“Acul y Tzalbal, el despojo de los gobiernos militares" by Oswaldo J. Hernández; full article is in Spanish.
I’ve translated a bit into English below:
Between 1983 and 1984, when the State of Guatemala created "development poles” as part of an anti-subversive strategy, it expropriated land from two communities. During 28 years the inhabitants of Acul and Tzalbal, in Nebaj, Quiché, did not know that hte community land was not theirs anymore. The army inscribed the land in the national property register in the name of the Nation. Today, these two communities are seeking a way to recuperate what was taken from them.
Previous to this, all lands were held as communal property to protect them. Community members believed that the lands they lived on were still communal property, or eijdos municipales.
Acul and Tzalbal were separated from Nebaj’s communal title between 1983 and 1984. The cartography of the community – the land of all – was altered. And 37 caballerías that belonged to the people were inscribed in the name of the Nation without consulting anyone who lived in Nebaj, that is to say, the owners.
Thirty years after the civil war is over, these communities are struggling for recognition of their ownership over the land, including legal recognition as an official indigenous community. This would grant them territorial autonomy of the kind guaranteed by ILO 160 on the rights of indigenous peoples (which Guatemala has ratified).