Las mezquitas musulmanas tienen alguna de la arquitectura más intrincada y exquisita jamás creado por la humanidad.
Estas imágenes de veintidós techos de mezquitas muestran cuán fuertemente las matemáticas y la geometría destacan en la arquitectura islámica en el mundo árabe y en otros lugares. Las espirales perfectas que se repiten y las formas geométricas son una reminiscencia de los mandalas que se encuentran también en el arte budista.
Irán es conocido por su extraordinaria colección de mezquitas de impresionante belleza.
1 Fatima Masumeh Shrine, Qom, Iran
2 Nasir Al-Mulk Mosque, Shiraz, Iran
3 Nasir Al-Mulk Mosque, Shiraz, Iran
4 Sheikh Lutf Allah Mosque,Isfahan, Iran
5 Nasir Al-Mulk Mosque, Shiraz, Iran
6 Vakil Mosque, Shiraz
7 Shah Mosque , Isfahan, Iran
8 Jalil Khayat Mosque, Arbil, Iraq
9 Sheikh Zayed Mosque, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Like Alexandria gets all the press but there are so many that are so much more devastating and more complete and more ruinous to human history and art and science.
The Burning of
Al-Hakam II’s library in 976
The library of an openly gay Caliph that housed the work of hundreds of women scientists who have basically all been written off as scribes and secretaries. Al-Hakam II was a huge patron of the sciences, and ultimately that patronage is what got his library destroyed by a petulant young
Nalanda, sacked in
Nalanda was a Buddhist university in Northern India. Most of what historians know about it comes from the writings of traveling monks, who unanimously describe it as a sprawling, brilliant place of learning. Thousands of students studied there, and its library held hundreds of thousands of books. It was not in its hey day when burned, but none the less untold volumes of rare and unique work were lost.
Imperial Library of Constantinople
The Imperial Library had a bad break. From the Fourth Crusade on anyone and everyone who sacked Constantinople took a shot at burning the library. It was highly selective in the works in kept, and as a result excluded a lot of works known of only in name. In effect all ancient Greek scholarship not translated and kept in the Middle East, Northern Africa or Iberia was lost.
The House of Wisdom (1258)
Fuck the Mongols. Engineering, Architecture, Smelting, History, Greek and Roman literature, Arabic Literature, Astronomy, Chemistry, Biology, all texts were destroyed.
Nasir al-Din al-Tusi saved 400,000 manuscripts, and even then there were enough manuscripts left to turn the Tigris black with ink. The destruction of the House of Wisdom, and other libraries like it, saw a major decline in scholarship in the
Maya codices of the Yucatán (1562)
We don’t even know what they said. Historians figure they probably recorded matters of history and faith, but we really don’t know. The Conquistadors didn’t ask.
Bishop Diego de Landa wrote of burning the codices “We found a large number of books in these characters and, as they
contained nothing in which were not to be seen as superstition and lies
of the devil, we burned them all, which they regretted to an amazing
degree, and which caused them much affliction.”
So next time someone says “Well the destruction of the library of Alexandria suppressed human knowledge so much” first ask them “Which time, cause it burnt like a sonofabitch” and then tell them many, many, worse ones.
You’re alone? He is al-Wakil (the Sufficient). You’re in pain? He is al-Shafi (the Healer). You’re poor? He is al-Ghani (the Rich and Self Sufficient). You’re a sinner? He is al-Rahman (the Merciful). You’re distant? He is al-Qarib (the Close). You’ve got problems? He is al-Nasir (the Helper). You’re in distress? He is al-Salam (the source of Peace) You need to talk? He is al-Sami’ (the Listener).
You don’t need anything or anyone when you have Allah.
Hey Archy! What are your favourite mosque designs? I know that's a VERY wide question, so you can narrow it down to a country, continent, style, etc. if you want. Also, if you have any good books to recommend on the architecture and design of mosques, I'd be so grateful! Love your blog!