adjectives

5

MUNIFICENT - (myoo-nif-uh-suhnt) - adjective

Definition:

  • extremely liberal in giving; very generous
  • characterized by great generosity

Related forms:

  • noun - munificence, munificentness
  • adverb - munificently

Example sentence:

  • After gambling all his money away, Tom hoped for a munificent tax return.

Stovenly thinks:

  • shout out to those people who keep the drinks up 24/7
  • you know who you are
Advanced English Adjectives

Garrulous - excessively talkative

Sententious - given to moralizing in a pompous or affected manner

Pertinacious - holding firmly to an opinion or a course of action

Propitious - giving or indicating a good chance of succeess, favorable

Captious - (of a person) tending to find fault or raise petty objections

Exiguous - very small in size or amount

Contumacious - (especially of a defendant’s behavior) stubbornly or willfully disobedient to authority

Perspicacious - having a ready insight into an understanding of things.

Scurrilous - making or spreading scandalous claims about someone with intention of damaging their reputation

Sumptuous - splendid and expensive-looking

Pervicacious - very obstinate or stubborn

Temerarious - reckless, rash

Sagacious - having or showing keen mental discernment and good judgement

Magnanimous - generous or forgiving, especially to a rival or less powerful person

a big list of french adjectives 💐

🌻 Describing People:

1. Physical appearance

aguichant- enticing, alluring
avachi- limp, sloppy, baggy
baraqué- well-built
bizarre- strange
boursouflé- bloated
bronzé- tanned
chétif,-ive- weak, sickly
débraillé- untidy, sloppy
dépenaillé- unkempt
douteux, -euse- doubtful, dubious, questionable
élancé- slim
frêle- frail, fragile
grand- tall
grassouillet, ette- plump
gros, grosse- fat
hâlé- tanned
insolite- unusual, quirky
maigre- skinny
mignon- nice, sweet
mince- slender
musclé - brawny, muscular
nerveux- nervous, upset
pâle- pale
potelé- plump (like a baby)
rabougri- wizened, shrivelled
séduisant - attractive, charming, seductive

2. Character

abruti- idiotic
acariâtre- sour, bad-tempered
antipathique- unfriendly
anodin- harmless
astucieux, euse- clever, astute, shrewd
atone- lifeless, expressionless
avisé- sensible, wise
borné- narrow-minded (“bornez-vous!” limit yourself)
braillard- describes someone who complains a lot
brave- good, honest, brave
candide- naive, ingenuous, innocent, trusting
casanier,-iere- homebody, home lover
compassé- starchy, stiff
compliqué- complicated; fussy (e.g. about food)
compréhensif,-ive-  understanding
dépravé- perverted
dévoyé- perverted
difficile- difficult
distrait- absent-minded, distracted
drôle- funny
ennuyeux,-euse- boring
évolué- broad-minded, independent, progressive
exigeant- demanding
extraverti- extrovert
faiblard- weak, feeble
fainéant- lazy, idle
falot- dreary, bland
farfelu- eccentric, bizarre
franc- candid
futé- cunning, smart
guindé- stiff, awkward
imprévisible- unforeseeable
juste- fair
lunatique- temperamental
maladroit- clumsy
mal commode- bad-tempered
malicieux,-euse- mischievous, naughty
malin- cunning
malveillant- malicious, malevolent, spiteful
maniaque- finicky, fussy
marrant- funny; odd
maussade- gloomy, sullen
méchant- malicious, nasty
méfiant- distrustful, suspicious
méprisant- contemptuous, disdainful
névrosé- neurotic
perspicace- perceptive, insightful
primesautier-iere- impulsive
rébarbatif -ive- hostile, off-putting
renfrogné- sullen
replié sur soi-meme- introverted, withdrawn
rusé- cunning
sage - well-behaved, good
saugrenu - absurd
sensé- sensible
sensible- sensitive
sérieux,-euse- serious, responsible
susceptible- touchy, sensitive, delicate
sympathique- nice, friendly
terre-á-terre- down-to-earth
tordu- warped, twisted
travailleur-euse- hard-working

3. Mood

accablé- distressed
admiratif, -ive- admiring
affolé- in a panic
amer, -ere -bitter
assoupi- drowsy
béat- blissfully happy; smug, complacent
cafardeux,-euse- in the dumps
débordé (de travail)- snowed under (with work)
décontracté- relaxed
détendu- relaxed
découragé- disheartened, discouraged
dépité- vexed
désemparé- distraught, at a loss
effaré (de)- alarmed (at)
énergique- energetic
enthousiaste- enthusiastic
gai- cheerful
bien ententionné- well-intentioned
lointain- distant
mélancolique- gloomy
navré- sorry, apologetic, upset
paumé- lost, at sea
ravi -delighted
surpris- surprised
tendu- tense
vanné- exhausted
vexé- annoyed

🌿 Describing ideas or events

1. Positive
alléchant - tempting, mouth-watering
attendrissant- touching
bénéfique- beneficial
commode- convenient
cocasse- funny, comical
conforme (á)- conforming (with)
convenable- fitting, acceptable, respectable
déroutant - disconcerting
détaillé - comprehensive, detailed
distinct - separate, distinct
équitable - fair
excellent - excellent, first-rate
formidable - fantastic
fulgurant - dazzling, thundery
grave - serious
honnête - decent
hors pair - exceptional
impeccable - great, without flaws
important - important
marrant - funny
merveilleux - marvellous
parfait - perfect
passionnant - exciting
percutant - powerful, striking, forceful
primordial - of prime importance
propice - favorable, suitable
raisonnable - reasonable
rarissime - extremely rare
recherché - much sought-after, studied
réconfortant - comforting
réjouissant - delightful
rentable - profitable, financially viable
réussi - successful, well-done
sagace - sagacious
sage - wise
sensationnel - sensational
spontané - spontaneous
subtil - subtle
surprenant - surprising
véridique - truthful

2. Negative
aberrant - absurd, nonsensical
abominable - abominable
affreux - dreadful, ghastly
agaçant - irritating
aléatoire - uncertain, random
ardu - arduous
chimérique - fanciful, imaginary, idealistic, utopic
complexe - complex
courant - common, current
déchirant - heart-breaking, gut wrenching
dégoûtant - disgusting
déprimant - depressing
déraisonnable - unreasonable
discutable - questionable, arguable
écoeurant - sickening, nauseating
ennuyeux,-euse - boring
épouvantable - horrendous, ghastly, atrocious
éprouvant - strenuous, punishing
étrange - strange
fastidieux,-euse - tedious, dull, tiresome
frustrant - frustrating, irritating
gênant - annoying
immonde - filthy, vile
impensable - unthinkable, unimaginable
impossible - difficult; impossible
improbable - unlikely
inadmissible - intolerable
inattendu - unexpected
loufoque - crazy, over the top
lourd - heavy/annoying
malaisé - difficult
malencontreux-euse - unfortunate
médiocre - mediocre
minable - seedy, hopeless, pathetic
pénible - difficult, tiresome; painful
pitoyable - pathetic
prosaïque - prosaic
quelconque - ordinary, mediocre
rebutant - off-putting, unappealing
répugnant - disgusting
ridicule - ridiculous

➥ Vocabulary Tips - Adjectives Part 1

Appearance Adjectives


「height / stature / size

  • tall - very tall, quite tall, six feet tall, long, high, big, colossal, gigantic, huge, immense.
  • short - not very tall, petite, low-set, compact, little, small, squat, tiny, miniature.
  • medium - average height, middle height, half tall, half short.

「weight / skin

  • thin - quite thin, slim, slender, skinny.
  • fat - medium-build, overweight, rounded, chubby, corpulent.
  • skin - pale, pallid, light, dark, tanned, olive, white, brown, rosy.
  • shape - broad, crooked, curved, flat, narrow, round, square, wide, massive, straight.

「hair / eyes

  • color - dark, black, red, brown, blond, chestnut brown, white, gray, blue, green, light-blue, dark-gray, grayish-blue, amber, caramel.
  • style - long, short, medium-length, shoulder-length, afro, asymmetric cut, beehive, bob cut, bowl cut, bunches, buzz cut, cropped, curtained hair, dreadlocks, fringe/bangs, hime cut, pixie cut.
  • hairdo - straight, curly, wavy, thick, thinning, bald, shiny, smooth, neatly combed, dull, tousled, disheveled, ponytail, braid, updo, bun.

「age

  • young - kid, baby, toddler, newborn, preteen, teenage, teen, junior, minor, infant, tween, youngsters.
  • old - elderly, older, mature, senior, experienced, middle-aged, adult, grown up. 
  • number - twenty years old, in her thirties, about forty.

「mind

  • intelligent - broad-minded, sharp, keen, bright, quick, agile, wise, clever, smart, precocious, gifted, witty, ingenious, savvy. 
  • stupid - narrow-minded, silly, foolish, idiot, fool, ignorant, slow, dumb, dull, brainless, dummy, moron, imbecile, uncultured.

「character

  • friendly - pleasant personality, good-tempered, good-natured, easy-going, sociable, outgoing, extroverted, energetic.
  • independent - strong, tough, mature, autonomous, self-confident, self-reliant, self-sufficient.
  • honest - dependable, reliable, trustworthy, reasonable, sensible, honorable, sincere, direct, downright, truthful.
  • disciplined - organized, hard-working, careful, prudent, cautious.
  • modest - shy, timid, wary, humble.
  • observant - attentive, alert, perceptive, insightful, thoughtful, considerate.
  • humorous - amusing, funny, comical, laughable.
  • generous - unselfish, kind, kind-hearted, gentle, benevolent, sympathetic, tolerant, helpful, careful.
  • interesting - fascinating, exciting, entertaining, stimulating. 
  • elegant - exquisite, graceful, refined, fine, tasteful, neat, high-class, fancy, glamorous, dressy, magnificent, important, powerful, famous, rich.
  • beautiful - attractive, gorgeous, handsome, ravishing, pleasing, glorious, splendid, goddess, god-like, pretty, beauty, resplendent, fine, stunning, good-looking.
  • adorable - lovable, lovely, sensitive, adorable,sweet, angelical, angelic, cute, precious.
  • glowing -  shiny, vivacious, sparkling, twinkle, shining, vibrant, radiating.
  • code - formal, official, informal, relaxed, casual, old-fashioned.
  • hostile - aggressive, violent, offensive, hateful, bitter, ferocious, furious, savage, fierce, bloody, grotesque, boorish.
  • unfriendly - unsociable, bad-tempered, pushy, selfish, egotistical, inconsiderate, arrogant, moody, stubborn, imprudent, stingy, miserly, snobbish . 
  • dishonest - unreliable,  unreasonable, unpredictable, irresponsible,  impulsive, greedy, dull, undisciplined, disorganized, careless, greedy.
  • strange - odd, weird, eccentric, crazy, clumsy.
  • boring - tedious, tiresome, uninteresting, wearisome.
  • emotional - moody, melancholic, touchy, mushy.


➥ Vocabulary Tips Masterlist


if you have other adjectives that fit this topic, just send me a message. 

Japanese Adjectives: Describing a Person

やさしい (yasashii) - nice
おもしろい (omoshiroii) - interesting
可愛い (kawaii) - cute
丁寧 (teinei) - polite
明るい (akarui) - cheerful
おかしい (okashii) - funny/unusual
頑固な (gankona) - stubborn
綺麗な (kireina) - beautiful
勤勉な (kinbenna) - hardworking
正直な (shoujikina) - honest
親切な (shinsetsuna) - helpful/kind
ぶさいくな (busakiuna) - awkward/clumsy

Advanced English Adjectives 2

Culpable - Deserving blame

Laconic - Using very few words

Inimical - Tending to obstruct or harm

Recalcitrant - Having an obstinately uncooperative attitude towards authority or discipline

Fractious - Irritable and quarrelsome

Loquacious - Tending to talk a great deal; talkative

Sanguine - Optimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad or difficult situation

Profligate - Recklessly extravagant or wasteful in the use of resources

Obdurate - Stubbornly refusing to change one’s opinion or course of action

Belligerent - Hostile and aggressive

Prosaic - Having or using the style or diction of a prose as opposed to poetry; lacking imaginativeness or originality

Pellucid - Translucently clear

Dogmatic - Inclined to lay down principles as undeniably true

Mercurial - Subject to sudden or unpredictable changes of mood or mind

Esoteric - Intended for or likely to be understood by only a small number of people with a specialized knowledge or interest

Vociferous - Expressing or characterized by vehement opinions

Taciturn - Reserved or uncommunicative in speech

Extant - Still in existence

Apocryphal - Of doubtful authenticity, although widely circulated as true

asleepyteddybear  asked:

I have trouble telling when cold writing is actually necessary and tend to just use it always. Is this just a writing style or a handicap? do I need to incorporate emotional adjectives into my first person writing? It feels like one of those things i'm not trying hard enough to overcome, but I'm not sure if I need to?

Hey! I’ve got two answers for you.

The first answer, and the main one, is no, there’s nothing inherently wrong with “cold” writing in the first person. It’s absolutely a style. Ernest Hemingway is known for his lack of adjectival writing, and many love and praise him for it.

But I think there’s more to be said here.

Here’s a piece of advice from the creative nonfiction world that ended up helping me out in all genres: when the action is hot, write cold. When the action is cold, write hot. Allow me to provide an example from Stephen King’s “Carrie”.

Miss Desjardin, their slim, nonbreasted gym teacher, stepped in, craned her neck around briefly, and slapped her hands together once, smartly. “What are you waiting for, Carrie? Doom? Bell in five minutes.” Her shorts were blinding white, her legs not too curved but striking in their unobtrusive muscularity. A silver whistle, won in college archery competition, hung around her neck. 

The girls giggled and Carrie looked up, her eyes slow and dazed from the heat and the steady, pounding roar of the water. “Ohuh?” 

It was a strangely froggy sound, grotesquely apt, and the girls giggled again. Sue Snell had whipped a towel from her hair with the speed of a magician embarking on a wondrous feat and began to comb rapidly. Miss Desjardin made an irritated cranking gesture at Carrie and stepped out. 

Carrie turned off the shower. It died in a drip and a gurgle. 

It wasn’t until she stepped out that they all saw the blood running down her leg.

[I have to disclaim here that I find this passage problematic and male-gazey in terms of content, but it does illustrate the idea pretty well.] King spends a lot of prose on the set up here, in particular on the inconsequential details of Miss Desjardin’s appearance. The lengthy prose is musical and full of adjectives and pulls you close into the scene, drawing your gaze from the coach to Carrie’s eyes to Sue’s towel, lingering on the noises, all to evoke a feel for the room.

But when the real action happens, all that disappears. He drops the ‘hot’ evocative language, loses all the adjectives, and takes you right to the moment. The lack of couching language gives the image a shock value, clearing away all imagery of the room so that Carrie herself stands out a stark and lonesome figure. The reader is placed right in with the other locker room girls, seeing exactly what they see how they see it. Our eye is forced to concentrate on the blood. The action becomes what evokes the emotion, instead of the prose.

Each author is going to have a different balance between stark language and rich prose. Gabriel Garcia Marquez’s work is full of imagery and adjectival prose. Amy Hempel is famous for the extreme experimental starkness of her stories, in which she leaves out every detail she possibly can while still maintaining a story. You are going to have your own unique balance.

That said, here’s a second answer. I do think it’s am important and useful exercise to write outside your strengths and tendencies, and to concentrate on one particular skill and experiment with it and exercise it. You may find it useful to take a scene you are having a hard time with, and trying to write it with the purplest prose you possibly can. The expectation here is not that the purple prose version will be great. In fact, a lot of it is liable to be pretty awful. But the experiment will exercise the muscle. Then you can set the purple scene aside and write it with your starkest prose possible. Probably this scene also won’t be exactly what you want either. Set it aside again. Hide them both and don’t look at them. Write the scene again, the best you can. I suspect you’ll find you naturally incorporate some of the best from both the other versions.

For still more practice, you could go back into each version of your scene and revise it as if it were the writing you planned to stick into your story. Revision is such an underrated skill, and practicing it will yet again get you to pay attention to when you use ‘cold’ writing and when you use ‘hot’ writing and why you’re making the choice to use it when.

Lastly, check out Geist’s 6 principles of good narrative. While it doesn’t directly answer your question, I think you may find it helpful when deciding what is working and not working in your story.

Adjectives
  • 顽固 (wángù)-stubborn
  • 用功 (yònggōng)-diligent;studious
  • 胖 (pàng)-fat
  • 漂亮 (piàoliang)-pretty
  • 聪明 (cōngming)-smart
  • 笨 (bèn)-stupid
  • 帅 (shuài)-handsome
  • 矮 (ǎi)-short
  • 高 (gāo)-tall
  • 懒 (lǎn)-lazy
  • 丑 (chǒu)-ugly
  • 开通 (kāitong)-open minded; liberal
  • 大 (dà)-big
  • 小 (xiǎo)-small; young
  • 老 (lǎo)-old(used w/ people)
  • 新 (xīn)-new
  • 旧 (jiù)-old(used w/ objects)
형용사 (Adjectives)

In honor of my 100th post, I decided to make a list of the 100 most useful/common Korean adjectives to know!

  1. 힘들다 – hard/challenging
  2. 어렵다 – difficult
  3. 쉽다 – easy
  4. 많다 – many
  5. 적다 – few
  6. 작다 – small
  7. 크다 – big
  8. 짧다 – short
  9. 길다 – long
  10. 예쁘다 – pretty
  11. 아름답다 – beautiful
  12. 잘생기다 – handsome
  13. 못생기다 – ugly
  14. 귀엽다 – cute
  15. 나쁘다 – bad
  16. 싫다 – bad/unlikeable
  17. 좋다 – good/likeable
  18. 바쁘다 – busy
  19. 맛있다 – delicious
  20. 맛없다 – gross
  21. 쓰다 – bitter
  22. 달콤하다 – sweet
  23. 짜다 – salty
  24. 시큼하다 – sour
  25. 맵다 – spicy
  26. 기름지다 – greasy/fatty
  27. 빠르다 – fast
  28. 느리다 – slow
  29. 천천하다 – slow/steadily
  30. 재미있다 – fun/interesting
  31. 재미없다 – not fun/uninteresting
  32. 가볍다 – light
  33. 무겁다 – heavy
  34. 무섭다 – scary
  35. 부럽다 – jealous
  36. 급하다 – urgent
  37. 편하다 – comfortable
  38. 불편하다 – uncomfortable
  39. 편리하다 – convenient
  40. 놀라다 – surprising
  41. 멍청하다 – stupid
  42. 똑똑하다 – smart
  43. 뚱뚱하다 – fat
  44. 통통하다 – chubby
  45. 날씬하다 – thin
  46. 마르다 – scrawny/too thin
  47. 슬프다 – sad
  48. 행복하다 – happy
  49. 기쁘다 – happy
  50. 반갑하다 – happy/pleased
  51. 즐겁다 – pleasant/enjoyable
  52. 졸리다 – sleepy
  53. 피곤하다 – tired
  54. 축축하다 – wet (bad)
  55. 촉촉하다 – wet (good)
  56. 넓다 – wide/spacious
  57. 좁다 – thin/narrow
  58. 뜨겁다 – warm (objects)
  59. 덥다 – hot
  60. 따뜻하다 – warm
  61. 시원하다 – cool/refreshing
  62. 춥다 – cold
  63. 차갑다 – cold (objects)
  64. 싸늘하다 – chilly/frosty
  65. 쌀쌀하다 – chilly
  66. 유명하다 – famous
  67. 위험하다 – dangerous
  68. 안전하다 – safe
  69. 더럽다 – dirty
  70. 깨끗하다 – clean
  71. 시끄럽다 – noisy
  72. 조용하다 – quiet
  73. 착하다 – pleasant/kind
  74. 다양하다 – various
  75. 간단하다 – simple
  76. 우울하다 – depressed
  77. 아쉽다 – disappointing
  78. 아깝다 – a waste
  79. 새롭다 – new
  80. 오래되다 – old
  81. 어리다 – young
  82. 화려하다 – splendid
  83. 멋지다 – splendid/awesome
  84. 늦다 – late
  85. 심심하다 – boring
  86. 비슷하다 – similar
  87. 같다 – same
  88. 다르다 – different
  89. 가능하다 – possible
  90. 불가능하다 – impossible
  91. 열심하다 – diligent
  92. 유치하다 – childish
  93. 빨갛다 – red
  94. 노랗다 – yellow
  95. 파랗다 – blue/green
  96. 하얗다 – white
  97. 까맣다 – black
  98. 동그랗다 – round
  99. 복잡하다 – crowded
  100. 중요하다 – important

Adjectives are useful so I thought I’d note down a huge list of い adjectives for reference.

あおいーBlue/green
あかいーRed
しろいーWhite
くろいーBlack
きいろいーYellow

あついーHot
むしあついーHot and humid
さむいーCold (air)
つめたいーCold (To the touch)
あたたかいーWarm
すずしいーCool (temperature)

たかいーTall/expensive
ひくいーLow/short (in height)
やすいーCheap
ひろいーWide/spacious
せまいーNarrow/cramped
おおきいーBig
ちいさいーSmall
わろいーBad
いいーGood
よいーGood (Ancient form)
ながいーLong
まじかいーShort (In length)

おいしいーDelicious
まずいーBland (disgusting)
うつくしいーBeautiful
みにくいーUgly
うるさいーNoisy
つよいーStrong
よわいーWeak

うれしいーHappy
かなしいーSad
たのしいーFun
つまらないーBoring
すごいーCool/awesome
いたないーDirty
むずかしいーDifficult
やさしいーEasy/friendly
きびしいーStern
はやいーFast/early
おろいーSlow/late
いたいーPainful

Adjectives to Describe Eyes
  • beady: beady eyes are small, round, and bright
  • bloodshot: bloodshot eyes are red in the part where they should be white
  • boss-eyed: someone who is boss-eyed has both eyes looking in towards their nose
  • bug-eyed: a bug-eyed creature or person has eyes that stick out
  • clear: clear eyes are bright and healthy
  • close-set: close-set eyes are very near to each other
  • cross-eyed: having eyes that look towards each other slightly
  • dead: if someone’s eyes are dead, or if their voice is dead, they feel or show no emotion
  • deep-set: deep-set eyes seem to be a long way back into your face
  • doe-eyed: someone who is doe-eyed has big attractive eyes and looks as if they do not have much experience of life
  • hazel: the light brown and slightly green or golden colour of some people’s eyes
  • heavy: if your eyes look heavy, they have a sad or tired expression
  • hollow: hollow eyes or cheeks seem to have sunk into your head, for example because you are tired, thin, or ill
  • hooded: hooded eyes have large eyelids that partly cover them, often giving them a threatening expression
  • lidded: with your eyes half closed
  • liquid: liquid eyes are clear and shiny
  • piggy: piggy eyes are small and not attractive
  • pop-eyed: having eyes that stick out
  • rheumy: rheumy eyes look red and wet because of illness, sadness, or old age
  • shuttered: used about someone’s eyes or expression when their eyes are partly closed, usually because they do not want to show what they are feeling or thinking
  • sunken: sunken eyes or cheeks curve inwards, often showing that someone is ill or old
  • via Macmillan Dictionary - www.macmillandictionary.com/us/thesaurus-category/british/Describing-the-appearance-of-someone-s-eyes
20 Ways to Describe Taste
  1. acidic - very sour
  2. astringent - an astringent taste is one that is strong and bitter
  3. bitter - a strong sharp taste that is not sweet
  4. bitter-sweet - tasting bitter and sweet at the same time
  5. brackish - has a slight taste of salt and is therefore not pure
  6. hot - contains a lot of spices that create a burning feeling in your mouth
  7. mature - has been left to develop a pleasant strong flavour
  8. mild - does not have a strong taste
  9. ripe - has a strong flavour
  10. robust - has a lot of flavour
  11. savoury - tasting of salt or spices and not sweet
  12. seasoned - containing seasonings to improve flavour
  13. sharp - has a strong and bitter flavour
  14. sour - with a taste like a lemon
  15. spicy - has a strong hot flavour
  16. sweet-and-sour - contains both sweet and sour flavours
  17. syrupy - thick, sweet, and sticky
  18. tart - a slightly sour taste
  19. unsalted - not flavoured with salt
  20. watery - pale, or not strong
Beautiful Words

Not enough people give credit to language. I am going to write here a hundered words that I find beautiful or funny or interesting. Pick one. Use one. Language is so important.

Keep reading

Advanced English Adjectives 4

Meretricious - Apparently attractive but having no real value

Churlish - Rude in a mean-spirited and surly way

Diaphanous - (especially of fabric) light, delicate, and translucent

Avaricious - Having or showing an extreme greed for wealth or material gain

Lachrymose - Tearful or given to weeping

Salubrious - Health-giving; healthy

Choleric - Bad-tempered or irritable

Dilatory - Slow to act

Salient - Most noticeable or important

Hackneyed - (of a phrase or idea) having been overused; unoriginal and trite

Hermetic - (of a seal or closure) complete and airtight

Dulcet - (especially of sound) sweet and soothing 

Ribald - Referring to sexual matters in an amusingly rude or irreverent way

Invidious - (of an action or situation) likely to arouse or incur resentment or anger in others

Jejune - Naive, simplistic, and superficial

Hortatory - Tending or aiming to exhort