On this day in 1974, the Emperor of Ethiopia, Haile Selassie, was deposed from power after a forty-four year reign. Born as Lij Tafari Makonnen in Ejersa Gora in 1892, his family boasted a lineage going back to King Solomon and family ties to Emperor Menelik II, under whose care the young Tafari was taken when he was fourteen years old. He demonstrated an aptitude for politics in roles as a provincial governor, which established his reputation as a progressive reformer. In 1916, Tafari removed Menelik’s unpopular successor from power, and became regent for Menelik’s daughter, the new empress. Tafari was a popular figure in Ethiopia, symbolising the reformist hopes of young Ethiopians with his modernising outlook. He was keen for Ethiopia to work with Western powers, and in 1923 secured Ethiopia’s admission into the League of Nations. In 1928, Tafari had himself appointed king, and, after the death of the empress in 1930, was crowned Ethiopia’s 225th emperor, taking the imperial title of Haile Selassie (meaning ‘Might of the Trinity’). As emperor, Haile Selassie enacted a series of reforms improving Ethiopia’s schools and police force, abolishing slavery, and introducing a new constitution guaranteeing equal rights. However, all the while he continued to centralise his own power and sideline Parliament, creating an autocratic government criticised by human rights groups for its inhumane treatment of political prisoners. During World War Two, the emperor was responsible for securing British aid in ousting Mussolini’s Italian forces from Ethiopia. Despite a degree of popularity, boosted when he secured Ethiopia a spot in the United Nations, by the 1970s famine, unemployment, and a host of other issues fostered discontent with Haile Selassie’s autocratic rule. Ethiopia’s final emperor was ultimately ousted in a military coup in September 1974, which erupted out of a pay dispute, and led to the establishment of a Marxist military government. Haile Selassie was kept under house arrest until his death a year later aged eighty-three, either of natural causes or at the hands of agents of the new government. Haile Selassie remains an important figure today for his role in making Ethiopia a player on the world stage, and because he is the messiah of the Rastafarian movement.
According to RUNOKO RASHIDI, Ancient African people, sometimes called Moors, are known to have had a significant presence and influence in early Rome. African soldiers, specifically identified as Moors, were actively recruited for Roman military service and were stationed in Britain, France, Switzerland, Austria, Hungary, Poland and Romania. Many of these Africans rose to high rank. Lusius Quietus, for example, was one of Rome’s greatest generals and was named by Roman Emperor Trajan (98-117 C.E.) as his successor. Quietus is described as a “man of Moorish race and considered the ablest soldier in the Roman army.”
I turned around and saw a marvelous bust of Septimius Severus. And then I saw busts and statues of Septimius’ two sons–Geta and Caracalla and they all looked Africoid too, some more so than others. I had stumbled (or was I divinely led?) into a room that I had no prior knowledge of filled with these images of African looking Roman emperors!
This dynasty, known to historians as the Severan Dynasty, began with the accession to the throne of Septimius Severus in 193 C.E. In actuality, Septimius shared the throne for two years with a certain Pesennius Niger. Indeed, could Pesennius Niger, another of Rome’s outstanding military commanders, himself have been an African? His name certainly indicates the possibility.
Records state that Septimius was born in Leptis Magna on the North African coast (modern day Libya) on April 11, 146 C.E. And Septimius was not just born in Africa. Numerous pictures, busts and statues of him show him to be Black.
Young Septimius, coming from a family of Romanized Africans, received a education rooted in Roman literature and quickly learned to speak Latin. After his formal education was completed he adopted an official career and became a civil magistrate. Later, he became a military commander, and this took him to Rome where he proved himself an able and popular and conscious military leader. He is even said to have built a marble tomb for Hannibal Barca–early Rome’s African nemesis.
Among other things, Septimius had a mighty arch constructed in the Roman Forum and even journeyed back to Africa, including Egypt, around 203 C.E. Can you imagine Emperor Septimius sailing on the Nile? Imagine what he might have thought as he gazed at the pyramids and walked through the Karnak and Luxor temples.
After a distinguished career often characterized by one military exploit after another, Septimius died conducting yet another military campaign, this one in York in Britain, on February 4, 211 C. E. at the age of sixty-five, after a reign of seventeen years, eight months and three days..
Septimius Severus was succeeded in 211 by his sons Lucius Septimius Geta (211-212 C.E.) and Marcus Aurelius Antoninus aka Caracalla (211-217 C.E.). They were in turn followed by Marcus Opellius Macrinus (217-218 C.E.) and Heliogabalus (218-222 C. E.), and then Severus Alexander (222-235 C.E.), with whose reign the dynasty culminated and who restored the Roman Coliseum to its ancient status.
This line is known as the Severan Dynasty and the National Roman Museum busts and statues and sculptures of the representatives of this dynasty strongly testify to their African identity. They are powerful images and like the statues and busts and sculptures of ancient Egypt I found the noses missing on all of them save one of Septimius’ son Caracalla. And the face adorning the bust of Severus Alexander, the last member of the dynasty, is even more Africoid looking than that of Septimius Severus, the dynasty’s founder.
Jean-Bedel Bokassa, Emperor Bokassa I of the Central African Empire. His coronation cost $20 million, one third of the annual budget and foreign aid of the Empire. His reign lasted only from 1976-1979 before he was overthrown.
I had either a white racist or a white ass kissing negro under the Hypatia of Alexandria post telling me that Hypatia was Greek (I explained in the post and to the moron why) because she had a Greek name. Millions, millions, and millions of Black People (i.e., Damn near all black americans) have Euro first and last names, but are we white? NO. Even in ancient times, some Africans had Greek and or Roman names. For example, like African Roman emperors Lucius Septimius Bassianus and Septimius Servus (who was Lucius Septiminus’ father) born in Leptis Magna, A ROMAN PROVINCE IN AFRICA. Africans ruled Rome for a long time and some got their Roman names because of the Greek and Roman imperialism of Africa. Cleopatra (father was Roman, Mother African) was proven to be an African Woman……. BY WHITE HISTORIANS AND ANTHROPOLOGISTS!