adam clayton powell jr

On This Day: April 18
  • 1689: A popular uprising known as the Boston Revolt against Sir Edmund Andros, the governor of the Dominion of New England.
  • 1850: American anarchist Joseph Labadie was born in Paw Paw, Michigan.
  • 1857: Clarence Darrow born. He was a lawyer who defended Eugene Debs, IWW members and teacher John Scopes for teaching evolution in schools.
  • 1888: 260 non-unionised women clothing workers of Shotwell, Clerihew and Lothman walk out in protest over pay cut.
  • 1889: Jessie Street born. Australian suffragette and activist for human rights.
  • 1908: IWW poem “We Have Fed You All for a Thousand Years” published in the “Industrial Union Bulletin”.
  • 1912: UMWA miners’ strike, demanding same pay as other West Virginia miners and union recognition. The National Guard is called out, and over 50 are killed.
  • 1925: True Friend’s Alliance (Jin Wu Ryong Mong) group established in Taegu, Korea by anarchists Shin Jae-mo, Bang Han-sang and Choung Myong-kun.
  • 1937: Spain’s Friends of Durruti Group held their first public meeting with a crowd of around 1,000.
  • 1941: NYC bus companies agree to hire African-American workers after 4-week riders boycott led by Rev Adam Clayton Powell, Jr.
  • 1959: King speaks for the integration of schools at a rally of 26,000 at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC.
    November 20 – Alabama passes laws to limit black voter registration.
  • 1970: In Trinidad and Tobago, sugar workers go on a near-general strike.
  • 1977: Native American activist Leonard Peltier found guilty of murder.
  • 1984: French Trotskyist, Pierre Frank, dies in Paris. Author of a history of the movement, “The Long March of the Trotskyists”.
  • 2011: Approximately 100,000 protesters sat in the central Square of Homs, Syria calling for the resignation of President Bashar al-Assad.

Self Explanatory. 

In 1993 this hotel, now an office building, was declared an #NYClandmark. But, what makes the history of the Hotel Theresa so interesting? The Harlem hotel was opened in 1913 by a German immigrant named Gustavus Sidenberg (his wife was named Theresa). It was primarily an apartment hotel, but also accepted short term guests. Additionally, at the time it was the tallest building in Harlem. Initially the hotel, like many establishments of the time, was white only but it was bought in 1937 by Love B. Woods, an African American businessman, who in ended its racial segregation policy 1940. It became known as the “Waldorf of Harlem” and was integrated when most mid-Manhattan hotels would allow African Americans to perform in their venues but not to stay or use their facilities. Over the years, the Theresa became the place to stay for visiting artists, celebrities, and politicians. #FidelCastro famously stayed there in 1960 while visiting for his UN address. While he was there Nikita Khrushchev, Jawaharlal Nehru, and Malcolm X all came to visit. That same year #JFK made a campaign stop at the hotel accompanied by Eleanor Roosevelt and Congressman Adam Clayton Powell Jr. As he said that night, “I am delighted to come to Harlem and I think the whole world should come here and the whole world should recognize that we all live right next to each other, whether here in Harlem or on the other side of globe.”

X2010.11.5170
Byron Company (New York, N.Y.)
Hotel Theresa, Seventh Ave. & 125th Street.
DATE:ca. 1915

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Adam Clayton Powell Jr.. He is great.