abd al rahman

عن عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ أَبِي عَمْرَةَ، قَالَ دَخَلَ عُثْمَانُ بْنُ عَفَّانَ الْمَسْجِدَ بَعْدَ صَلاَةِ الْمَغْرِبِ فَقَعَدَ وَحْدَهُ فَقَعَدْتُ إِلَيْهِ فَقَالَ يَا ابْنَ أَخِي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم يَقُولُ: ‏"‏مَنْ صَلَّى الْعِشَاءَ فِي جَمَاعَةٍ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَامَ نِصْفَ اللَّيْلِ وَمَنْ صَلَّى الصُّبْحَ فِي جَمَاعَةٍ فَكَأَنَّمَا صَلَّى اللَّيْلَ كُلَّهُ“‏‏. صحيح مسلم حديث ٦٥٦

‘Abd al-Rahman b. Abd 'Amr reported: 'Uthman b. 'Affan (narrated the mosque after evening prayer and sat alone. I also sat alone with him, so he said: 0, son of my brother, I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) say: “He who observed the 'Isha’ prayer in congregation, it was as if he prayed up to midnight, and he who prayed the morning prayer in congregation, it was as if he prayed the whole night.” Sahih Muslim 656 a
In-book reference : Book 5, Hadith 327
USC-MSA web (English) reference : Book 4, Hadith 1379

Allah says in surah al-‘Aaraaf [07]:

[ وَالَّذِينَ يُمَسِّكُونَ بِالْكِتَابِ وَأَقَامُوا الصَّلَاةَ إِنَّا لَا نُضِيعُ أَجْرَ الْمُصْلِحِينَ]

“But those who hold fast to the Book and establish prayer - indeed, We will not allow to be lost the reward of the good-doers.” (170)

Sheikh 'Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa'di commented on this ayah in his tafsir by writing:

[ومن أعظم ما يجب التمسك به من المأمورات، إقامة الصلاة، ظاهرا وباطنا، ولهذا خصها الله بالذكر لفضلها، وشرفها، وكونها ميزان الإيمان، وإقامتها داعية لإقامة غيرها من العبادات.]

“One of the greatest commanded acts which invariably results in holding fast to the Book is the establishment of the prayer - both inwardly and outwardly.

It is because of this that Allah specifically mentioned it here due to its great merit and virtue, and due to the fact that it is a scale for one’s eemaan, and because establishing it motivates and calls to establishing the rest of the acts of worship.”

• [Taysir al-Kareem al-Rahman pg. 349]

Sheikh ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Naasir al-Sa'di mentioned in his thematic tafsir:

[ ومن ترك شيئا لله عوضه الله خيرا منه ، ومن قدم هواه على طاعة مولاه فقد خسر دينه وتبع ذلك خسارة دنياه . ـ]

“Whoever leaves something for the sake of Allah, Allah will replace it for him with something better than that. But whoever prioritizes his own desires above obedience to his Master, then he has lost his deen and the loss of his dunya follows that.”

[Taysir al-Lateef al-Manaan pg. 86]

This is the mark left by the sacks [of food] he carried on his back to the houses of widows, orphans and the destitute
—  Imam Sajjad (as) responds to Shuayb b. Abd al-Rahman al-Khuzai as to the mark he saw on Imam Hussain’s (as) back on Day of Ashura, Manaqib Ibn Shahr Ashub, v. 4, p. 66