acetone vapor


Thermal Paper and Acetone Vapor

Acetone vapor, as an organic solvent, is able to darken the thermal ink in the receipt just like heat would do. In fact, a thermal printer doesn’t actually print anything on the paper, it just heats up the the substance on the paper in which it breaks down the organic solvent part that interacts with the ink and changes its color.

Four different types of imaging chemicals are used in thermally sensitive papers: leuco dyes, developers, sensitizers and stabilizers. And if you don’t have acetone laying around heating the underside of the thermal paper receipt also darkens the ink. So does rubbing it with a coin. The friction between the metal and the paper is enough to result in color change. 

Some thermal papers can contain BPA and BPS (Bisphenol A / S) which is a chemical considered to be an endocrine disruptor (messes with your hormones and shit) So this is an environmental and a health concern. So people who constantly handle thermal paper should be more careful. 

More science and gifs on my blog: rudescience
Gifs made from: This video
References: (x). 

I’m still having trouble consistently controlling melt.  The Vader head on the left was melted too long.  I was waiting for some of the lines on the top to soften and they never did.  On the sides I got little bubbles in the plastic and this is a good sign that things went on too long.  The Vader head on the right is fresh off the printer.  I’m going to add a silicon seal around my crock-pot if that’s not good enough to get consistent results I’m going to have to rip out and re-jig the thermostat for lower temperatures.