Things never change. How society portrays African American men, the reaction of this woman speaks volume of how far we are from change. She was raised to fear our men and she will teach her sons and daughters to do the same, the cycle will continue🇺🇸
Ethiopian tribes transform trash into body ornaments
The lower valley of the Omo Valley is just one of the sets most important paleontological sites in Africa declared a World Heritage Site in 1980. The Omo Valley is home to many tribes, however, the French photographer Eric Lafforgue the author of this impressive photographic record spent more time with Bana, Dassanech and Mursi.
Unfortunately, modern civilization lurks dangerously slow, Omo Valley and the advance of Western technology is not far behind. With the completion of a hydroelectric dam downstream, many tribes lost their ancestral lands and will be forced to resettle in modern environments, the landscape will be completely overhauled and will become very difficult resignifying all.
some facts about the middle east people should know
the Middle East sits on the crossroads 3 continents, the countries that surround it include (not limited to): Niger, Mali, Pakistan and China. As a result, people who are MENA (Middle East North African) are a diverse mix of European, Asian, African and Arab indigenous ethnicities so people from the middle east range in skin-tone and genetic traits. Not all MENA folk are lightskinned/darkskinned/olive-skinned, HOWEVER, MENA people should not be whitewashed, simply because many MENA folk pass as white.
Not all MENA people are “Arab”. Usually, someone defines her or himself as Arab because a) Arabic is his/her first language, or b) That person descended from the tribes of Arabia.So, the term “Arab” is actually a linguistic grouping, not ethnic or religious.
Not all MENA folk speak Arabic. Due to the fact the area of the middle east is so large, there are many languages spoken throughout i.e. Kurdish, Barber, Turkish, etc. Yes, Arabic is commonly spoken because of the spread of Islam, but it varies dramatically depending on where you are.
Not all MENA are Muslim. The media LOVES to portray all Muslims as Middle Eastern and visa versa. However, there are 100s of faiths throughout the middle east, including Judaism, Christianity, Baha'i, Zoroastrians, the Druze and many more. Indonesia actually has the highest Muslim population of any country in the world and it is not in the Middle East.
MENA folk have had White People and other POC define our experiences, ethnicity and religion since the first days of Colonization (and even now with Aleppo). In the U.S. MENA are classified as White, though many/most receive exactly zero percent of the privlege, simply because classifying ourselves as White was the only way we were allowed into the U.S. I live in Australia and have grown up being called a wog, a n**ger, i have been denied jobs because of my heritage and hate airports for too many reasons I shouldn’t.
Unless you are MENA, the only thing you should do when it comes to MENA politics, issues, etc. is listen, learn and help where you can.
Contrary to popular belief, many Latin Americans do not have surnames that are of Castilian (Spanish) or Portuguese origin, just as many people from the United States do not posses surnames that are of English origin. [Part ll]
Above: Celebrities from Latin America with surnames that are not of Castilian or Portuguese origin [from left to right]:
1. Dilma Rousseff, Brazilian with a Bulgarian surname;
2. Rigoberta Menchú Tum, Guatemalan with an Indigenous Mayan surname;
3. Yumileidi Cumbá, Cuban with a surname that originates with the Mandinka people of West Africa;
4.Bruce Kastulo Chen, Panamanian with a Chinese surname;
5. David Nalbandian, Argentine with an Armenian surname;
6.Juan Soler Valls Quiroga, Argentine with a Catalan surname;
7. Montserrat Oliver, Mexican with a French surname;
8. Armando Cooper, Panamanian with English surname;
9. Karin Roepke, Brazilian with German surname;
10. Catharina Choi Nunes, Brazilian with Korean surname.
When the Iberians colonized Latin America, they began to force conversion to Catholicism onto the Indigenous populations of the areas they conquered. After an Indigenous person was baptized, they were assigned a Castilian or Portuguese surname, to signify a new life distanced from their pagan roots. The same fate befell the enslaved Africans that were brought to the Americas by the Spaniards and Portuguese. After the colonial era many Latin American countries started to receive a myriad of immigrants; mostly from Europe, but also from Asia, the West Indies, and the United States. Countless of these immigrants would Iberianize their surnames in order to assimilate smoothly, examples of this can be seen with the German immigrants who came to Brazil; names such as Birnbaum, Löwe, Zimmermann, Frazen were changed to Pereira, Leão, Simão, and França. For all the reasons mentioned above, the majority of Latin Americans (not including the Francophone regions) these days have Castilian or Portuguese surnames.
However, a significant number of Latin Americans have managed to resist the adoption of Portuguese and Castilian surnames.
Indigenous surnames can be frequently found in countries with large unmixed Amerindian populations, an example of this is Peru where surnames such as Quispe, Huamán, Mamani are some of the most frequent. In southern Mexico and Guatemala names of Mayan origin such as: Tecú, Tuyub, Zum, Xuluc, Tun, Canché, Tuyuc, Curruchich, Choc, and Xicara; are also commonly found.
West and Central African originated surnames can be found in areas of the Pacific coast of Colombia and Ecuador where the African-descended populations have been historically isolated. They can also be found in the Caribbean regions of Colombia, Venezuela, and the Caribbean islands. Cuba is an example of this as it was the last nation in the Caribbean region to abolish slavery, and many of the enslaved Africans brought in the latter parts of the colonial era were not strictly enforced to accept their Christian surnames, so they would adopt ones that signified the tribe or region they descended from such as Boni, Carabalí, Biafara, and Cumbá.
Nonetheless, the most common surnames that aren’t Castilian or Portuguese in origin, are those belonging to the descendants of post colonial immigrants. Although many immigrants Iberianized their surnames, others chose not to. The first wave of immigrants came from regions of Spain that weren’t traditionally part of the colonizing Castilian-speaking areas (which includes Castile/Andalusia/Extramdura) such as the Basque, Catalan, and Galician lands. Surnames from these sub-ethnic groups can be found throughout Latin America in abundance, but especially in Cuba, Argentina, Uruguay, Chile, Venezuela, Mexico, Colombia and even Brazil the countries which received the most post-colonial immigrants from Spain. Furthermore, immigrants from outside of Spain(and Portugual) began to migrate to Latin America in latter waves, most coming from Europe: mainly Italy, Germany, France, and Eastern Europe and most settling in the countries mentioned previously. In Argentina, Southern Brazil, and Uruguay; Italian, German, and Slavic surnames are almost as common as Iberian ones and in some areas even more common. Immigrants also came from Western and East Asia, namely Christian Arabs from Lebanon/Syria and Japanese people. Indentured laborers were brought to places like Peru and Cuba, most of them being of Chinese background. West Indian migrants to Honduras, Nicaragua, Guatemala (when these nations Caribbean coasts were British protectorate’s) and Panama (during the building of the Panama Canal) brought with them a multitude of British and Irish surnames as well. For this reason, many of the descendants of all these migrants mentioned above, still bear the surnames of their ancestors, despite historical pressures to assimilate/change them.