acute malnutrition

The road to Hajja in Yemen.

This beautiful country is facing the world’s worst cholera outbreak in the midst of the world’s largest humanitarian crisis.  

While the number of reported new cholera cases has declined over the past weeks thanks to collective efforts to treat the sick and improve water and sanitation, the fight against the disease is far from over.

In addition, the country remains on the brink of famine, with an estimated 385,000 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition.

#UnitedNations programmes and agencies are in Yemen to deliver food aid, help treat cholera patients and raise awareness of the disease.

📷: UN OCHA/  Clarke Giles 

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@sr4oficial: “Este es mi amigo Josué. Con sólo 2 años y 8 meses ha conocido de primera mano lo que es una emergencia. Tras sufrir desnutrición aguda, ha vuelto a comer y ya ha ganado 1kg. Sus ojos vuelven a brillar con ilusión y alegría. Un abrazo y una pelota le hacen feliz @unicef_es#ConUNICEFenPerú

This is my friend Josué. At just 2 years and 8 months he has first-hand experience of what an emergency is. After suffering acute malnutrition, he is eating again and has gained 1kg. His eyes shine again with excitement and happiness. A hug and a ball make him happy.”

Follow me on Instagram: @sergioramosgarciafansclub ;)

Supporters of Arab unity, while the country is splintered - every piece of its flesh split into pieces?! Marxists, while the masses are miserable! Why is the hunger of the poor unsatisfied? Descendants of Quraysh! If Quraysh had ever seen them, the desert would [have] called for help against their sands!  - Nizar Qabbani

*March 22, 2016: infant Udai Faisal, who is suffering from acute malnutrition, is hospitalized at Al-Sabeen Hospital in Sanaa, Yemen. Udai died on March 24. Hunger has been the most horrific consequence of Yemen’s conflict and has spiraled since Saudi Arabia and its allies, backed by the U.S., launched a campaign of airstrikes and a naval blockade a year ago. 

anonymous asked:

How do I convince someone that american sniper is a horrible movie?

Ask them to question the integrity of Chris Kyle himself. The film took many artistic liberties with Kyle, displaying him as someone with regret about his actions in the war. Though Kyle did actually struggle with PTSD, he repeatedly stated that he “had fun” doing his job and called Muslims savages.

Understanding that the film goes deeper is an important part of understanding its importance as a bad film. People have to know to look behind what you see on the screen and into the person it is based off of. If the film is based on a person with no regrets about the lives he stole, then his character feeling remorse for his actions means nothing.

Actual quotes from Chris Kyle:

“Honestly, I don’t know what will really happen on Judgment Day. But what I lean toward is that you know all of your sins, and God knows them all, and shame comes over you at the reality that He knows. I believe the fact that I’ve accepted Jesus as my savior will be my salvation. But in that backroom or whatever it is when God confronts me with my sins, I do not believe any of the kills I had during the war will be among them. Everyone I shot was evil. I had good cause on every shot. They all deserved to die.
Chris Kyle, American Sniper

“But I wondered, how would I feel about killing someone? Now I know. It’s no big deal.
Chris Kyle, American Sniper: Memorial Edition

“Savage, despicable evil. That’s what we were fighting in Iraq. That’s why a lot of people, myself included, called the enemy “savages.” There really was no other way to describe what we encountered there. People ask me all the time, “How many people have you killed?” My standard response is, “Does the answer make me less, or more, of a man?” The number is not important to me. I only wish I had killed more. Not for bragging rights, but because I believe the world is a better place without savages out there taking American lives. Everyone I shot in Iraq was trying to harm Americans or Iraqis loyal to the new government.
Chris Kyle, American Sniper

This is a man that had no reaction to killing men, women, and children, assuredly many of them civilians.

The film also paints quite a pretty picture of Chris Kyle as it glosses over many important things that happened to him post-Iraq. He made various false claims like killing car jackers or punching Jesse Ventura. If this was attributed to his PTSD, I don’t know. But, still, they cherry-picked. And there is no law to say you can’t cherry-pick in film based on something real in order to condense it and make it concise. However, they cherry-picked in such a way as to avoid all things that would not paint him as a hero. They even glossed over his death, not making it loud and clear that he was shot by a fellow soldier with PTSD after his tours in Iraq. This could have left many people thinking he died while serving, making him the ultimate, all sacrificing hero.

When a film erases a certain part of a person’s history, especially one that is indicative of a person’s character, then the film itself is a fraud.

What people also should realize is that the whole film is a dehumanization of Muslim people. The film is constantly black and white, good vs. evil. The Americans are good and the Muslims are evil, exactly as Chris Kyle saw the world. He saw each and every person in Iraq as the enemy, evil people to be taken out for the sake of the American people. In the film, Muslims are either actively evil or nameless collateral damage.

Most Muslims are not even given a name. Each American soldier has a name, a backstory, a wife, a family, children, mothers, friends, dogs, whatever. They make every effort to make the American soldiers as sweetly sympathetic as possible, while not even bothering to give any Muslims names.

One man in the film, Mustafa, is Kyle’s enemy. He is a Syrian sniper and that’s all we know. He, unlike Chris Kyle, is given no backstory, no family, no reason for doing what he is doing. They had the opportunity to make the antagonist a complex character and instead he is flat and one-dimensional. They push the idea that Muslims are cold, uncaring people with Mustafa. He does what Chris Kyle does. He is a sniper and he kills American soldiers as Kyle kills Iraqis. Kyle is shown as a hero for doing the same thing Mustafa does because he is given a reason, a family, a sense of purpose for protecting his country. Mustafa is painted an anonymous sniper who kills for sport only.

This ties into the sheep, sheepdogs, and wolves scene in American Sniper. His father tells them there are three types of people in the world.

From the movie:
“Now, some people prefer to believe that evil doesn’t exist in the world … those are the sheep. And then you got predators who use violence to prey on the weak. They’re the wolves. And then there are those who have been blessed with the gift of aggression, and the overpowering need to protect the flock. These men are the rare breed that live to confront the wolf. They are the sheepdog.”

Chris Kyle is America’s patriot, the sheepdog. He protects his flock because he is a rare breed. He sacrifices because he is better than the rest.

Muslims are the wolves. The evil, lying, deceitful wolves. They prey on the weak and take what they want. They must be eliminated.

This is what the film is telling us. Maybe not directly, but this is what seeps into people’s subconscious when they watch this film. It can fuel Islamophobia immensely and perpetrate great damage.

The American-Arab Anti Discrimination Committee says threats against Muslims in the U.S. has increased since its release.

Abed Ayoub, the national legal and policy director for the American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee (ADC), told the Guardian that complaints from his organisation have skyrocketed the movie’s wide release – and $90m box-office take, an all-time high for the month of January.

“Great fucking movie and now I really want to kill some fucking ragheads,” read one tweet. […] “American sniper makes me wanna go shoot some fuckin Arabs,” read another.

One tweet read: “Nice to see a movie where the Arabs are portrayed for who they really are - vermin scum intent on destroying us.”
http://www.theguardian.com/film/2015/jan/24/american-sniper-anti-muslim-threats-skyrocket

The American-Arab Anti-Discrimination Committee has even sent letters to “American Sniper” star Bradley Cooper and director Clint Eastwood, imploring them “to help reduce the hateful rhetoric,” according to USA Today. The group wrote that it has seen “hundreds of violent messages targeting Arabs and Muslims from moviegoers of the film.”
http://m.huffpost.com/us/entry/6537950

Media has a huge impact on the world. These threats are not to be taken lightly. These are real people capable of committing atrocities against Muslims and their mindset has been influenced by the film American Sniper. That is a fact and it’s not a joke. Understanding the effects of media on society is just as important as understanding that Chris Kyle took no remorse in shooting people.

Provide them with the startling facts about the casualties of war.

In Iraq, over 70 percent of those who died of direct war violence have been civilians. Iraq Body Count conservatively estimates that at least 133,000 civilians have been killed in direct violence due to war between the invasion and early May 2014.
http://costsofwar.org/article/civilians-killed-and-wounded

The war in Afghanistan continues taking and destroying lives, both due to the direct consequences of violence and the war-induced breakdown of public health, security, and infrastructure. Civilians have been killed by crossfire, improvised explosive devices, assassination, bombing, and night raids into houses of suspected insurgents. Unexploded ordnance from previous wars and from US cluster bombs continue to kill even in the absence of fighting.

Hospitals in Afghanistan are treating large numbers of war wounded, including amputees and burn victims. The war has also inflicted invisible wounds. In 2009, the Afghan Ministry of Public Health said fully two-thirds of Afghans suffer mental health problems.

At least 20,000 civilians killed in Afghanistan.
http://costsofwar.org/article/afghan-civilians

Clearly, the U.S. has caused many, many casualties in Afghanistan and Iraq since the wars started and have disregarded the people they have inadvertently affected by displacement, health care breakdowns, and more.

There’s very good article written by Joshua Brollier in The Palestine Chronicle that you could read called “No More Truthless Heroes: Glorifying the Chris Kyle Story”.

Mr. Kyle was a man who professed “no regret” for killing 160 people during his four tours in Iraq.

The belligerent and misplaced aggression and ensuing chaos after the 2003 Iraq invasion led to hundreds of thousands of casualties (over a million by some calculations) and the largest refugee crisis in the region since the Nakba, with over 4 million Iraqis being displaced from their homes. In addition to the many thousands of Afghan casualties, more than a decade of crushing warfare and billions of dollars per week being spent on the effort, Afghans have been “perishing under one of the highest infant and maternal mortality rates in the world. At least 36% live below the poverty line and 35% of Afghan men do not have work. The UN calls the acute malnutrition of nearly one million children in the Afghan south ‘shocking’. Almost three quarters of all Afghans do not have access to safe drinking water.”

Given these appalling truths, I am not inclined to write off the immense suffering we have caused around the globe as a necessity or reframe it as victory, nor to join in the popular declarations that Mr. Romesha and Mr. Kyle were heroes. I don’t want to demonize them either. They are part of an imperial system to which many in the US are deeply tied and unquestioningly support with tax dollars. Quite possibly Mr. Kyle was a “family man” to his circle and a loyal friend to his comrades. But can we really honor him as such when he was willing to rob Iraqi families of their fathers and sons?

Even as he may have initially been deceived into thinking Sadaam Hussein was responsible for 9/11, how could he extend payback to the entire Iraqi population and return for three additional tours without questioning this logic, which was so full of holes that even the Bush administration gave up on defending it? If you are going to take a life, wouldn’t you want to know with the highest certainty why you were doing so? No, this is not a hero.

http://www.palestinechronicle.com/no-more-truthless-heroes-glorifying-the-chris-kyles-story/

This does a really good job of articulating how incredibly devastating war is. I think a really important part of understanding why American Sniper is a bad film is understanding why these wars are wrong and their horrendous effects. Also, my favorite part of the article is when Joshua Brollier asks how we can honor a man as a family man when he destroyed Iraqi families. He makes a good point about not reframing devastation as a U.S. victory.

They have to understand that this is indeed a propaganda type film. Propaganda, noun: information, especially of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view.

It explicitly continues the idea that all Muslims are bad and deserve to die. This is a point that Chris Kyle himself made loud and clear. Countless innocent civilians have been murdered in Iraq, and some of them actually by snipers. Kyle is not absolved of guilt because he is a sniper. There is a huge possibility that many of his recorded kills are civilian lives. Note: recorded kills. Not all kills in Iraq and Afghanistan are recorded.

The bottom line is, Chris Kyle is not a hero. He didn’t care about who he killed. He had fun. He had the time of his life stealing lives. There are plenty of soldiers who go and fight because they truly want America to be safe. Just as there are plenty of cops who get up every morning and want to protect people and arrest law breakers. But just as there are bad cops, there are bad soldiers.

Your job is not what makes you a hero. Having a gun strapped on you and firing it doesn’t mean you’re saving lives. Actively participating in something dangerous doesn’t make you brave. It’s what you do with it that makes you a hero. It’s a matter of seeing all lives as valuable and worth protecting, not nationalism and a sense of entitlement.

American Sniper is not a beautiful masterpiece. It is a sad, Islamophobic propaganda film that perpetuates the belief that all Muslims are wolves to be hunted down and killed for the sake of precious American lives.

Some more information:
http://liberalsarecool.com/post/109439660311/chris-hedges-american-sniper-caters-to-a-deep
http://salon.tumblr.com/post/108967851238/7-heinous-lies-american-sniper-is-telling
http://m.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-30923038
http://shitrichcollegekidssay.tumblr.com/post/109053071799/propaganda-works
http://www.slate.com/blogs/browbeat/2015/01/23/american_sniper_fact_vs_fiction_how_accurate_is_the_chris_kyle_movie.html
http://croptops.tumblr.com/post/109019126328/whats-wrong-with-american-sniper
http://electronicintifada.net/blogs/rania-khalek/american-sniper-spawns-death-threats-against-arabs-and-muslims
http://americawakiewakie.com/post/109152429273/on-christmas-day-2014-two-films-debuted-with
http://www.vox.com/2015/1/22/7859791/american-sniper-iraq

When children suffer from acute malnutrition, their immune systems are so impaired that the risk of death is greatly increased. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), malnutrition is the single greatest threat to the world’s public health, with 178 million malnourished children across the globe. The critical age for malnutrition is from six months – when mothers generally start supplementing breast milk – to 24 months. However, children under five, adolescents, pregnant, or breastfeeding women, the elderly and the chronically ill are also vulnerable. People become malnourished if they are unable to take in enough or fully utilize the food they eat, due to illnesses such as diarrhea or other longstanding illnesses, such as measles, HIV, and tuberculosis.  Doctors Without Borders/Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) estimates that only three percent of the 20 million children suffering from severe acute malnutrition receive the lifesaving treatment they need. Go to doctorswithoutborders.org to learn more.

#Photooftheweek: Alinafe’s family eats a daily meal of dried peas in #Malawi’s Balaka district. #ElNiño’s impact on children is worsening as hunger, malnutrition and disease increase following severe droughts and floods. Many affected families have exhausted their coping mechanisms such as skipping meals and selling off assets. In Eastern and Southern Africa – the worst hit regions – some 26.5 million children need support, including more than one million children with severe acute malnutrition. © UNICEF/UN024071/Rich

Meet “The President”. This baby’s real name is Abel, but he’s been in the malnutrition ward at a health centre in Angola longer than any of the other children, so the nurses gave him that nickname. He’s had a difficult journey to recovery - wracked first with fever and then pneumonia - but given there are no complications, The President will soon return home. He’s just one of nearly 96,000 children with severe acute malnutrition in Angola’s most affected provinces.

Godfrey, 1, who is suffering from acute malnutrition, sits in the UNICEF-supported Al-Shabbah Children’s Hospital in Juba, South Sudan. The lives of more than a quarter of a million children are at risk from a rapidly worsening nutrition situation in the country. © UNICEF/NYHQ2015-1395/Rich

Photo of the week: Since conflict broke out in South Sudan one year ago, malnutrition rates in children have more than doubled. Here a child’s feet are checked for oedema, a sign of severe acute malnutrition, during a UNICEF-supported nutrition screening programme.

Gaza by numbers: what you should know about its people and how they got there, by Juan Cole
PUBLIÉ LE 11 JUILLET 2014MIS À JOUR LE 11 JUILLET 2014

war-2012-41

Gaza, the world’s largest open-air prison, has 1.7 million virtually defenceless people living under permanent Israeli siege and now being bombed by one of the world’s most powerful militaries.


Population of Palestinians of Gaza: 1.7 million
Size of the Gaza strip: 41 kilometres (25 miles) long, and from 6 to 12 kilometres (3.7 to 7.5 miles) wide
Number of Palestinians in Gaza whose families were expelled as refugees from their homes in what is now southern Israel: 1.2 million
Number of Palestinians in Gaza still living in the 8 recognized refugee camps, “which have one of the highest population densities in the world”: over 500,000
Compensation Palestinians of Gaza have received for the billions of dollars of property taken from them by Israelis in Beersheva, Sderot, etc: $Nil
Years since Israel allowed Palestinians of Gaza to export what they produce: Seven
Unemployment in Gaza as a result of Israeli blockade on civilians:38.5%
Estimated unemployment rate in US during the Great Depression: 25%
Percentage of children in Gaza suffering from acute malnutrition: 13.2%
Rate of anemia in Palestinian Children in Gaza: 18.9%
Percentage of water in Gaza that is potable: 10%
Years, according the the UN, before Gaza becomes “uninhabitable”:Six
Number of airports in Gaza rendered inoperable by Israeli airstrikes: 1
Number of airports working in Gaza: Nil
Number of ports allowed by Israelis to operate on Gaza’s Mediterranean coast: Nil
PROTEST: GAZA UNDER ATTACK
Stop the Bombing – Stop the Killing

Photo by Christian Meslier

MSF’s flag in Lietchuor camp, Lietchuor is currently housing 47,000 South Sudanese refugees in an area prone to flooding. MSF has set up an inpatient department with an intensive therapeutic feeding center (85 beds), an out-patient department and a maternity ward. In May, a screening of children under 5 showed a global acute malnutrition rate of 16%. 

"I was talking to my 3-year-old son once and he asked what I was doing in Tacloban for Typhoon Haiyan."

Q&A With Mike Gnilo, UNICEF Philippines, Water, Sanitation, & Health Specialist; Tacloban.

If you had to describe your job to a 5 year old, how would you explain it?

I get drinking water to people who need it most. I also help people who don’t have toilets have their very own toilet. I teach children and their parents the importance of washing their hands with soap especially before eating and after using the toilet. We do this because children can get sick when their water is dirty or when they don’t wash their hands with soap. 

Keep reading

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Cameroon, May 2014

Almost 90,000 people have fled across the border between C.A.R. and Cameroon since December 2013.
Up to 2,000 people a week, mostly women and children, reach Cameroon through more than 30 entry points along a 700-kilometre stretch of border. Acute malnutrition rates among refugees are between 20 and 30 percent according to WFP and UNHCR screening, well above the emergency threshold of 15 percent.

“Women and children are arriving in Cameroon in a shocking state, after weeks, sometimes months, on the road, foraging for food. This is the most recent tragedy resulting from the escalating bloodshed that has torn C.A.R. apart. We must all act now or more children will needlessly suffer.  We must intervene to save lives and prevent a worsening situation, ” said Cousin. “After they finally escape the danger they faced in C.A.R., children and women who flee  must not die from malnutrition” she added.
WFP has provided 30-day general food rations to 44,700 refugees and stateless people since 22 May.  In response to the grim condition of many new arrivals from C.A.R., WFP began in early May distributing specialized nutritious food at some entry points and refugee sites. Distribution of highly nutritious food to all children under five is underway at Borgop Lolo, Mbile, Gado Ghiti and Kenzu in Cameroon. All pregnant women and new mothers are receiving fortified porridge.

The second of two WFP-chartered aircraft – with a total of 127 metric tons of WFP high energy biscuits and ready-to-eat especially nutritious foods – has arrived in Cameroon today from the UN’s humanitarian hub in Dubai. The first plane arrived in Cameroon on Sunday.
The 90,000 people who have fled into Cameroon are spread over more than 300 sites across 50,000 square kilometres in the East and Adamawa regions. The logistical challenge of reaching them is compounded  by rains and poor roads, which mean that conditions in camps and host settlements are bound to deteriorate.
More than 226,000 refugees and third country nationals have fled violence in C.A.R. since September. Of the refugees 86,068 are in Cameroon, 14,000 in Chad, 14,141 in Democratic Republic of the Congo, and 8,891 in Republic of Congo. All of them are in need humanitarian assistance.
WFP’s operations to help feed the hundreds of thousands or people who have fled C.A.R. to four surrounding countries have an average shortfall of 70 percent or more.

In the Photos: WFP is distributing food rations for a month and provide plumpy sup and super cereal to children and nursing women. Super cereals will be distributed with the next GFD.
Families staying at Gbiti refugees site are receiving food rations for a months. Super cereal to prevent malnutrition will be included in next distributions.

Photos: WFP/Sylvain Cherkaoui