albinistic

PSA

I do not care if you callout white people. In fact, I strongly encourage it. 

But do not, DO NOT 

DO NOT UNDER ANY CIRCUMSTANCES use the word “albino” as a derogatory term. 

You know what albinism is? An actual genetic condition and disability. 

You know what people with albinism are? Usually fucking awesome. 

You know why it makes LITERALLY NO SENSE to refer to all white people as albinos? Because POC can have albinism too. Like literally a person of any skin color can have albinism. 

And hey, “albino” has been used as a harmful slur and a way to spread misinformation for way too fucking long. 

You don’t use the R word still do you? 

You don’t still say “that’s so gay” when you think something is dumb, do you? 

Then don’t call people albino as an insult. It’s not your word. Don’t fucking use it. 

Pls pass it on thnx

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Persecution of people with albinism

 Persecution of people with albinism (sometimes abbreviated PWA) is based on the belief that certain body parts of albinistic people can transmit magical powers.

As a result, people with albinism have been persecuted, killed and dismembered, and graves of albinos dug up and desecrated. At the same time, people with albinism have also been ostracised and even killed for exactly the opposite reason, because they are presumed to be cursed and bring bad luck. The persecutions of people with albinism take place mostly in Sub-Saharan African communities, especially among East Africans.

anonymous asked:

Can you tell us what a childhood for a merperson would be like?

Well it would vary a lot depending on the kind of merperson, so I’m gonna go through my full list of merpeople one by one and give explanations for each ok? This is going to be long, I have some 30-odd varieties of merpeople.

Adaro - These guys are a uniquely patriarchal group of merpeople, and even from a young age the merchildren would be gendered and likely expected to fit to that. They’d also be taught to fight and to hunt from a young age, and to not trust muggles and wixes, as well as to be willing to attack. Of all merpeople Adaro would have some of the most brutal upbringing of social and surface merpeople, though I imagine they’d remain within fairly certain social groups, unlike say, Shark-mer, or Deep-mer. I am pretty sure Adaro would have live young, but they’d probably be fed on soft fish, rather than given milk of any kind.

Amabie (Koi-mer) - I’m fairly sure that Koi-mer are quite individual, and while there would certainly be some who chose to travel with their preferred partner, just as easily there may well be single mothers. Given they’d be some of the few magical sentients in Japan which wouldn’t be so badly viewed they’d probably learn to sing and speak quite young, and swim alongside the parent(s) raising them, and occasionally visiting wixen villages. I imagine they’d learn to make jewellery as children, and probably be taught how to use their mersong to influence the weather. They’d likely occasionally meet in large groups to socialise in lakes, or - rarely - in the sea. Given they’re a largely peaceful and friendly group, and enjoy the company of koi fish which they call siblings, they probably wouldn’t have rough-and-tumble games so much, and more likely, when playing groups, have games of tag, or hide-and-seek or similar. Amabie I think would also have live young, but I think that they would nurse theirs, probably making slings of water weeds or even cloth if they obtained any, so their child could nurse as they swim, until it is strong enough to swim alongside them.

Asrai - Probably these merpeople would be taught to fight from an early age, in case they had run-ins with Grindylows, as well as being taught to avoid staying in the sunlight too long, lest they melt away. They’d probably spend a lot of time singing, and playing hide-and-seek amongst the weeds in the rivers they live in, but not pop up above the waves until mature, simply because of the risk of their being seen before having anywhere near the size and magical control necessary to prevent their being taken by humans. That the sun can cause them to melt if they are overexposed to it just provides further incentive. I think Asrai also have live young, but given how small they are, I imagine infant Asrai to be barely the size of a human hand when first born, though they’d grow rapidly to about the size of a human infant, and then slowly to the childlike size that is their mature form. I think that Asrai would only be nursed immediately after birth, and otherwise fed on the eggs of waterfowl, such as ducks, and small fish such as whitebait.

Bagiennik - A distinctly rough-and-tumble merpeople, I think Bagiennik would produce eggs which hatch within the parent, and then are nursed briefly when born. Likely they’d play a lot with their siblings, but also learn to use the oil they produce in defence. They’d probably be encouraged toward ready ruthlessness, and likely be socialised to dislike and distrust Rusalki. 

Black Lake Colony - I think these mer are different in reproduction from both the kinds of merpeople they are born of (Merrows and Open Ocean Merpeople), in that they produce globule-like eggs, which are fertilised prior to being laid. These eggs would be tended carefully until hatching, though only a few of a laying ever would, say about four of fifteen. The unhatched eggs would likely be devoured by the hatchlings, who would then be tended and raised by their parents and the rest of the colony. I do not think they would nurse, as the merpeople of the Black Lake have no evident nipples, though I think they would be well fed on the softer parts of fish, and the eggs of fish. Once able to swim utterly on their own (probably when only a few days old) they’d be allowed to meet and play with the Giant Squid, and would probably spend a lot of time with other merchildren playing among the tentacles of the Squid, and playing hide-and-seek in the ruins at the bottom of the lake. I imagine some might even venture into Hogwarts’ plumbing where possible, and produce eerie singing that some of the students might hear. I doubt many would go to the surface before reaching puberty however, given that few of the Black Lake Merpeople in canon seem inclined to surface except when necessary.

Coastal Surface Merpeople - These merpeople have live young, and nurse them much as humans would, and for around as long. Probably around the time that a merchild can start to swim on it’s own it would be taught how to change from mer-form to a humanoid one, and how to walk as that. This then means that merchildren of this kind would probably play a lot, in both water and on land, and probably have interactions with human children near where they live. I imagine they’d probably be discouraged from spending too much time with humans as they go through puberty, especially given the seasonality of their reproductive systems. Once mature, and they know when they are likely to be in season they’d avoid humans when in season unless the relationship was a serious one with offspring planned for, but otherwise they’d have little issue with socialising with humans and sleeping with or forming other relationships with them. Probably like Glashan they’d like to make jewellery, though they’d be much less selective in who they give it too, or even keeping it to themselves.

Deep Merpeople - These merpeople reproduce with fertilisation and then the laying of around ten eggs into a cave or nook or cranny. Both participant parents help to raise the young, unless one dies or is killed by one of the numerous nasties in the deeps, and their children would be taught to be extremely quiet from their first days. They’d also be taught to echolocate, to use their bioluminescent markings to communicate when absolute quiet was essential, and how to communicate in a method like speech rather than song, though they would not be able to communicate without screeching in air, unless in human form. They’d be taught to hunt, and then probably left to their own devices from any point between about 5-8 years, as large groups would be an incredible risk to these merpeople. Similarly any albinistic or leucistic offspring would be chased off, or kept at a distance from the majority of offspring as they’d present a risk to the wellbeing of the majority. Most Deep Merpeople would spend much of their life alone, unless/until they find a mate.

Dukuwaqa - Generally these merpeople avoid most other than their mates, and like shark-mer probably have incidences of intrauterine cannibalism among their young, where siblings devour each other before being born. Once born they’d likely be quickly educated and expected to be able to fend for themselves quite quickly, although they’d likely be allowed to stay near their parents until physically mature or another child was produced.

Encantado - Probably these ones are born alive and shifting from the start, and would have an almost instinctive understanding of how they change shape. This would allow them to have games which go from water to land with an incredibly fluid ease, and they’d probably learn to tease and flirt with humans from quite early on in their teens. Like most mer they’d love song, and folklore says they like to dance and I think I buy that with these guys.

Extinct Merpeople - Well these ones are now extinct, in my headcanon, but I imagine North Sea Merpeople were rather like Open Ocean Merpeople, and Octo-mer probably had a tendency to triplets or more, and would care for them assiduously. Apkallu would have been well educated from very early on, probably taught to memorise entire tracts of an oral history, and taught how to interact with humans, in both play and politics.

Greek Merpeople - Very playful and very social, I think Greek merpeople are highly social and would have live young. Probably Greek merchildren would play with Sirens some, given Greek merpeople are some of the only Merpeople to get along with Sirens, and likely they’d interact with humans a fair bit. I get the feeling Greek Merchildren would break the international statute of secrecy fairly often.

Havsrå - Given these merpeople can have offspring which sometimes look more human than Havsrå, and leave them in the care of humans it seems fairly obvious to me that Havsrå have live young and while they are capable of nursing them, they are more than willing to let them be adopted by humans on occasion. This means that Havsrå childhoods would depend on if they had a human or more Havsrå-like appearance and thus who raised them. I think Havsrå upbringings would be rather akin to that of Merrows.

Iara - I think Iaras have live young, though that they do not necessarily nurse them though they likely can. I think they’d be more likely to nurse part-human offspring, and their childhood would be just as playful as that of the Encantado, though probably more limited to waterways. They’d probably also need to be taught to use their magic, which can allow them to give a human a way to permanently breathe water.

Icthyocentaur - Extremely social merpeople, Icthyocentaurs would have live young which they would nurse and likely care for diligently. They’d probably teach their young their own practices of being good hosts, being diplomatic, and being ready to fight. I imagine Icthyocentaur merchildren would have a lot of rough-and-tumble games.

Jelly-mer - I imagine Jelly-mers reproduce in a similarly confusing way to actual Jellyfish, and go through similar developmental processes, eventually cumulating in teeny stinging merpeople.

Jengu (plural Miengu) - I imagine Miengu would be quite playful as children, and would be born live, not hatched from eggs. I also think they’d be taught to avoid being noticed until mature, for their safety, but at the same time, taught how to correctly interact with humans.

Lower Mid-Depth Merpeople - Like Deep-Mer I think these mer would lay eggs, though they’d probably care for the hatchlings for longer. I imagine their childhoods would be similar to Deep-mer though not nearly so severe and probably more playful and a measure more social.

Marianas Mer - Um. I get the feeling these guys reproduce and have sexual dimorphism similarly to anglerfish (larger females than males, and practicing sexual parasitism) and that they may eat each other, even their own young, if hungry enough. The childhoods of these guys are likely RUN AWAAAAAYYY.

Merrow - I think they’d have live young, given they can breed with humans, and that they probably have similarly playful upbringings to coastal mer, selkies and the mer of the Black Lake colony.

Mid-Level Merpeople - Probably more like the Lower Mid-Depth Merpeople, but again, more playful, and again more social. I think this is where, rising from the deeps, you might start to get live young, depending on the location and specific variety.

Morgens - Live young, and probably similar to Asrai, though not quite so wary.

Ningyo - These merpeople I think hatch from eggs, and would be taught to make and use instruments and to sign in order to communicate, and probably taught to avoid humans before anything else. Probably very social, but also very wary.

Oil Merrow - Probably have live young, and very much like Merrows.

Open Ocean Surface Merpeople - Probably have live younger, and would be similar to Coastal Mer in upbringing, just barring the playing on land. While they could turn human many wouldn’t, given the sheer distance from land.

Orca Merpeople - Live young, extremely brutal upbringing, constant readiness to fight, and sometimes hunting Selkies when other food is not available. Probably live in groups like Orcas and keep Leopard Seals as pets, those groups living in the right part of the world. Taught to attack humans on sight.

Qalupalik - Very little is known of these, though I’d suggest live young and probably taught to mimic humans from a young age. Also to avoid Orca-mer and mundane predators.

Rusalka - Live young, and probably similarly to coastal merpeople.

Rusalka-River Merpeople Hybrid - Live young and probably raised similarly to coastal and Rusalki merchildren. Probably more taught how to survive and to seduce, and how to scavenge from the river and lakebed.

Seahorse Merpeople - Reproducing much akin to seahorses - pregnant males - and probably due to their symbiotic relationships with larger mer their young are often given over to the children of these larger mer and diligently cared for by them.

Selkie - Probably very much like the Encantado. Live young, playing on land and in water alike, and very social.

Shark-mer - Practice intrauterine cannibalism with siblings eating one another before birth, and, like Orca-mer very brutal in their upbringing. Very much survival focussed.

Siren - Live young and probably nursed, I think Sirens would be attentive parents and their young extremely playful and probably very fond of making jewellery of the teeth of those their parents kill, or of stealing jewellery from the bodies.

AMA over this weekend. Send in any questions on the Potterverse you like!

Magical Albinism Used as a Curse, Divorce from their culture

I’m presently working on a story in which a young prince sets off on a mission to save his Queendom by resurrecting his late mother, the Queen. He goes about committing various taboos in his desperation, but the act of resurrection is considered the greatest taboo of all in this setting.

The prince and the culture he belongs to have very distinctive physical traits, in that they have dark skin, black or dark-brown hair, and deep violet eyes.

The punishment for committing the taboo of resurrection is to take the thing that the summoner values most from them. In the prince’s case, that thing is his heritage and his culture.

So the angel who brings his mother back into the world of the living strips those physical markers of his race from him: His skin and hair go white, and his eyes lose their violet hues for a dull, steely grey. The idea is to make him look “incongruent” with his people (it should be noted that angels in this story do not hold a perfect understanding of humanity. They’re more like…disinterested observers much of the time). Ostensibly, he becomes the first albinistic person within this world.

He spends a decent chunk of time deeply depressed and horrified by this development, but of course in time his mother and countrymen assure him that it does not truly rob him of his right to their culture or his place in the Queendom itself, and in time he overcomes this inner conflict.

I’m worried that this is…icky.

I’m not sure that I have the right vocabulary to express what it is exactly I’m concerned I might be doing wrong?

I worry that treating this inflicted albinism as a horrifying punishment in his eyes (despite it being resolved later) is a grossly crude inclusion of the disorder.
I also worry that taking a character of color and robbing him of his dark palette could be considered a form of whitewashing. It is explicitly clear that this “whiteness” is unwanted and even traumatic to him, and at no point does he stop identifying with or renounce his race/culture.

It’s something of a two-toned issue, I suppose. I want to make it clear that the fact that he loses his pigment is a bad thing—a thing to be mourned—but I also want to make it clear that albinistic folk do not actually relinquish their culture.
I worry that no matter how I spin it, it will only be taken one of two ways: “he becomes white & *~pure~* bc he saved his country!!!!” or “albinism is horrible & disgusting & albino ppl aren’t REALLY [race]”; neither of which I want to imply at all.

I guess what I’m really trying to ask is: Do you think there is a non-awful way to write this story? If so, how?

I’d appreciate any advice you may have for me, including if that advice is simply not to write it.

Growing up, I had a HUGE problem with my albinism and I thought it was a curse. Others saw it as a blessing, but I brushed that off as eurocentrism. I still wonder how life would be or how I would look if my genetics had turned out like my brother’s. I will say that personally, my albinism has never made me feel less black. Other people who had problems with my albinism made me feel less black. Having this disorder, I’ve always known that skin color had nothing to do with one’s race, but very few people on this planet are as enlightened as me and tried to sever me from my people because they were uncomfortable with my appearance. 

You have to raise your protagonist up without being eurocentric about his color. Also, look into people with vitiligo because I’ve always lacked pigment, but in some cases of vitiligo, their melanin can recede over time.

I would stray away from words that demonize albinism i.e. curse. Readers will be able to interpret that the stripping of his pigment is an unfortunate event without saying it’s a curse if you describe it correctly. 

Take into consideration that this is my opinion and I do not represent all people with albinism who could find your plot offensive.

~ Mod Brei

bpdkarin  asked:

hi!! i saw your post on melanism in lions and was wondering how far albinism goes in lions? i don't really trust google/pinterest results ahaha, have a great day!!

I’m by no means an expert on genetics (I’m barely even an amataeur, I just enjoy nature’s oddities), but from what I can see, there have been no reported legitimately albinistic lions.

The definition of albinism varies a bit depending on what species we’re discussing (for example, it’s generally accepted that horses cannot be albinistic because all unpigmented horses have blue eyes, not red, yet when talking about humans, most people with albinism have blue-ish eyes). So some people might argue that some groups of white lions are indeed albinistic, since there is a great variation of color between populations, with some seemingly lacking any pigment, while others would argue that none of them are albinistic, since they all show some level of pigmentation in the eyes.

Messy Beast, my almanac for big cat mutations, says:

“White lions are not albino (unpigmented) but are leucistic - leucism describes an effect rather than a particular gene. They have pigmentation which is visible in the eyes, paw pads and lips.”

“Skin and fur get their colour because the tyrosinase protein helps skin cells manufacture melanin. A genetic defect in tyrosinase leads to albinism because melanin cannot be made - either cannot be made at all, or cannot be made properly. This is “c-locus albinism” and it also affects the visual pathways, sometimes resulting in crossed eyes because the nerves from the eyes connect up in an abnormal way. In domestic cats, there are several albino mutations: Burmese sepia (changes black to brown, orange to yellow), Siamese colourpoint (colour is restricted to head/legs/tail), blue-eyed albino and pink-eyed albino. There is also the “Inhibitor” (Chinchilla) gene that prevents deposition of pigment on the hair shaft, but allows pigment at the hair tips - this is the mutation found in white Bengal tigers.”

Source: http://messybeast.com/genetics/lions-white.htm

But again: I’m no expert. I can’t vouch for how accurate Messy Beast is on the genetics thing.

More white deer are hunted every year than people think.
The picture going around with the little boy and the “albino” deer isn’t as big of a deal as folks are making it out to be.
They are rare, but not that rare. Deer share a very common gene that involves loss of pigment in their skin. If you think about it, there are more albino, leucistic, and piebald deer in the world then there are bangal tigers on the planet.

Even though it is pretty, albinism is a serious genetic defect. It is good that white deer are hunted. Albanism causes a higher risk of:
Skin cancers (very common in deer)
Early onset of blindess in the eyes
Antler deformities as well as muscle deformities.

The breeding of albinistic and leucistic animals should not be idolized, because the animal’s natural camouflage is what help’s it survive in the wild. A white deer that survives over a year in the wild is very lucky.

Dendrobium pachyphyllum  (S.E. Asia)

Den. pachyphyllum can be variable in color- some will have thin red striping on a cream flower and others I have grown will be almost albinistic with crisp white and yellow markings.  But a few things remain consistent among them all: they are remarkably fragrant for their size, the flowers are short lived at only 1-2 days, and they all bloom according to a change in barometric pressure. Within a couple of days of thunder storms you will see buds developing on the tips of the canes and after a couple more the crescent-shaped buds will have fully opened revealing their charming shape.