I changed a lot. I became more guarded. I never wanted to be attached to something and get that taken away again. I never wanted to be too happy or gun-ho about something or too mad about something. I just wanted to be cool about it.
— Jay-Z, explaining how his mindset suddenly changed at age 11 when his father, Adnes ‘AJ’ Reeves, left him and his family, with the journalist Touré of Rolling Stone magazine in 2005.