african ruler

Queen Nzinga Mbande (1583-1663), sometimes referred to as Anna Nzinga, was ruler of the Ndongo and Matamba Kingdoms of the Mbundu people in what is now Angola.

As the favoured daughter of King Kiluanji of the Ndongo, Nzinga Mbande was brought up witnessing her father’s governance of the kingdom first-hand. He even took her with him when he went to war. Kiluanji made deals with the Portuguese who were expanding their slave trading operations in South West Africa, and this relationship was maintained when her brother Ngola Hari became king. However in 1617 the Portuguese Governor Correia de Sousa launched attacks against the Ndongo kingdom that captured thousands of Mbundu people.

In 1621 when the Portuguese invited the Ndongo king to take part in peace talks, he sent his sister Nzinga Mbande in his place. At her famous first meeting with De Sousa chairs were only provided for the Portuguese, and Mbande was expected to sit on the floor. Instead she commanded one of her servants to go down on all fours and act as her chair. During the negotiations Mbande walked a fine line between preventing the Portuguese from controlling the kingdom as they had done in Kongo, while keeping options open to trade for firearms to strengthen her armies. In this she was successful, although as a condition of the agreement she had to convert to Christianity and was baptised as Anna de Sousa, with the Governor becoming her Godfather.

In 1626 Mbande became Queen of the Ndongo following the death of her brother. Her reign began in peril as the Portuguese went back on their deal with her and declared war, as did other neighbouring tribes. Forced into retreat from her own lands, Mbande led her people south to the kingdom of Matamba, which she attacked, capturing Matamba’s Queen and routing her army. Mbande then installed herself as the new ruler of Matamba, from where she launched a prolonged campaign of guerrilla warfare against the Portuguese which would last for the next 30 years.

Mbande developed a legendary reputation as a warrior, although claims that that she took part in human sacrifice are likely the result of European propaganda and gossip. Accounts that she maintained a personal harem of more than 50 men are also unproven. What is known is that Mbande assembling a diverse army to oppose the Portuguese that included runaway slaves, defecting soldiers, and women. Exploiting European rivalries she made an alliance with the Dutch, which included acquiring her own personal bodyguard of 60 Dutch elite soldiers armed with rifles. Working with the Dutch, Mbande successfully defeated Portuguese armies in 1644, 1646, and 1647. However the Dutch were eventually pushed out of the region in 1648 and Mbanda was forced to carry on the fight alone. While she was never able to completely defeat them, she successfully resisted Portuguese invasion for decades.

Mbande continued personally leading her troops into battle until she was in her sixties, but the long war eventually wore both sides down. In 1657 she finally signed a peace treaty with Portugal. She then spent the rest of her life focused on rebuilding a nation which had been devastated by conflict and over-farming. She died of natural causes in 1663, aged 81. Today Nzinga Mbande is a symbol of Angolan independence, memorialised by numerous statues.

الفنانة والممثلة كيكي بالمار نزلت صورة في الانستغرام للوشم الجديد حقها اللي هو عبارة عن اهرامات البجراوية في مملكة كوش القديمة وكاتبة تحتها ملكة كوش ، وفي وصف الصورة بتوضح وبتشرح للناس ما هي مملكة كوش واين موقعها وان مكانها في السودان اﻵن. وبعدها تتكلم عن الكنداكات السودانيات وذكرت الكنداكة اماني ريناس وكيف انها هزمت الرومان، لو سالت اي احد في العالم هايكون بيعرف كليوباترا ونيفرتيتي لكن موضوع اهرامات السودان والكنداكات ( الملكات) السودانيات كانت معلومة جديدة على اكتر من ٣ مليون متابع ليها على الانستغرام
Kingdom of Kush or Kush was an ancient African
Nubian kingdom situated on the confluences of the Blue Nile, White Nile and River Atbara. (1050/1070 B.C. - 350 A.D.) but at the height of its power in about 700 B.C. the Kingdom of Kush controlled the entirety of Egypt itself with Kushite Pharaohs ruling.
What I love most is it’s history’s of female rulers!! In school, we very rarely ever learn about female rules and never about African rulers. Amanirenas was one of the most famous Queens of Kush. She reigned from about 40 B.C.E. to 10 B.C.E. She is one of the most famous kandakes(means queen really but that was the title back then), because of her role leading Kushite armies against the Romans from in a war that lasted five years 😱 (27 BCE - 22 BCE). She was able to communicate a peace treaty that favoured the Kushites, granting them land and an exemption from future taxation. She has been described as brave, with one eye #MyAncestors
P. S. “Egypt” is a Greek word meaning black, hence the rename when they invaded. 😳🤔😍✨👑 (shoutout to @threekingstattoo in Brooklyn ✍)

#السودان # sudan
African Soccer Ruler's 29-Year Reign Ends After Election Defeat

A little-known official from Madagascar toppled African soccer head Issa Hayatou, ending almost 30 years of rule as the world’s most-popular sport continues to deal with the fallout of corruption probes into its management.

Ahmad Ahmad, 57, will replace Cameroon’s Hayatou, who is also senior vice president of global governing body FIFA, after a 34-20 victory in a vote Thursday in Ethiopia’s capital Addis Ababa. Hayatou’s ouster is the second significant change at one of soccer’s major regional bodies since the Feb. 2016 election of FIFA’s new president Gianni Infantino.

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Infantino was elevated to his post following the unprecedented crisis stemming from U.S. corruption charges against dozens of global soccer in May 2015. Ahmad’s victory follows that of Aleksander Ceferin, the Slovenian picked to lead European soccer after its president Michel Platini was banned from the sport.

The vote was a “sweet victory” that was “achieved after years of work,” Ahmad said.

Ahmad, who is took over Madagascar’s soccer federation in 2003, ran on a campaign to open an era of transparency, and bring “a wind of change.” He’s also the subject of a preliminary investigation into wrongdoing by FIFA’s independent ethics committee over e-mails requesting funds he sent in 2010 to the now-banned former Asian soccer Mohamed Bin Hammam, according to a person familiar with the matter. Ahmad and his federation didn’t respond to an email and telephone call seeking comment.

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Changes

Infantino hadn’t said which candidate he favored. He attended a party thrown by Ahmad’s campaign manager, Zimbabwean soccer leader Phillip Chiyangwa, weeks before the vote.

The African election removes another member of FIFA board from the time of disgraced leader Joseph “Sepp” Blatter. Several regional leaders who dominated the sport were removed during an American corruption probe.

A new, larger governing council has been created to replace a previous structure, allowing more voices, from more regions and guarantees places for women. The changes also solidify Infantino’s role, by removing some long-time board members.

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The changes are likely to be scrutinized by the the U.S. Justice Department, which is due to receive details of a FIFA’s internal investigation started in 2015. At stake is FIFA’s “victim status,” a legal position that grants it permission to receive restitution from cash seized by U.S. authorities and allows American companies to continue participating in the World Cup, which adds about $5 billion to FIFA.

Hayatou’s History

Hayatou, 70, took over as president of Confederation of African Football in 1988. He once challenged Blatter for FIFA’s leadership, and became a loyal ally in later years.

Hayatou was reprimanded by the International Olympic Committee in 2011 after FIFA acknowledged he had been the recipient of a payment from its defunct marketing partner. He was also alleged to have sought payments in return for his vote in the controversial bidding for the 2018 and 2022 World Cups. Hayatou has denied those allegations.

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Read African Soccer Ruler’s 29-Year Reign Ends After Election Defeat on bloomberg.com

African Soccer Ruler's 29-Year Reign Ends After Election Defeat
A little-known official from Madagascar toppled African soccer head Issa Hayatou, ending almost 30 years of rule as the world’s most-popular sport continues to deal with the fallout of corruption probes … Read more