempt to defend from this chemical damage. On the other hand, the body recognizes these oxidized molecules as "foreign objects” generating an immune response against them that leads to the death of damage cells. This mechanism can explain the inflammatory degenerative process observed in the brain of chronic alcoholics, allowing for the development of different and novel therapeutically approaches to treat this disease" added Dr. Pignataro.

The consequences of alcohol on astrocytes revealed in this study go far beyond what happens to this particular cell type. Astrocytes play a crucial role in the CNS, supporting normal neuronal activity by maintaining homeostasis. Therefore, alcohol changes in gene expression in astrocytes may have profound implications for neuronal activity in the brain.

These findings will help scientists better understand alcohol-associated disorders, such as the brain neurodegenerative damage associated with chronic alcoholism and alcohol tolerance and dependence. “We hope that this newly discovered role of astrocytes will give scientists new targets other than neurons to develop novel therapies to treat alcoholism,” Leonardo Pignataro concluded.

Alcohol Consumption Harmful or Helpful?

Alcohol Consumption Harmful or Helpful?

ACE Fitness did a recent infographic on 6 Ways Alcohol Affects Your Health. I expected all the info to be bad, but some of it surprised me. Alcohol seemed to improve your health in some ways, but hurt it in others. However, a word they kept using over and over was “moderate” consumption – which led me to the question “What is moderate consumption?”

In bodybuilding, competitors drink a few…

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Deadly Consequences

I blog about living with alcoholism and addiction, but you don’t have to be an alcoholic to be effected by alcohol or drugs to be horribly affected. Exactly one year ago today that fact hit me like a bolt of lightning in a rain storm and I lost a part of my heart. A year ago today (July 3, 2014) Margarita Santiago and two of her cousins lost their young lives in a horrific car accident. Margarita…

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anonymous asked:

Thoughts on having a single glass of wine for the holidays?

I say go for it. It’s a single glass of wine.

If you’re pregnant, I still say go for it. It’s a single glass of wine! Some doctors say it’s alright to have a single glass of red wine a day during pregnancy. :)

We just talked about this the other day I believe, but I think it was about alcoholic egg nog.

Mamas, thoughts?

-H

Pre-sleep drinking disrupts sleep

For individuals who drink before sleeping, alcohol initially acts as a sedative - marked by the delta frequency electroencephalogram (EEG) activity of Slow Wave Sleep (SWS) - but is later associated with sleep disruption. Significant reductions in EEG delta frequency activity and power also occur with normal development between the ages of 12 and 16; likewise this is a time when alcohol is commonly consumed for the first time, with dramatic increases in drinking occurring among collage-age individuals. A study of the effects of alcohol on sleep EEG power spectra in college students has found that pre-sleep drinking not only causes an initial increase in SWS-related delta power but also causes an increase in frontal alpha power, which is thought to reflect disturbed sleep.

Results will be published in the February 2015 online-only issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research and are currently available at Early View.

“People likely tend to focus on the commonly reported sedative properties of alcohol, which is reflected in shorter times to fall asleep, particularly in adults, rather than the sleep disruption that occurs later in the night,” said Christian L. Nicholas, National Health & Medical Research Council Peter Doherty Research Fellow in the Sleep Research Laboratory at The University of Melbourne as well as corresponding author for the study.

“The reduction in delta frequency EEG activity we see across the ages is thought to represent normal brain maturational processes as the adolescent brain continues to develop to full maturity,” said Nicholas. “Although the exact function of non-Rapid Eye Movement (NREM) sleep, and in particular SWS, is a topic of debate, it is thought to reflect sleep need and quality; thus any disruption to this may affect the underlying restorative properties of sleep and be detrimental to daytime functioning.”

Nicholas and his colleagues recruited 24 participants (12 female, 12 male), healthy 18- to 21-year-old social drinkers who had consumed less than seven standard drinks per week during the previous 30 days. Each participant underwent two conditions: pre-sleep alcohol as well as a placebo, followed by standard polysomnography with comprehensive EEG recordings.

Results showed that alcohol increased SWS delta power during NREM. However, there was a simultaneous increase in frontal alpha power.

“For individuals researching sleep in the field of alcohol studies,” said Nicholas, “our findings indicate that care needs to be taken when interpreting increases in ‘visually scored’ SWS associated with alcohol consumption. Increases in SWS, which traditionally would be interpreted as a good thing, can be associated with more subtle changes indicating disrupted sleep, such as the increases we observed in alpha activity, which are revealed when more detailed micro-structural components of the sleep electroencephalogram are assessed.”

Nicholas explained that the increase in frontal alpha power that occurs as a result of pre-sleep drinking likely reflects a disruption of the normal properties of NREM slow wave sleep.

“Similar increases in alpha-delta activity, which are associated with poor or unrefreshing sleep and daytime function, have been observed in individuals with chronic pain conditions,” he said. “Thus, if sleep is being disrupted regularly by pre-sleep alcohol consumption, particularly over long periods of time, this could have significant detrimental effects on daytime wellbeing and neurocognitive function such as learning and memory processes.”

Alcohol is not a sleep aid, said Nicholas. “The take-home message here is that alcohol is not actually a particularly good sleep aid even though it may seem like it helps you get to sleep quicker. In fact, the quality of the sleep you get is significantly altered and disrupted.”

Canada’s Low-Risk Alcohol Drinking Guidelines

Canada’s Low-Risk Alcohol Drinking Guidelines (LRDG) help Canadians moderate their alcohol consumption and reduce their immediate and long-term alcohol-related harm.

The Guidelines recommend no more than two drinks a day, 10 per week for women, and three drinks a day, 15 per week for men, with an extra drink allowed on special occasions.

(From Canadian Centre on Substance Abuse)

zantehchanteh asked:

Mate, is it true that your govt is battling against alcohol consumption to the point of ridiculousness? What do you think of it?

Yes, it’s true and it’s pretty fucking stupid.

Basically they’re talking about banning all alcohol advertising to “protect the impressionable children” which means that all alcohol related advertising in public areas would be illegal. Because apparently adverts encourage people to start drinking younger to which I’ll point out that if stuff’s illegal “just because” then someone will sure as hell rebel. And this includes underage drinking so I doubt the advertising blackout will do shit. 

The new laws also mean that a restaurant can’t for example use a following kind of positive Facebook review in their advertising, social media or otherwise: “Great restaurant, absolutely mouthwatering food, make sure to check out their shrimps, nice atmosphere, a large selection of beers for all tastes.” They’re also forbidden from creating content that can be shared, which has also apparently lead to Finnish government to asking Facebook to ban the Share button in Finland. 

Private individuals would be allowed to post about alcohol as much as they want on Facebook, because then it would be viewed as private communication. 

This basically means that it will be about impossible for breweries to advertise to the actual consumers. 

The logic being; if you don’t know there’s alcohol, you can’t have it.

There’s also another law in the works that would greatly restrict the opening hours of bars and restaurants, allowing them to be closed hours earlier. This would also curtail alcohol consumption of course. 

I mean, we already pretty much have all alcoholic beverages under a monopoly in Finland but controlling that isn’t really working because we can get cheap booze from Estonia (it’s only few hours across the gulf, a day trip on the faster ferries). Alcohol has been like this big bad boogieman for a pretty long time in Finland. We tried Prohibition 1919-1932 and that just encouraged making moonshine and smuggling of alcohol and also raised general violence and crime rates. It all kinda goes back to stereotypes really; Finland was for thousands of years the backwater of Europe and everything came here pretty late, including strong alcohol and during long and dark winters there really wasn’t much to do but drink. Seriously, there are stories from 17th century about Finns serving in the Swedish army being uncontrollable drunks. And then when temperance movement became a thing in the late 19th century, all of these uncontrollable drunk stereotypes were upped to the max. 

With all of these “let’s control alcohol consumption” things going on, it feels like we’ve never learnt how to consume alcohol responsibly. When the laws tighten, we drink because “fuck the government,” when they loosen, we drink to celebrate, it’s like there’s no middle ground. Sometimes there’s a news article about how we should try to be like Mediterraneans with our drinking habits but it doesn’t really work out. This has all kinda let into a culture where it’s the norm to kinda not drink for like a week and then drink a lot come weekend because Saturday sauna is always a good time for a few cold beers. And it kinda easily leads to overindulging. Most of our crime rates are also tied really closely to alcohol consumption. Most violent deaths in Finland include alcohol, a fight and whatever the closest weapon happens to be and are accidents. And sure, if there was less alcohol involved, the number of those deaths would be less. But the fact remains that people never like to be told what not to do. I won’t say anything about those who appear to be perpetually drunk, I don’t personally know any. 

That’s why we sometimes call our society “holhousyhteiskunta,” a tutelage society.

Personally I’ve never been really big on alcohol. I tasted some when I was underage by accident and decided it tasted horrid (and I consider that a good way to discourage underage drinking, choose the shittiest and most disgusting alcoholic beverage and let the kid taste just a bit – by the time they want to try again they’ll hopefully be old enough to drink responsibly). I drink at most like three or four times a year and I’ve never in my life had a hangover because I moderate and stop early enough. 

But I do think the government is making stupid decisions about this. They fail to take into account how badly stuff like this has worked in the past and the basic human nature. Could it be done smarter? Dunno, I’m not an expert.