On 22 July 1797 the Royal Navy, commanded by Rear-Admiral Horatio Nelson, launched an amphibious assault on the Spanish port city of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. The battle lasted until 25 July, with British forces being repeatedly rebuffed by the Spanish defenders.

It was here that Nelson suffered one of his worst wartime injuries - he was hit in the right arm by grapeshot from the Spanish guns. Most of the arm had to be amputated, with the missing limb a constant reminder of his failure at the Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife.

The painting is ‘Sir Horatio Nelson when wounded at Teneriffe’ by Richard Westall (1806)