active regions

Stretched Loops: When an active region rotated over to the edge of the sun, it presented us with a nice profile view of its elongated loops stretching and swaying above it (March 8/9, 2017). These loops are actually charged particles (made visible in extreme ultraviolet light) swirling along the magnetic field lines of the active region. The video covers about 30 hours of activity. Also of note is a darker twisting mass of plasma to the left of the active region being pulled and spun about by magnetic forces.

Credit: Solar Dynamics Observatory, NASA

Why are we so attached to things?

After witnessing the violent rage shown by babies whenever deprived of an item they considered their own, Jean Piaget, a founding father of child psychology, observed something profound about human nature. Our sense of ownership emerges incredibly early. Why are we so clingy? 

There’s a well-established phenomenon in psychology known as the endowment effect where we value items much more highly just as soon as we own them. In fact, in one experiment, neuroscientists scanned participants’ brains while they allocated various objects either to a basket labeled “mine,” or another labeled, “Alex’s.” When participants subsequently looked at their new things, their brains showed more activity in a region that usually flickers into life whenever we think about ourselves. 

Another reason we’re so fond of our possessions is that from a young age we believe they have a unique essence. Psychologists showed us this by using an illusion to convince three to six-year-olds they built a copying machine, a device that could create perfect replicas of any item. When offered a choice between their favorite toy or an apparently exact copy, the majority of the children favored the original. In fact, they were often horrified at the prospect of taking home a copy.

This magical thinking about objects isn’t something we grow out of. Rather it persists into adulthood while becoming ever more elaborate. For example, consider the huge value placed on items that have been owned by celebrities. It’s as if the buyers believed the objects they’d purchased were somehow imbued with the essence of their former celebrity owners. For similar reasons, many of us are reluctant to part with family heirlooms which help us feel connected to lost loved ones. But, sometimes our attachment to our things can go too far. Part of the cause of hoarding disorder is an exaggerated sense of responsibility and protectiveness toward one’s belongings. That’s why people with this condition find it so difficult to throw anything away.

Perhaps there will always be something uniquely satisfying about holding an object in our hands and calling it our own.

From the TED-Ed Lesson Why are we so attached to our things? - Christian Jarrett

Animation by Avi Ofer

Powerful magnetic forces above an active region on the Sun twisted and pulled at a blob of plasma until it lost its connections and blew out into space (Mar. 26, 2014). The resultant swirling presented its own kind of graceful, almost ballet-like bends and sweeps. To offer some kind of size perspective that blob, before it broke away, was easily larger than several Earths. The event was observed in extreme ultraviolet light over about 5.5 hours. 

Credit: Solar Dynamics Observatory/NASA


Unconformities—erosional or non-depositional gaps—are abound in the geologic record. These erosional surfaces separate a lower, older strata from a younger, upper one (unless the sequence has been overturned). An unconfomity will typically form when an older layer is subject to a period of erosion before the deposition of new sediments. For example, the “Great Unconformity” of the Grand Canyon represents a span of time of over one billion years that is missing from the rock record!

Here are the primary types of unconformities:

Disconformity | A disconformity is a unconformity surface between two units that have parallel bedding planes. The unit in purple is first deposited and then experiences a period of erosion. Afterwards, the younger blue unit is deposited on top of this erosional surface, parallel to the surface and unit below it.

Angular unconformity |  An angular unconformity differs from a disconformity because the upper and lower units are not parallel to one another. In this case, the purple layer is deposited and then tilted away from horizontal, usually due to regional tectonic activity. These tilted purple bedding planes experience an episode of erosion, and then the younger blue unit is deposited parallel to the erosional surface and at an angle to the purple unit below. 

Nonconformity | Unlike a disconformity or angular unconformity, a nonconformity exists between sedimentary rocks and metamorphic/igneous rocks. The red igneous/metamorphic unit would be emplaced first and then experience erosion. The blue sedimentary layer is then later deposited parallel to the erosional surface.

Paraconformity | A paraconformity is also known as a pseudoconformity or a nondepositional unconformity because there is no apparent erosional surface. In this case, there would be a period of non-deposition, but it resembles a simple bedding plane and thus can be difficult to detect.

All illustrations by author
The worst forest fire in Chile's history – in pictures
Chile is facing the worst forest fires it has ever seen, with more than 600 sq miles of land destroyed and thousands of people evacuated from their homes

Any type of help is more than welcome 

Chile is burning. The wildfires are relentless. There are 64 active fires in different regions of the center-south of the country. 240 ha (something like 950 square miles) are either burning right now or have burned down in the last 10 days

50% of the forests of native trees (protected/endangered wood) have disappeared.

Santa Olga is a whole town that burned down. People are losing their homes and their jobs, most of them work in de agronomy and animal husbandry. They are losing everything.

6 people have died fighting the fires. Firefighters are a volunteer institution in Chile, they work through donations since they are not a state company. They really need monetary help right now.

It’s been going for two weeks, and everyday is worse. I’ve been trying to look for ways to get international donations, if you want to/can help please consider making a donation.

Desafio Levantemos Chile is a Chilean ONG founded on 2010 to help reconstruct the country after the 27-f earthquake. Now they are receiving donations to help those affected by the wildfires.

How to make a donation via Swift
Financial Institution: Banco de Chile
Branch: Central
Address: Ahumada No. 251, Santiago, Chile
Beneficiary account (USD): 05-000-98027-01
Please send an email with your info and details of the money transfer for the ONG registry.

Tringë Smajl Martini was an Albanian guerrilla fighter who fought against the occupation of the Turkish Ottoman Empire of Albania during the early 20th century. She was active in the Malësia region, which is now part of Southern Montenegro following the kidnapping of her father Smajl Martini, a Catholic clan leader of the Grudë tribe. She was in an interesting heroine for that region as she was known to wear male clothing.

Due to her valiant efforts against the Ottoman Empire she is widely known as one of the most heroic women in the Balkan region, and in 1911 was nicknamed the ‘Albanian Joan of Arc’ by the New York Times. There are several areas named after her in both Albania and Montenegro.

the-opal-mermaid  asked:

So you've talked about Mercy's technology and Widowmaker, but what about the fact that Lucios music can apparently heal you and imlrove how quick you move?

Music improves teamwork - Greitemeyer, T

Music for pain relief - Carpeda, M. S. et al. 

The Power of Music - Mannes, E. “ surgery patients at the Cleveland Clinic that listened to recorded music saw a 4x decrease in post-surgical pain”,  “higher bpm music raises heart-rate, arousal and improves the speed subjects completed almost all tasks.”

Intensely pleasurable responses to music correlate with activity in brain regions implicated in reward and emotion - Blood A. J., and Zatorre R. J., 

TL; DR: Lucio practices alternate medicine and is a scientist, gg

Solar surges are cool jets of plasma ejected in the solar atmosphere from chromospheric into coronal heights. This particular surge has been captured in a loopy structure and streamed sunwards along the magnetic field lines.

Surges are associated with active regions and they are most likely triggered by magnetic reconnection and magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) wave activity. According to their morphological features, surge prominences can be classified into three types: jet-like, diffuse, and closed loop (above). Jet-like and diffuse surges are associated with coronal mass ejections (CMEs), but the closed-loop surges are not because the initial acceleration of the eruption is slowed down and finally stopped by the overlying coronal loops.

Credit: SDO/ LMSAL


MBTI & Profiles

Description of the Fe brain (xxFJ types) in Dario Nardi’s Neuroscience of Personality

“The Fe types often show brain activity that reflects their focus on social responsibility. (…)

The Fe types show a lot of activity in region Fp1, particularly as they talk. They focus on people-related issues and goals, and are stimulated by communicating their explanations and decisions, often using and responding to highly value-laden language and issues of social and ethical responsibility.”

“Region Fp1 also helps suppress emotional impulses from deep in the brain in favor of sophisticated cognitive responses. (…)

Similarly, when an ESFJ heard the same story, she stated that she was “outraged” but spoke in a calm tone atypical of other types. She too showed high activity in region Fp1 as she explained her response, with a focus on rules for social responsibility. (…)

ENFJ and ESFJ show high activity in one or maybe two reasoning regions while showing no activity in others. Thus, along with a highly active Fp1 region, they can sometimes look highly logical.”

“Fe types show lower activity in region Fp2, which helps us introspect and apply disruptive information at the cost of feeling depressed. When Fp2 fails, we get hostile. This may explain why Fe types may sometimes suddenly switch from highly composed to very angry.”

“All Fe types show high activity in region T5, which helps us adjust to social feedback. When we receive negative input from others such as frowns, this region hits us with feelings of embarrassment, and possibly guilt or shame, to prompt us to adjust our behavior. (…)

Of all personality types, ISFJ shows the most activity in this region.”

See also: Ni, Ne, Si, Se, Ti, Te, Fi, Fe, #MBTIpro

Solarpunk Business Model: Co-ops

Growing up in southwestern Minnesota, I was exposed early on to farmers’ co-ops, and I’m shocked – SHOCKED, I tell you! – that the Solarpunk movement hasn’t embraced this already.

Co-ops are awesome. Basically, everybody who has a hand in production also gets a share in the profit.

In farming communities, this means everyone gets money from the corn they grow, while the Coop sells that corn to the big businesses that need it.

In Duluth, we have this grocery store called the Whole Foods Co-op that is owned by people in the community who shop there, and they actively do business with regional farmers.

So how would this look in a Solarpunk setting? Imagine a bike shop owned by the very people you see at the shop who are making and repairing the bikes. Or a fashion boutique where people can become members by contributing something (food? fabric? currency?) and the designer heavily marks down the prices for them. Or a bar where the bartenders and the regulars each have a stake in the place doing well.

We need more co-ops in our Solarpunk, people.

Morning Glory Pool, Yellowstone National Park

This small body of water, whose color comes from the bacteria that live inside it, is typically placid but can erupt as a geyser as a result of regional seismic activity. Photo: Achint Thomas


Nevada State Route 375 (The Extraterrestrial Highway)

State Route 375 (SR 375) is a state highway in south-central Nevada in the United States. The highway stretches 98 miles (158 km) from State Route 318 at Crystal Springs northwest to U.S. Route 6 (US 6) at Warm Springs.

The top-secret Area 51 government base is near SR 375 and many travelers have reported UFO observations and other strange alien activity along this road. Such stories prompted the state to officially designate the route as the Extraterrestrial Highway in 1996. 

In 1989, an engineer named Bob Lazar claimed to have worked on alien spaceships and to have viewed saucer test flights in Tikaboo Valley, telling his story to a Las Vegas television station which was subsequently broadcast as an exclusive report. By the 1990s, stories of the top-secret U.S. government base at Area 51 had become mainstream, and many books and personal accounts had been published regarding extraterrestrial spacecraft and alien activity in the region surrounding Groom Lake. Rachel, being the closest settlement to the restricted facility, attracted people in search of UFOs and alien life. (x)


MBTI & Profiles

Description of the Fi brain (xxFP types) in Dario Nardi’s Neuroscience of Personality

“[The Fi types] are consummate listeners. They thoroughly engage all brain regions that process voice, words, and sounds; moreover, they may easily enter a unique whole-brain state when listening to other people, whoever those people might be. (…)

INFPs are more likely to enter the listening mode and stay with it longer. In contrast, ISFPs listen briefly for a quick assessment and then move to action. Both styles have merit.”

“All Fi types show high activity in regions T3 and T4, which handle language including diction, grammar, and voice tone. (…)

Region T4 also helps weigh motivation and intent, and gets active when they feel wronged. ISFP and ESFP, in particular, rely heavily on voice tone to hear other people’s intentions when evaluating a person’s authenticity or the morality of a situation.”

“These types are stimulated by ranking of importance, or what is more or less worthwhile. All people show activity here when expressing what’s important to them, such as a musician saying “my music” or an idealist saying “my values” or when someone ranks their friends and family members from most to least likable.”

“The Fi types show the least activity in interior regions that aid logic such as deducing, classifying, and defining. However, they use some logic to help evaluate people. (…)

Finally, they rely on left-brain decision-making more than attention to process. That is, for all their listening and open-ended style, they can be quite definitive about decisions.”

See also: Ni, Ne, Si, Se, Ti, Te, Fi, Fe, #MBTIpro

Normally cats have five toes on their front feet and four on the back feet, yet some are known to have extra toes, a condition known as polydactyly. The author Ernest Hemingway received a six-toed cat, called Snow White, from a Ship’s Captain, and descendants of this feline are still resident at the Hemingway Museum today. These cats have become known as ‘Hemingway’s Cats’ or ‘Polydactyls’.

Normally the correct number of fingers/toes is regulated by a gene called Sonic Hedgehog (Shh), which is active in a specific region near the future little finger/toe. However, these cats have a genetic variation in which Shh also becomes active in the region near what should be the future thumb, leading to growth of one or more additional toes. 


MBTI & Profiles

Description of the Te brain (xxTJ types) in Dario Nardi’s Neuroscience of Personality

“The Te types often show efficient use of mental energy as they rely on evidence-based decision making. (…)

They show activity in left-brain regions for hearing, seeing, recalling, and deciding. Beyond these key regions, the rest of the lights may be shut off in the metaphorical mansion that is the neocortex. Even when prompted to use other regions, the Te types may choose to simply rely on region Fp1 to quickly work up a response that is doable and sufficient.”

“The Te types focus on goals and are stimulated by task completion and error correction. Besides explaining and deciding, region Fp1 notes errors in the environment and filters out unwanted information, including negative feedback from others.

Thus, Te types tend to brush off negatives or distractions and point out errors. This region also helps suppress emotional responses from deeper brain layers in favor of cognitive responses.”

“All Te types show high activity in region F8, which handles deeply felt personal values, often expressed in a negative way. For example, the region alights when they say “stupid” or “immoral” rather than when they say “smart” or “moral”, which they may take for granted as necessary.

This, along with error detection using Fp1, means they are acutely aware of failures to live up to standards, moral or otherwise.”

“Female Te types tend to show more diverse activity and respond more to social feedback. ISTJs and INTJs are more visual, more attentive to voice tone, and focus on implementing ideas over quick decision-making.

ESTJs attend more to details, are more open to brainstorming, and tend to listen intently to authority figures. Finally, ENTJs can enter a creative mode (similar to INTJs) and rely on cortical circuits that link key brain regions for hyper-fast thinking.”

See also: Ni, Ne, Si, Se, Ti, Te, Fi, Fe, #MBTIpro

Hubble Spies the Barred Spiral Galaxy NGC 4394 : Shown in this Hubble Space Telescope image, NGC 4394 is the archetypal barred spiral galaxy, with bright spiral arms emerging from the ends of a bar that cuts through the galaxys central bulge. These arms are peppered with young blue stars, dark filaments of cosmic dust, and bright, fuzzy regions of active star formation.

United States: Pentagon chief, Saudi deputy crown prince discuss fight against Islamic State (ISIS) - 17 March 2017

US Defense Secretary James Mattis met with Saudi Deputy Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman on Thursday and they discussed US-Saudi military cooperation in the fight against Islamic State, the Pentagon said in a statement.
Mattis and Prince Mohammed, who is the kingdom’s defense minister, also discussed “confronting Iran’s destabilizing regional activities,” the statement said.

fabulance  asked:


Send 📹 for a headcanon I have for your muse

Lance is actually pretty fond of new and younger trainers, and actually might be pretty good with kids. Being the active champion of two regions he knows that he’s very influential with younger trainers of that region, and uses that to encourage them to become the best that they can be. 

Part of it is because he can see a younger self in them. The other part, however, is that he knows that through this inspiration one of these younger trainers will grow up to become a trainer who’s able to challenge Lance in battle, and give him the battle of a lifetime. He always looks forward to that day.

Observations from several telescopes combine to reveal flaring, active regions of the sun in this image. High-energy X-rays from NASA’s Nuclear Spectroscopic Telescope Array (NuSTAR) appear in blue; low-energy X-rays from Japan’s Hinode spacecraft shine in green; and extreme ultraviolet light from NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory (SDO) glows yellow and red. 

Credit: NASA, JPL-Caltech, GSFC, JAXA.