afforested

A vested interest in spanreserving forests

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A vested interest in spanreserving forests

Residents of Groi Village in the Central Highlands have become forest protectors instead of exploiters after they were given tangible incentives for engaging in afforestation activities, Van Thong reports.

During our spring trip to Groi Village in the K’Bang District of Gia Lai Province in Tay Nguyen (the Central Highlands); we observed many positive changes in the village.

But what made us the happiest was locals’ increased awareness about protecting forests.

We followed village chief Dinh Loc, an ethnic Bahnar man, on a visit to a natural forest located more than five kilometres away from the village.

We met dozens of young people, who were cutting down brushwood and liana, to create a spacious environment for the bigger trees to grow.

The village also assembles groups for patrolling the forests, which is aimed at timely prevention of any violations of forest law, such as illegal logging and hunting wild animals, as well as averting forest fires.

The voices and laughter of those involved in the forest’s protection help dispel the many hardships they face and create a warm and cheerful atmosphere.

Loc pointed at a big tree, approximately more than a century old, which was more than one metre in diameter and 15m in height. He told us that this precious tree had almost been cut down by poachers once.

“The tree was sawed off till about a fourth of its trunk, but our patrolling team detected it and promptly stopped these violators.

“Not only this tree, but some others were also being cut down when we discovered the interlopers, but the villagers were able to take timely action,” said the village chief.

Groi Village currently has only 61 households, with 374 Bahnar people, who have been living here for a long time.

Their lives are stable and depend on afforestation activities, along with crop and livestock farming.

Villagers are assigned by the MTV Ka Nat Company to manage and protect 650ha of forest. They are paid VND250,000 (US$11) for caring for each hectare of land, which is thrice as much as they were paid earlier.

In addition, the villagers are entitled to actively exploit and use forest products, such as fruits, and different kinds of rattan.

The entire forest is assigned to the village community for management under the administration of the village elders’ council.

Based on the actual number of family members and ability of each household, the village elders allocate a reasonable portion on average for monitoring, with each household being assigned up to 10ha of land.

“Forest management and protection is administrated by the village elders’ council directly. We receive technical guidelines from the company’s staff. Income from forest management is decided by the village council. Particularly, rattan products are retained as the village’s property and used for renovating houses and making baskets,” village chief Loc said.

The villagers have been divided into 13 working groups, each having four to five persons.

During the season for caring the forest, the village mobilises all these groups, and during the off-season, the village assigns one or two groups to patrol and guard the forests.

When someone detects illegal loggers, he or she uses a mobile phone to contact others and all of them gather at the spot to prevent the loggers, or call the relevant authorities to intervene.

Dinh H’Lem, the head of these forest protectors, said: “The villagers are very enthusiastic and self-disciplined about protecting the forest, because the forest has become a source of revenue and contributed to improving their lives. All members in the groups are highly aware of the task, they are ready to go and always do a good job.”

“If a household cannot protect their allotment well or let a violation occur, the village council would hand over that area to another household for management,” he added.

Not only Groi Village, but all 11 villages in the region that have the forests under the management of the Ka Nat Company, carry out their forest protection duties effectively.

The company currently manages 8,000ha of natural forest. It has already allocated 2,900ha to the villages, with 524 households participating in their protection.

The remaining more than 5,000ha of forest cover is managed by the company itself in collaboration with the state rangers.

The company’s President and Director, Nong Van Tuong, said: “Thanks to the new management policy and mechanism, the benefits villagers draw from the forest are much higher than before, so they are happy and voluntarily join forest protection.”

“We also combine education [on the importance of forest protection], along with guiding the locals to implement the state forest management policy clearly, openly and transparently, which makes the villagers feel even more excited and confident,” he said. — VNS

New investment incentives

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New investment incentives

Unlike the 2005 Investment Law, the new Investment Law in 2014 includes clearer details about business sectors that qualify for investment incentives, such as: production of new materials, new energy, clean energy, renewable energy; production of products with at least 30 per cent value added; and energy-saving products.

In agriculture, the sectors being offered incentives are: cultivation and processing of agriculture, forestry, and aquaculture products; afforestation and forest protection; salt production; fishing and ancillary fishing services; production of plant varieties, animal breeds, and biotechnology products.

In addition, business lines in education and healthcare are specifically regulated under the new Investment Law. Accordingly, the field of education consists of the following sectors: preschool education, compulsory education, vocational education.

The sectors in healthcare are: medical examination and treatment; production of medicines, medicine ingredients, essential medicines, medicines for prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases, vaccines, biological, herbal medicines, oriental medicines; scientific research on preparation technology and/or biotechnology serving creation of new medicines; investment in geriatric centres, mental health centres, treatment for agent orange patients; care centres for the elderly, the disabled, orphans, and street children.

Similarly, other sectors entitled to investment preferences, such as information technology, sports, construction and development of infrastructure, are also clearly included in the purview of the new Investment Law.

Whether the choice of invested areas falls into the abovementioned categories of business sectors, investors will still be eligible to enjoy investment incentives in the following cases:

The investment project’s capital is 6 trillion Vietnamese dong and more;

At least 6 trillion in Vietnamese dong for the investment project will be disbursed within 3 years from the date of issuance of the Certificate of Investment Registration or decision on investment policies;

Investment projects conducted in rural areas that employ at least 500 workers;

Hi-tech enterprises, enterprises or organisations operating in science and technology

However, PLF would like to point out the fact that not every investment project is entitled to receive incentives, which are only applied to new investment projects and expansion projects.

It also means that although certain investment projects are implemented under the aforementioned business sectors or satisfy the conditions listed above, they shall not be permitted to enjoy investment preferences if established and brought into operation before the new regulations take effect. Only when investors conduct new investment projects or expand the current ones and meet the conditions on incentives shall such incentives be applied.

Noticeably, projects investing in mineral exploitation, production and trading of goods and services subject to excise tax (except for motor vehicle production) shall not receive the investment incentives mentioned above.

Furthermore, the 2014 Investment Law also offers more forms of support than the 2005 Investment Law, specifically: support for the development of technical infrastructure and social infrastructure within and beyond the perimeter of projects of human resources development; credit support; and support for relocation of manufacturing facilities from urban areas. — PLF – LAW FIRM