african-capitals

African Influence in Salvador

Salvador, capital of the state of Bahia, was the first major port and the capital of colonial Brazil for almost two centuries. The city lies between green tropical hills and broad beaches along the bay of Todos os Santos. It was built on two levels with administration buildings and residences constructed on the hills; forts, docks, and warehouses on the beaches. To this day the city is still divided into upper and lower cities. From 1500 to 1815 Salvador was the nation’s busiest port. A significant portion of the sugar from the northeast and gold and diamonds from the mines in the southeast passed through Salvador. It was a golden age for the town; magnificent homes and churches resplendent in gold decoration were built. Many of the city’s baroque churches, private homes, squares, and even the hand-chipped paving bricks have been preserved as part of Brazil’s historic patrimony. In Salvador, more than anywhere else in the country, the African influence in the makeup of Brazilian culture is readily visible, from the spicy dishes still called by their African names (caruru, vatapa, acaraji), to the ceremonies of candomblé which honor both African deities and Catholic holidays, to the capoeira schools where a unique African form of ritualistic fighting is taught. Its population is around 2,250,000 inhabitants.

Location: Salvador, Bahia, Brazil

Photographer: Celso Marino

anonymous asked:

why is haiti so poor?

Well, there’s a few reasons.  

The main reason Haiti is poor because Haiti is the Capital of African Diasporic Struggle, and therefore will not be allowed to form a sovereign government, develop independently, or be revived as the symbol of Black World Resistance that it is.  Haiti shook the System of Global White Domination to its core and sparked a continent spanning Black resistance struggle that is still active today; albeit relatively small, fractured, and isolated. 

Haiti is poor cuz White people fear Haiti and have not forgotten Haiti’s potential and power!  That’s why Haiti is not only held in poverty and political turmoil by the Western Powers, but why they want the Black world to always be reminded that Haiti is the “Poorest Nation in Western Hemisphere.” It’s military and economic war against Haitians and a psychological assault on the African Diaspora. 

Beyond that, Haiti is poor for the same reasons that Jamaica, Trinidad, Panama, Honduras, etc are poor; because of Capitalism and Imperialist exploitation by the Colonial Powers.  

Jeanne-Marie Ruth-Rolland

Jeanne-Marie Ruth-Rolland was born on June 17, 1937 in Bangassou, in what is now the Central African Republic. Ruth-Rolland campaigned on behalf of homeless children in the Central African Republic’s capital city of Bangui, and denounced corruption in the government of Andre Kolingba. She was imprisoned for her criticism of the military regime. After Kolingba stepped down, she joined the Cabinet and served as Minister of Social Affairs for two years.

Jeanne-Marie Ruth-Rolland died in 1995 at the age of 58.

Huge Bombardment Opens Tenth Battle of the Isonzo

A few British artillery pieces did help the Italians; here a howitzer crew rests in a camouflaged position two days before the battle.

May 12 1917, Plava–Initial plans for Italy in 1917 had featured an Italian offensive to be conducted early in the year, in conjunction with a renewed Allied push on the Somme.  These plans changed when Joffre was replaced by Nivelle, and despite proposals to lend the Italians artillery, completely fell apart by early February, when Cadorna informed Nivelle that any Italian attack would come after Nivelle’s planned offensive.

The Italians thus had over six months to prepare for a renewed push on the Isonzo.  Unlike the previous battles, which had mainly focused on the Karst plateau to the south of Gorizia, the initial drive in the Tenth Battle of the Isonzo would take place on the Bainsizza [Banjška] plateau to the north, with the attack on the Karst to come later once reserves had been diverted.  Unlike with previous offensives, the Italians were careful to hide their preparations: concealing troop movements, minimizing radio chatter, and taking advantage of the poor weather in April and early May.  The Austrians knew an Italian attack was coming at some point, but were unsure exactly when or where it would occur.  Around May 8, improving weather and an increased rate of Italian desertions meant the Austrians knew an offensive was imminent, though a lull in Italian activity on May 10 and 11 meant Boroević for a moment thought he had received a reprieve.

However, at dawn on May 12, Italian guns opened a massive barrage along a thirty-mile front–giving no indication of where the Italian infantry would attack, if at the expense of a concentration of firepower.  The Austrian guns, outnumbered nearly two-to-one, could not keep up without risking being knocked out themselves.  A Scottish volunteer in the area recalled:

…this extraordinary strip of hell, right down 2,000 feet below like a volcanic rift in the ground, full of noise and black smoke…the [Austrian] trench line stood out as the base of a continuous smoking wall of dirty black fumes.

Today in 1916: Executions of Easter Rising Leaders End
Today in 1915: South Africans Capture Capital of German South-West Africa

Sources include: John R. Schindler; Isonzo; Mark Thompson, The White War.

South Africans protest over violence against women

Hundreds of protesters took to the streets of Pretoria on Saturday, angered by a rise in violence against women and children in South Africa, including killings and sex attacks.

Answering the call by a group calling itself “#Not In My Name” the protesters, most of them men, marched through the streets of the South African capital behind a woman symbolically dressed head to toe in white.

“The time to take collective responsibility for our shameful action is now,” said Kholofelo Masha, on of the protest organisers, who described himself as “a loving dad, brother and uncle”.

South African men have remained quiet on the issue for too long, he added: “You hear a lady screaming next door, you decide to sleep when you know there is a problem next door… No man should beat a woman or rape a woman while you’re watching”.

Reports of the rape and murder of women and girls have been front-page news recently in South Africa, which has some of the worst crime rates in the world.

According to official figures, a women is killed by someone she knows every eight hours somewhere in the country and one woman in five has been subjected to at least one act of violent aggression in her life.

The killing of Reeva Steenkamp by her boyfriend, Paralympic athlete Oscar Pistorius, drew global attention to the issue of domestic violence in South Africa.

South African President Jacob Zuma on Thursday visited the home of the parents of a three-year-old girl who was raped and killed.

“We as the citizens of this country must say enough is enough,” Zuma said then. “This is one of the saddest incidents I’ve come across. It’s a crisis in the country, the manner in which women and children are being killed.”

The ruling African National Congress has called the wave of violent acts “senseless and barbaric” while the main opposition Democratic Alliance party has denounced the “failure to make South Africa safe for all,” and has called for a national debate on the problem.

This land belongs to the Indigenous people. This is a fact that the African People’s Socialist Party is clear on and expresses continuously.

What is evident here is that the construction of the pipeline is a reflection of settler colonialism. Still, the Indigenous people of this land have no self-determination and exist at the whim and mercy of the colonizer––foreigners.

The struggle against colonialism must be made. All attempts for the struggle to be co-opted by the white left and turned into an environmentalist struggle must be struggled against. We see plenty white activists, celebrities and politicians infiltrating the struggle, lamenting on how we need to save the Earth.

In reality, it is the system of parasitic capitalism, created and upheld by these same white people, which is responsible for the damage of our planet. Parasitic capitalism sacrifices the Earth’s natural resources and well-being of its inhabitants for the monetary gain of the white ruling class and capitalist corporations. We should not lose sight of this.

The African People’s Socialist Party, stands in solidarity with our Indigenous sisters and brothers. We, too, demand “No Dakota Access Pipeline”!

Smash colonialism

Smash Parasitic Capitalism

This land belongs to the Indigenous people!

—  Kalonda Mulamba, African People’s Socialist Party
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CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC: “WE ARE LIBERATED!”

Oh happy day!

Christian residents jubilate as Seleka Muslim militias evacuate the Kasai camp in Bangui,  Central African Republic’s capital on Jan. 28, 2014. The departure of the fighters was greeted with screams of joy from the crowd of hundreds that gathered to watch them leave for another camp in northern Bangui.

“We are free! This is our new year!”

Seleka became deeply unpopular after they killed and tortured civilians after seizing power in March 2013. Their leader Michel Djotodia stepped down as president earlier this month and went into exile in Benin.

Photos: Jerome Delay, AP

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Christmas Violence in the Central African Republic

On Wednesday, Archbishop Dieudonne Nzapalainga gave his Christmas sermon in the Central African Republic’s capital city of Bangui. He discussed the need for reconciliation and forgiveness, but the country’s leaders are incapable of stopping—or unwilling to stop—the violence, even as the country spirals deeper into the abyss due to an endless series of revenge killings between Christians and Muslims.

The following night, I took refuge in what had probably been a Bangui flophouse in better times. Gunfire cracked in the distance, bullets zipped by, and explosions shook the windows as I sat there in the darkness. At the time, no one seemed to know who was fighting, most people were in hiding, and everyone was scared. A French military helicopter circled overhead while I frantically gathered my belongings in case I needed to move in the middle of the night.

I later learned armed militias had been attacking the presidential palace.

As Nzapalainga told his flock, what had been sectarian strife is now a religious conflict. And Lucifer has taken up residency in the CAR.

news.vice.com
The Devil Tried to Divide Us: War in the Central African Republic (Full Length)

The Central African Republic’s capital of Bangui has seen its Muslim population drop from 130,000 to under 1000 over the past few months. Over the past year, thousands across CAR have been killed and nearly a million have been displaced. The United Nations recently stated that the entire Western half of the country has now been cleansed of Muslims.

Watch the entire documentary on VICE News.

forbes.com
Five Powerful Women In African Private Equity

Private equity is not a man’s world after all- at least not in Africa. While the Leveraged buyout industry has traditionally been one of the least women-friendly segments in the domain of high finance, these 5 women have not only thrived in this male-dominated terrain, they are at the top echelon of deal making at some of Africa’s most storied private equity firms. Among them, these five ladies collectively manage close to $1 billion of investor capital.

i think some of you don't quite understand how many aids victims could have been saved

the american government cares more about the validity of patents held by pharmaceutical corporations than the lives of human beings. they allowed corporate interests to sell life saving drugs for $15,000 PER YEAR when they were only worth $350. that’s why people in wealthy western countries stopped dying of aids while africans kept dying. capitalism is not just inhumane it inevitably results in literal genocide.