actually native

The Sun in the Houses

Introduction

The House the Sun resides in represents the area of an individual’s life most affected by the expression of individuality and our unique powers. This is where we seek to make our mark, and how we feel our uniqueness.

Unless there is a House Stellium elsewhere in the individual’s chart, this House will be the most defining in the natal chart as the powerful influence of the Sun is directed there.

The Sun directs us to take action in the areas of life ruled by the House it resides in. We cannot lead happy, fulfilled lives without exploring our potential in these areas. This is an extremely vital contribution to our identity.

These areas of life are also where our egos are allowed to flourish, which means there is a necessity to be cautious of growing too self-confident or self-assured. There must be balance.

Sun in the 1st House

The House of Self

This position bestows great will and passion. The native possesses vitality, an air of confidence, and self-awareness. Their concept and understanding of their own identity is of great importance in their life, and to their overall success as an individual.

Natives of this position take great pride in their physical appearance and what they do and create. They seek to be recognized for what they are and what they are capable of in a way that other natives do not. They need recognition to feel secure in themselves.

They possess a presence that cannot be denied. Leadership comes naturally, along with comfort in one’s own skin. It is hard to manipulate this individual or sway their opinions. The determination this position bestows is far too great to be overcome by any force. Highly ambitious, these natives will work long and hard to achieve what they want in life.

Adversely, natives are egotistical, their individualism often taken to extremes. Despite their air of confidence, these natives are actually quite self-conscious. It can be difficult not to become consumed with the worries of others’ impressions and thoughts. This is especially true when the Sun is afflicted. Such a position leads to compulsiveness and a hunger for power.

Sun in the 2nd House

The House of Possessions

Unlike the Sun in the 1st House which leads to natives taking great pride in their appearance and abilities, the native of the Sun in the 2nd House leads to pride in possessions. Natives are driven to pursue material goods and financial security above all else.

They are determined, faithful, and have strong values. With this determination and drive, they pursue financial wealth. How they obtain their wealth depends on the Sun sign - ie. Sun in Gemini may indicate the wealth will be obtained through intellectual or communicative pursuits; Sun in Virgo may indicate caring for others as a doctor, nurse, or something similar.

Though they seek material possessions, they are typically not unreasonable with their money. Financial security trumps all else. Still, they may not understand that this wealth should be used to actually benefit them rather than satisfy temporary desires above true needs. Despite this focus on money, natives are not greedy but instead quite magnanimous.

There is a tendency to be far too materialistic and superficial. Natives must realize that they cannot believe their worth comes from themselves, not from the objects they surround themselves with. They must shift their pride from the manifestation of their hard work to the hard work itself.

When afflicted, this position may lead to squandering money or the feeling that the native is not worthy of love.

Sun in the 3rd House

House of the Mind

This position drives the native to achieve greatness through intellectualism, academia, and the like. Mental accomplishments define the native’s identity.

The precise nature of this knowledge may shift depending on the sign the Sun is in - ie. Aquarius would suggest scientific endeavors, while Scorpio may lead the native into the occult or psychology, or Capricorn into business. Overall, however, there is a scientific bent to whatever it is the native pursues. This also applies to their curiosity: Natives are highly investigative and driven to learn new, unique things.

Often, they are driven to travel, exploring the world and the many cultures it holds. Restlessness often plagues them, and they are left feeling as if they must be doing something at all times.

Friendship and communication are highly important to this native. Unlike the Houses before it, the 3rd House inspires the native to take pride in relationships. The native often has a unique knack for relating to others, and makes friends with ease. Their open minded nature also contributes to this ease.

Affliction leads to intellectual superiority complexes and the desire to force their beliefs on others. They can be extremely impatient with others, as well.

Sun in the 4th House

The House of Family

Pride in heritage and family is key to natives of this position. The home becomes a symbol of their pride and worth. They seek to showcase their ties and history.

This can also manifest in an interest in the land itself. Gardening, natural resources, and the like are of great importance to them.

The desire to be the head of the family is common. Much of the native’s energy is devoted to the home and family, and if their personal life is not in order they cannot focus on anything else until it is. The foundation of the family and home is one that supports them in all areas of life.

Within the first part of their life, there will be difficulties, and in the second part, prosperity. This is typically because natives understand they must plan ahead, and focus on the future instead of immediate pleasure.

Defensiveness and secrecy are common in these natives. When afflicted, this position leads to a struggle with parents and partners. They can be dictatorial in the home.

Sun in the 5th House

The House of Pleasure

When the Sun’s energy is directed into the 5th House, the native’s pride and power is their creativity. They desire - and truly need - to be recognized for this creativity.

Not only drawn to the arts, natives are often physical. They are interested in sports, and arts that combine the two such as dance. Their nature is competitive, as well, which manifests in these areas.

Romance, drama, and popularity seem to surround these natives. They have an air of regality more often than not, and their brightness draws in others. Their great sense of loyalty contributes to this, as well.

Children often play important roles in their life in one way or another.

Love is intense for these natives, and sometimes all consuming. When the Sun is in Taurus or Scorpio, possessiveness may overwhelm their relationships.

Egocentric and at times far too individualistic, natives often are taken down by their risky behavior and lack of sense. Natives seek adventure and action in life, which can sometimes be dangerous. There is a naivety that characterizes this position and can be hard to grow out of.

Sun in the 6th House

The House of Health

For these natives, pride stems from service. The identity is shaped by how the individual can contribute to society and directly to those around them. They must assist others in order to feel fulfilled and confident in themselves.

Because they take such pride in their work, these natives are hard working but somewhat difficult to work with. They need to feel appreciated, and to receive appreciation for this hard work. When this does not occur, there are often feelings of resentment that form.

They often need to keep busy in one way or another because they feel useless when not doing something.

This position often negatively affects health, ironically. The native may find it necessary to stick to strict diets in order to stay healthy. When well aspected, this position does lead to an innate understanding of their own health and the health of others. When afflicted, the position instead leads to a struggle to understand this part of their identity at all.

Natives must learn that their work should not be their identity in whole. They need a life outside of constant work, and a way to define themselves when not working. Their perfectionism can be difficult to manage, and actively hurt them. Anxiety can be so great it is detrimental to their health.

Sun in the 7th House

The House of Partnership

Pride and identity is found through close relationships. Marriage is their focus, and takes up a great deal of their energy. They take great care to ensure their partners are happy and healthy, making a great partner themselves.

Natives possess negotiation skills, the ability to harmonize with others, and motivation to form positive relationships with everyone they meet. They do their bests when working with others in all areas of life. Sharing experiences is highly enjoyable to them.

When the Sun is well aspected, they easily attract good friends. Their charm is great, and they are typically highly considerate of others.

Rejection can be extremely intense for these natives. Often, these natives put the needs of others above their own, causing themselves great pain and suffering at times. They can even lose themselves in relationships as they identify so strongly with their associations with others.

Sun in the 8th House

The House of Depth

When the Sun is in the 8th House, the native is drawn to the mysteries of the universe. Religion, spirituality, occultism, and the like are all areas of interest. This interest typically develops over the native’s lifetime, and may not be present right away.

Their energy is so powerfully directed to these areas that the natives are grounded in these areas of life, stabilized by these beliefs. They not only take pride in these beliefs, they are empowered by them.

As the 8th House also rules transformation, natives typically seek to evolve and grow in all areas of life, and take great pride in this ability to change. Not only this, but this position is quite severe, forcing the native to grow through quite difficult life lessons. This often involves the relinquishing, or death, of a part of the being.

Often, these individuals will begin as selfish or egotistical and be forced to transform into a more open, understanding, and beautiful being.

There is a certain magnetism about this native that draws others to them. This can be used to benefit the native throughout life.

Emotions are carefully controlled as they are so powerful. The native understands the great influence of emotion, and thus they understand that emotion can be a weapon.

When ill aspected, natives can seek money through unscrupulous means and be quite dangerous.

Sun in the 9th House

House of Philosophy

The native of this position is greatly interested in philosophy: Higher education, religion, law, etc. Overall, there is an interest in society, and influencing it.

There is a draw to other cultures, travel, and exploration unless the Sun sign is Fixed. Even if they never travel, these natives often have a knack for learning languages.

Even if the native is not religious, they often have strong morals and values from which they refuse to sway - even if these morals are misguided. Their ideals are quite grand, and they are impatient to reach them. This can lead to naivete and self-righteousness. Despite this, the native can grow into an open-minded, adventurous, and curious individual.

When afflicted, this position inspired dictatorial behavior, eccentric religious beliefs, or struggles in higher education. They can also be highly condescending and attempt to force their morals on others, even if they are hypocritical.

Sun in the 10th House

House of Status

Responsibility and authority are at the center of this individual’s identity. Natives defines themselves by their success and recognition. Ambition, power, and authority are highly important in their lives.

These natives will work remarkably hard to reach their goals. There is nothing that can stop them when they set their sights on something they desire.

Natives are so wrapped up in concepts of honor and dignity that they refuse to lower themselves even slightly, however.

This is actually a position many politicians possess as it bestows dignity and strong will. On the other hand, this also applies to their morals. They believe they are meant to serve as an example, and act as if they are always being watched in a sense; in many ways this is true, as others will look up to them.

Being lower than others is a struggle for them, and for this reason they must seek jobs in which they are in control. Their leadership abilities are strong, and when they nurture this aspect of themselves they can do great things.

There is a tendency to become wrapped up in material goods. The native’s arrogance is often their downfall, so they must take great steps to control this part of themselves. This is especially true when the Sun is afflicted, and the native may even resort to unscrupulous methods in order to achieve power.

Sun in the 11th House

House of Friendship

Humanitarianism is the most distinct aspect of this position. The native is intensely devoted to equality, and highly empathetic to the plight of others. The concept of human dignity is one that truly shapes the native and inspires them to help others in whatever ways they can manage. Natives take great pride in this part of their lives, too, seeing their devotion to humanity as honorable.

Society in general is the focus of this native. Friendship, group activities, and similar affairs define them. It is not social status that they seek, but connections with others, and many connections will be made.

The openness and tolerance granted by this position draws people in. Not only this, but the native adapts to social situations with grace and ease. It is all too easy for this native to form friendships, but the only issue is that they can be shallow, not truly deep. While these natives can make quick friends, they can also quickly leave.

The native desires to work in groups, and thus gain recognition through groups. This position also inspires scientific and, sometimes, occult interests.

In cases of affliction, the native either uses friends for their own gain or is used.

Sun in the 12th House

The House of the Subconscious

This is a highly introspective position. Natives are focused on their own mental state and identity, and occasionally that of others through psychology or psychic interests. This is where they may serve others, and experience personal fulfillment.

Comfort truly comes from assisting others, the compassion and care bestowed by this placement is so great. Despite this, the individual can find it hard to interact with others directly as they are so shy, particularly if the Sun is afflicted in this House.

The Sun’s energy, when directed in such a naturally dark place, can prove far too much. There is a conflict when the outgoing Sun meets the internal, hidden 12th House. The native can feel torn between these two natures. Individuals with this placement are often unnecessarily hard on themselves, as well.

There is a tendency to avoid the spotlight, instead moving behind the scenes. Alone time is needed to regroup quite often.

Self-pity can plague the native, as can lack of confidence.

Dear non-natives

The Plains warbonnet is not a Cherokee thing. It is not a Navajo thing. It is not an Indian thing. It is a Plains thing.

Stop calling every silly thing you draw that even vaguely resembles a native “Cherokee” or “Navajo” or “Aztec.”

Stop drawing the warbonnet everywhere as the apparently definitive native thing. It isn’t part of all of our 600+ cultures.

Same goes for the tipi, not part of every one of the 600+ indigenous cultures.

Stop thinking that if a native person doesn’t have dark, “mahogany” skin, that their heritage is invalid. Even without admixture, we actually do have varying skin tones.

Stop wearing crappy fake warbonnets.

Stop wearing redface.

Stop using us as your silly mascots. We are people.

Stop saying “spirit animal.” It’s derived from a New Age bastardization of a something that actually exists in some of our cultures.

Don’t smudge. Cleanse all you like, that’s fine, but don’t smudge.

Don’t call us “Indians.” “Native American” isn’t great either, it is not our name, but it’s slightly better than “Indian.” “Indigenous” is also fine.

Don’t use NDN/ndn. That is ours.

Step off about our hair. If you meet a long-haired native, admire it if you like, maybe even ask them about it (RESPECTFULLY), but do not touch. The same applies for someone with short hair, but additionally for those with short hair, don’t say things like “oh you’d look more native/Indian/etc if your hair was long.” We didn’t all traditionally have long, flowing hair. Believe it or not, there are actually different haircuts existing in our various cultures, and aside from that ultimately it’s a personal choice, one does not need to have long hair if they don’t want to. Doesn’t make them any less native to have short hair.

Don’t pray to our spirits/gods/energies. Native spiritualities are closed, they are not for outsiders.

Don’t say “The Native Americans believed…” Firstly, the past tense is silly, we still exist and do things. Secondly, we are NOT A MONOLITH. As I mentioned before, there are upwards of 600 different Native American cultures.

Don’t ask about someone’s “Indian name.” That’s not only insensitive, the name you are referring to in that instance is something sacred, and might not be something that person wants to share with you.

Don’t call yourself silly crap like “howling wolf” or “flying eagle.” That’s also racist and insensitive.

Regardless of whatever you might think you’re doing, or what your intentions may be, if a native person tells you that what you’re doing is disrespectful, STOP DOING IT.

You aren’t honoring us. You’re just mocking us further, demonstrating your continued ability to treat us like shit and get away with it even now, centuries after our colonization began. Your feelings are not more important than our history and survival.

To those doing your best as allies, thank you, keep doing what you do. HOWEVER, don’t let opportunities to educate others escape you. By letting them continue to be ignorant, you are failing. Spread the message.

There will be no “please.” It’s been more than 500 years, and we still are made to be invisible in our homelands. Still we are treated like less. Some even think we all died long ago.

We are still here

We will still be here

Treat us with respect.

Horizon Zero Dawn and Cultural appropriation: A very different view.

For the first time EVER, I’m sitting on the other side of a discussion about appropriating native culture.  Why?  Well, let me lay the framework.

First off, I’m not a guy who “knows a Native American” or has a “Native friend”  I am a 100% Anishinabe (Ojibway) dude who lives on reserve and has fought racism, stereotypes, pan-Indianism, and cultural appropriation fiercely for as long as I can remember. I’ve been the victim of horrendous racial violence as a child, adolescent, and adult, and I’m also a gamer.

I am the first to point out anything that smacks of any of the above and after I saw the Dia Lacina essay on “Horizon: Zero Dawn” being culturally insensitive and appropriating Native culture, I felt for the first time in a situation like this that I had to say something in rebuttal.

Lacina takes issue with the use of the words Tribal, Primitive, Braves, and Savage being used in the game (fyi they’re used to describe predominantly white people in game and they’re White words we didn’t use to describe ourselves thus I claim no ownership of, nor want to, anymore than I want to be a redskin, Indian or Wahoo)  

It seems (IMO) that most of her beef comes from an apparent belief that numerous aspects of generic tribal culture that appear in the game (making clothing from skins, hunting with spears and bows, living in a Matriarchal society, etc) are the sole domain of the Native American and just to be safe and cleverly keep her POV less subject to scrutiny, she applies it even more broadly to indigenous people world wide (I will just refer to us in particular as NA cuz I’m lazy and I also don’t refer to myself as a Native American) and basically that anything that is remotely “tribal” shouldn’t be used in gaming without our or someone else’s permission.

 In fairness, I don’t know if she’s actually played the game but as someone who is currently in the midst of doing exactly that, I can tell you that I have a pretty good idea of what stuff triggered her being upset and why, and while I absolutely respect her right to get offended by whatever she likes, and she makes excellent points about some other games, I am going to point out that there are flaws with this logic.

First of all, the basics: HZD is set in a post-post-apocalyptic future where people are living in tribal groups in a very destroyed world.  Machines exist but as hybrid animal/dinosaur type creatures and technology is pretty much non-existent in day to day human life.  

The heroine of the story is a red haired, white girl named Aloy who lives as an outcast with her adopted father, Rost.  Without giving a lot away, they are fiercely shunned by the local tribe for something Rost did and also the fact that Aloy is motherless.  

Impressively and rightly, though somewhat dismissively remarked upon by Lacina, is the way women and especially women of color are portrayed so positively in-game as this particular tribe is a total Matriarchy run by elders of various ethnicity.  African, Asian, White, and a variety of undefined people of color are common everywhere in the game.  (The leader of one band of warriors is a very fierce, commanding, intelligently portrayed black woman with a powerful presence.)  It reflects a fairly global society from a “skin color” perspective without any horrible accents or broken speech.

They worship an “All-Mother” goddess and their culture is (at least how I saw a lot of it) fairly heavy on European i.e. Celtic, Germanic, Scandinavian, etc type symbolism and the rest is filled in with mostly generic tribal-ish stuff that you could find in countless cultures around the world.

 I really didn’t get a “Native American” vibe off the game.  Of course, I don’t automatically presume to claim sole ownership of things like tribal life, hunting with bows and spears, and worshiping spirits of various elements solely for my own.  Random fact: Because there are over 500 distinct First Nations in N. America, we, believe it or not, didn’t all ride horses, live in tipis, use bows and arrows, tobacco and sage, and worship Eagles and Wolves.  Why? Well…use your brain.  Tobacco and Sage don’t grow EVERYWHERE, horses came over with the Europeans (and if you saw where I live you couldn’t have and cant for the most part get a horse through the bush if you tried) Eagles and Wolves don’t live EVERYWHERE….get the point?  Anyways….

If you examine Rost, he like most of the men has a braided beard and other seemingly Viking/Middle Ages inspired features, is white, speaks clear, unbroken English, and is a loving, protective and very positive role model for the girl.   Aloy for her part, is also fairly Viking-esque (to the point of looking incredibly like Lagaertha from the show Vikings but with red hair) also Egrit from GoT, and is no damsel in distress who needs men to save her. NOWHERE in the game have I encountered any Tipis, wigwams, Sweatlodges, or Non-White people speaking in stereotypical “Me smoke-um peace pipe, He go dat-a way” fashion.

The  opening cinematic is very touching (and long) as we see the orphaned Aloy as a baby in Rost’s care being carried around in a bundle on his back (which pretty much every culture did in one form or another at some point in time) and him ultimately taking her to the spot where a child of the tribe receives it’s name.

I really liked this idea as it isn’t often portrayed in a lot of mediums outside of stereotypical “Dances With Wolves” bullshit. Also, naming ceremonies are not the sole domain of NA people and what occurs bears zero resemblance to any NA ceremony I know of.  (It was actually a little Lion King at one point lol) But it’s a powerful moment in the beginning with much more that occurs during it but I won’t spoil that either.

Aloy herself is a pretty complex character.  She’s extremely independent, defiant, and questions pretty much everything about why things are the way they are and wants to do something about it.  You actually begin playing her as a 6 year old which is pretty unique and even then she’s tough and fearless and determined to explore her world.  

She is in no way hyper-sexualized (I’m looking your way Overwatch) Her clothing and everyone else’s, is utilitarian and appropriate for the environments she lives in, and so far, I have not encountered anything with her or any other character that made me go “WTF?”and trust me, my radar for that shit is HIGHLY SENSITIVE.  This isn’t Avatar, people.  It’s not John Smith. It’s not The Great Wall or Pocahontas.  This isn’t white dude shows up and saves the helpless non-white people while helpless native woman falls in love with him stuff.  It’s a fictitious future where we maniacs blew it up, damn us all to hell!

But here’s the more annoying thing for me as an actual Anishinabe.  I don’t need people speaking for me or getting offended on my behalf.  I am very capable of doing that myself. I am also in no way writing this claiming to be speaking for any other NA people or persons. It’s based on my observations from actually playing HZD and examining the various fictional “cultural” elements in the game.

If you see a skin tied inside a hoop and automatically assume it’s a dreamcatcher” ripping off “our culture” (FYI Dreamcatchers are a 20th century thing whose popularity was a result of pan-Indianism that exploded in the 70s.) or if you see feathers on a spear or as part of a costume (nowhere is anyone wearing a single eagle feather in the back of a beaded headband or a Dakota looking headdress either) and automatically presume it to be ripping off NA culture, you’re REEEEEEEEEEALY reaching.  If you think caring for the environment, obeying matriarchs, worshipping elemental spirits, or making your own clothes is solely the property of NA culture, see previous statement.

By all means get offended.  Get offended by Chief Wahoo.  Get offended by the Washington Redskins.  Get offended that thousands of Native women have been murdered or gone missing and nothing’s been done about it.  Get offended by Johnny Depp or Robert Beltran playing Native people instead of actual Native people getting those roles.  Get offended by shit like Adam Sandler’s “Ridiculous 6” where a native woman is called a “hot piece of red prairie meat” or Depp’s “Lone Ranger” movie.

Get offended that my family was destroyed by the Residential Schools and that the 60s scoop took babies away from their families and people, that forced sterilizations took place and mass graves of dead Native children exist at former Residential School sites.

Don’t just jump on the I’m offended bandwagon because you saw some feathers or skins or spears or bows in a game and immediately grew indignant and wanted to claim them as OUR culture.  They’re not.  They’re almost globally universal in numerous cultures at various points in time.  Get offended, as she rightly mentioned, when the game Overwatch sexualizes the shit out of almost every female character and takes West Coast tribal art and makes a costume out of it.  

THAT is appropriation.  White people holding powwows in Europe (powwows are also pretty much not traditional and are extremely pan-Indian, not to mention full of us appropriating each other’s Native cultures ie. Dakotas wearing Jingle Dresses, Ojibway wearing Dakota regalia, etc) is appropriation.

This game……I’m just not seeing it the same way.  And I’m nobody.  I have no ties to Guerilla or anybody other than myself and my community.

Magickal Folk Names for Herbs

Having knowledge of herbs and plants (either magically or medicinally) during the Middle Ages, often was reason enough to accuse a woman of being a “witch,” so there is no doubt some of the country folk at the time took these herbal folk names literal.  Chances are, these names were used merely as descriptors to help remember them easier.  Most plants were given names descriptive of their uses and others were given names for something they generally resembled. Spells written by witches in ancient times were often written with such descriptors, which personally i believe to be a form of secret coding.

Here is a small list of “witchy” herb names (most of these are already floating around the community) that you can use in your craft when you create your spells.  This list could be a great addition to any Grimoire and i hope you find them as useful as i do.

Enjoy ~~~  Cannawitch

Plants

Aaron’s Rod - Goldenrod or mullein stalk
Absinthe - Wormwood
Adder’s Fork - Adder’s Tongue Fern or Bistort
Adder’s Tongue - Dog’s Tooth Violet (or Adder’s Tongue Fern
Ague root - Unicorn root
Alison - Sweet Alyssum
Angel Food, Archangel - Angelica
Angel’s Trumpet - Datura
Ass’s Ear - colt’s foot or comfrey
Ass’s Foot, Bull’s Foot - colt’s foot
Auld Man’s Bells, Old man’s bells - wood hyacinth, Hyacinthoides hispanica

Bad Man’s/Devil’s Oatmeal/Porridge - hemlock
Bad Man’s/Devil’s Plaything - Yarrow
Bastard - false Dittany
Bat flower - tacca
Bat’s Wing - Holly leaf
Bat’s Wool - moss (which moss?)
Bear’s Foot - Lady’s Mantle
Bear’s Grape Bearberry Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Bear Paw - ramsons Allium ursinum or the root of male fern Dryopteris Felix-mas
Bear weed - Yerba Santa Eriodictyon californicum
Beard of a Monk - Chicory
Beggar’s Lice - Hound’s tongue
Beggar’s Buttons - Burdock
Bird’s Eye - Speedwell Veronica officinalis
Bird’s Foot - Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum (Also bird’s foot violet and bird’s foot trefoil)
Bird’s Nest - carrot, Indian pipe
Bishop’s Wort, Bishop’s Elder - Wood betony Stachys betonica
Bitter Grass - Ague Root Aletris Farinosa
Black Sampson - Echinacea
Blazing Star - liatris
Blind Eyes - Poppy
Blood from a head - Lupine *
Blood from a shoulder - Bear’s breech *
Blood of a Goose - Sap from a mulberry * Morus nigra
Blood of an Eye - Tamarisk gall * (probably the tannin extracted from)
Blood of Ares - purslane *
Blood of Hephaestus - wormwood *
Blood of Hestia - Chamomile *
Blood - sap of the elder or bloodwort
Bloody butcher - Valerian
Bloody Fingers - Foxglove
Blue Bottle - Bachelor’s buttons
Boy’s Love, Lad’s Love: Southernwood
Brain Thief - Mandrake
Bone of an Ibis - buckthorn * I am not sure if this is Rhamnus cathartica or sea buckthorn Hippophae spp If I can find a recipe containing this, I will know for sure by comparing its purpose to their very different qualities
Bread and Cheese - Hawthorn
Bride of the Meadow - meadowsweet
Bull’s Blood - beet or horehound
Burning bush - false dittany, also a modern name for species of Euonymus
Cow’s Horn - Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum
Bride of the Sun - calendula
Brown Dragon - wake robin
Buttons - tansy

Calf’s snout - Snapdragon
Candlemas Maiden - snowdrop
Candlewick - mullein, the flower stalk
Capon’s Tail - valerian
Carpenter’s Herb - bugleweed Lycopus europaeus
Carpenter’s Square - knotted figwort
Carpenter’s weed - Yarrow
Cat - catnip
Cat’s foot - white balsam, black cohosh, ground ivy
Cat’s herb - valerian
Chameleon star - bromeliad
Cheeses - marsh mallow
Chocolate flower - wild geranium (I don’t buy it)
Christ’s eye - wild clary Salvia verbenaca
Christ’s ladder - centaury
Christ’s spear - adder’s tongue fern Ophioglossum vulgatum
Church steeple - Agrimony
Clear eye - clary sage
Cleavers - bedstraw
Click - goosegrass
Clot - great mullien
Cocklebur - Agrimony
Cock’s comb - amaranth
Colt’s Tail - fleabane
Crane’s bill - wild geranium
Crow’s foot - wild geranium, or wood anemone bulbous buttercup (verified)
Crowdy kit - figwort
Cuckoo’s bread - common plantago
Cucumber tree - magnolia
Cuddy’s lungs - great mullein
Crown for a king - wormwood

Dagger flower - blue flag
Daphne - bay laurel
Dead man’s bells foxglove
Death angel - fly agaric Amanita Muscaria
Death cap - fly agaric Amanita Muscaria
Death flower - Yarrow
Death’s Herb - Belladonna
Delight of the Eye - rowan
Devil Plant - basil
Devil’s Apple - Mayapple or Mandrake
Devil’s beard - houseleek
Devil’s bit - false unicorn root
Devil’s cherries Belladonna berries
Devil’s plaything - yarrow
Devil’s dung - asafoetida
Devil’s ear - wakerobin
Devil’s eye - henbane or periwinkle
Devil’s flower - bachelor’s buttons
Devil’s fuge - mistletoe
Devil’s guts - dodder
Devil’s herb - belladonna
Devil’s milk - celandine
Devil’s nettle - yarrow
Devil’s Shoestring: Various varieties of vibernum, esp Black Haw, cramp bark, hobblebush
Dew of the Sea - Rosemary
Dog Berry - wild rose hips
Dog’s mouth - snap dragon
Dog’s tongue - hound’s tongue
Dove’s foot - wild geranium
Dragon - tarragon
Dragon Flower - blue flag (really, wild iris? not an arum or a Antirrhinum?)
Dragon wort - bistort
Dragon’s blood - calamus

Eagle - ramsons Allium ursinum
Earth apple - potato
Earth smoke- fumitory
Elf’s wort - Elecampane
Enchanter’s plant - vervain
Englishman’s fruit/ White man’s foot - common plantain
Everlasting friendship - goosegrass
Eye root - goldenseal

Fairy smoke - Indian pipe
Fairy fingers - foxglove
Fat from a Head - spurge *
Felon herb - Mugwort
Five fingers - cinquefoil
Fox’s Clote - burdock
Frog’s foot - bulbous buttercup
From the belly - Earth-apple. * potato?? Did the writers know about potatoes? When was pgm written?
From the foot - houseleek *
From the loins - chamomile *

Goat’s foot - morning glory
Goat’s Horn - Fenugreek Trigonella foenum-graecum
God’s hair - hart’s tongue fern
Golden’s star - avens
Gosling’s wing - goosegrass
Graveyard dust - mullein (and sometimes it’s just graveyard dust)

Hag’s taper - mullien stalk
Hagthorn - hawthorn
Hair of Venus - Maidenhair fern
Hairs of a Hamadryas Baboon: Dill Seed *
Hare’s beard - mullein
Hawk’s Heart, Old Woman - Wormwood Artemisia absinthium crown or seed head *
Hind’s tongue - hart’s tongue fern
Holy herb - yerba santa
Holy rope - hemp agrimony Eupatorium cannabinum
Horse tongue - hart’s tongue fern
Hundred eyes - periwinkle

Innocence - bluets

Jacob’s Staff - Great Mullein
Joy of the Mountain - Marjoram
Jupiter’s Staff - Great Mullein

King’s Crown: Black Haw vibernum
Knight’s Milfoil - Yarrow
Kronos’ Blood - sap of Cedar *

Lady’s glove - foxglove
Lamb’s ears - betony but more likely lamb’s ear Stachys byzantina
Lion’s Hair - The extra little roots that stick out of the turnip bulb or the base leaves Brassica rapa *
Lion’s tooth - dandelion
Little dragon - tarragon
Love in idleness - pansy
Love Lies Bleeding - amaranth (Not so ancient, a modern ornamental variant)
Love Leaves - burdock
Love man - goosegrass
Love Parsley - lovage
Love root - orris root

Maiden’s Ruin - Southernwood
Man’s Bile - Turnip Juice *
Man’s Health - Ginseng
Master of the Woods - Woodruff
May Lily - Lily of the Valley
May Rose - Black Haw viburnum
May - Black Haw viburnum
Maypops - Passion Flower
Mistress of the Night - Tuberose
Mutton Chops - Goosegrass

Nose Bleed - Yarrow

Old Man’s Flannel - Great Mullein
Old Man’s Pepper - Yarrow
Old-Maid’s-Nightcap - Wild Geranium

Password - primrose
Peter’s Staff - Great Mullein
Poor Man’s Treacle - Garlic
Priest’s Crown - Dandelion leaves

Queen of the Meadow Root - Gravelroot
Queen of the Meadow - Meadowsweet
Queen of the Night - Vanilla Cactus

Rats and Mice - Hound’s tongue
Ram’s horn - valerian
Ring a Bells - bluebell
Robin run in the grass - goosegrass

Scaldhead - blackberry
Seed of Horus - horehound
See bright - Clary sage
Semen of Ammon - Houseleek *
Semen of Ares - Clover *
Semen of Helios - White Hellebore *
Semen of Hephaistos - Fleabane *
Semen of Herakles - arugula *
Semen of Hermes - Dill *
Seven Year’s Love Yarrow
Shameface - Wild Geranium
Shepherd’s Heart - Shepherd’s Purse
Silver Bells - Black Haw viburnum
Snake Root - black cohosh
Soapwort - Comfrey or Daisy or maybe Soapwort
Sorcerer’s Violet - Periwinkle
Sparrow’s Tongue - Knotweed
St. John’s Herb - Hemp Agrimony
St. John’s Plant - Mugwort
Star Flower - Borage
Star of the Earth - Avens
Starweed - Chickweed
Sweethearts - Goosegrass
Swine’s Snout - Dandelion leaves

Tail of a Pig - Leopard’s bane *
Tanner’s bark - toadflax
Tartar root - ginseng
Tears of a Hamadryas Baboon - Dill Juice *
Thousand weed - yarrow
Thunder plant - houseleek
Titan’s Blood - Wild Lettuce Lactuca virosa *
Torches - mullein flower stalk

Unicorn’s horn - unicorn root or false unicorn root
Urine - dandelion or maybe urine

Wax dolls - fumitory
Weasel - rue
Weasel snout - yellow archangel
Winter wood - wild cinnamon Canella alba
White - ox eye daisy
Witch’s Asprin - white willow bark (this is ancient?)
Witch’s brier - wild brier rose hips
Wolf claw - club moss
Wolf’s foot - bugleweed
Wolf’s milk - euphorbia
Woodpecker - herbLpeony
Worm fern- male fern Dryopteris Felix-mas

Yerba Santa Maria - epazote

Plant Parts/Body Parts

Blood - Sap or juice
Eye - The disc of a composite flower, or a seed
Foot - Leaf
Guts - Roots, stalks, tangly bits
Hair - Very stringy roots (sometimes silk or tangly stems)
Head - Flower head or seed head
Tail - Stem
Tongue - Petal, sometimes stigma
Toes - leaf or bud
Paw - sometimes bud, usually leaf
Privates - Seed pod
Worm - stringy roots
Wool - Moss

Minerals

A Snake’s Ball of Thread - soapstone *
Blood of a Snake - hematite *
Crocodile Dung - Soil from Ethiopia *
A Physician’s bone - sandstone *

Animal Parts

A Snake’s Head - A leech *
Blood of a Hyrax - A rock badger, * small weasel-like/rodent-like (but actually neither) creature native to Africa and the Middle East
Blood of a Hamadryas Baboon - Blood of a spotted gecko *
Bull’s semen - the egg of a blister beetle *
Lion Semen - Human semen *
Kronos’ Spice - Pig Milk *

* From Ecloga ex Papyris Magicis: Liber I, V, xxvi



More Sources for verification -

  • Galen - De succedaneis, Claudii Galeni Opera Omnia, v 19
  • Paulus Aegineta, Corpus Medicorum Graecorum IX/2 vII
  • Dioscorides De Materia Medica
  • Witchipedia
  • Lady Raven
  • Tryskelion
2

The thing is, I get asked when I first knew I wanted to act so often, and I genuinely can’t answer it. It’s just… I got the bug and that’s it. I didn’t do school plays… I’ve never done a play in my life, actually. Not even a nativity. If I’d been in a school play I’d probably have sneezed and messed everything up.

Suck it, ya filthy, fake Redcoat!

LTL, FTP and all that Jazz. Compared to some of the stories here mine is fairly tame, but considering my age at the time, the effort I had put into the whole affair and the resulting payoff, I would consider this pro enough to fit in here.

I’ve lived in Germany almost my entire life, yet through a twist of fate, I grew up learning the English language as a native speaker, since my father emigrated to Germany from the USA. As such, I’ve always had an American accent when speaking English and I’ve never met anyone who thought they felt the need to complain about it. Every time a teacher asked why I spoke English so well I replied that I am a US National by birth because my Father is from the US. All my teachers seemed quite impressed, except this one Hag, half a lifetime ago… If there ever was an award for creepy Anglophilia, she’d be neck deep in honors and certificates. Instead of encouraging me to speak more so that the other students could learn proper pronunciation from an actual native speaker, like many other English teachers at my school back then did, this woman thought it necessary to berate me for “speaking in such a horrible and filthy manner” and “cure [me] of that insufferable atrocity of an accent.” Mind you, these were actual quotes from this woman. My dad was no help at all. He was fairly ignorant about me being bullied by one of my own teachers, and even went so far as to yell at me to “suck it up and respect my elders”. So, yeah, I stuck it up. It didn’t help that I also wrote in American English (you know, color instead of color, tire instead of tyre, cookie instead of biscuit, that sort of thing) and the Hag had the audacity to write these “mistakes” up as double errors, meaning I got twice points deducted for spelling errors that weren’t even actual errors! I was so fed up with this woman and it wasn’t even two months into the school year.

Keep reading

Honestly like I HATE how underrated Peter Pan (2003) is because:

The mermaids were Asian

Tiger Lily was ACTUALLY Native American and even spoke the native  language 

These cuties turn into

THESE HOTTIES!!

And don’t even get me started on the music score

Honestly this new Pan aint got nothing on the old one, sorry ‘bout it

HOW TO STUDY/LEARN ANY LANGUAGE

Being a polyglot, I decided to make a post about how to study any language, Without further ado, here it is:

1) TRY TO STAY AWAY FROM ENGLISH

This is the most crucial step to studying/learning a new language. In order for your brain to pick up the new words and ideas, it needs to be more immersed in the language you’re learning. Now for most of us who are learning languages in school, that’s kind of hard, especially since most language classes do most of the work in English until you build a level of fluency. This is the primary reason why immersion programs or immersion schools are so much more successful in teaching a language: you’re forced to talk, write, speak, and think in the language you’re learning. Your brain makes connections faster and thus learns faster to understand and process the language. I would suggest that when you’re learning the language, whether it’s in class time or homework, try to work only in that language. Don’t automatically translate things into English because that’s only going to inhibit your process. Even if your knowledge of the language is limited, practicing thinking in the language, reading the language without translating, and speaking will greatly improve your progress. You’ll find yourself become more fluent and the language will flow rather than be halting because your brain is trying to translate things instead of thinking fluently.

2) LEARN AS MUCH VOCABULARY AS YOU CAN

Vocab is one of, if not the, most important aspect of learning a language. I would even go as far as saying it’s about 70-80% of effectively knowing a language. Think about it this way, if you’re at a restaurant and you’re asked to read the menu or if you’re out and you’re reading signs and advertisements, will knowing hundreds of verbs and their conjugations help you get by? Most likely not. Vocab on the other hand will make the difference between understanding and being totally clueless. If that example didn’t do it for you here’s another one: when you’re speaking to someone how can you express yourself if you don’t know the words? Chances are even if you know no grammar but know key words in the language someone will understand you. Most people don’t pay that much attention to grammar anyway when you’re speaking. As long as you have a basic understanding of it, you’ll be understood. I’m not saying that grammar isn’t important, far from it, but so many people underestimate vocab and focus on grammar and that hinders your learning. Try to learn as much vocab as you can because it will bring you one more step to being fluent. The key to knowing a language is to understand it to a high degree. You can’t understand if you don’t know the words. Find a list with the most common words in the language you’re learning and try to learn them all. Have a goal to learn 10-20 new words per day and you’ll go a long way. If you’re trying to learn vocab I would recommend to have a sheet with all the words you’re trying to learn and their definitions. Hide the words and try to write the vocab by seeing only the definitions. Writing down helps you remember and this method is foolproof. I’ve used it for 6+ years in French and it’s never failed me.

3) LEARN BASIC GRAMMAR

When I say basic grammar, I mean the typical verb tenses and some basic structures. This doesn’t mean learning every single verb conjugated in every single tense, but rather learning the patterns of grammar and how to apply them. Work smarter not harder. Learning the patterns makes it easier to recognize them when you’re reading and remember them when you’re writing. In my opinion, one fault with the way languages are taught in school is the way they teach grammar and how much time they spend on it. Most native speakers don’t worry as much about grammar as non-native speakers do. Again, I’m not saying grammar isn’t important because it is and  you have to know it, but the way it’s taught ruins it. Try to make a chart with all the verb tenses and the patterns that go with the different types of verbs and then a list with the irregular verbs/exceptions. This should be enough to help you gain a basic mastery of grammar. If you know the basic rules, it will become second nature as you speak, write, and read more.

4) READ, LISTEN, AND SPEAK

The language you learn at school is very very different from the language actually spoken in its native country. Most of the language you learn is very formal while in real life, formality is disregarded to a degree and slang is prevalent. In order to build a fluency, you need to read and listen to the language in its natural form to pick up the slang and words that are actually used and not the archaic words that nobody ever says. Listen to music from that language, watch the news in that language, read a book or magazine in that language etc. This will again help your brain learn and process the language better. It will also help with vocabulary and general understanding. Children’s books are the best when you’re starting out. The language is simple and the grammar isn’t to complicated. Start with children’s books and then work your way up to novels and other forms of literature. Listening to the language is also crucial. Try to find mediums where the language is spoken and just listen. Don’t translate or stress yourself out trying to understand it all because you won’t the first couple of times. Just let it sink in. Gradually, you’ll find yourself understanding more and more and you’ll improve. With the speaking aspect, speak as much as you can. Don’t be embarrassed if you stumble, can’t express yourself as much as you would like, or have an accent. I also find that watching/reading/listening to translated works is helpful. Find your favorite book and read it in the language you’re learning, it will help you understand and learn more because you already know what’s going on and can focus on the vocab and grammar. Find your favorite movie and watch it in the language you’re learning. Again, it will help you learn more vocab. The more you practice the better it will get. If you distance yourself from speaking you’ll never improve. Balancing reading, listening, and speaking is the key to being successful.

5) DON’T BE AFRAID TO MESS UP

Nobody becomes fluent over night. Cliche but true. Don’t expect to instantly know everything. It’s normal to struggle and have trouble. Failing is part of the learning process and if you stop practicing because you’re afraid, you’re never going to learn anything. Let go of your fears and insecurities and go for it. If you fall down, pick yourself up and start again. Don’t be embarrassed if you mess up but rather learn from your mistakes and grow. The things we remember most are usually the things where we’ve messed up or had a negative experience with. So use the hiccups as a learning experience and your language skills will improve. 

If you follow these steps, I’m confided that you’ll be better in no time :) The key is to enjoy what you do and have fun! Good luck!

2

spent the day exploring union square 🔆
i’m actually a native new yorker but people must think i’m a tourist bc i’m always taking pictures of the city haha
ig: stephhaniemo

anonymous asked:

So... Steve's dog, Tony's cat, you're raccoon, Clint & Sam are birds, Nat's spider... But what animal is Thor?

pikachu
1. yellow
2. cute
3. lightning

See how J.K. Rowling can appropriate a culture and make money off of it and yet actual Native women like Joy Harjo and Joanelle Romero aren’t even allowed to embrace theirs in this industry?

Joanelle Romero is told by studio executives that nobody wants to see Native people in a modern narrative and Joy Harjo is told to remove Native people from her stories if she wants her stories to be a success.

But NATIVE PEOPLE are the ones who aren’t being cooperative when it comes to representing ourselves in the media? It almost sounds like the media has a goddamned problem with us. But what else is new?

anonymous asked:

What if there was an AU where MC was actually a native English speaker who had moved to Korea from England, but knew very little Korean? (She can communicate with via the app due to the built-in live translation software that Seven installed). But how do MC and the RFA deal with the situation individually? (thank you~!!)

it’s always hard to learn a new language, but it’s also very funny to watch xD

I’m trying to learn korean too btw so if there’s any mistake please correct me x’)


Zen:

“jagiya, neo neomu gwiyeoptta”

- sometimes Zen uses phrases like that and you have no idea what he’s talking about

- sure he’s helping you in your Korean language but he will never translate that phrase for you

- so you decide to use the app in secret and you’re so embarrassed

- it means “babe, you’re so cute”

- oh wow the Korean language suddenly becomes 100x more interesting to learn


Jumin:

- he’s the best in English and he has no problem becoming your Korean teacher (that means you don’t have to use Seven’s app because Jumin’s all you need)

- he’s so good at it and you can’t help but marvel at how fast you’re picking up things

- but you’re still weak in learning the difference between formal and informal

- so when you thank him, you said “gomawo seon saeng nim”

“it’s gomawoyo seon saeng nim”

- he’s strict but that’s what makes the learning process better


Yoosung:

- he picks up English in university so he knows how to converse with you in English

- but sometimes he just wants to speak to you in full korean because he’s much more comfortable in Korean than English

- so when you want to say anything in Korean, you use Seven’s app

- it’s very accurate and you two speak so animatedly in English and Korean respectively

- it’s funny for others to watch but it does the job


Jaehee:

- she needs to know English to become Jumin’s assistant so she’s able to talk to you in English

- but sometimes there’s just certain things that you want to say and you can’t express yourself properly so you decide to use the app

- turns out the app has more “features” which “enhances” what you say and the built-in voice is Seven doing a “cute” voice

- Jaehee immediately hates it

- well, the app doesn’t matter Jaehee can teach you much more better


Seven:

- doesn’t let you use his app whenever you’re around him

- because why use an app when you have the real deal!

- he does the live translations using a funny voice to translate both Korean and English and you can’t help but laugh

- the other RFA members mock Seven

- is he even teaching you Korean or just having too much fun

- but whatever it is, learning a new language with Seven is definitely the best

Hey you guys wanna know a joke of mine
Okay okay here it goes

Frogs are a universal constant

Frogs just inexplicably exist on every world/planet I make

Humans find frogs on the idul planet?? Oh god we CONTAMINATED the ECOSYSTEM

but actually they’re just native to the area

If frogs DONT exist, it only means they DID but went extinct, or haven’t evolved Yet

There will always be frogs

Problem people say u will have with German: Cases

Problem u actually have with German: Prefixes and compound words make words look similar and vocab hard to memorize. Also adjectives.

Problem people say u will have with Mandarin: Tones

Problem u actually have with Mandarin: LITeraCY

Problem people say u will have with Persian: Finding native speakers

Problem u actually have with Persian: ABJAD FckIGN ScRIpT DOESn’T WRiTe VowEls

Problem people say u will have with French: Pronunciation

Problem u actually have with French: Native speakers do not enunciate like at all it is a language of mumbles

Problem people say u will have with Spanish: People talk too fast!!!

Problem u actually have with Spanish: Ok so I take this ending and put that here but only if this word is over here and wait is this Argentina bc then it’s the opposite also el Athento de Ethpaña

Problem people say u will have with Swedish: They all speak English

Problem u actually have with Swedish: ^ That’s it actually 

Oh yeah, all the time. Visitors often show up in their own costumes, which is fine, but historically accurate clothing is expensive as hell and most of them wear shitty Halloween “Native American Princess” pleather costumes from party stores. Which is… less fine. We usually have indigenous reenactors at the events I’ve participated in, so the girls waltzing around in Disney costumes are universally embarrassing and make everyone uncomfortable.

White people legit reenacting indigenous folk is a gray area. The people I know who’ve done it do so in partnership with actual native reenactors and usually qualify that they’re French fur trappers, who did adopt some indigenous dress and customs and married into native families. But there is a difference between responsibly educating guests about stuff like tradesilver, brain-tanning, voyageurs, smallpox blankets, and wigwam construction with hands-on materials (….minus the smallpox) and some random white girl traipsing around in a pleather dress with a fucking feather in her headband. Plenty of guests will mistake her for a reenactor.

2

Black history month day 9: human rights activist, abolitionist, and speaker Sojourner Truth.

Sojourner Truth was born born Isabella “Bell” Baumfree around the year 1797. She was born into slavery in Ulster County, New York. In 1826, Truth escaped slavery with her infant daughter. Two years later she went back and sued for the custody of her son, a suit she actually won becoming the first black woman to win a case against a white man. She later described her escape “I did not run off, for I thought that wicked. But I walked off, believing that to be right.”

In 1843 she became convinced that God has called her to leave the city and go into the countryside “testifying the hope that was in her.”, and thus changed her name from Isabella Baumfree to Sojourner Truth. In 1851 at the Ohio women’s rights convention, Truth delivered her famous speech “Ain’t I a Woman?”. According to some reports, the speech known today is actually a rewritten variant of her original speech written in a stereotypical southern dialect, as in actuality the NY native Truth’s first language was Dutch and she spoke with a Dutch accent for the remainder of her life. During the Civil War Truth helped recruit forces for the Union army. She remained very active in abolition and other human rights causes, and despite her illiteracy, she toured around with conventions giving speeches and even meeting president Abraham Lincoln.

BTS Reaction To You Learning Korean Because of Them

Namjoon: “Can I be your tutor? It’s really sweet that you want to learn Korean because of me.”

Originally posted by baebsaes

Taehyung: “So can you teach me (your native language) if I help you out with your Korean?”

Originally posted by hellosarang

Hoseok: “Ah my jagiya! So cute!~”

Originally posted by hob-e

Jin: “I’ve actually been learning (your native language) because of you,”he admits smiling.

Originally posted by sughyun

Jungkook: “Wow your pronunciation is great! Do you think you can help me with my English?”he asked you shyly. 

Originally posted by theking-or-thekid

Yoongi: “Let’s see how good you really are,”he teased you as he asked you basic questions.

Originally posted by sugagifs

Jimin: “Yea my jagiya is learning Korean for me you guys!”he beamed as he told his hyungs.

Originally posted by mint-ee