Watch a lecture at the Library of Congress by Jean-Francois Mouhot, who examines the environmental history of Haiti. Although Mouhot is limited by time, this lecture does a great job explaining how Haiti’s environmental degradation is tied to its political, economic, and social history. Deforestation, in particular, is thoroughly discussed as it impacts the environmental history of Haiti and pertains to energy needs (charcoal production). While I think the author is a little too “lenient” on the environmental impact of the French colonial period, Mouhot admits some of his conclusions are tentative. Nevertheless, this is a useful introduction for those unsure of the origins of Haiti’s environmental catastrophe of deforestation and soil erosion. 

Reminder! SPN has moved nights!

Reminder to all our followers, there is no new episode tonight.

Starting this week, Supernatural has moved from Tuesdays @ 9pm to Wednesdays @ 9pm.

Why the move? CW is switching around time slots to accommodate their new series, “iZombie” (from Rob Thomas, creator of CW’s previous Veronica Mars series). Supernatural is moving to Wednesdays, taking over the 9pm slot from recently finished season of “The 100”.

To summarize: Sam has forced the Trickster to let the Winchesters out of Tuesdays and send them to Wednesday.

anonymous asked:

What if Lay was in the bathroom changing and his gf suddenly barges in but didnt know he was in their and he was shirtless. How would he react? Love your blog admin...

Hi anon~

In my opinion he would shrug it off and then put his shirt as if nothing happened…
Because, let’s be honest guys…
Yixing is the most















Or maybe is just me who thinks that C:

Thanks for loving Oh La Lay~

Admin C

Happy Valentine's Day

To all our lovely followers:

Celebrate some love today.  Love for another person, love for your cat/dog, love for a friend, love for yourself.  Love comes in many forms, so everyone has something to celebrate today, no matter your relationship status on Facebook. :)

Love to all our followers!  Happy Valentine’s Day!

~Admin C, S, M, and A

Imagine Hinata and Kageyama being deathly afraid of spiders. Hinata sleeps over at Kageyama’s house one night, and just before they’re about to get to sleep, they see one. Sugawara wakes up to the doorbell ringing frantically at 1 in the morning and his two kouhai outside his house shouting, “What if it followed us here?!”

Dear Followers...

There’s a lot of hate happening in the Supernatural fandom tonight.

Without going into too much detail, there are SPN fans being sent anon-hate on tumblr, being told to kill themselves.  PLEASE keep your eyes peeled for people that need help, that need kind words. 

Remember, “family don’t end with blood”.  Reach out to your fellow fans and help them.  There are a lot of you that follow this blog, and a lot of you that are super kind and caring individuals.  Reach out.

And if ANY of our followers receive any of this anon-hate, please don’t do anything rash.  Feel absolutely free to message either the confessions blog or the Admins individually.  Let us be there for you. 

Please don’t hurt yourselves just because some asshole on anon told you to.

Be cool to one another, SPN fandom.  There’s so much love to be had.  Let’s all help spread it out to those that need it.

~Admin C, S, M, and A

anonymous asked:

Imagine Akaashi having a little sister. They play with dolls together and he lets her put make up on him and bows in his hair. One time when playing, his sister mentions that a certain doll is the prettiest, to which Akaashi replies, with the same serious tone he uses when speaking to Bokuto and a straight face, "I thought I was the prettiest." Which makes her giggle and feel proud about her make up skills.

akaashi brings her to practice one day; he’s holding her hand and glares daggers at anyone who looks at him funny for it. bokuto is overjoyed and gives the kid a piggyback ride. i love this headcanon and i love akaashi so much oh my god

"Cas" Vs "Cass": Which is it?

Hey there followers.

We’ve had several comments come into the Inbox about whether it’s “Cas” or “Cass”, and “canon” or “fanon”, etc etc.  Thought we’d take care of all opinions in one big post.

Here it is: “Cass”, with two ‘S’s, is the official spelling.  That’s how it’s spelled on-screen and in production scripts and in subtitles.  “Castiel” was inspired by the angel Cassiel (Angel of Solitude and Tears) which possibly why the writers spell it with two ‘S’s.  That said, the large majority of the fandom uses “Cas” with one ‘S’, as do many of the actors when they’re referencing him.

Yeah, doesn’t really clear things up so well, does it?  So where does that leave us?  Well, the funny thing about nicknames: there’s really no such thing as “canon” vs “fanon”.  There’s really only personal preference.  Spell it however you like.  If one bothers you, it bothers you.  If you want to use both interchangeably, then do it.  In the grand scheme of things, how we choose to spell Castiel’s nickname is a trivial matter, and not something really worth more than a friendly jab at each other over.

At the end of the day:

…and that’s all.  So let’s not start a war over it, okay?

~Admin C, S, M, and A

(PS - I do advise against using Metatron’s script to justify “Cass” though. Have you looked close? Dude has a MESS of spelling errors.)

Us lockets/freaks are so thirsty right now. This wall of messages is just a fraction of all of the thirst I have seen through this blog today. And I won’t lie; I am right there with you all at the front of the pack, dying with need. Our boy has truly spoiled us today.

Personally, I like Key’s body as is. I don’t need a lot of muscle definition to find a man sexy. I’m glad that there is a (small) variety of male body types in Shinee because there are a lot of different, attractive male bodies. It all comes down to personal preference, but let’s not push muscle definition as the one measure of a hot body. Of course that’s totally 100% fine if that is your preference, but there are also other body types that people enjoy.

I think a LOT of us were pretty blown away by the visual treat today. I mean I know I at least would love to be all



Just… damn. His lean torso is just my type. Sign me up for a year long pass because I’d be riding that every day like the tallest slide at the water park. Amen.

- Admin C


It’s been awhile since I’ve posted one of these…This time I can’t answer asks after I post lol. It’s been a busy few months so far ;__;

Anyway, let’s take a trip down the memory lane with 2012 KAISOO. Sometimes, really, I want to go back when I first started to ship them haha. They were both so carefree then, at least they seemed to be (the other members as well). I don’t think it’s too selfish to want to see that again, right? :D

I hope this makes everyone smile!

-Admin C

lmitchrskl asked:

I've been watching spn since this summer when I binged watched & became rather obsessed. I've seen stuff about chuck being God. Where did this come from? How was it confirmed? Noobs wanna know! lol

At the end of 5x22 “Swan Song” Chuck, having completed his narration of the episode, vanishes with a satisfied smile into thin air.

The implication is Chuck was actually God.  There are various fan theories about whether he was actually God the whole time, or if in that moment Prophet Chuck was acting as God’s vessel.  It’s anyone’s guess.  Long story short, Rob Benedict confirmed that he spoke with Kripke, who asked him directly “So what was it like to play God?”

Fast-forward to 8x07 “A Little Slice of Kevin”, Sam asks Castiel how Kevin can be the Prophet if Chuck is still alive, as there can only be one at a time.  Castiel replies that he can only assume it means Chuck is dead.

However, at the end of 10x05 “Fan Fiction”, Marie meets with “the publisher” who claimed the ticket to her show, and we see it’s Chuck, alive and well.  Obviously he’s not dead, but he’s also not the anxiety-riddled Prophet we knew back in season 4 and 5.  This is Chuck as we last saw in back in “Swan Song”.

Thus, the implication is: Chuck is God.

Nobody within the show’s universe has ever directly said Chuck is God, so fans can choose to believe what they wish.  This explanation is only based on the inferences made by details within the show itself and the intentions of those on the show’s production team.

~Admin C, S, M, and A