aedes-aegypti

NICARAGUA, Managua : An elderly woman has her mouth and nose covered with a piece of cloth as Health Ministry workers fumigate against the Aedes aegypti mosquito to prevent the spread of dengue fever and chikungunya in Managua, on August 25, 2015. The Nicaraguan government issued a health alert as a dengue fever and chikungunya epidemic have killed 9 people and infected nearly 200,000 between January and August this year in Central America. Alerts have been declared in Nicaragua, El Salvador and Guatemala.  AFP PHOTO / INTI OCON                        

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“It’s up to you,” said a 1945 national video message to Americans. Find “one of man’s worst enemies” and “destroy their fox holes.”

This video came from the Office of Malaria Control in War Areas (now known as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). And it was talking about a particular species of mosquito, Aedes aegypti – the very same mosquito in the news now.

Back then, they were worried about dengue and yellow fever. Now, it’s Zika virus.

The anti-mosquito campaign in the Americas actually worked. Cases of yellow fever dropped in urban areas, and a 1961 map proclaimed that much of the Americas – including Brazil and Colombia – had eradicated the mosquito.

But here we are, 70 years later, in exactly the same boat. The current CDC brochure about controlling mosquitos looks remarkably similar. The message is the same – dump out containers of water in and around the house where the mosquitoes can breed. Just maybe with fewer boy scouts involved.

Read more from Rae Ellen Bichell.

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Aedes aegypti ou mais conhecido como “Mosquito da Dengue”  é um mosquito proveniente da Africa  atualmente distribuído por quase todo o mundo, especialmente em regiões tropicais e subtropicais, sendo dependente da concentração humana no local para se estabelecer.

O Aedes aegypti é um mosquito que se encontra ativo e pica durante o dia, tem como vítima preferencial o homem e faz praticamente nenhum som audível antes de picar. Mede menos de 1 centímetro, é preto com manchas brancas no corpo e nas pernas.

Esse inseto parece inofensível aos olhos do homem, mas com apenas 1 centímetros esse pequeninho pode causar muitos problemas que chega até a morte.

DOENÇAS

O Aedes aegypti  é capaz de transmitir numerosas doenças diferentes, entre elas se destacam estas quatro: a dengue, o zika vírus, a febre amarela e a chikungunya.

  1. O zika vírus: Após a picada do mosquito, a doença pode ou não se desenvolver. Os sintomas são febre, erupções avermelhadas em todo o corpo, conjuntivite (algo que não acontece nas outras doenças), mal estar geral, artrite nas mãos e pés. Também podem acontecer, em alguns casos, diarréia e dor nos olhos. Os sintomas desaparecem em 5/ 7 dias e não deixa de ser uma doença leve em adultos quando não se trata de uma gestante. Neste caso, os efeitos podem recair no feto. Estuda-se a relação entre o aumento de bebês com microcefalia nas áreas afetadas pelo zika vírus. 
  2. A dengue: Essa doença transmitida pelo mesmo mosquito manifesta alguns sintomas muito similares aos do zika vírus. No início aparecem febre e dores musculares. No entanto, no caso da dengue a febre é muito alta e as dores nas articulações muito fortes, quase insuportáveis em alguns casos. Entre seus sintomas se encontram náuseas e vômitos, dores muito fortes de cabeça e uma dor localizada atrás dos globos oculares. Atualmente se pesquisa uma vacina de uma doença que milhões de pessoas sofrem em todo o mundo e que, em muitos casos pode ser fatal, como a dengue hemorrágica.
  3. A chikungunya: As dores que aparecem na chikungunya são consideradas insuportáveis. De fato, o seu nome vem de uma palavra africana que significa ‘dobrar-se de dor’. Os primeiros sintomas chegam uns 3 ou 7 dias depois da picada. Além dessas terríveis dores nas articulações, também acontecem náuseas, febre alta e erupções cutâneas em forma de brotoejas de cor púrpura que coçam muito. A diferença das outras três doenças é que os gânglios linfáticos se inflamam e pode sangrar o nariz. O mal desse vírus é que seus efeitos duram meses, inclusive pode se converter em dores crônicas nas articulações. No momento não existe vacina para esta doença.
  4. Febre amarela: Esta doença afeta, sobretudo países da África, América Central e América do Sul. Os sintomas levam o paciente a sofrer febre, dores nas costas, calafrios, cefaléias, náuseas e perda de apetite. Se a doença se agravar pode aparecer icterícia e vômitos e sangramentos internos e das mucosas. Para esta doença já existe vacina. Orienta-se que as pessoas que quiserem viajar para áreas com grande ocorrência da febre amarela que toma a vacina pelo menos 10 dias antes da viagem.

SINTOMAS:

  • Dengue Clássica
  • Febre alta com início súbito.
  • Forte dor de cabeça.
  • Dor atrás dos olhos, que piora com o movimento dos mesmos.
  • Perda do paladar e apetite.
  • Manchas e erupções na pele semelhantes ao sarampo, principalmente no tórax e membros superiores.
  • Náuseas e vômitos·
  • Tonturas.
  • Extremo cansaço.
  • Moleza e dor no corpo.
  • Muitas dores nos ossos e articulações.


  • Dengue hemorrágica

Os sintomas da dengue hemorrágica são os mesmos da dengue comum. A diferença ocorre quando acaba a febre e começam a surgir os sinais de alerta:

  • Dores abdominais fortes e contínuas.
  • Vômitos persistentes.
  • Pele pálida, fria e úmida.
  • Sangramento pelo nariz, boca e gengivas.
  • Manchas vermelhas na pele.
  • Sonolência, agitação e confusão mental.
  • Sede excessiva e boca seca.
  • Pulso rápido e fraco.
  • Dificuldade respiratória.
  • Perda de consciência.


  • Zika Vírus

Os sintomas da Zika são semelhantes aos da Dengue, porém, o Zika vírus é mais fraco e por isso, os sintomas são mais leves e desaparecem entre 4 a 7 dias, porém é importante ir ao médico para confirmar se realmente está com Zika. Inicialmente, os sintomas podem ser confundidos com uma simples gripe, provocando:

  • Febre alta
  • Manchas vermelhas na pele
  • Coceira no corpo
  • Dor nas articulações e nos músculos
  •  Dor de cabeça 
  • Cansaço Físico e Mental
  • Vermelhidão e sensibilidade nos olhos 


  • Chikungunya 

Presenta sintomas semelhantes aos da dengue, tais como febre alta, dores pelo corpo, dor de cabeça, cansaço e manchas avermelhadas pelo corpo. Felizmente, a febre chicungunha não provoca complicações hemorrágicas, sendo, portanto, uma infecção menos fatal que a dengue.

  • Febre alta
  • dores de cabeça 
  • dores musculares
  •  manchas vermelhas no corpo 

PREVENÇÃO

  • cobrindo ou furando pneus;
  • usando areia grossa em pratos de vasos de flores;
  • ensacando e jogando no lixo vasilhames que possam acumular água;
  • virando de boca para baixo garrafas vazias;
  • tampando as caixas de água, etc.

A Familia West apoia essa luta contra essas epidemias, e você esta dentro? Seja consciente, não deixem um mosquito vencer essa batalha. Faça a sua parte

Inside the Lab

Uma amiga muito querida sugeriu como primeira publicação, explicar o que é Biotecnologia. Não poderia ter sugerido algo mais complicado. Nem tanto em termos de definição, mas sim em áreas de aplicação.

À grosso modo, biotecnologia nada mais é que a utilização de processos biológicos para obtenção de produtos de interesse econômico. Seja industrial, alimentício, farmacêutico e etc. Após a obtenção deste produto, procura-se otimizar este processo para torná-lo rentável ou melhor aproveitável pela humanidade.

É meio clichê mas totalmente válida, a menção aos tempos de antes de Cristo, onde já fabricava-se vinho, pães, cerveja e queijos feitos pelo processo de fermentação antes mesmo de utilizarem o termo biotecnologia.

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Aplicação da Biotecnologia Hoje.

Além da produção de alimentos, combustíveis, bebidas e fármacos, a biotecnologia está presente em praticamente todos os aspectos da saúde e melhoramento de qualidade de vida e consumo humano. Desde a soja que resiste às mudanças drásticas no clima ao tomate que dura mais tempo na prateleira dos mercados. Tudo isso através de técnicas de manipulação genética.

A utilidade pública da vez, encontrada para a engenharia genética, foi a manipulação gênica do mosquito Aedes aegypti para erradicar a dengue. O método consiste na introdução de um gene responsável por matar o filhote do mosquito antes de eles atingir a idade de reprodução. Os pioneiros no estudo são pesquisadores da Universidade de Oxford, que testaram os “exterminadores” nas ilhas Cayman.

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Após a introdução da espécie de laboratório no meio ambiente, a população de Aedes aegypti caiu drasticamente. Fora a primeira vez que o experimento funcionou na prática em ambiente selvagem.

Sendo a dengue uma doença com alta periculosidade a qual o único método de contravenção, até então, é o controle do vetor, pode-se considerar um grande passo.

(Fonte: http://www.abc.es/salud/noticias/mosquitos-genes-modificados-podrian-acabar-10521.html)

Brazil announces end to Zika public health emergency

Brazil has declared an end to its public health emergency over the Zika virus, 18 months after a surge in cases drew headlines around the world.

The mosquito-borne virus was not considered a major health threat until the 2015 outbreak revealed that Zika can lead to severe birth defects. One of those defects, microcephaly, causes babies to be born with skulls much smaller than expected.

Photos of babies with the defect spread panic around the globe as the virus was reported in dozens of countries. Many would-be travellers cancelled their trips to Zika-infected places. The concern spread even more widely when health officials said it could also be transmitted through sexual contact with an infected person.

In response to the outbreak, Brazil launched a mosquito-eradication campaign. The health ministry said those efforts have helped to dramatically reduce cases of Zika. Between January and mid-April, 95% fewer cases were recorded than during the same period last year. The incidence of microcephaly has fallen as well.

The World Health Organization (WHO) lifted its own international emergency in November.

Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, responsible for transmitting Zika, in a petri dish at the Fiocruz Institute in Recife, Brazil. Photograph: Felipe Dana/AP

Dengue, Chikungunya y Zika

El virus del dengue, chikungunya y zika (como es comúnmente conocido) se transmite por medio del mosco Aedes aegypti y Aedes albopictus

Esta enfermedad representa serios problemas epidemiológicos puesto que se conoce poco acerca de su patogenia y aunque existen vacunas y métodos de diagnóstico avanzados, son poco rentables para establecerse en los sistemas de salud pública. La OMS estima de 50 a 100 millones de infecciones nuevas anualmente. La siguiente imagen corresponde a los casos de dengue recientemente reportados, los círculos rojos representan las alertar emitidas y los países de color rojo, un área endémica.

¿Cuáles son las recomendaciones?

  • Evitar la reproducción del mosco:
    -Lavar con jabón y cepillo contenedores de agua
    -Tirar botellas, llantas o latas en donde se pueda acumular agua
    -Mantener ordenado su patio
  • Medidas de protección:
    -Usar playera de manga larga y pantalón cerrado
    -Utilizar repelentes de insectos
    -Instalar mosquiteros en puertas y ventanas

En caso de presentar alguno de los síntomas se debe acudir inmediatamente al centro de salud y evitar automedicarse.

Zika Outbreak Updates: Puerto Rico Declares State of Emergency

As the Zika virus outbreak continues, including in wide swaths of Central and South America, concerns are growing, especially for pregnant women because the mosquito-borne virus has been linked with a serious birth defect called microcephaly, characterized by an abnormally small head and brain.

Here are the latest updates about the outbreak, which the World Health Organization has deemed a “global health emergency.”

Puerto Rico Declares State of Emergency

Puerto Rico has declared a state of emergency due to the ongoing Zika virus outbreak. The U.S. territory has at least 22 people who have been reported to have been infected with the Zika virus, health officials said.

The State Emergency and Disaster Administration is creating a task force for both federal and state officials to deal with the crisis.

Additionally, a price freeze has been ordered for products needed to prevent the disease, according to government officials.

New Zika Virus Cases Include Pregnant Woman, Man With Paralysis Syndrome

In Puerto Rico, a pregnant woman in her first trimester was diagnosed with the disease, health officials said. In addition, a man has also been diagnosed with Zika and has developed a rare paralysis syndrome sometimes associated with viral or bacterial infection.

Called Guillain-Barre syndrome, it is an immunological reaction that has been associated with influenza, among other illnesses.

At least 22 people who have been reported to have been infected with the Zika virus in Puerto Rico, health officials said.

FDA Signals New Recommendations on Blood Transfusions Likely

In a statement to ABC News, officials from the U.S. Food and Drug Administration said they intend to “rapidly implement appropriate donor deferral recommendations” to safeguard the donated blood supply in the U.S.

“Blood donor deferrals serve as an important measure to protect the United States’ blood supply,“ FDA officials said in a statement. "The FDA also intends to put in place recommendations to help maintain a safe blood supply in United States territories where the virus is present. In the meantime, we fully support the blood banking industry’s voluntary recommendations that potential blood donors be deferred for 28 days after returning from travel to areas where Zika is endemic.”

Sexually Transmitted Zika Case Prompts CDC to Issue New Guidelines

After the Zika virus was transmitted through sexual contact in Dallas, Texas, officials from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released new guidelines today for travelers to and from outbreak regions.

The CDC advises men with a pregnant partner to use condoms if they have traveled to an area with "active Zika virus transmission.”

Additionally, couples where a male partner who has traveled to an area with Zika transmission “may consider using condoms consistently and correctly during sex or abstaining from sexual activity,” if they are concerned about sexual transmission of the Zika virus.

At Least 54 People Infected in the U.S.

There are at least 54 people infected with the Zika virus in the U.S. In all except one case, the infection was acquired while out of the country, according to health officials.

In one case in Dallas, Texas, the virus is believed to have been transmitted through sexual contact from an infected traveler to a partner.

Florida has the highest number of cases in the U.S., with 12 people infected. Florida Gov. Rick Scott has declared a state of emergency in five counties and ordered thousands of tests that will help identify the disease.

What Does the Virus Do?

Common symptoms of the Zika virus include fever, rash, joint pain and conjunctivitis, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Approximately one in five people infected with the virus show symptoms. Severe complications from the virus that require hospitalization are rare, according to the CDC.

The virus has also been associated with a rise of microcephaly birth defect cases.

The CDC is also investigating if a rare paralysis syndrome called Guillain-Barre is related to the virus. The syndrome is an immunological reaction that can also occur after other viral or bacterial infections.

How Is It Transmitted?

The virus is transmitted mainly through the bite of the Aedes aegypti species of mosquito. This is the same type of mosquito that spreads dengue fever. The Aedes albopictus species has also been identified as a potential carrier.

Before the current outbreak, the virus had been found mainly in tropical settings in Africa, Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands. An outbreak of the disease in Brazil led to an alert by the Pan American Health Organization last May.

Penyakit Yang di Anggap Ringan, Padahal Mematikan !

Seringkali kita menganggap remeh penyakit yang ada di sekitar kita. Tanpa kita sadari penyakit tersebut dapat merenggut nyawa orang-orang disekitar kita, atau bahkan kita sendiri. Apa saja penyakit itu ? berikut beberapa penyakit sederhana yang dapat menyebabkan kematian.


1. Mendengkur (Ngorok)
Kebiasaan tidur mendengkur yang dianggap biasa oleh semua orang itu ternyata dapat menyebabkan resiko kematian. Menurut Dokter Andreas A.Prasadja dari Sleep Disorder Clinic – RS. Mitra Kemayoran, resiko itu bermula dari masalah gangguan tidur yang bernama Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). Andreas menyebutkan gangguan OSA ini terjadinya penyempitan saluran pernafasa atas saat tidur. Penyempitan ini menyebabkan tidak efektifnya pertukaran antara oksigen dengan karbondioksida pada saat tidur. Akibatnya di pagi hari si penderita merasa tidak segar dan masih kurang istirahat. Tidak jarang ia juga mengeluhkan sakit kepala di pagi hari. Sedangkan pada siang hari karena banyaknya aktifitas mungkin ia tidak merasakan kantuk, tetapi di saat meeting atau sedang mengendarai rasa kantuk yang tak tertahankan bisa menyerang setiap saat. Akibatnya, Kemampuan konsentrasi dan daya ingat menurun, dan nyawa pun banyak yang melayang karena kecelakaan lalu lintas yang diakibatkan oleh rasa kantuk dan berkurangnya reflex untuk menghindar.

2. Gigi Berlubang
Sakit gigi sering dianggap sebagai penyakit yang sepele, terutama bagi orang yang belum pernah mengalaminya. Namun akibat yang ditimbulkan sakit gigi dapat mengganggu aktifitas sehari-hari dan bahkan sangat berbahaya karena bisa menyebabkan kematian. Pasalnya apabila gigi tersebut tidak dirawat Maka gigi yang berlubang dapat menjadi jalan yang cukup besar bagi bakteri untuk dapat masuk ke dalam tubuh. Masalah utama yang menyebabkan sakit gigi adalah lubang pada gigi yang dimasuki oleh bakteri. Infeksi yang terjadi pada gusi dan akar gigi dapat menjalar ke berbagai organ vital, dan bisa menyebabkan berbagai gangguan kesehatan.
Apabila daya tahan tubuh kita sedang lemah, maka infeksi bakteri akan semakin hebat. Bila tidak segera diobati, infeksi akan menyebar ke daerah di sekitar mulut seperti leher dan pipi. Kondisi ini bisa di katakan cukup serius, dan mengharuskan si penderita untuk melakukan operasi pada daerah yang terinfeksi untuk mengeluarkan nanahnya. Bila kondisinya cukup parah, ada resiko terjadinya kematian jika kondisi pasien sangat lemah, disertai komplikasi penyakit lain ataupun perawatan yang kurang intensif.

3. Maag
Penyakit yang sering dianggap sepele oleh sebagian penderitanya, namun sangat berbahaya. jika penyakit ini sudah terlalu parah, bisa menyebabkan Penyakit baru, yaitu gejala Thypus. Bahkan kematian ! Penyebab dari penyakit maag yaitu, pola makan yang tidak teratur atau sering terlambat makan sehingga menimbulkan luka pada lambung yang diakibatkan oleh aktifitas lambung pada saat perut sedang kosong. Kebiasaan buruk ini sering dilakukan oleh banyak orang dengan alasan sibuk dan lain-lain. Penyebab lainnya dari penyakit maag, yaitu stress dan kurang istirahat, kurangnya istirahat bisa menyebabkan turunnya nafsu makan dan dapat menimbulkan maag.
Gejala-gejala dari penyakit maag yaitu: perut kembung, perut akan terasa penuh walaupun perut penderita sedang kosong. mual dan rasa ingin muntah pada saat makan, rasa perih pada perut dan ulu hati, merasa lapar namun tidak nafsu makan, sering bersendawa, sendawa tersebut disebabkan karna asam lambung yg tinggi.
Cara mengatasi maag dengan cepat saat sedang kambuh, yaitu dengan meminum obat yang mengandung Hydrotalcite, Magnesium hidroksia, dan Simethicone yg biasa dijual di apotik dan toko obat. Dan bagi anda yg tidak biasa meminum obat generik, terdapat juga obat tradisional/alami untuk mencegah dan mengobati maag yaitu dengan memakan Singkong Madu mentah 1 potong setiap hari sebelum makan. Selain obat-obat di atas, kita juga bisa mencegah kambuhnya penyakit maag dengan menghindari makanan pedas, asam, makanan yg mengandung santan, serta makanan yg susah di cerna oleh lambung karena membuat luka di lambung semakin parah. Dan juga menghindari minuman yg menyebabkan asam lambung naik, seperti kopi dan minuman soda.

4. Sariawan
Jangan pernah sepelekan sariawan. Apalagi, jika sariawan itu selalu muncul dalam jangka waktu 6 bulan hingga 1 tahun. sering menderita sariawan ternyata merupakan indikasi utama terjadinya penyakit pemfigus vulgaris. penyakit ini tidak bisa disembuhkan, dan akan diidap penderita hingga akhir hayatnya. Bahkan, 50 persen penderita akan meninggal dalam waktu 12 bulan jika tidak segera diberikan pertolongan. Penyakit ini tidak menular, mereka yang beresiko terkena penyakit pemfigus vulgaris rata-rata berusia antara 50 sampai 60 tahun. Dan merupakan keturunan dari bangsa Yahudi, Indian atau Mediteranian.

5. Demam
Demam merupakan penyakit yang sering dialami setiap orang dan biasanya demam terjadi akibat adanya infeksi pada tubuh manusia, penyakit demam yang bisa menyebabkan kematian adalah demam berdarah, yaitu demam yang disebabkan oleh virus dengue. Virus dengue dapat masuk ke dalam tubuh melalui gigitan nyamuk Aedes Aegypti. Gejala yang akan timbul biasanya demam tinggi mencapai 39-40 derajat celcius dan timbul secara mendadak, disertai keringat yang cukup banyak dan tubuh tampak loyo, nyeri di seluruh tubuh, pendarahan yang tampak dari luar maupun dari dalam. Bila sudah terlihat tanda-tanda seperti di atas, ada baiknya si penderita langsung dibawa ke rumah sakit. Kalau tidak maka akan menyebabkan kematian.

6. Keracunan makanan
Saat ini kita sering mendengar banyak anak-anak atau bahkan orang dewasa yang keracunan makanan. Hal ini bisa terjadi karena pengolahan makanan yang tidak sempurna, adanya zat beracun yang terkandung di dalam makanan namun kita tidak mengetahuinya. Hal ini disebabkan adanya persaingan yang tidak sehat diantara para penjual makanan dengan tujuan untuk menghancurkan usaha si lawan agar tidak laku. Atau hanya sedekar mencari keuntungan yang lebih banyak dengan cara jalan pintas. tanda-tanda keracunan makanan adalan perut akan terasa mual dan diare biasanya ini akan sembuh sendiri. Namun banyak juga akibat keracunan makanan yang berujung maut, karena penanganan yang buruk

7. Influenza
Influenza atau yang lebih dikenal dengan sebutan flu, merupakan penyakit yang bisa menular yang di sebabkan oleh Virus RNA dari familia Orthomyxoviriade (virus influenza). Gejala yang di timbulkan dari penyakit ini adalah badan menggigil, sakit di bagian kepala, sakit tenggorokan, nyeri otot, batuk, demam dan rasa tidak nyaman di sekujur tubuh. Influenza biasanya ditularkan melalui udara lewat batuk dan bersin, yang akan menimbulkan aerosol yang mengandung virus. Akhir-akhir ini banyak orang yang meninggal akibat penyakit influenza, flu yang sedang marak tersebar di seluruh dunia ialah flu babi (H1N1) dan flu Burung (H5N1). Bila anda sudah terjangkit segera periksakan diri ke dokter. Karena penyakit ini sangat berbahaya dan bisa merenggut nyawa anda.

8. Diabetes
Penyakit diabetes atau yang sering kita sebut penyakit kencing manis. biasanya disebabkan karena terlalu banyak mengkonsumsi gula. Banyak orang menganggap remeh penyakit ini. Padahal diabetes merupakan salah satu penyakit yang berbahaya karena bisa menyebabkan kematian. Pada tahun 2013 indonesia memiliki sekitar 8.5 juta penderita diabetes yang merupakan jumlah ke-4 terbanyak di Asia dan nomor 7 di dunia. Faktor yang menyebabkan diabetes antara lain: orang dewasa yang umurnya diatas 45 tahun, berat badan yang terlalu gemuk (obesitas), tekanan darah tinggi (140/90 mmHg) dan faktor keturunan.

STAY HEALTHY GOOD PEOPLE!

salam sehat bahagia - @dokterfina

‘Nobody Is Immune’: Bracing For Zika’s First Summer In The U.S.

The mosquito-borne Zika epidemic is headed for its first summer in the United States. New York Times reporter Donald G. McNeil Jr. tells Fresh Air’s Terry Gross that if the virus is ever going to hit hard in the U.S., 2016 will be the year.

“No one in the population has had the disease before, so nobody is immune to it, nobody has antibodies to it,” McNeil says. “After this year, a fair number of people will be immune, and each year immunity will grow.”

In his new book, Zika: The Emerging Epidemic, McNeil explores the origins of the Zika virus, as well as how it spreads and the best means of protecting ourselves from it.

When it comes to the virus’ transmission in the continental U.S., McNeil notes the Aedes aegypti mosquitoes, which carry the Zika virus, are mostly concentrated in Florida and the Gulf Coast. But, he adds, the fact that the virus can be transmitted sexually means that Zika has the potential to spread more broadly.

“Scientists are just gobsmacked” by the virus’ sexual transmission, McNeil says. “Viruses mutate like crazy, but one thing they don’t normally change is how they’re transmitted. … You don’t expect a mosquito-borne virus to become something that can be transmitted through an act of unprotected sex. But this one is.”

Photo: Nelson Almeida/AFP/Getty Images