acid for an act

5 immediate measures to minimize the effect of an acid attack

Given a recent rise in acid attacks, this the most basic first-aid care that you can provide to anyone in case of an acid attack:

1. Turn Away From The Attacker As Soon As Possible

Throwing acid on someone is an act of surprise, which is why the victim usually gets stunned and stupefied. Bringing consciousness into motion at that moment can definitely prevent the damage to a large extent.

2. Rinse The Affected Area With Cold Water

Put the affected area under cold running water for as long as the burning sensation doesn’t stop. Make sure that the water isn’t contaminated as it could lead to more infections in the affected area. The spray of water shouldn’t be hard as well.

3. Remove Any Jewelry Or Clothing With Acid On It

Removal of any clothing or jewelry (incl. rings and watches) with acid on it is the next step. The contaminated jewelry or clothing can severely increase the magnitude of burns by reacting with the acid.

4. Remove The Chemical From The Affected Area

Don’t let the acid stay on the skin for a long duration of time as the longer it stays, the more it’ll react with the skin and more damage it’ll cause. Let the water rinse it through or use gloves to remove the chemical from the skin as soon as possible.

5. Call For An Ambulance / Seek Medical Attention

While you are trying to provide first aid care to the victim, do not forget to call for medical assistance as there’s not really much what you can do to save the victim. A medical practitioner understands the know-hows of determining the type of acid and the consequential treatment of its burns.

IMPORTANT: Acids react violently with base causing huge amounts of heat to release which can actually cause an even higher degree of burns. Avoid pouring milk on the affected area.

Remember to stay alerted and responsive.

May you never have to use it.

When Ameneh Bahrami rejected a man’s marriage proposal, he turned bitter and threw acid into her face leaving her with extreme disfigurements. She went through 19 agonising operations and is permanently blind, but this didn’t stop her wanting justice on the man who ruined her life. In court, the judge wanted the accused to serve a lengthy prison sentence and pay full compensation to Ameneh, but she had different ideas: She asked if she could have exact revenge, by injecting acid into the man’s eyes. The court allowed it as a capital punishment, and arrangements were made for Ameneh to inject 20 drops of acid into her attacker’s eyes to blind him.

However, in a last-minute act of peace and bravery, Ameneh decided to pardon her attacker. Strapped to a bed, he kicked and spat at her while he awaited the injection, but she could not ruin someone else’s life, no matter what he’d done to her. She told everyone: “I couldn’t do it, I knew I could not live with it until the end of my life. I knew I would have suffered and burned twice had I done that.”

This speculator photo of Polar Stratospheric Clouds (PSC’s) were captured over NASA’s Radome at McMurdo Station in Antarctica in September 2013.

PSC’s form at an altitude of between 15,000 and 25,000 metres (49,000-82,000 ft) where temperatures of around -85ºC are reached. The clouds are comprised of ice particles around 10 µm across and it is these ice crystals which set the stage for the characteristic bright iridescent colours. The crystals diffract and interfere sunlight when it is low on the horizon; between 1 and 6 degrees.

While these clouds are undoubtedly beautiful, they are also implicated in the formation of ozone holes. Some PSC’s are more exotic in their ingredients and may contain nitric or sulphuric acid. As a result, their surfaces can then act as catalysts which convert chlorine into active free radicals. During the return of spring sunlight these radicals destroy many ozone molecules in a series of chain reactions.


Image courtesy of Deven Stross


Raw Natural African Black Soap

Source: Ghana

History on black soap: African black soap originated from amongst the Yoruba tribe in Nigeria and the Yoruba communities in Benin and Togo, West Africa. The soap goes by various names depending on how and where it’s made, Nigeria / Ghana - Ose Dudu, Dudu Osun, Alata Samina and Anago Samina. The soap contains no lye, it’s 100% natural. The plantain skins and cocoa pod ash are used to saponify the oils and butters.

$1 per ounce

Left to right:
*5 oz (1-2 months worth) $5

10oz (3 month’s worth) $10

16Oz/1lb (about 5 month’s worth) $16

20oz (7 month’s worth) $20

Ingredients: palm oil, cocoa pods, plantain skins, kernel oil, water, Glycerin, Shea Butter


* 1. Helps to remove scars caused by acne. Since acne is not caused by dirt, but due to the release of excessive oils within the skin, the soap cannot REMOVE acne. But use of African black soap helps to remove scars cause due to acne.
* 2. Helps to remove skin irritations. Use of black soap helps to remove skin irritations like rashes.
* 3. Suitable for all skin types. Black soap can be used for the treatment of problems on all types of skin including the dry and rough, oily and moderate skins.
* 4. Beneficial for skin diseases. Black soap is very beneficial for reducing the discomforts that are associated with skin diseases like psoriasis and eczema
* 5.Delays ageing on the skin. Regular use of black soap helps to remove facial lines that are mostly early signs of ageing. Thus black soap can be used to delay ageing of skin.

Proper use of Black Soap:
* raw African black soap, take the soap apart and knead it into a ball to make sure there aren’t any jagged edges, and rub between hands to work into a lather.  If you apply the soap directly to the skin, do so gently, because there could still be particles that can tear the skin.
* Washing and rinsing with cool water can help reduce the possibility of stinging and redness.  Avoid getting the soap in the eyes.
* If you have sensitive or very reactive skin, don’t leave the soap on the skin for a long period of time.

* You could experience tingling or a burning sensation in acne areas, open sores, and cuts.
* If your skin feels squeaky clean afterward, it means the skin is too dry. Try reducing the amount of soap that you use.  A very small amount (the size of a marble) can cleanse the face and neck

Recommended you put shea butter, aloe, even Vaseline, or any good moisturizer afterwards to avoid skin getting too dry from air dry

—-Raw Natural Unrefined Ivory/White Shea Butter

$8.55 per 8 oz cup

Source: Ghana, West Africa

Most popular uses: Dry Skin, Aging Skin, Eczema.

How is it made?
Shea Butter comes from an indigenous African tree called Vitellaria paradoxa. These are
wild-growing trees producing tiny, almond-like fruit that every May start falling on the ground. Villagers harvest the fruits, separate them from the nut, then boil and let the butter oat to the surface.
The butter is then milled and ltered for impurities, packaged in huge blocks, loaded on large boats, and shipped to the US for packaging and resale.

What’s in it?,
* naturally rich in a number of vitamins. Vitamins A, E, F and K are the most popular.
* Vitamin E balances and normalizes the skin. Helps keep it clear and healthy, particularly beneficial for dry or sun-exposed skin.
* Vitamin A has soothing and hydrating properties which provides healthy skin collagen in order to prevent premature wrinkles, premature facial lines and premature slackened skin. Vitamin F - Acts as a skin protector and revitalizer. It soothes rough, dry or chapped skin on contact and helps soften and revitalize dry or damaged hair. Vitamin F consists of linoleic, linolenic and arachidonic acids, the three essential fatty acids.
* Vitamin F - Acts as a skin protector and revitalizes. It soothes rough, dry or chapped skin on contact and helps soften and revitalize dry or damaged hair. Vitamin F consists of linoleic, linolenic and arachidonic acids, the three essential fatty acids.

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naturally, heal skin scars & marks

note: your goal is to understand your skin and cater to it’s needs to improve overall skin health, your goal is not to just manipulate your skin // be patient and consistent

Bentonite Clay: pulls toxins out of pores // helps heal skin // reduces redness 

Sea Salt Baths: absorbs toxins in the skin and act as an antiseptic

Coconut Oil: fatty acids work like antioxidants // prevents and reverses free radical damage on the skin

Aloe Vera: regenerates skin tissue // fights inflammation // soothes and moisturizes

Vitamin E: stimulates the formation of collagen // improves skin texture

Hazelnut Oil: nourishes and hydrates skin // promotes cell regeneration // acts as an astringent // reduces redness

Heartburn occurs when stomach acid escapes its gastric prison and invades the esophagus, the long muscular tube that transports Twinkies on the first leg of the journey from mouth to toilet. The acid is supposed to be held safely in check by a sphincter at the end of the esophagus, which normally only opens to accept food or reject Four Lokos. Occasionally (or not so occasionally, depending on your diet), this esophageal sphincter slacks and allows a liquid reflux fart – hence that pesky burning sensation in your chest.

Enter bubblegum. Scientists didn’t think it would work, but administering gum to heartburn sufferers alleviated symptoms. Chewing gum not only stimulates the production of alkaline saliva to neutralize acid, but the act of mastication also physically pushes fluid back into the stomach. Centuries from now, people will assume we invented chewing gum specifically for this problem (as opposed to looking cool while ruining our teeth).

And if you’re in a situation where chewing gum isn’t that practical (maybe you’re trying to fall asleep, or performing some other activity in bed), you can ameliorate the burn by laying on your left side. Your esophagus skews slightly to your right as it snakes down to the stomach, so sleeping on your left will raise it above acid level, and voila! Problem not even remotely solved, but we can forget about it for a while, and that’s good enough.

6 Ridiculously Simple Lifehacks You’ll Start Using Tomorrow


Requested by @goldensimisage  and @lucifers-left-testicle

Happy St. Patrick’s Day!

I hope you remembered to wear green! Simisage sure did, covered head to toe in green foliage. Just look at that thumbs up. Still, I don’t recommended taking your green outfit from Simisage, because according to the pokédex, Simisage is covered in thorns and his leaves are very bitter.

Both of these attributes are defense mechanisms against being eaten. If its leaves are thorny and taste bad, no one is going to want to eat it. 

There are several different kinds of spiny defenses. Thorns are modified stems, evolved to branch out and be pointy. Other plants, most famously cactuses, grow spines which are modified leaves instead. Prickles, like those found on a rose, come from the outermost layer of the stem, the plants “skin” called the epidermis. Trichomes are small, sometimes microscopic prickles that are particularly effective against insects.

Simisage’s tail, for the most part, looks smooth and does not branch out, so it is probably not covered in thorns despite what the dex says. However, being a pure Grass-type, Simisage has a 2x weakness to bug types. Since trichomes are most effective against bug types, it would make sense that Simisage’s tail would evolve to have these, to better protect it against bug types. Since trichomes are small, this would account for the tail’s smooth-appearance. 

Furthermore, plants with trichomes are typically very bitter-tasting. Trichomes can be located on the leaves as well as the stems, so this also matches Simisage’s dex entry which says its leaves taste bitter. The source of bitterness in trichome-wielding plants is an acid, usually found in the trichome itself. While the bitter taste scares off most animals, humans actually use it. One famous trichome-using plant is the hop plant, used to make beer. Does this mean that Simisage could be used to make beer in the Pokémon Universe? Who knows, but I had to link this back to St. Patrick’s Day somehow!

Simisage’s stems and leaves are covered in tiny prickly trichomes, which are modified extensions of the plant’s epidermis. They contain acid which makes the plant taste bitter, acting as a defense against being eaten.

anonymous asked:

Hi! I was going through your asks and I've seen a question about Jungkook using perfect whip as a cleanser and in your answer you mention that you hope he uses a less foamy product because he has acne prone skin, so I was wondering, are foam cleansers bad for acne prone skin in general? And why? (If you know). Thanks in advance!

Idk you ever used Perfect Whip before… but Perfect Whip produces VERY thick and dense foam. Not gonna lie, it felt really nice when i applied it because the foam was SO soft… and heavenly… but once i rinsed it my face felt reaaaally tight, it really dried my skin out eventhough i’m quite oily. You can see it after Jungkook applied it, his face was tighter than before (to make this sounds worse, his skin was burnt from their trip to Hawaii)

Ideally, the cleanser you use should have pH that is similar to our skin’s natural pH, which is around 4-5 (slightly acidic). Why, because if you use high pH (alkaline) cleanser, it will disrupt your skin’s natural moisture barrier (which comprised of lipids, as well as fatty acids and ceramide). Perfect Whip is rather extreme because its pH is around 8-9, not much different from baking soda.

Now, if you have acne prone skin, the alkaline environment makes your skin more prone to dryness, irritation and also bacteria that can lead to acne. You know that feeling when your skin is oily but feels dry at same time, it is because the acid mantle (aka the moisture barrier) of your skin is ‘stripped’ and your skin’s natural response to moisture loss is to produce more oils. Hence the demonic cycle of feel oily > use stripping / drying cleanser > skin becomes dehydrated > skin produces more oils > feel oily again and so on. And you know that excess sebum can cause acne. You can learn more about it here and here.

If we’re talking about foams, cleansers that produce foam are not inherently bad per se. Because foams can reduce excess oils and eliminates dirt afterall. Just keep in mind that the thicker the foam means the higher the pH and the more it will dry your skin. For example, both Hada Labo Gokujyun and Cosrx Low pH are deemed as gentle cleansers because their pH is still around 5 eventhough they produce little foam. Here is a masterlist of cleansers and their pH. Ironically, lots of cleansers that are meant for oily and acne prone skin (the ones that have “AC”, “sebum”, “pore”, “blemish” etc as keywords) have a rather alkaline pH above 7. And there’s also this list for cross-reference.

Some cleansers out there use foaming agents that may cause irritations, so if you have sensitive skin make sure to read the ingredients list carefully and inspect for possible irritants / allergens. In this case of Perfect Whip x Jungkook (who has also sensitive skin), Perfect Whip contains stearic acid as the main surfactant (acts like detergent, and it may trigger acne to some people), as well as alcohol and fragrance which can aggravate his skin condition even more.

Someone tweet this to bts_twt lmao

How Cursed Child Really Ended

Because that play was a shitshow and we all know that that crap ain’t canon. (Except for POC Hermione, who is a frigging godsend, even if it’s only a little bit of representation)

Now lets begin.


Harry Malfoy-Potter wakes up next to his husband, Draco Malfoy-Potter, and sits bolt upright.

“What’s wrong babe?” Draco asks.
“I had a nightmare.”  Harry responds, lying down slowly.

“Was it about the war?”  Draco, questions, all too familiar with PTSD induced nightmares, because thats what fucking happens when youre a child soldier goddamn it rowling not everything is fixed with a happy het marriage and one scene at a trainstation.

“No, it was about now.”

“What do you mean?”

“Well, I thought I was straight and was still with Ginny, who was also straight and not engaged to Luna for some reason, and I had kids with awful names.  You had a son too, he also had an awful name, but not quite as awful compared to my kids names.  Anyway I was a complete knobhead to my kids and then they went to school and started time travelling for some reason.”

“I had a son?”

“Yes.  You called him Scorpius Hyperion”

“What were your kids names?”

“James Sirius, Lily Luna and for some reason Albus Severus.”

“Two questions: Firstly, why the fuck would Ginny let you call your children that? Secondly, you named your child after Albus Dumbledore, who was a manipulative cuntbag who pretty much ruined your life and trapped you in an abusive home for 17 years, and Severus Snape, who was also a greasy cuntbag who abused you and tried to kill you in order to date your mother who didnt want anything to do with him because he was a greasy, racist shitbag asswipe who does not deserve the redemption that most people give him for some fucking reason?”

“I know right?”

“Well what else happened?”

“Well I sent my dream-kids off to school and gave a speech about how house doesn’t matter and said that Severus Snape was a good guy for some reason, and then they left for hogwarts.”

“That doesnt seem too bad, but what about your godson Teddy, whom we raised together, what was he doing?”

“Oh, he wasn’t in there at all for some reason, but it got worse.  They got to Hogwarts and Albus Severus was sorted into slytherin with your son.”

“That’s great!”

“Yeah except then I did a bunch of out of character stuff where I basically disowned him for some unknown reason and put into motion some sort of convoluted acid trip dream where everyone was acting weird and not like themselves at all.”


“Yeah, the trolley lady from the Hogwarts Express threw bombs and stuff, and Cedric “I’m here to show you that Harry is not straight, also just generally a really nice guy” Diggory turned evil.  And then to top it all off, our sons were gayer than we were in school.”

“Is that even possible, outgaying me, Draco “Gaygaygaygaygay” Malfoy and you, Harry “The Bi Who Lived” Potter?”

“I know right?  Then everything went to shit and there was time travel and alternate universes and Voldemort had a daughter with Bellatrix for some reason?”

“Can you imagine that going down though? Like would he try to be kind and have a good time or is he just the sort of “Ruthless Efficiency” lover?”

“I don’t want to think about it.”

“Well that’s okay Harry, none of it’s real.  Ginny and Luna are still happily engaged, we have Teddy and our marriage and everything is fine.  It was just a bad dream.”

“Yeah, you’re right Draco.”

Then they hug and the play ends and everyone as they leave is given a full refund plus optional therapy.


This #womensmarch day I choose to remember the #YAZIDI girls who have witnessed their fathers, sons, brothers & husbands mass murdered. They however were not given the “opportunity” (you’ll see why if you read on) to die, they were captured and many still are hostages to ISIS.

The Yazidi girls have been assaulted, abused and used as sex slaves. The ISIS members see the Yazidi’s as Satanic and therefore kill the men but make use of the females. The girls and women are kept as wives or war booty, they are sold and used amongst Daesh. The men of ISIS are impregnating the women to infiltrate their bloodlines. The Yazidi girls known for their blonde hair, blue & green eyes are of interest to these men as you can read above and thus were likely easy to spot from others. The lives these women are made to live are not lives at all, they are in a living hell, death is something many pray for.
  The Kurdish girls who fight for the Yazidi freedom and the freedom of their land & people say they keep a spare bullet just in case they are ever caught by ISIS, just so they can KILL THEMSELVES rather than live the horrific lives that ISIS provide these women with.
 Some do get to die though, but it’s not a pill or a bash to the head and an instant death, no, these are horrific deaths, acid, torture, barbaric acts you don’t even want to think of.

Spare a thought for them when you’re moaning about tampon tax.

thepoisonking  asked:

Hello Script Aunty! Do you have anything on Gunshot Wound Survival? When you're dealing with a bunch of Trigger-Happy Mob Bosses that want to start firing some types of bullet: Ice, Fire, Water, Lighting, Corrosive Acid, Paralysis, Slow-Acting Poisons my question is, how would these bullets affect the types of wounds and deaths? (and what kind of scars would they leave, if they recieved a type of 'revival herb/spell/potion')

Hey there, @thepoisonking (tags: why they no work?!!)

So here’s the thing about gunshot wounds. They depend so very, very much on the trajectory and on what exactly has been hit. For example, a bullet wound in the belly may kill quickly (if it hits an artery), moderately (if it hits a solid organ), or slowly (if it nicks the bowel). It may not kill at all.

The best advice is to follow general bleeding control: if it bleeds, put gauze / cloth and some pressure on it until it stops. If it doesn’t stop, or if it’s spurting, your characters should apply a tourniquet. If the non-stopping bleed is in the trunk or non-tourniquetable area, they should probably pack the wound. This will hurt like hell.

As for the ballistics… First, disclaimer. I am not a munitions expert, I am not a weapons expert, and I am not a weapons developer. The information here may not be accurate. They are my hypothesis and some thoughts, not realistic writing advice. Use them at your own risk.

Unfortunately, once you get out of the realm of realistic bullet types (full metal jacket vs hollow-point), especially into not-yet-extant bullet types (acid, paralysis, etc.), you’re straining my ability to help you.

And remember….

However, I will try to help you.

Acid, ice and incendiary rounds will likely have effects that are in areas around the wound, so that the area has a double-dose of injury. The typical wound from a gunshot has some cavitation around it as the bullet has passed through:

Originally posted by pinballwarfare

That area around the bullet trajectory will then snap back into place and appear undamaged, while sustaining significant injury. But now we’ve basically added an explosion into that area and caused additional damage.

The downside, from the shooter’s perspective, is that while these rounds might cause additional tissue damage, they may cause cauterization via the thermal effects on the nearby vasculature.

Paralysis bullets are challenging. Paralytics tend to need to be injected into veins, and they will stop all muscle activity – including those for breathing – when administered in the correct dose. So if your arms makers find a strong paralytic that doesn’t denature at the heat at which a bullet fires, that can be passed into skin at several hundred feet per second, maybe?

I’ll offer this: incendiary (”fire”) bullets are used in this world of ours, but my understanding is that they’re typically a part of antitank or antiaircraft munitions, not small-arms weapons like handguns. To quote Wikipedia, “Incendiary projectiles, in particular those intended for armor penetration, are more effective if they explode after penetrating a surface layer, such that they explode inside the target.”

There does appear to be a type of shotgun round called “Dragon’s Breath” that has some really neat images, if you do a quick image search.

I think I’ve been as helpful as I can be, but ultimately you’re the one who has to gets to decide how the munitions in your world work.

Best of luck!

xoxo, Aunt Scripty


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