africans in america before columbus

Afrikan Centered Recommended Readings. — "We must become a book reading people" ~ Dr Amos Wilson

Akbar, Na’im (1991): Visions For Black Men. Winston-Derek Publications, Inc.
*Deals with a variety of issues of primary importance to men and women.

Barashango, Ishakamusa (1980): African People and European Holidays: A Mental

Genocide. IV Dynasty Publishing Co., Washington, DC
*Pertinent history about the holidays that are revered in Western Civilization.

Benton, Joe, Derrick Jackson, Burnett Gallman (1998): Project Sankofa: A Rites of Passage Program: Philosophy, Theory, and Overview. Our Community Organization

Browder, Anthony T. (1989): From the Browder File: 22 Essays on the African American Experience.

Browder, Anthony T. (1996): From The Browder File, Volume II: Survival

Strategies For Africans in America: 13 Steps To Freedom.

Browder, Anthony T. (1992): Exploding the Myths, Volume I: Nile Valley

Carruthers, Jacob H. (1985): The Irritated Genie: An Essay on the Haitian Revolution.

Carruthers, Jacob (1999): Intellectual Warfare. Third World Press, Chicago

Clarke, John Henrik: African People in World History.

Clarke, John Henrik and Yosef ben-Jochannan (1991): New Dimensions in African

Clarke, John Henrik (1991): Notes For an African World Revolution: Africans at the Crossroads

Clarke, John Henrik (1992): Christopher Columbus & the Afrikan Holocaust

Clarke, John Henrik (Editor) (1996): Critical Lessons In Slavery and the Slave trade

Diop, Cheikh Anta (1974): The African Origin of Civilization: Myth or Reality.

Finch, Charles S. III (1991): Echoes of the Old Darkland: Themes From the African Eden.

Hilliard, Asa G. III, Larry Williams, and Nia Damali (1987): The Teachings of Ptahhotep: The Oldest Book in the World.

Hilliard, Asa G.: The Maroon Within Us: Selected Essays on African American Community Socialization.

Hilliard, Asa G. III: SBA (1997): The Reawakening of the African Mind.
Jackson, John G (1970): Introduction to Black Civilizations.

Johnson, J. C. deGraft (1968): African Glory: The Story of Vanished Negro Civilizations.

Karenga, Maulana (1984): Selections From the Husia: Sacred Wisdom of Ancient Egypt.

Kunjufu, Jawanza (1987): Lessons From History: A Celebration in Blackness.

Madhubuti, Haki R. (1978): Enemies: The Clash of Races. Third World Press,

McIntyre, Charshee C.L. (1992): Criminalizing A Race: Free Blacks During slavery

Nobles, Wade W. (1986): African Psychology: Towards Its Reclamation, Reascension, and Revitalization.

Obenga, Theophile (1992): Ancient Egypt and Black Africa: A Student’s Handbook For the Study of Ancient Egypt In Philosophy, Linguistics, & Gender Relations.

Richards, Dona Marimba (1980): Let The Circle Be Unbroken: The Implications of Spirituality in the Diaspora. The Red Sea Press, 15

Rogers, J. A. (1961) : Africa’s Gift To America.

Van Sertima, Ivan (Editor) (1976): They Came Before Columbus: The African Presence in Ancient America.

Van Sertima, Ivan (Editor) (1986): Blacks in Science: Ancient and Modern.

Van Sertima, Ivan (Editor) (1984): Nile Valley Civilizations.

Van Sertima, Ivan (Editor) (1988): Black Women In Antiquity.

Van Sertima, Ivan (Editor (1989)): Egypt Revisited.

Van Sertima, Ivan and Rashidi, Runoko (Editors) (1988): African Presence in Early Asia.

Van Sertima, Ivan (Editor) (1986): African Presence in Early Europe.

Welsing, Frances Cress (1991): The Isis Papers: The Keys to the Colors.

Williams, Chancellor (1976): The Destruction of Black Civilization: Great Issues of a Race From 4500 B.C. to 2000 A.D.

Wilson, Amos N. (1993): The Falsification of Afrikan Consciousness: Eurocentric History, Psychiatry and the Politics of White Supremacy.

Woodson, Carter G. (1933): The Mis-Education of the Negro.

*Ani, Marimba (1994): Yurugu: An African-Centered Critique of European Cultural Thought and Behavior. Africa World Press, Trenton

*Akbar, Na'im (1984): Chains and Images of Psychological Slavery.

*Akbar, Na'im (1994): Light From Ancient Afrika.

*Akoto, Kwame Agei (1992): Nationbuilding: Theory and Practice in African Centered Education.

Anderson, Claud (1994): Black Labor, White Wealth: The Search for Power and Economic Justice.

Los AngelesFreire, Paulo (1992): Pedagogy of the Oppressed.

*Jackson, John G. ((1985): Christianity Before Christ.

Nantambu, Kwame (1994): Decoding European Geopolitics: Afrocentric Perspectives.

*Rodney, Walter (1982): How Europe Underdeveloped Africa.

*Williams, Eric (1990): Capitalism and Slavery.

Williams, Larry Obadele and Asa G. Hilliard, III (1992): Critical Commentaries: The Struggle To Bring True African History Into Being.

*Wilson, Amos N. (1998): Blueprint For Black Power: A Moral, Political and Economic Imperative for the Twenty-First Century.

Chinweizu (1987): Decolonizing the African Mind.

Chinweizu (1987): The West and the Rest of Us: White Predators, Black Slavers and the African Elite.

Diop, Cheikh Anta (1987): Black Africa: The Economic and Cultural Basis For A Federated State

Diop, Cheikh Anta (1987): Precolonial Black Afrika: A Comparative Study of the Political and Social Systems of Europe and Black Africa, from Antiquity to the Formation of Modern States.

*Diop, Cheikh Anta (1978): The Cultural Unity of Black Africa.

Diop, Cheikh Anta (1991): Civilization or Barbarism: An Authentic Anthropology.

Jones, Del (1992): The Black Holocaust: Global Genocide.

*Jones, Norece T. (1990): Born a Child of Freedom, Yet a Slave: Mechanisms of Control and Strategies of Resistance in Antebellum South Carolina.

Obenga, Theophile (1995): A Lost Tradition: African Philosophy in World History.

Rogers, J.A. (1972): World’s Great Men of Color (Volume One and Two).

Wright, Bobby: The Psychopathic Racial Personality and Other Essays.

The First Americans Were Africans by Dr. David Imhotep, PhD

Nationwide (January 31, 2014) – Is Ancient America nothing more than the missing pages of Black history? Perhaps so! New documented insights are being brought forward by Dr. David Imhotep Ph.D., former nutritionist of Muhammad Ali, and author of The First Americans Were Africans: Documented Evidence. He is quickly changing the ancient imagined faces of America and replacing them with astounding myth busting evidence of who the first Americans really were. On the eve of Black history month we thought it fitting to recalibrate Black history not as a tragic side note of American history but the very foundation of America and its rise as a global power.

Here are ten well assumed American myths dismantled by his profound research:

1. The first Americans were Indians - Ok, this is the one everyone knows to be true right? Dr. Imhotep’s book gives detailed evidence about this fact. He says there are tens thousands of years of African travels to the Americas before the Indians arrived.

2. Columbus discovered America - This is a very old argument that most people have given up on. Columbus’s journeys were noteworthy for a number of reasons but “discovery” should not be attached to any of them.

3. Whites were the first to conduct international trade - This is very hard for most modern Americans to imagine international trade without White Americans involved, but it existed for thousands of years before they were in existence. The Pier and Harbor at Bimini, Bahamas substantiates this.

4. The mound builders were Native Americans - Some American mounds are clearly the work of master builders, but they were not Indians. This is one fact the Smithsonian does not advertise.

5. Vikings discovered America - We already destroyed this one, but to make it clear: the first European people in America were not the first to discover it. They were among the last to discover the New World behind the Africans and Asians.

6. Pilgrims were the first farmers in America - Was it not the Native Americans who saved the Pilgrims from starving their first winter with the crops they grew?

7. White people built the first roads and canals in America - Roads and canals were built by Africans far before Europeans came. Some can still be seen in southwestern USA.

8. The first Eskimos were Asians - Oh…come on Dr. Imhotep, you’ve got to be kidding me–is what you are probably thinking about this one right? The answer… two words: documented evidence! Documentation trumps conversation, and the evidence clearly shows the original Eskimo’s really were not from Asia.

9. The first Black Africans were brought to America during the Slave Trade - In the Americas; this is a standard and tragic myth because it turns out that the ancestors of many of the people brought here during slavery were already well established in the travels to America for tens of thousands of years.

10. European White people were the first iron makers in the Americas - When it comes to European Americans, in American history, we love to give credit where it just isn't due. Africans were the first iron makers in the Americas and early Europe many years before White folks ever arrived.


These claims are easily substantiated with evidence in every case. In short, Dr. Imhotep has laid out the blueprint for correcting American History and every American should be willing to learn about their first founding fathers. This is the foundation of the America we know and love and everyone should be proud of our collective African heritage. It’s also a part of what makes us great! So this Black History Month we should also celebrate the contributions of the great “African American” founders who made it possible for others to walk in their shadows even while they were being written out of history. In short, we should celebrate Black history every day because without Black history there is really no American history, it’s really that simple!

Dr. David Imhotep is America’s First PhD in Ancient African History and author of the book “Africans Were The First Americans: Documented Evidence”. For more information or to schedule him for an interview, please contact Marcus Malcolm at (302) 536-9642 or info@bettermarketingmastery.com

They Came Before Columbus: The African Presence in Ancient America (Journal of African Civilizations)

They Came Before Columbus reveals a compelling, dramatic, and superbly detailed documentation of the presence and legacy of Africans in ancient America. Examining navigation and shipbuilding; cultural analogies between Native Americans and Africans; the transportation of plants, animals, and textiles between the continents; and the diaries, journals, and oral accounts of the explorers themselves, Ivan Van Sertima builds a pyramid of evidence to support his claim of an African presence in the New World centuries before Columbus. Combining impressive scholarship with a novelist’s gift for storytelling, Van Sertima re-creates some of the most powerful scenes of human history: the launching of the great ships of Mali in 1310 (two hundred master boats and two hundred supply boats), the sea expedition of the Mandingo king in 1311, and many others. In They Came Before Columbus, we see clearly the unmistakable face and handprint of black Africans in pre-Columbian America, and their overwhelming impact on the civilizations they encountered.

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It has only been within the last decade, however, that this evidence has begun to filter down to the general public. When in 1862 a colossal granite head of a Negro was found in the Canton of Tuxtla, near the place where the most ancient of pre-Columbian statuettes were discovered, the historian Orozco y Berra declared in his History of the Conquest of Mexico that there was bound to be an important and intimate relationship between Mexicans and Africans in the pre-Columbian past. In his time, however, the Negroid heads could not be conclusively dated. We now know, without the shadow of a doubt, through the most modern methods of dating, that some of the Negroid stone heads found among the Olmecs and in other parts of Mexico and Central America are from as early as 800 to 700 B.C. Clearly American history has to be reconstructed to account for this irrefutable piece of archaeological data. Explanations, not excuses, have got to be found. The implications of these discoveries can no longer be dismissed or ignored. The time has come to disperse the cloud of silence and skepticism that has settled over this subject for a century.
—  They Came Before Columbus: The African Presence In Ancient America by Ivan Van Sertima
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Nine Important African American Texts

No history books used in public schools informed us about racial imperialism. Instead we were given romantic notions of the “New World,” the “American Dream,” America as the great melting pot where all races come together as one. We were taught that Columbus *discovered* America; that “Indians” were scalp-hunters, killers of innocent women and children; that black people were enslaved because of the biblical curse of Ham, that God “himself” had decreed that they would be hewers of wood, tilers of the field, and bringers of water. No one talked of Africa as the cradle of civilization, of African and Aian people who came to America before columbus. No one mentioned Mass murders of Native Americans and African women as terrorism. No one described the force breeding of white wives to increase the white population as sexist oppression.
—  bell hooks: Racism and Feminism
The Lost Treasure of King Juba: The Evidence of Africans in America before Columbus

In 1982 Russell E. Burrows, a treasure hunter in southern Illinois, stumbled on a cache of ancient weapons, jewels, and gold sarcophagi in a remote cave. There also were stone tablets inscribed with illustrations of Roman-like soldiers, Jews, early Christians, and West African sailors. These relics fueled a bitter controversy in the archaeological community regarding their authenticity, leading Burrows to destroy the entrance to the cave.

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anonymous asked:

There are actual people who believe ALL PEOPLE FROM THE AMERICAS AND ITS ISLANDS (PUERTO RICO AND DOMINICAN REP.) are of AFRICAN ancestry. ALL of them. and one giRL even went to say that ALL the native indigenous tribes were killed off by the spanish, hence they dobt exist anymore. Like why? And they were all black and one puerto rican. The pyerto rican even said that the africans visited the amerixas before colombus but where the proof?

The AFRICANS did visit the Americas before Columbus. I mean even the Vikings visited the Americas before that murderer.
The native tribes weren’t all killed off.

Also yes, people of Dominican and puerto Rican ancestry DO have african ancestry. The proof is in history and the artifacts found of those regions and of Africa.

- Susie the moderator

They Came Before Columbus: The African Presence in Ancient America (Journal of African Civilizations)

They Came Before Columbus reveals a compelling, dramatic, and superbly detailed documentation of the presence and legacy of Africans in ancient America. Examining navigation and shipbuilding; cultural analogies between Native Americans and Africans; the transportation of plants, animals, and textiles between the continents; and the diaries, journals, and oral accounts of the explorers themselves, Ivan Van Sertima builds a pyramid of evidence to support his claim of an African presence in the New World centuries before Columbus. Combining impressive scholarship with a novelist’s gift for storytelling, Van Sertima re-creates some of the most powerful scenes of human history: the launching of the great ships of Mali in 1310 (two hundred master boats and two hundred supply boats), the sea expedition of the Mandingo king in 1311, and many others. In They Came Before Columbus, we see clearly the unmistakable face and handprint of black Africans in pre-Columbian America, and their overwhelming impact on the civilizations they encountered.

BUY THE BOOK

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Ivan Van Sertima on little-known African achievements.

Ivan Van Sertima, is a scholar of African Studies at Rutgers University. He maintains that Africans were responsible for advances in metallurgy, astronomy, agriculture, medicine and other fields. He also believes that black Africans came to North America before Christopher Columbus. (Original broadcast 1997)

This rediscovery by Europeans of ancient Egypt, and the disclosures of a powerful Negro-African element in the ancestry of a civilization to which Europe owed so much, came as an embarrassment. It came also at a most inopportune time. It threatened to explode a myth of innate black inferiority that was necessary to the peace of the Christian conscience in a Europe that was then prospering from the massive exploitation of black slaves. Africa was being systematically depopulated. Its empires had disintegrated. Its history had been buried. Its movement in step with other world civilizations had been abruptly halted. Only its most backward and inaccessible elements were left virtually untouched to bear false witness in later times to the scale and complexity of its evolution.
—  ivan van sertima, they came before columbus: the african presence in ancient america
Every new archeological find seems to be pushing the agricultural breakthrough in Africa further and further back in time.
—  ivan van sertima, they came before columbus: the african presence in ancient america