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Fan Noli (6 January 1882 – 13 March 1965)

Fan Stilian Noli was an Albanian everything writer, prime minister, priest, scholar, politician, diplomat, historian, orator, actor, musician and founder of the Autocephalus Orthodox Church of Albania. He was born in the city of İbriktepe, where a bust of him was placed in 2011, (alb: Qyteza) in the Edirne vilayet in 1882 and baptised as Theofanes Stylianos Mavromatis

In his young age he travelled along most of Southern and Eastern Europe, fundrising himself by working as an actor and translator, thanks to his knowledge af many languages ( English, Arabic, Greek, Turkish and French among the others). He worked as a teacher first in Athens and then in Alexandria of Egypt, where he developed his patriotic feelings. Through his contacts with the Albanian expatriate movement, he became an ardent supporter of his country’s nationalist movement and moved to the United States in 1906. He first worked in Buffalo, New York, in a lumber mill and then moved to Boston, Massachusetts and worked as an operator on a machine which stamped labels on cans.  

In 1907, a young Albanian emigrant to the United States, Kristaq Dishnica, died. Dishnica was an Albanian patriot, and since the Greek Church had excommunicated him for this, no Orthodox Church in the area would perform his funeral rites. As Dishnica was laid to rest without any religious service, the ire of the Albanians in Massachusetts arose.Fan Noli, who at that time was a church cantor, recognized this as an opportunity to serve the spiritual needs of his own community and to champion the cause for religious and political freedom in Albania. Noli was first able to garner the support of Archbishop Platon, head of the Russian Orthodox Church in the United States, who said who would ordained him as a priest; however the Archbishop retired his offer the same day he should have ordain Noli and the reunited crowd aclaimed him bishop in his place.

 In 1908, Noli began studying at Harvard, completing his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1912. Also, in 1908 he was ordered as an orthodox priest. He put foot for the first time in Albania in 1913 and returned in the US after the outbreak of First World War and there worked for the Vatra Organization, making him effectively the leader of the Albanian diaspora. His diplomatic efforts earned him the admiration of president Wilson and, in 1920, mebmership in the League of Nations, which provided his nation with the international recognition it did not had until then

In 1921 he entered in the Albanian Parliament as a member of the pro-British “People’s Party ”, the leading party of the country. The next year he was appointed as Mitred Archmandriteof Tirana and Durres and leader of the Autocephalus Orthodox Church of Albanian by the Congress of Berat, wich was considerate illegitimate by the from the Patriarchate of Constantinople, wich excommunicated him and the other congressional fathers, as well as the two Greek bishops who had supported Fan Noli and the Congress (bishops Jerotheos and Kristophoros Kissi).  

 Noli served briefly as foreign minister in the government of Xhafer Ypi. This was a period of intense turmoil in the country between the liberals and the conservatives. After a botched assassination attempt against Zogu, the conservatives revenged themselves by assassinating another popular liberal politician, Avni Rustemi. Noli’s speech at Rustemi’s funeral was so powerful that liberal supporters rose up against Zogu and forced him to flee to Yugoslavia (March 1924). Zogu was succeeded briefly by his father-in-law, Shefqet Vërlaci, and by the liberal politician Iliaz Vrioni; then Noli was named thirteenth prime minister and regent on July 17, 1924.

Despite his efforts to reform the country, Noli’s “Twenty Point Program” was unpopular, and his government was overthrown by groups loyal to Zogu on Christmas Eve of that year. Two weeks later, Zogu returned to Albania with the support of the Serb-Montenegrine army, and Noli fled to Italy under sentence of death.  

Noli founded the “National Revolutionary Committee” also known as KONARE in Vienna.  The committee aimed in overthrowing Zogu and his cast and restoring democracy. Despite the efforts, the committee’s access and influence in Albania would be limited. In 1928, KONARE changed its name to “Committee of National Liberation”. Meanwhile, in Albania, after three years of republican regime, the “National Council” declared Albania a Constitutional Monarchy, and Ahmet Zogu became king. Noli moved back to the United States in 1932 and formed a republican opposition to Zogu, who had since proclaimed himself “King Zog I”. 

Over the next years, he continued his education, studying and later teaching Byzantine music, and continued developing and promoting the autocephalous Albanian Orthodox Church he had helped to found. After the war, Noli established some ties with the communist government of Enver Hoxha, which seized power in 1944. He unsuccessfully urged the U.S. government to recognize the regime, but Hoxha’s increasing persecution of all religions prevented Noli’s church from maintaining ties with the Orthodox hierarchy in Albania. Despite the Hoxha regime's anticlerical bent, Noli’s ardent Albanian nationalism brought the bishop to the attention of the FBI’s , whose Boston office kept the bishop under investigation for more than a decade with no final outcome to the probe.

In 1945, Fan S. Noli received a PhD’s degree in history from Boston University, writing a dissertation on Skanderbeg. In the meantime, he also conducted research at Boston University Music Department, publishing a biography on Ludwig van Beethoven. He also composed a one-movement symphony called Scanderbeg in 1947

Toward the end of his life, Noli retired to Florida, where he died in 1965.

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serbs once again show their true face even if they’re federation says albanian players will be safe,they let serbian hooligans on the field to attack albanian players this is so embarrasing,but they forgot one thing we are albanians and we dont give a fu*k because history let us know how wicked you are, and no one knows fear from you little hienas,so proud for albanian players who protect their honor and fight for their national flag.SO PORUD TO BE ALBANIAN

Also seven things you need to know about the serbia -ALBANIA match violence in belgrade:Much of the international media coverage of the violence in the Partizan Belgrade stadium has focused on the stunt of a drone flying an Albanian banner, the ensuing brawl and pitch invasion by angry Serb fans. There were additional elements to the violence that are either not being reported by international media, look photos,ALBANIAN players white jerseys

1. Albanian fans were not allowed to attend the match. Serb authorities said they would arrest anyone who showed any symbol of the visiting team in the stadium — restrictions that are almost unheard of in international football. A few Albanian supporters were able to get in, but the crowd was more than 99 percent Serb.

2. The Serb crowd chanted “Ubij, Ubij Siptar” – “Kill, Kill the Albanians,” throughout the 40 minutes the game was played. They used the Milosevic-era derogatory term for Albanian, which is akin to the n-word in North America.

3. The stadium was filled with Serb nationalistic political banners, like “Kosovo is Serbia” and other slogans relating to Bosnia and Croatia. The Serb fans loudly booed the Albanian national anthem.
4. Hard objects and fireworks were thrown on Albanian players well before the drone started flying. The few Albanian journalists who had dared to go to Belgrade also reported that they were pelted with hard objects throughout the first half.

5. Ivan Bogdanovic, the Serb hooligan who led the 2010 Italy match riot, was seen invading the pitch. He served jail time in Serbia after the Italy incident, in which he burned an Albanian flag. That game had to be abandoned as well. Yesterday he led a group of masked supporters into the pitch before being kicked out by police.

6. More than half of Albania’s national team has roots in Kosovo, which split from Serbia in the late 90s in a violent conflict in which about 10,000 ethnic Albanians were killed or went missing and more than 800,000 were displaced. In addition, more than 2,000 ethnic Serbs were also killed or went missing in the war, which ended through a NATO intervention 15 years go. The alliance’s flag was also burned in Belgrade last night. (Albania has been a NATO member since 2009. Serbia is officially EU-minded, but also Russia-friendly.)

7. Despite the harsh political atmosphere in the stadium, the Albanian national team went to play football, and it managed to overcome a shaky first few minutes, moving to gain the upper hand in the field when the interruption happened.